Commit a56ed663 authored by Peter W Morreale's avatar Peter W Morreale Committed by Linus Torvalds
Browse files

mm: fix pdflush thread creation upper bound

Fix a race on creating pdflush threads.  Without the patch, it is possible
to create more than MAX_PDFLUSH_THREADS threads, and this has been
observed in practice on IO loaded SMP machines.

The fix involves moving the lock around to protect the check against the
thread count and correctly dealing with thread creation failure.

This fix also _mostly_ repairs a race condition on how quickly the threads
are created.  The original intent was to create a pdflush thread (up to
the max allowed) every second.  Without this patch is is possible to
create NCPUS pdflush threads concurrently.  The 'mostly' caveat is because
an assumption is made that thread creation will be successful.  If we fail
to create the thread, the miss is not considered fatal.  (we will try
again in 1 second)
Signed-off-by: default avatarPeter W Morreale <>
Reviewed-by: default avatarRik van Riel <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 9133df72
......@@ -98,7 +98,6 @@ static int __pdflush(struct pdflush_work *my_work)
for ( ; ; ) {
struct pdflush_work *pdf;
......@@ -126,20 +125,26 @@ static int __pdflush(struct pdflush_work *my_work)
* Thread creation: For how long have there been zero
* available threads?
* To throttle creation, we reset last_empty_jifs.
if (time_after(jiffies, last_empty_jifs + 1 * HZ)) {
/* unlocked list_empty() test is OK here */
if (list_empty(&pdflush_list)) {
/* unlocked test is OK here */
if (nr_pdflush_threads < MAX_PDFLUSH_THREADS)
if (nr_pdflush_threads < MAX_PDFLUSH_THREADS) {
last_empty_jifs = jiffies;
my_work->fn = NULL;
......@@ -236,13 +241,26 @@ int pdflush_operation(void (*fn)(unsigned long), unsigned long arg0)
static void start_one_pdflush_thread(void)
kthread_run(pdflush, NULL, "pdflush");
struct task_struct *k;
k = kthread_run(pdflush, NULL, "pdflush");
if (unlikely(IS_ERR(k))) {
static int __init pdflush_init(void)
int i;
* Pre-set nr_pdflush_threads... If we fail to create,
* the count will be decremented.
nr_pdflush_threads = MIN_PDFLUSH_THREADS;
for (i = 0; i < MIN_PDFLUSH_THREADS; i++)
return 0;
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