Commit 1f9cc3cb authored by Robin Holt's avatar Robin Holt Committed by H. Peter Anvin
Browse files

x86, pat: Update the page flags for memtype atomically instead of using memtype_lock



While testing an application using the xpmem (out of kernel) driver, we
noticed a significant page fault rate reduction of x86_64 with respect
to ia64.  For one test running with 32 cpus, one thread per cpu, it
took 01:08 for each of the threads to vm_insert_pfn 2GB worth of pages.
For the same test running on 256 cpus, one thread per cpu, it took 14:48
to vm_insert_pfn 2 GB worth of pages.

The slowdown was tracked to lookup_memtype which acquires the
spinlock memtype_lock.  This heavily contended lock was slowing down
vm_insert_pfn().

With the cmpxchg on page->flags method, both the 32 cpu and 256 cpu
cases take approx 00:01.3 seconds to complete.
Signed-off-by: default avatarRobin Holt <holt@sgi.com>
LKML-Reference: <20100423153627.751194346@gulag1.americas.sgi.com>
Cc: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venkatesh.pallipadi@gmail.com>
Cc: Rafael Wysocki <rjw@novell.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarSuresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarH. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
parent 4daa2a80
......@@ -44,9 +44,6 @@ static inline void copy_from_user_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
memcpy(dst, src, len);
}
#define PG_WC PG_arch_1
PAGEFLAG(WC, WC)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAT
/*
* X86 PAT uses page flags WC and Uncached together to keep track of
......@@ -55,16 +52,24 @@ PAGEFLAG(WC, WC)
* _PAGE_CACHE_UC_MINUS and fourth state where page's memory type has not
* been changed from its default (value of -1 used to denote this).
* Note we do not support _PAGE_CACHE_UC here.
*
* Caller must hold memtype_lock for atomicity.
*/
#define _PGMT_DEFAULT 0
#define _PGMT_WC (1UL << PG_arch_1)
#define _PGMT_UC_MINUS (1UL << PG_uncached)
#define _PGMT_WB (1UL << PG_uncached | 1UL << PG_arch_1)
#define _PGMT_MASK (1UL << PG_uncached | 1UL << PG_arch_1)
#define _PGMT_CLEAR_MASK (~_PGMT_MASK)
static inline unsigned long get_page_memtype(struct page *pg)
{
if (!PageUncached(pg) && !PageWC(pg))
unsigned long pg_flags = pg->flags & _PGMT_MASK;
if (pg_flags == _PGMT_DEFAULT)
return -1;
else if (!PageUncached(pg) && PageWC(pg))
else if (pg_flags == _PGMT_WC)
return _PAGE_CACHE_WC;
else if (PageUncached(pg) && !PageWC(pg))
else if (pg_flags == _PGMT_UC_MINUS)
return _PAGE_CACHE_UC_MINUS;
else
return _PAGE_CACHE_WB;
......@@ -72,25 +77,26 @@ static inline unsigned long get_page_memtype(struct page *pg)
static inline void set_page_memtype(struct page *pg, unsigned long memtype)
{
unsigned long memtype_flags = _PGMT_DEFAULT;
unsigned long old_flags;
unsigned long new_flags;
switch (memtype) {
case _PAGE_CACHE_WC:
ClearPageUncached(pg);
SetPageWC(pg);
memtype_flags = _PGMT_WC;
break;
case _PAGE_CACHE_UC_MINUS:
SetPageUncached(pg);
ClearPageWC(pg);
memtype_flags = _PGMT_UC_MINUS;
break;
case _PAGE_CACHE_WB:
SetPageUncached(pg);
SetPageWC(pg);
break;
default:
case -1:
ClearPageUncached(pg);
ClearPageWC(pg);
memtype_flags = _PGMT_WB;
break;
}
do {
old_flags = pg->flags;
new_flags = (old_flags & _PGMT_CLEAR_MASK) | memtype_flags;
} while (cmpxchg(&pg->flags, old_flags, new_flags) != old_flags);
}
#else
static inline unsigned long get_page_memtype(struct page *pg) { return -1; }
......
......@@ -190,8 +190,6 @@ static int pat_pagerange_is_ram(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
* Here we do two pass:
* - Find the memtype of all the pages in the range, look for any conflicts
* - In case of no conflicts, set the new memtype for pages in the range
*
* Caller must hold memtype_lock for atomicity.
*/
static int reserve_ram_pages_type(u64 start, u64 end, unsigned long req_type,
unsigned long *new_type)
......@@ -297,9 +295,7 @@ int reserve_memtype(u64 start, u64 end, unsigned long req_type,
is_range_ram = pat_pagerange_is_ram(start, end);
if (is_range_ram == 1) {
spin_lock(&memtype_lock);
err = reserve_ram_pages_type(start, end, req_type, new_type);
spin_unlock(&memtype_lock);
return err;
} else if (is_range_ram < 0) {
......@@ -351,9 +347,7 @@ int free_memtype(u64 start, u64 end)
is_range_ram = pat_pagerange_is_ram(start, end);
if (is_range_ram == 1) {
spin_lock(&memtype_lock);
err = free_ram_pages_type(start, end);
spin_unlock(&memtype_lock);
return err;
} else if (is_range_ram < 0) {
......@@ -394,10 +388,8 @@ static unsigned long lookup_memtype(u64 paddr)
if (pat_pagerange_is_ram(paddr, paddr + PAGE_SIZE)) {
struct page *page;
spin_lock(&memtype_lock);
page = pfn_to_page(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
rettype = get_page_memtype(page);
spin_unlock(&memtype_lock);
/*
* -1 from get_page_memtype() implies RAM page is in its
* default state and not reserved, and hence of type WB
......
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment