Commit 3a10cceb authored by Ingo Molnar's avatar Ingo Molnar Committed by Jeff Garzik
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[PATCH] lock validator: fix ns83820.c irq-flags bug

Barry K. Nathan reported the following lockdep warning:

[  197.343948] BUG: warning at kernel/lockdep.c:1856/trace_hardirqs_on()
[  197.345928]  [<c010329b>] show_trace_log_lvl+0x5b/0x105
[  197.346359]  [<c0103896>] show_trace+0x1b/0x20
[  197.346759]  [<c01038ed>] dump_stack+0x1f/0x24
[  197.347159]  [<c012efa2>] trace_hardirqs_on+0xfb/0x185
[  197.348873]  [<c029b009>] _spin_unlock_irq+0x24/0x2d
[  197.350620]  [<e09034e8>] do_tx_done+0x171/0x179 [ns83820]
[  197.350895]  [<e090445c>] ns83820_irq+0x149/0x20b [ns83820]
[  197.351166]  [<c013b4b8>] handle_IRQ_event+0x1d/0x52
[  197.353216]  [<c013c6c2>] handle_level_irq+0x97/0xe1
[  197.355157]  [<c01048c3>] do_IRQ+0x8b/0xac
[  197.355612]  [<c0102d9d>] common_interrupt+0x25/0x2c

this is caused because the ns83820 driver re-enables irq flags
in hardirq context.

While legal in theory, in practice it should only be done if the
hardware is really old and has some very high overhead in its ISR.
(such as PIO IDE)

For modern hardware, running ISRs with irqs enabled is discouraged,
because 1) new hardware is fast enough to not cause latency problems
2) allowing the nesting of hardware interrupts only 'spreads out'
the handling of the current ISR, causing extra cachemisses that would
otherwise not happen. Furthermore, on architectures where ISRs share
the kernel stacks, enabling interrupts in ISRs introduces a much
higher kernel-stack-nesting and thus kernel-stack-overflow risk.
3) not managing irq-flags via the _irqsave / _irqrestore variants
is dangerous: it's easy to forget whether one function nests inside
another, and irq flags might be mismanaged.

In the few cases where re-enabling interrupts in an ISR is considered
useful (and unavoidable), it has to be taught to the lock validator
explicitly (because the lock validator needs the "no ISR ever enables
hardirqs" artificial simplification to keep the IRQ/softirq locking
dependencies manageable).

This teaching is done via the explicit use local_irq_enable_in_hardirq().
On a stock kernel this maps to local_irq_enable(). If the lock validator
is enabled then this does not enable interrupts.

Now, the analysis of drivers/net/ns83820.c's irq flags use: the
irq-enabling in irq context seems intentional, but i dont think it's
justified. Furthermore, the driver suffers from problem #3 above too,
in ns83820_tx_timeout() it disables irqs via local_irq_save(), but
then it calls do_tx_done() which does a spin_unlock_irq(),
re-enabling for a function that does not expect it! While currently
this bug seems harmless (only some debug printout seems to be
affected by it), it's nevertheless something to be fixed.

So this patch makes the ns83820 ISR irq-flags-safe, and cleans up
do_tx_done() use and locking to avoid the ns83820_tx_timeout() bug.

From: Arjan van de Ven <>

  ns83820_mib_isr takes the misc_lock in IRQ context.  All other places that
  do this in the ISR already use _irqsave versions, make this consistent at
  least.  At some point in the future someone should audit the driver to see
  if all _irqsave's in the ISR can go away, this is generally an iffy/fragile
  proposition though; for now get it safe, simple and consistent.

From: Arjan van de Ven <>

ok this is a real driver deadlock:

The ns83820 driver enabled interrupts (by unlocking the misc_lock with
_irq) while still holding the rx_info.lock, which is required to be irq
safe since it's used in the ISR like this:
                writel(1, dev->base + IER);

This is can cause a deadlock if an irq was pending at the first
spin_unlock_irq already, or if one would hit during kick_rx().
Simply remove the first _irq solves this
Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <>
Cc: Jeff Garzik <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarArjan van de Ven <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJeff Garzik <>
parent ac5bfe40
......@@ -803,7 +803,7 @@ static int ns83820_setup_rx(struct net_device *ndev)
writel(dev->IMR_cache, dev->base + IMR);
writel(1, dev->base + IER);
......@@ -1012,8 +1012,6 @@ static void do_tx_done(struct net_device *ndev)
struct ns83820 *dev = PRIV(ndev);
u32 cmdsts, tx_done_idx, *desc;
dprintk("do_tx_done(%p)\n", ndev);
tx_done_idx = dev->tx_done_idx;
desc = dev->tx_descs + (tx_done_idx * DESC_SIZE);
......@@ -1069,7 +1067,6 @@ static void do_tx_done(struct net_device *ndev)
static void ns83820_cleanup_tx(struct ns83820 *dev)
......@@ -1281,11 +1278,13 @@ static struct ethtool_ops ops = {
.get_link = ns83820_get_link
/* this function is called in irq context from the ISR */
static void ns83820_mib_isr(struct ns83820 *dev)
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
static void ns83820_do_isr(struct net_device *ndev, u32 isr);
......@@ -1307,6 +1306,8 @@ static irqreturn_t ns83820_irq(int foo, void *data, struct pt_regs *regs)
static void ns83820_do_isr(struct net_device *ndev, u32 isr)
struct ns83820 *dev = PRIV(ndev);
unsigned long flags;
#ifdef DEBUG
Dprintk("odd isr? 0x%08x\n", isr);
......@@ -1321,10 +1322,10 @@ static void ns83820_do_isr(struct net_device *ndev, u32 isr)
if ((ISR_RXDESC | ISR_RXOK) & isr) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
dev->IMR_cache &= ~(ISR_RXDESC | ISR_RXOK);
writel(dev->IMR_cache, dev->base + IMR);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
......@@ -1370,16 +1371,18 @@ static void ns83820_do_isr(struct net_device *ndev, u32 isr)
* work has accumulated
spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->tx_lock, flags);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->tx_lock, flags);
/* Disable TxOk if there are no outstanding tx packets.
if ((dev->tx_done_idx == dev->tx_free_idx) &&
(dev->IMR_cache & ISR_TXOK)) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
dev->IMR_cache &= ~ISR_TXOK;
writel(dev->IMR_cache, dev->base + IMR);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
......@@ -1390,10 +1393,10 @@ static void ns83820_do_isr(struct net_device *ndev, u32 isr)
* nature are expected, we must enable TxOk.
if ((ISR_TXIDLE & isr) && (dev->tx_done_idx != dev->tx_free_idx)) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
dev->IMR_cache |= ISR_TXOK;
writel(dev->IMR_cache, dev->base + IMR);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->misc_lock, flags);
/* MIB interrupt: one of the statistics counters is about to overflow */
......@@ -1455,7 +1458,7 @@ static void ns83820_tx_timeout(struct net_device *ndev)
u32 tx_done_idx, *desc;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->tx_lock, flags);
tx_done_idx = dev->tx_done_idx;
desc = dev->tx_descs + (tx_done_idx * DESC_SIZE);
......@@ -1482,7 +1485,7 @@ static void ns83820_tx_timeout(struct net_device *ndev)
tx_done_idx, dev->tx_free_idx, le32_to_cpu(desc[DESC_CMDSTS]));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->tx_lock, flags);
static void ns83820_tx_watch(unsigned long data)
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