Commit 778dd893 authored by Hugh Dickins's avatar Hugh Dickins Committed by Linus Torvalds

tmpfs: fix race between umount and swapoff

The use of igrab() in swapoff's shmem_unuse_inode() is just as vulnerable
to umount as that in shmem_writepage().

Fix this instance by extending the protection of shmem_swaplist_mutex
right across shmem_unuse_inode(): while it's on the list, the inode cannot
be evicted (and the filesystem cannot be unmounted) without
shmem_evict_inode() taking that mutex to remove it from the list.

But since shmem_writepage() might take that mutex, we should avoid making
memory allocations or memcg charges while holding it: prepare them at the
outer level in shmem_unuse().  When mem_cgroup_cache_charge() was
originally placed, we didn't know until that point that the page from swap
was actually a shmem page; but nowadays it's noted in the swap_map, so
we're safe to charge upfront.  For the radix_tree, do as is done in
shmem_getpage(): preload upfront, but don't pin to the cpu; so we make a
habit of refreshing the node pool, but might dip into GFP_NOWAIT reserves
on occasion if subsequently preempted.

With the allocation and charge moved out from shmem_unuse_inode(),
we can also hold index map and info->lock over from finding the entry.
Signed-off-by: default avatarHugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent b1dea800
......@@ -852,7 +852,7 @@ static inline int shmem_find_swp(swp_entry_t entry, swp_entry_t *dir, swp_entry_
static int shmem_unuse_inode(struct shmem_inode_info *info, swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
{
struct inode *inode;
struct address_space *mapping;
unsigned long idx;
unsigned long size;
unsigned long limit;
......@@ -875,8 +875,10 @@ static int shmem_unuse_inode(struct shmem_inode_info *info, swp_entry_t entry, s
if (size > SHMEM_NR_DIRECT)
size = SHMEM_NR_DIRECT;
offset = shmem_find_swp(entry, ptr, ptr+size);
if (offset >= 0)
if (offset >= 0) {
shmem_swp_balance_unmap();
goto found;
}
if (!info->i_indirect)
goto lost2;
......@@ -914,11 +916,11 @@ static int shmem_unuse_inode(struct shmem_inode_info *info, swp_entry_t entry, s
if (size > ENTRIES_PER_PAGE)
size = ENTRIES_PER_PAGE;
offset = shmem_find_swp(entry, ptr, ptr+size);
shmem_swp_unmap(ptr);
if (offset >= 0) {
shmem_dir_unmap(dir);
goto found;
}
shmem_swp_unmap(ptr);
}
}
lost1:
......@@ -928,8 +930,7 @@ lost2:
return 0;
found:
idx += offset;
inode = igrab(&info->vfs_inode);
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
ptr += offset;
/*
* Move _head_ to start search for next from here.
......@@ -940,37 +941,18 @@ found:
*/
if (shmem_swaplist.next != &info->swaplist)
list_move_tail(&shmem_swaplist, &info->swaplist);
mutex_unlock(&shmem_swaplist_mutex);
error = 1;
if (!inode)
goto out;
/*
* Charge page using GFP_KERNEL while we can wait.
* Charged back to the user(not to caller) when swap account is used.
* add_to_page_cache() will be called with GFP_NOWAIT.
* We rely on shmem_swaplist_mutex, not only to protect the swaplist,
* but also to hold up shmem_evict_inode(): so inode cannot be freed
* beneath us (pagelock doesn't help until the page is in pagecache).
*/
error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm, GFP_KERNEL);
if (error)
goto out;
error = radix_tree_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
if (error) {
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
goto out;
}
error = 1;
spin_lock(&info->lock);
ptr = shmem_swp_entry(info, idx, NULL);
if (ptr && ptr->val == entry.val) {
error = add_to_page_cache_locked(page, inode->i_mapping,
idx, GFP_NOWAIT);
/* does mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page on error */
} else /* we must compensate for our precharge above */
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
mapping = info->vfs_inode.i_mapping;
error = add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, idx, GFP_NOWAIT);
/* which does mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page on error */
if (error == -EEXIST) {
struct page *filepage = find_get_page(inode->i_mapping, idx);
struct page *filepage = find_get_page(mapping, idx);
error = 1;
if (filepage) {
/*
......@@ -990,14 +972,8 @@ found:
swap_free(entry);
error = 1; /* not an error, but entry was found */
}
if (ptr)
shmem_swp_unmap(ptr);
shmem_swp_unmap(ptr);
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
radix_tree_preload_end();
out:
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
iput(inode); /* allows for NULL */
return error;
}
......@@ -1009,6 +985,26 @@ int shmem_unuse(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
struct list_head *p, *next;
struct shmem_inode_info *info;
int found = 0;
int error;
/*
* Charge page using GFP_KERNEL while we can wait, before taking
* the shmem_swaplist_mutex which might hold up shmem_writepage().
* Charged back to the user (not to caller) when swap account is used.
* add_to_page_cache() will be called with GFP_NOWAIT.
*/
error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm, GFP_KERNEL);
if (error)
goto out;
/*
* Try to preload while we can wait, to not make a habit of
* draining atomic reserves; but don't latch on to this cpu,
* it's okay if sometimes we get rescheduled after this.
*/
error = radix_tree_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
if (error)
goto uncharge;
radix_tree_preload_end();
mutex_lock(&shmem_swaplist_mutex);
list_for_each_safe(p, next, &shmem_swaplist) {
......@@ -1016,17 +1012,19 @@ int shmem_unuse(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
found = shmem_unuse_inode(info, entry, page);
cond_resched();
if (found)
goto out;
break;
}
mutex_unlock(&shmem_swaplist_mutex);
/*
* Can some race bring us here? We've been holding page lock,
* so I think not; but would rather try again later than BUG()
*/
uncharge:
if (!found)
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
if (found < 0)
error = found;
out:
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
out:
return (found < 0) ? found : 0;
return error;
}
/*
......
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