Commit c34752bc authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds
Browse files

Merge branch 'cuse' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/fuse

* 'cuse' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/fuse:
  CUSE: implement CUSE - Character device in Userspace
  fuse: export symbols to be used by CUSE
  fuse: update fuse_conn_init() and separate out fuse_conn_kill()
  fuse: don't use inode in fuse_file_poll
  fuse: don't use inode in fuse_do_ioctl() helper
  fuse: don't use inode in fuse_sync_release()
  fuse: create fuse_do_open() helper for CUSE
  fuse: clean up args in fuse_finish_open() and fuse_release_fill()
  fuse: don't use inode in helpers called by fuse_direct_io()
  fuse: add members to struct fuse_file
  fuse: prepare fuse_direct_io() for CUSE
  fuse: clean up fuse_write_fill()
  fuse: use struct path in release structure
  fuse: misc cleanups
parents 65d52cc9 151060ac
......@@ -62,6 +62,16 @@ source "fs/autofs/Kconfig"
source "fs/autofs4/Kconfig"
source "fs/fuse/Kconfig"
config CUSE
tristate "Character device in Userpace support"
depends on FUSE_FS
help
This FUSE extension allows character devices to be
implemented in userspace.
If you want to develop or use userspace character device
based on CUSE, answer Y or M.
config GENERIC_ACL
bool
select FS_POSIX_ACL
......
......@@ -3,5 +3,6 @@
#
obj-$(CONFIG_FUSE_FS) += fuse.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CUSE) += cuse.o
fuse-objs := dev.o dir.o file.o inode.o control.o
/*
* CUSE: Character device in Userspace
*
* Copyright (C) 2008-2009 SUSE Linux Products GmbH
* Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
*
* This file is released under the GPLv2.
*
* CUSE enables character devices to be implemented from userland much
* like FUSE allows filesystems. On initialization /dev/cuse is
* created. By opening the file and replying to the CUSE_INIT request
* userland CUSE server can create a character device. After that the
* operation is very similar to FUSE.
*
* A CUSE instance involves the following objects.
*
* cuse_conn : contains fuse_conn and serves as bonding structure
* channel : file handle connected to the userland CUSE server
* cdev : the implemented character device
* dev : generic device for cdev
*
* Note that 'channel' is what 'dev' is in FUSE. As CUSE deals with
* devices, it's called 'channel' to reduce confusion.
*
* channel determines when the character device dies. When channel is
* closed, everything begins to destruct. The cuse_conn is taken off
* the lookup table preventing further access from cdev, cdev and
* generic device are removed and the base reference of cuse_conn is
* put.
*
* On each open, the matching cuse_conn is looked up and if found an
* additional reference is taken which is released when the file is
* closed.
*/
#include <linux/fuse.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include "fuse_i.h"
#define CUSE_CONNTBL_LEN 64
struct cuse_conn {
struct list_head list; /* linked on cuse_conntbl */
struct fuse_conn fc; /* fuse connection */
struct cdev *cdev; /* associated character device */
struct device *dev; /* device representing @cdev */
/* init parameters, set once during initialization */
bool unrestricted_ioctl;
};
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cuse_lock); /* protects cuse_conntbl */
static struct list_head cuse_conntbl[CUSE_CONNTBL_LEN];
static struct class *cuse_class;
static struct cuse_conn *fc_to_cc(struct fuse_conn *fc)
{
return container_of(fc, struct cuse_conn, fc);
}
static struct list_head *cuse_conntbl_head(dev_t devt)
{
return &cuse_conntbl[(MAJOR(devt) + MINOR(devt)) % CUSE_CONNTBL_LEN];
}
/**************************************************************************
* CUSE frontend operations
*
* These are file operations for the character device.
*
* On open, CUSE opens a file from the FUSE mnt and stores it to
* private_data of the open file. All other ops call FUSE ops on the
* FUSE file.
*/
static ssize_t cuse_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
loff_t *ppos)
{
loff_t pos = 0;
return fuse_direct_io(file, buf, count, &pos, 0);
}
static ssize_t cuse_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
loff_t pos = 0;
/*
* No locking or generic_write_checks(), the server is
* responsible for locking and sanity checks.
*/
return fuse_direct_io(file, buf, count, &pos, 1);
}
static int cuse_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
dev_t devt = inode->i_cdev->dev;
struct cuse_conn *cc = NULL, *pos;
int rc;
/* look up and get the connection */
spin_lock(&cuse_lock);
list_for_each_entry(pos, cuse_conntbl_head(devt), list)
if (pos->dev->devt == devt) {
fuse_conn_get(&pos->fc);
cc = pos;
break;
}
spin_unlock(&cuse_lock);
/* dead? */
if (!cc)
return -ENODEV;
/*
* Generic permission check is already done against the chrdev
* file, proceed to open.
*/
rc = fuse_do_open(&cc->fc, 0, file, 0);
if (rc)
fuse_conn_put(&cc->fc);
return rc;
}
static int cuse_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct fuse_file *ff = file->private_data;
struct fuse_conn *fc = ff->fc;
fuse_sync_release(ff, file->f_flags);
fuse_conn_put(fc);
return 0;
}
static long cuse_file_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
struct fuse_file *ff = file->private_data;
struct cuse_conn *cc = fc_to_cc(ff->fc);
unsigned int flags = 0;
if (cc->unrestricted_ioctl)
flags |= FUSE_IOCTL_UNRESTRICTED;
return fuse_do_ioctl(file, cmd, arg, flags);
}
static long cuse_file_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
struct fuse_file *ff = file->private_data;
struct cuse_conn *cc = fc_to_cc(ff->fc);
unsigned int flags = FUSE_IOCTL_COMPAT;
if (cc->unrestricted_ioctl)
flags |= FUSE_IOCTL_UNRESTRICTED;
return fuse_do_ioctl(file, cmd, arg, flags);
}
static const struct file_operations cuse_frontend_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.read = cuse_read,
.write = cuse_write,
.open = cuse_open,
.release = cuse_release,
.unlocked_ioctl = cuse_file_ioctl,
.compat_ioctl = cuse_file_compat_ioctl,
.poll = fuse_file_poll,
};
/**************************************************************************
* CUSE channel initialization and destruction
*/
struct cuse_devinfo {
const char *name;
};
/**
* cuse_parse_one - parse one key=value pair
* @pp: i/o parameter for the current position
* @end: points to one past the end of the packed string
* @keyp: out parameter for key
* @valp: out parameter for value
*
* *@pp points to packed strings - "key0=val0\0key1=val1\0" which ends
* at @end - 1. This function parses one pair and set *@keyp to the
* start of the key and *@valp to the start of the value. Note that
* the original string is modified such that the key string is
* terminated with '\0'. *@pp is updated to point to the next string.
*
* RETURNS:
* 1 on successful parse, 0 on EOF, -errno on failure.
*/
static int cuse_parse_one(char **pp, char *end, char **keyp, char **valp)
{
char *p = *pp;
char *key, *val;
while (p < end && *p == '\0')
p++;
if (p == end)
return 0;
if (end[-1] != '\0') {
printk(KERN_ERR "CUSE: info not properly terminated\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
key = val = p;
p += strlen(p);
if (valp) {
strsep(&val, "=");
if (!val)
val = key + strlen(key);
key = strstrip(key);
val = strstrip(val);
} else
key = strstrip(key);
if (!strlen(key)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "CUSE: zero length info key specified\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
*pp = p;
*keyp = key;
if (valp)
*valp = val;
return 1;
}
/**
* cuse_parse_dev_info - parse device info
* @p: device info string
* @len: length of device info string
* @devinfo: out parameter for parsed device info
*
* Parse @p to extract device info and store it into @devinfo. String
* pointed to by @p is modified by parsing and @devinfo points into
* them, so @p shouldn't be freed while @devinfo is in use.
*
* RETURNS:
* 0 on success, -errno on failure.
*/
static int cuse_parse_devinfo(char *p, size_t len, struct cuse_devinfo *devinfo)
{
char *end = p + len;
char *key, *val;
int rc;
while (true) {
rc = cuse_parse_one(&p, end, &key, &val);
if (rc < 0)
return rc;
if (!rc)
break;
if (strcmp(key, "DEVNAME") == 0)
devinfo->name = val;
else
printk(KERN_WARNING "CUSE: unknown device info \"%s\"\n",
key);
}
if (!devinfo->name || !strlen(devinfo->name)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "CUSE: DEVNAME unspecified\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static void cuse_gendev_release(struct device *dev)
{
kfree(dev);
}
/**
* cuse_process_init_reply - finish initializing CUSE channel
*
* This function creates the character device and sets up all the
* required data structures for it. Please read the comment at the
* top of this file for high level overview.
*/
static void cuse_process_init_reply(struct fuse_conn *fc, struct fuse_req *req)
{
struct cuse_conn *cc = fc_to_cc(fc);
struct cuse_init_out *arg = &req->misc.cuse_init_out;
struct page *page = req->pages[0];
struct cuse_devinfo devinfo = { };
struct device *dev;
struct cdev *cdev;
dev_t devt;
int rc;
if (req->out.h.error ||
arg->major != FUSE_KERNEL_VERSION || arg->minor < 11) {
goto err;
}
fc->minor = arg->minor;
fc->max_read = max_t(unsigned, arg->max_read, 4096);
fc->max_write = max_t(unsigned, arg->max_write, 4096);
/* parse init reply */
cc->unrestricted_ioctl = arg->flags & CUSE_UNRESTRICTED_IOCTL;
rc = cuse_parse_devinfo(page_address(page), req->out.args[1].size,
&devinfo);
if (rc)
goto err;
/* determine and reserve devt */
devt = MKDEV(arg->dev_major, arg->dev_minor);
if (!MAJOR(devt))
rc = alloc_chrdev_region(&devt, MINOR(devt), 1, devinfo.name);
else
rc = register_chrdev_region(devt, 1, devinfo.name);
if (rc) {
printk(KERN_ERR "CUSE: failed to register chrdev region\n");
goto err;
}
/* devt determined, create device */
rc = -ENOMEM;
dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!dev)
goto err_region;
device_initialize(dev);
dev_set_uevent_suppress(dev, 1);
dev->class = cuse_class;
dev->devt = devt;
dev->release = cuse_gendev_release;
dev_set_drvdata(dev, cc);
dev_set_name(dev, "%s", devinfo.name);
rc = device_add(dev);
if (rc)
goto err_device;
/* register cdev */
rc = -ENOMEM;
cdev = cdev_alloc();
if (!cdev)
goto err_device;
cdev->owner = THIS_MODULE;
cdev->ops = &cuse_frontend_fops;
rc = cdev_add(cdev, devt, 1);
if (rc)
goto err_cdev;
cc->dev = dev;
cc->cdev = cdev;
/* make the device available */
spin_lock(&cuse_lock);
list_add(&cc->list, cuse_conntbl_head(devt));
spin_unlock(&cuse_lock);
/* announce device availability */
dev_set_uevent_suppress(dev, 0);
kobject_uevent(&dev->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
out:
__free_page(page);
return;
err_cdev:
cdev_del(cdev);
err_device:
put_device(dev);
err_region:
unregister_chrdev_region(devt, 1);
err:
fc->conn_error = 1;
goto out;
}
static int cuse_send_init(struct cuse_conn *cc)
{
int rc;
struct fuse_req *req;
struct page *page;
struct fuse_conn *fc = &cc->fc;
struct cuse_init_in *arg;
BUILD_BUG_ON(CUSE_INIT_INFO_MAX > PAGE_SIZE);
req = fuse_get_req(fc);
if (IS_ERR(req)) {
rc = PTR_ERR(req);
goto err;
}
rc = -ENOMEM;
page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
if (!page)
goto err_put_req;
arg = &req->misc.cuse_init_in;
arg->major = FUSE_KERNEL_VERSION;
arg->minor = FUSE_KERNEL_MINOR_VERSION;
arg->flags |= CUSE_UNRESTRICTED_IOCTL;
req->in.h.opcode = CUSE_INIT;
req->in.numargs = 1;
req->in.args[0].size = sizeof(struct cuse_init_in);
req->in.args[0].value = arg;
req->out.numargs = 2;
req->out.args[0].size = sizeof(struct cuse_init_out);
req->out.args[0].value = &req->misc.cuse_init_out;
req->out.args[1].size = CUSE_INIT_INFO_MAX;
req->out.argvar = 1;
req->out.argpages = 1;
req->pages[0] = page;
req->num_pages = 1;
req->end = cuse_process_init_reply;
fuse_request_send_background(fc, req);
return 0;
err_put_req:
fuse_put_request(fc, req);
err:
return rc;
}
static void cuse_fc_release(struct fuse_conn *fc)
{
struct cuse_conn *cc = fc_to_cc(fc);
kfree(cc);
}
/**
* cuse_channel_open - open method for /dev/cuse
* @inode: inode for /dev/cuse
* @file: file struct being opened
*
* Userland CUSE server can create a CUSE device by opening /dev/cuse
* and replying to the initilaization request kernel sends. This
* function is responsible for handling CUSE device initialization.
* Because the fd opened by this function is used during
* initialization, this function only creates cuse_conn and sends
* init. The rest is delegated to a kthread.
*
* RETURNS:
* 0 on success, -errno on failure.
*/
static int cuse_channel_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct cuse_conn *cc;
int rc;
/* set up cuse_conn */
cc = kzalloc(sizeof(*cc), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!cc)
return -ENOMEM;
fuse_conn_init(&cc->fc);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cc->list);
cc->fc.release = cuse_fc_release;
cc->fc.connected = 1;
cc->fc.blocked = 0;
rc = cuse_send_init(cc);
if (rc) {
fuse_conn_put(&cc->fc);
return rc;
}
file->private_data = &cc->fc; /* channel owns base reference to cc */
return 0;
}
/**
* cuse_channel_release - release method for /dev/cuse
* @inode: inode for /dev/cuse
* @file: file struct being closed
*
* Disconnect the channel, deregister CUSE device and initiate
* destruction by putting the default reference.
*
* RETURNS:
* 0 on success, -errno on failure.
*/
static int cuse_channel_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct cuse_conn *cc = fc_to_cc(file->private_data);
int rc;
/* remove from the conntbl, no more access from this point on */
spin_lock(&cuse_lock);
list_del_init(&cc->list);
spin_unlock(&cuse_lock);
/* remove device */
if (cc->dev)
device_unregister(cc->dev);
if (cc->cdev) {
unregister_chrdev_region(cc->cdev->dev, 1);
cdev_del(cc->cdev);
}
/* kill connection and shutdown channel */
fuse_conn_kill(&cc->fc);
rc = fuse_dev_release(inode, file); /* puts the base reference */
return rc;
}
static struct file_operations cuse_channel_fops; /* initialized during init */
/**************************************************************************
* Misc stuff and module initializatiion
*
* CUSE exports the same set of attributes to sysfs as fusectl.
*/
static ssize_t cuse_class_waiting_show(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
struct cuse_conn *cc = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", atomic_read(&cc->fc.num_waiting));
}
static ssize_t cuse_class_abort_store(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
struct cuse_conn *cc = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
fuse_abort_conn(&cc->fc);
return count;
}
static struct device_attribute cuse_class_dev_attrs[] = {
__ATTR(waiting, S_IFREG | 0400, cuse_class_waiting_show, NULL),
__ATTR(abort, S_IFREG | 0200, NULL, cuse_class_abort_store),
{ }
};
static struct miscdevice cuse_miscdev = {
.minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
.name = "cuse",
.fops = &cuse_channel_fops,
};
static int __init cuse_init(void)
{
int i, rc;
/* init conntbl */
for (i = 0; i < CUSE_CONNTBL_LEN; i++)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cuse_conntbl[i]);
/* inherit and extend fuse_dev_operations */
cuse_channel_fops = fuse_dev_operations;
cuse_channel_fops.owner = THIS_MODULE;
cuse_channel_fops.open = cuse_channel_open;
cuse_channel_fops.release = cuse_channel_release;
cuse_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "cuse");
if (IS_ERR(cuse_class))
return PTR_ERR(cuse_class);
cuse_class->dev_attrs = cuse_class_dev_attrs;
rc = misc_register(&cuse_miscdev);
if (rc) {
class_destroy(cuse_class);
return rc;
}
return 0;
}
static void __exit cuse_exit(void)
{
misc_deregister(&cuse_miscdev);
class_destroy(cuse_class);
}
module_init(cuse_init);
module_exit(cuse_exit);