Commit 4ae7c039 authored by Christoph Lameter's avatar Christoph Lameter Committed by Linus Torvalds
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[PATCH] Periodically drain non local pagesets

The pageset array can potentially acquire a huge amount of memory on large
NUMA systems.  F.e.  on a system with 512 processors and 256 nodes there
will be 256*512 pagesets.  If each pageset only holds 5 pages then we are
talking about 655360 pages.With a 16K page size on IA64 this results in
potentially 10 Gigabytes of memory being trapped in pagesets.  The typical
cases are much less for smaller systems but there is still the potential of
memory being trapped in off node pagesets.  Off node memory may be rarely
used if local memory is available and so we may potentially have memory in
seldom used pagesets without this patch.

The slab allocator flushes its per cpu caches every 2 seconds.  The
following patch flushes the off node pageset caches in the same way by
tying into the slab flush.

The patch also changes /proc/zoneinfo to include the number of pages
currently in each pageset.
Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 578c2fd6
......@@ -133,5 +133,10 @@ extern void FASTCALL(free_cold_page(struct page *page));
#define free_page(addr) free_pages((addr),0)
void page_alloc_init(void);
void drain_remote_pages(void);
static inline void drain_remote_pages(void) { };
#endif /* __LINUX_GFP_H */
......@@ -516,6 +516,36 @@ static int rmqueue_bulk(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
return allocated;
/* Called from the slab reaper to drain remote pagesets */
void drain_remote_pages(void)
struct zone *zone;
int i;
unsigned long flags;
for_each_zone(zone) {
struct per_cpu_pageset *pset;
/* Do not drain local pagesets */
if (zone->zone_pgdat->node_id == numa_node_id())
pset = zone->pageset[smp_processor_id()];
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pset->pcp); i++) {
struct per_cpu_pages *pcp;
pcp = &pset->pcp[i];
if (pcp->count)
pcp->count -= free_pages_bulk(zone, pcp->count,
&pcp->list, 0);
#if defined(CONFIG_PM) || defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU)
static void __drain_pages(unsigned int cpu)
......@@ -1271,12 +1301,13 @@ void show_free_areas(void)
pageset = zone_pcp(zone, cpu);
for (temperature = 0; temperature < 2; temperature++)
printk("cpu %d %s: low %d, high %d, batch %d\n",
printk("cpu %d %s: low %d, high %d, batch %d used:%d\n",
temperature ? "cold" : "hot",
......@@ -2851,6 +2851,7 @@ next:
/* Setup the next iteration */
schedule_delayed_work(&__get_cpu_var(reap_work), REAPTIMEOUT_CPUC + smp_processor_id());
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