Commit 8256e47c authored by Mathieu Desnoyers's avatar Mathieu Desnoyers Committed by Linus Torvalds

Linux Kernel Markers

The marker activation functions sits in kernel/marker.c.  A hash table is used
to keep track of the registered probes and armed markers, so the markers
within a newly loaded module that should be active can be activated at module
load time.

marker_query has been removed. marker_get_first, marker_get_next and
marker_release should be used as iterators on the markers.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
Signed-off-by: default avatarMathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
Acked-by: default avatar"Frank Ch. Eigler" <fche@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Mike Mason <mmlnx@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 09cadedb
......@@ -12,7 +12,11 @@
/* .data section */
#define DATA_DATA \
*(.data) \
*(.data.init.refok)
*(.data.init.refok) \
. = ALIGN(8); \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start___markers) = .; \
*(__markers) \
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop___markers) = .;
#define RO_DATA(align) \
. = ALIGN((align)); \
......@@ -20,6 +24,7 @@
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_rodata) = .; \
*(.rodata) *(.rodata.*) \
*(__vermagic) /* Kernel version magic */ \
*(__markers_strings) /* Markers: strings */ \
} \
\
.rodata1 : AT(ADDR(.rodata1) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
......
#ifndef _LINUX_MARKER_H
#define _LINUX_MARKER_H
/*
* Code markup for dynamic and static tracing.
*
* See Documentation/marker.txt.
*
* (C) Copyright 2006 Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
*
* This file is released under the GPLv2.
* See the file COPYING for more details.
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
struct module;
struct marker;
/**
* marker_probe_func - Type of a marker probe function
* @mdata: pointer of type struct marker
* @private_data: caller site private data
* @fmt: format string
* @...: variable argument list
*
* Type of marker probe functions. They receive the mdata and need to parse the
* format string to recover the variable argument list.
*/
typedef void marker_probe_func(const struct marker *mdata,
void *private_data, const char *fmt, ...);
struct marker {
const char *name; /* Marker name */
const char *format; /* Marker format string, describing the
* variable argument list.
*/
char state; /* Marker state. */
marker_probe_func *call;/* Probe handler function pointer */
void *private; /* Private probe data */
} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
#ifdef CONFIG_MARKERS
/*
* Note : the empty asm volatile with read constraint is used here instead of a
* "used" attribute to fix a gcc 4.1.x bug.
* Make sure the alignment of the structure in the __markers section will
* not add unwanted padding between the beginning of the section and the
* structure. Force alignment to the same alignment as the section start.
*/
#define __trace_mark(name, call_data, format, args...) \
do { \
static const char __mstrtab_name_##name[] \
__attribute__((section("__markers_strings"))) \
= #name; \
static const char __mstrtab_format_##name[] \
__attribute__((section("__markers_strings"))) \
= format; \
static struct marker __mark_##name \
__attribute__((section("__markers"), aligned(8))) = \
{ __mstrtab_name_##name, __mstrtab_format_##name, \
0, __mark_empty_function, NULL }; \
asm volatile("" : : "i" (&__mark_##name)); \
__mark_check_format(format, ## args); \
if (unlikely(__mark_##name.state)) { \
preempt_disable(); \
(*__mark_##name.call) \
(&__mark_##name, call_data, \
format, ## args); \
preempt_enable(); \
} \
} while (0)
extern void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
struct marker *end, struct module *probe_module, int *refcount);
#else /* !CONFIG_MARKERS */
#define __trace_mark(name, call_data, format, args...) \
__mark_check_format(format, ## args)
static inline void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
struct marker *end, struct module *probe_module, int *refcount)
{ }
#endif /* CONFIG_MARKERS */
/**
* trace_mark - Marker
* @name: marker name, not quoted.
* @format: format string
* @args...: variable argument list
*
* Places a marker.
*/
#define trace_mark(name, format, args...) \
__trace_mark(name, NULL, format, ## args)
#define MARK_MAX_FORMAT_LEN 1024
/**
* MARK_NOARGS - Format string for a marker with no argument.
*/
#define MARK_NOARGS " "
/* To be used for string format validity checking with gcc */
static inline void __printf(1, 2) __mark_check_format(const char *fmt, ...)
{
}
extern marker_probe_func __mark_empty_function;
/*
* Connect a probe to a marker.
* private data pointer must be a valid allocated memory address, or NULL.
*/
extern int marker_probe_register(const char *name, const char *format,
marker_probe_func *probe, void *private);
/*
* Returns the private data given to marker_probe_register.
*/
extern void *marker_probe_unregister(const char *name);
/*
* Unregister a marker by providing the registered private data.
*/
extern void *marker_probe_unregister_private_data(void *private);
extern int marker_arm(const char *name);
extern int marker_disarm(const char *name);
extern void *marker_get_private_data(const char *name);
#endif
......@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/stringify.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/marker.h>
#include <asm/local.h>
#include <asm/module.h>
......@@ -354,6 +355,10 @@ struct module
/* The command line arguments (may be mangled). People like
keeping pointers to this stuff */
char *args;
#ifdef CONFIG_MARKERS
struct marker *markers;
unsigned int num_markers;
#endif
};
#ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT
#define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {}
......@@ -457,6 +462,8 @@ int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block * nb);
extern void print_modules(void);
extern void module_update_markers(struct module *probe_module, int *refcount);
#else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */
#define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
#define EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sym)
......@@ -556,6 +563,11 @@ static inline void print_modules(void)
{
}
static inline void module_update_markers(struct module *probe_module,
int *refcount)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
struct device_driver;
......
......@@ -40,4 +40,10 @@ config KPROBES
for kernel debugging, non-intrusive instrumentation and testing.
If in doubt, say "N".
config MARKERS
bool "Activate markers"
help
Place an empty function call at each marker site. Can be
dynamically changed for a probe function.
endif # INSTRUMENTATION
......@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_RELAY) += relay.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += utsname_sysctl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT) += delayacct.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TASKSTATS) += taskstats.o tsacct.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MARKERS) += marker.o
ifneq ($(CONFIG_SCHED_NO_NO_OMIT_FRAME_POINTER),y)
# According to Alan Modra <alan@linuxcare.com.au>, the -fno-omit-frame-pointer is
......
/*
* Copyright (C) 2007 Mathieu Desnoyers
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/jhash.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/marker.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
extern struct marker __start___markers[];
extern struct marker __stop___markers[];
/*
* module_mutex nests inside markers_mutex. Markers mutex protects the builtin
* and module markers, the hash table and deferred_sync.
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(markers_mutex);
/*
* Marker deferred synchronization.
* Upon marker probe_unregister, we delay call to synchronize_sched() to
* accelerate mass unregistration (only when there is no more reference to a
* given module do we call synchronize_sched()). However, we need to make sure
* every critical region has ended before we re-arm a marker that has been
* unregistered and then registered back with a different probe data.
*/
static int deferred_sync;
/*
* Marker hash table, containing the active markers.
* Protected by module_mutex.
*/
#define MARKER_HASH_BITS 6
#define MARKER_TABLE_SIZE (1 << MARKER_HASH_BITS)
struct marker_entry {
struct hlist_node hlist;
char *format;
marker_probe_func *probe;
void *private;
int refcount; /* Number of times armed. 0 if disarmed. */
char name[0]; /* Contains name'\0'format'\0' */
};
static struct hlist_head marker_table[MARKER_TABLE_SIZE];
/**
* __mark_empty_function - Empty probe callback
* @mdata: pointer of type const struct marker
* @fmt: format string
* @...: variable argument list
*
* Empty callback provided as a probe to the markers. By providing this to a
* disabled marker, we make sure the execution flow is always valid even
* though the function pointer change and the marker enabling are two distinct
* operations that modifies the execution flow of preemptible code.
*/
void __mark_empty_function(const struct marker *mdata, void *private,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mark_empty_function);
/*
* Get marker if the marker is present in the marker hash table.
* Must be called with markers_mutex held.
* Returns NULL if not present.
*/
static struct marker_entry *get_marker(const char *name)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct marker_entry *e;
u32 hash = jhash(name, strlen(name), 0);
head = &marker_table[hash & ((1 << MARKER_HASH_BITS)-1)];
hlist_for_each_entry(e, node, head, hlist) {
if (!strcmp(name, e->name))
return e;
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* Add the marker to the marker hash table. Must be called with markers_mutex
* held.
*/
static int add_marker(const char *name, const char *format,
marker_probe_func *probe, void *private)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct marker_entry *e;
size_t name_len = strlen(name) + 1;
size_t format_len = 0;
u32 hash = jhash(name, name_len-1, 0);
if (format)
format_len = strlen(format) + 1;
head = &marker_table[hash & ((1 << MARKER_HASH_BITS)-1)];
hlist_for_each_entry(e, node, head, hlist) {
if (!strcmp(name, e->name)) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE
"Marker %s busy, probe %p already installed\n",
name, e->probe);
return -EBUSY; /* Already there */
}
}
/*
* Using kmalloc here to allocate a variable length element. Could
* cause some memory fragmentation if overused.
*/
e = kmalloc(sizeof(struct marker_entry) + name_len + format_len,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!e)
return -ENOMEM;
memcpy(&e->name[0], name, name_len);
if (format) {
e->format = &e->name[name_len];
memcpy(e->format, format, format_len);
trace_mark(core_marker_format, "name %s format %s",
e->name, e->format);
} else
e->format = NULL;
e->probe = probe;
e->private = private;
e->refcount = 0;
hlist_add_head(&e->hlist, head);
return 0;
}
/*
* Remove the marker from the marker hash table. Must be called with mutex_lock
* held.
*/
static void *remove_marker(const char *name)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct marker_entry *e;
int found = 0;
size_t len = strlen(name) + 1;
void *private = NULL;
u32 hash = jhash(name, len-1, 0);
head = &marker_table[hash & ((1 << MARKER_HASH_BITS)-1)];
hlist_for_each_entry(e, node, head, hlist) {
if (!strcmp(name, e->name)) {
found = 1;
break;
}
}
if (found) {
private = e->private;
hlist_del(&e->hlist);
kfree(e);
}
return private;
}
/*
* Set the mark_entry format to the format found in the element.
*/
static int marker_set_format(struct marker_entry **entry, const char *format)
{
struct marker_entry *e;
size_t name_len = strlen((*entry)->name) + 1;
size_t format_len = strlen(format) + 1;
e = kmalloc(sizeof(struct marker_entry) + name_len + format_len,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!e)
return -ENOMEM;
memcpy(&e->name[0], (*entry)->name, name_len);
e->format = &e->name[name_len];
memcpy(e->format, format, format_len);
e->probe = (*entry)->probe;
e->private = (*entry)->private;
e->refcount = (*entry)->refcount;
hlist_add_before(&e->hlist, &(*entry)->hlist);
hlist_del(&(*entry)->hlist);
kfree(*entry);
*entry = e;
trace_mark(core_marker_format, "name %s format %s",
e->name, e->format);
return 0;
}
/*
* Sets the probe callback corresponding to one marker.
*/
static int set_marker(struct marker_entry **entry, struct marker *elem)
{
int ret;
WARN_ON(strcmp((*entry)->name, elem->name) != 0);
if ((*entry)->format) {
if (strcmp((*entry)->format, elem->format) != 0) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE
"Format mismatch for probe %s "
"(%s), marker (%s)\n",
(*entry)->name,
(*entry)->format,
elem->format);
return -EPERM;
}
} else {
ret = marker_set_format(entry, elem->format);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
elem->call = (*entry)->probe;
elem->private = (*entry)->private;
elem->state = 1;
return 0;
}
/*
* Disable a marker and its probe callback.
* Note: only after a synchronize_sched() issued after setting elem->call to the
* empty function insures that the original callback is not used anymore. This
* insured by preemption disabling around the call site.
*/
static void disable_marker(struct marker *elem)
{
elem->state = 0;
elem->call = __mark_empty_function;
/*
* Leave the private data and id there, because removal is racy and
* should be done only after a synchronize_sched(). These are never used
* until the next initialization anyway.
*/
}
/**
* marker_update_probe_range - Update a probe range
* @begin: beginning of the range
* @end: end of the range
* @probe_module: module address of the probe being updated
* @refcount: number of references left to the given probe_module (out)
*
* Updates the probe callback corresponding to a range of markers.
* Must be called with markers_mutex held.
*/
void marker_update_probe_range(struct marker *begin,
struct marker *end, struct module *probe_module,
int *refcount)
{
struct marker *iter;
struct marker_entry *mark_entry;
for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++) {
mark_entry = get_marker(iter->name);
if (mark_entry && mark_entry->refcount) {
set_marker(&mark_entry, iter);
/*
* ignore error, continue
*/
if (probe_module)
if (probe_module ==
__module_text_address((unsigned long)mark_entry->probe))
(*refcount)++;
} else {
disable_marker(iter);
}
}
}
/*
* Update probes, removing the faulty probes.
* Issues a synchronize_sched() when no reference to the module passed
* as parameter is found in the probes so the probe module can be
* safely unloaded from now on.
*/
static void marker_update_probes(struct module *probe_module)
{
int refcount = 0;
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
/* Core kernel markers */
marker_update_probe_range(__start___markers,
__stop___markers, probe_module, &refcount);
/* Markers in modules. */
module_update_markers(probe_module, &refcount);
if (probe_module && refcount == 0) {
synchronize_sched();
deferred_sync = 0;
}
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
}
/**
* marker_probe_register - Connect a probe to a marker
* @name: marker name
* @format: format string
* @probe: probe handler
* @private: probe private data
*
* private data must be a valid allocated memory address, or NULL.
* Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
*/
int marker_probe_register(const char *name, const char *format,
marker_probe_func *probe, void *private)
{
struct marker_entry *entry;
int ret = 0, need_update = 0;
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
entry = get_marker(name);
if (entry && entry->refcount) {
ret = -EBUSY;
goto end;
}
if (deferred_sync) {
synchronize_sched();
deferred_sync = 0;
}
ret = add_marker(name, format, probe, private);
if (ret)
goto end;
need_update = 1;
end:
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
if (need_update)
marker_update_probes(NULL);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_register);
/**
* marker_probe_unregister - Disconnect a probe from a marker
* @name: marker name
*
* Returns the private data given to marker_probe_register, or an ERR_PTR().
*/
void *marker_probe_unregister(const char *name)
{
struct module *probe_module;
struct marker_entry *entry;
void *private;
int need_update = 0;
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
entry = get_marker(name);
if (!entry) {
private = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
goto end;
}
entry->refcount = 0;
/* In what module is the probe handler ? */
probe_module = __module_text_address((unsigned long)entry->probe);
private = remove_marker(name);
deferred_sync = 1;
need_update = 1;
end:
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
if (need_update)
marker_update_probes(probe_module);
return private;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(marker_probe_unregister);
/**
* marker_probe_unregister_private_data - Disconnect a probe from a marker
* @private: probe private data
*
* Unregister a marker by providing the registered private data.
* Returns the private data given to marker_probe_register, or an ERR_PTR().
*/
void *marker_probe_unregister_private_data(void *private)
{
struct module *probe_module;
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct marker_entry *entry;
int found = 0;
unsigned int i;
int need_update = 0;
mutex_lock(&markers_mutex);
for (i = 0; i < MARKER_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
head = &marker_table[i];
hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, head, hlist) {
if (entry->private == private) {
found = 1;
goto iter_end;
}
}
}
iter_end:
if (!found) {
private = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
goto end;
}
entry->refcount = 0;
/* In what module is the probe handler ? */
probe_module = __module_text_address((unsigned long)entry->probe);
private = remove_marker(entry->name);
deferred_sync = 1;
need_update = 1;
end:
mutex_unlock(&markers_mutex);
if (need_update)
marker_update_probes(probe_module);
return private;