Commit 35451bee authored by Hugh Dickins's avatar Hugh Dickins Committed by Linus Torvalds
Browse files

ksm: unmerge is an origin of OOMs

Just as the swapoff system call allocates many pages of RAM to various
processes, perhaps triggering OOM, so "echo 2 >/sys/kernel/mm/ksm/run"
(unmerge) is liable to allocate many pages of RAM to various processes,
perhaps triggering OOM; and each is normally run from a modest admin
process (swapoff or shell), easily repeated until it succeeds.

So treat unmerge_and_remove_all_rmap_items() in the same way that we treat
try_to_unuse(): generalize PF_SWAPOFF to PF_OOM_ORIGIN, and bracket both
with that, to ask the OOM killer to kill them first, to prevent them from
spawning more and more OOM kills.
Signed-off-by: default avatarHugh Dickins <>
Acked-by: default avatarIzik Eidus <>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent a913e182
......@@ -1720,7 +1720,7 @@ extern cputime_t task_gtime(struct task_struct *p);
#define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* frozen for system suspend */
#define PF_FSTRANS 0x00020000 /* inside a filesystem transaction */
#define PF_KSWAPD 0x00040000 /* I am kswapd */
#define PF_SWAPOFF 0x00080000 /* I am in swapoff */
#define PF_OOM_ORIGIN 0x00080000 /* Allocating much memory to others */
#define PF_LESS_THROTTLE 0x00100000 /* Throttle me less: I clean memory */
#define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000 /* I am a kernel thread */
#define PF_RANDOMIZE 0x00400000 /* randomize virtual address space */
......@@ -1557,7 +1557,9 @@ static ssize_t run_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
if (ksm_run != flags) {
ksm_run = flags;
if (flags & KSM_RUN_UNMERGE) {
current->flags |= PF_OOM_ORIGIN;
err = unmerge_and_remove_all_rmap_items();
current->flags &= ~PF_OOM_ORIGIN;
if (err) {
ksm_run = KSM_RUN_STOP;
count = err;
......@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ unsigned long badness(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long uptime)
* swapoff can easily use up all memory, so kill those first.
if (p->flags & PF_SWAPOFF)
if (p->flags & PF_OOM_ORIGIN)
return ULONG_MAX;
......@@ -1575,9 +1575,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(swapoff, const char __user *, specialfile)
p->flags &= ~SWP_WRITEOK;
current->flags |= PF_SWAPOFF;
current->flags |= PF_OOM_ORIGIN;
err = try_to_unuse(type);
current->flags &= ~PF_SWAPOFF;
current->flags &= ~PF_OOM_ORIGIN;
if (err) {
/* re-insert swap space back into swap_list */
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