Commit 1b93b3c3 authored by Wu Zhangjin's avatar Wu Zhangjin Committed by Ralf Baechle

MIPS: Add support for GZIP / BZIP2 / LZMA compressed kernel images

This patch helps to generate smaller kernel images for linux-MIPS,

Here is the effect when using lzma:

$ ls -sh vmlinux
7.1M vmlinux
$ ls -sh vmlinuz
1.5M vmlinuz

Have tested the 32bit kernel on Qemu/Malta and 64bit kernel on FuLoong
Mini PC. both of them work well. and also, tested by Alexander Clouter
on an AR7 based Linksys WAG54Gv2, and by Manuel Lauss on an Alchemy
board.

This -v2 version incorporate the feedback from Ralf, and add the
following changes:

1. add .ecoff, .bin, .erec format support
2. only enable it and the debug source code for the machines we tested
3. a dozen of fixups and cleanups

and if you want to enable it for your board, please try to select
SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT for it, and if the board have an 16550 compatible
uart, you can select SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT_UART16550 directly. and then
sending the relative patches to Ralf.
Tested-by: default avatarManuel Lauss <manuel.lauss@googlemail.com>
Tested-by: default avatarAlexander Clouter <alex@digriz.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: default avatarWu Zhangjin <wuzhangjin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRalf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
parent bea4c899
......@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ choice
config MACH_ALCHEMY
bool "Alchemy processor based machines"
select SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT
config AR7
bool "Texas Instruments AR7"
......@@ -36,6 +37,7 @@ config AR7
select SYS_HAS_EARLY_PRINTK
select SYS_SUPPORTS_32BIT_KERNEL
select SYS_SUPPORTS_LITTLE_ENDIAN
select SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT_UART16550
select GENERIC_GPIO
select GCD
select VLYNQ
......@@ -192,6 +194,7 @@ config LASAT
config MACH_LOONGSON
bool "Loongson family of machines"
select SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT_UART16550
help
This enables the support of Loongson family of machines.
......@@ -233,6 +236,7 @@ config MIPS_MALTA
select SYS_SUPPORTS_MIPS_CMP
select SYS_SUPPORTS_MULTITHREADING
select SYS_SUPPORTS_SMARTMIPS
select SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT
help
This enables support for the MIPS Technologies Malta evaluation
board.
......@@ -1294,6 +1298,16 @@ config CPU_CAVIUM_OCTEON
endchoice
config SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT
bool
select HAVE_KERNEL_GZIP
select HAVE_KERNEL_BZIP2
select HAVE_KERNEL_LZMA
config SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT_UART16550
bool
select SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT
config CPU_LOONGSON2
bool
select CPU_SUPPORTS_32BIT_KERNEL
......
......@@ -69,6 +69,7 @@ endif
all-$(CONFIG_BOOT_ELF32) := $(vmlinux-32)
all-$(CONFIG_BOOT_ELF64) := $(vmlinux-64)
all-$(CONFIG_SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT)+= vmlinuz
#
# GCC uses -G 0 -mabicalls -fpic as default. We don't want PIC in the kernel
......@@ -331,7 +332,7 @@ load-$(CONFIG_LEMOTE_FULOONG2E) +=0xffffffff80100000
core-$(CONFIG_MIPS_MALTA) += arch/mips/mti-malta/
cflags-$(CONFIG_MIPS_MALTA) += -I$(srctree)/arch/mips/include/asm/mach-malta
load-$(CONFIG_MIPS_MALTA) += 0xffffffff80100000
all-$(CONFIG_MIPS_MALTA) := vmlinux.bin
all-$(CONFIG_MIPS_MALTA) := vmlinuz.bin
#
# MIPS SIM
......@@ -581,7 +582,7 @@ load-$(CONFIG_SNI_RM) += 0xffffffff80600000
else
load-$(CONFIG_SNI_RM) += 0xffffffff80030000
endif
all-$(CONFIG_SNI_RM) := vmlinux.ecoff
all-$(CONFIG_SNI_RM) := vmlinuz.ecoff
#
# Common TXx9
......@@ -699,9 +700,23 @@ vmlinux.64: vmlinux
$(OBJCOPY) -O $(64bit-bfd) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) $< $@
makeboot =$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/mips/boot VMLINUX=$(vmlinux-32) $(1)
makezboot =$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/mips/boot/compressed \
VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS=$(load-y) 32bit-bfd=$(32bit-bfd) $(1)
all: $(all-y)
vmlinuz: vmlinux FORCE
+@$(call makezboot,$@)
vmlinuz.bin: vmlinux
+@$(call makezboot,$@)
vmlinuz.ecoff: vmlinux
+@$(call makezboot,$@)
vmlinuz.srec: vmlinux
+@$(call makezboot,$@)
vmlinux.bin: $(vmlinux-32)
+@$(call makeboot,$@)
......@@ -726,11 +741,13 @@ endif
install:
$(Q)install -D -m 755 vmlinux $(INSTALL_PATH)/vmlinux-$(KERNELRELEASE)
$(Q)install -D -m 755 vmlinuz $(INSTALL_PATH)/vmlinuz-$(KERNELRELEASE)
$(Q)install -D -m 644 .config $(INSTALL_PATH)/config-$(KERNELRELEASE)
$(Q)install -D -m 644 System.map $(INSTALL_PATH)/System.map-$(KERNELRELEASE)
archclean:
@$(MAKE) $(clean)=arch/mips/boot
@$(MAKE) $(clean)=arch/mips/boot/compressed
@$(MAKE) $(clean)=arch/mips/lasat
define archhelp
......@@ -738,10 +755,18 @@ define archhelp
echo ' vmlinux.ecoff - ECOFF boot image'
echo ' vmlinux.bin - Raw binary boot image'
echo ' vmlinux.srec - SREC boot image'
echo ' vmlinuz - Compressed boot(zboot) image'
echo ' vmlinuz.ecoff - ECOFF zboot image'
echo ' vmlinuz.bin - Raw binary zboot image'
echo ' vmlinuz.srec - SREC zboot image'
echo
echo ' These will be default as apropriate for a configured platform.'
endef
CLEAN_FILES += vmlinux.32 \
vmlinux.64 \
vmlinux.ecoff
vmlinux.ecoff \
vmlinuz \
vmlinuz.ecoff \
vmlinuz.bin \
vmlinuz.srec
#
# This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
# License.
#
# Adapted for MIPS Pete Popov, Dan Malek
#
# Copyright (C) 1994 by Linus Torvalds
# Adapted for PowerPC by Gary Thomas
# modified by Cort (cort@cs.nmt.edu)
#
# Copyright (C) 2009 Lemote Inc. & DSLab, Lanzhou University
# Author: Wu Zhangjin <wuzj@lemote.com>
#
# compressed kernel load addr: VMLINUZ_LOAD_ADDRESS > VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS + VMLINUX_SIZE
VMLINUX_SIZE := $(shell wc -c $(objtree)/$(KBUILD_IMAGE) 2>/dev/null | cut -d' ' -f1)
VMLINUX_SIZE := $(shell [ -n "$(VMLINUX_SIZE)" ] && echo $$(($(VMLINUX_SIZE) + (65536 - $(VMLINUX_SIZE) % 65536))))
VMLINUZ_LOAD_ADDRESS := 0x$(shell [ -n "$(VMLINUX_SIZE)" ] && printf %x $$(($(VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS) + $(VMLINUX_SIZE))))
# set the default size of the mallocing area for decompressing
BOOT_HEAP_SIZE := 0x400000
# Disable Function Tracer
KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(shell echo $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) | sed -e "s/-pg//")
KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__KERNEL__ \
-DBOOT_HEAP_SIZE=$(BOOT_HEAP_SIZE) -D"VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS_ULL=$(VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS)ull" \
KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(KBUILD_AFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__ \
-DKERNEL_ENTRY=0x$(shell $(NM) $(objtree)/$(KBUILD_IMAGE) 2>/dev/null | grep " kernel_entry" | cut -f1 -d \ ) \
-DBOOT_HEAP_SIZE=$(BOOT_HEAP_SIZE)
obj-y := $(obj)/head.o $(obj)/decompress.o $(obj)/dbg.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT_UART16550) += $(obj)/uart-16550.o
OBJCOPYFLAGS_vmlinux.bin := $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) -O binary -R .comment -S
$(obj)/vmlinux.bin: $(KBUILD_IMAGE)
$(call if_changed,objcopy)
suffix_$(CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP) = gz
suffix_$(CONFIG_KERNEL_BZIP2) = bz2
suffix_$(CONFIG_KERNEL_LZMA) = lzma
tool_$(CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP) = gzip
tool_$(CONFIG_KERNEL_BZIP2) = bzip2
tool_$(CONFIG_KERNEL_LZMA) = lzma
$(obj)/vmlinux.$(suffix_y): $(obj)/vmlinux.bin
$(call if_changed,$(tool_y))
$(obj)/piggy.o: $(obj)/vmlinux.$(suffix_y) $(obj)/dummy.o
$(Q)$(OBJCOPY) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) \
--add-section=.image=$< \
--set-section-flags=.image=contents,alloc,load,readonly,data \
$(obj)/dummy.o $@
LDFLAGS_vmlinuz := $(LDFLAGS) -Ttext $(VMLINUZ_LOAD_ADDRESS) -T
vmlinuz: $(src)/ld.script $(obj-y) $(obj)/piggy.o
$(call if_changed,ld)
$(Q)$(OBJCOPY) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) -R .comment -R .stab -R .stabstr -R .initrd -R .sysmap $@
#
# Some DECstations need all possible sections of an ECOFF executable
#
ifdef CONFIG_MACH_DECSTATION
E2EFLAGS = -a
else
E2EFLAGS =
endif
# elf2ecoff can only handle 32bit image
ifdef CONFIG_32BIT
VMLINUZ = vmlinuz
else
VMLINUZ = vmlinuz.32
endif
vmlinuz.32: vmlinuz
$(Q)$(OBJCOPY) -O $(32bit-bfd) $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) $< $@
vmlinuz.ecoff: $(obj)/../elf2ecoff $(VMLINUZ)
$(Q)$(obj)/../elf2ecoff $(VMLINUZ) vmlinuz.ecoff $(E2EFLAGS)
$(obj)/../elf2ecoff: $(src)/../elf2ecoff.c
$(Q)$(HOSTCC) -o $@ $^
drop-sections = .reginfo .mdebug .comment .note .pdr .options .MIPS.options
strip-flags = $(addprefix --remove-section=,$(drop-sections))
OBJCOPYFLAGS_vmlinuz.bin := $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) -O binary $(strip-flags)
vmlinuz.bin: vmlinuz
$(call if_changed,objcopy)
OBJCOPYFLAGS_vmlinuz.srec := $(OBJCOPYFLAGS) -S -O srec $(strip-flags)
vmlinuz.srec: vmlinuz
$(call if_changed,objcopy)
clean:
clean-files += *.o \
vmlinu*
/*
* MIPS-specific debug support for pre-boot environment
*
* NOTE: putc() is board specific, if your board have a 16550 compatible uart,
* please select SYS_SUPPORTS_ZBOOT_UART16550 for your machine. othewise, you
* need to implement your own putc().
*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
void __attribute__ ((weak)) putc(char c)
{
}
void puts(const char *s)
{
char c;
while ((c = *s++) != '\0') {
putc(c);
if (c == '\n')
putc('\r');
}
}
void puthex(unsigned long long val)
{
unsigned char buf[10];
int i;
for (i = 7; i >= 0; i--) {
buf[i] = "0123456789ABCDEF"[val & 0x0F];
val >>= 4;
}
buf[8] = '\0';
puts(buf);
}
/*
* Misc. bootloader code for many machines.
*
* Copyright 2001 MontaVista Software Inc.
* Author: Matt Porter <mporter@mvista.com> Derived from
* arch/ppc/boot/prep/misc.c
*
* Copyright (C) 2009 Lemote, Inc. & Institute of Computing Technology
* Author: Wu Zhangjin <wuzj@lemote.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
* Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
* option) any later version.
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <asm/addrspace.h>
/* These two variables specify the free mem region
* that can be used for temporary malloc area
*/
unsigned long free_mem_ptr;
unsigned long free_mem_end_ptr;
char *zimage_start;
/* The linker tells us where the image is. */
extern unsigned char __image_begin, __image_end;
extern unsigned char __ramdisk_begin, __ramdisk_end;
unsigned long initrd_size;
/* debug interfaces */
extern void puts(const char *s);
extern void puthex(unsigned long long val);
void error(char *x)
{
puts("\n\n");
puts(x);
puts("\n\n -- System halted");
while (1)
; /* Halt */
}
/* activate the code for pre-boot environment */
#define STATIC static
#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP
void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n)
{
int i;
const char *s = src;
char *d = dest;
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
d[i] = s[i];
return dest;
}
#include "../../../../lib/decompress_inflate.c"
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_BZIP2
void *memset(void *s, int c, size_t n)
{
int i;
char *ss = s;
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
ss[i] = c;
return s;
}
#include "../../../../lib/decompress_bunzip2.c"
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_LZMA
#include "../../../../lib/decompress_unlzma.c"
#endif
void decompress_kernel(unsigned long boot_heap_start)
{
int zimage_size;
/*
* We link ourself to an arbitrary low address. When we run, we
* relocate outself to that address. __image_beign points to
* the part of the image where the zImage is. -- Tom
*/
zimage_start = (char *)(unsigned long)(&__image_begin);
zimage_size = (unsigned long)(&__image_end) -
(unsigned long)(&__image_begin);
/*
* The zImage and initrd will be between start and _end, so they've
* already been moved once. We're good to go now. -- Tom
*/
puts("zimage at: ");
puthex((unsigned long)zimage_start);
puts(" ");
puthex((unsigned long)(zimage_size + zimage_start));
puts("\n");
if (initrd_size) {
puts("initrd at: ");
puthex((unsigned long)(&__ramdisk_begin));
puts(" ");
puthex((unsigned long)(&__ramdisk_end));
puts("\n");
}
/* this area are prepared for mallocing when decompressing */
free_mem_ptr = boot_heap_start;
free_mem_end_ptr = boot_heap_start + BOOT_HEAP_SIZE;
/* Display standard Linux/MIPS boot prompt for kernel args */
puts("Uncompressing Linux at load address ");
puthex(VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS_ULL);
puts("\n");
/* Decompress the kernel with according algorithm */
decompress(zimage_start, zimage_size, 0, 0,
(void *)VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS_ULL, 0, error);
/* FIXME: is there a need to flush cache here? */
puts("Now, booting the kernel...\n");
}
int main(void)
{
return 0;
}
/*
* This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
* License. See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
* for more details.
*
* Copyright (C) 1994, 1995 Waldorf Electronics
* Written by Ralf Baechle and Andreas Busse
* Copyright (C) 1995 - 1999 Ralf Baechle
* Copyright (C) 1996 Paul M. Antoine
* Modified for DECStation and hence R3000 support by Paul M. Antoine
* Further modifications by David S. Miller and Harald Koerfgen
* Copyright (C) 1999 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
*/
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/regdef.h>
.set noreorder
.cprestore
LEAF(start)
start:
/* Save boot rom start args */
move s0, a0
move s1, a1
move s2, a2
move s3, a3
/* Clear BSS */
PTR_LA a0, _edata
PTR_LA a2, _end
1: sw zero, 0(a0)
bne a2, a0, 1b
addiu a0, a0, 4
PTR_LA a0, (.heap) /* heap address */
PTR_LA sp, (.stack + 8192) /* stack address */
PTR_LA ra, 2f
PTR_LA k0, decompress_kernel
jr k0
nop
2:
move a0, s0
move a1, s1
move a2, s2
move a3, s3
PTR_LI k0, KERNEL_ENTRY
jr k0
nop
3:
b 3b
nop
END(start)
.comm .heap,BOOT_HEAP_SIZE,4
.comm .stack,4096*2,4
OUTPUT_ARCH(mips)
ENTRY(start)
SECTIONS
{
/* Read-only sections, merged into text segment: */
.init : { *(.init) } =0
.text :
{
_ftext = . ;
*(.text)
*(.rodata)
*(.rodata1)
/* .gnu.warning sections are handled specially by elf32.em. */
*(.gnu.warning)
} =0
.kstrtab : { *(.kstrtab) }
. = ALIGN(16); /* Exception table */
__start___ex_table = .;
__ex_table : { *(__ex_table) }
__stop___ex_table = .;
__start___dbe_table = .; /* Exception table for data bus errors */
__dbe_table : { *(__dbe_table) }
__stop___dbe_table = .;
__start___ksymtab = .; /* Kernel symbol table */
__ksymtab : { *(__ksymtab) }
__stop___ksymtab = .;
_etext = .;
. = ALIGN(8192);
.data.init_task : { *(.data.init_task) }
/* Startup code */
. = ALIGN(4096);
__init_begin = .;
.text.init : { *(.text.init) }
.data.init : { *(.data.init) }
. = ALIGN(16);
__setup_start = .;
.setup.init : { *(.setup.init) }
__setup_end = .;
__initcall_start = .;
.initcall.init : { *(.initcall.init) }
__initcall_end = .;
. = ALIGN(4096); /* Align double page for init_task_union */
__init_end = .;
. = ALIGN(4096);
.data.page_aligned : { *(.data.idt) }
. = ALIGN(32);
.data.cacheline_aligned : { *(.data.cacheline_aligned) }
.fini : { *(.fini) } =0
.reginfo : { *(.reginfo) }
/* Adjust the address for the data segment. We want to adjust up to
the same address within the page on the next page up. It would
be more correct to do this:
. = .;
The current expression does not correctly handle the case of a
text segment ending precisely at the end of a page; it causes the
data segment to skip a page. The above expression does not have
this problem, but it will currently (2/95) cause BFD to allocate
a single segment, combining both text and data, for this case.
This will prevent the text segment from being shared among
multiple executions of the program; I think that is more
important than losing a page of the virtual address space (note
that no actual memory is lost; the page which is skipped can not
be referenced). */
. = .;
.data :
{
_fdata = . ;
*(.data)
/* Put the compressed image here, so bss is on the end. */
__image_begin = .;
*(.image)
__image_end = .;
/* Align the initial ramdisk image (INITRD) on page boundaries. */
. = ALIGN(4096);
__ramdisk_begin = .;
*(.initrd)
__ramdisk_end = .;
. = ALIGN(4096);
CONSTRUCTORS
}
.data1 : { *(.data1) }
_gp = . + 0x8000;
.lit8 : { *(.lit8) }
.lit4 : { *(.lit4) }
.ctors : { *(.ctors) }
.dtors : { *(.dtors) }
.got : { *(.got.plt) *(.got) }
.dynamic : { *(.dynamic) }
/* We want the small data sections together, so single-instruction offsets
can access them all, and initialized data all before uninitialized, so
we can shorten the on-disk segment size. */
.sdata : { *(.sdata) }
. = ALIGN(4);
_edata = .;
PROVIDE (edata = .);
__bss_start = .;
_fbss = .;
.sbss : { *(.sbss) *(.scommon) }
.bss :
{
*(.dynbss)
*(.bss)
*(COMMON)
. = ALIGN(4);
_end = . ;
PROVIDE (end = .);
}
/* Sections to be discarded */
/DISCARD/ :
{
*(.text.exit)
*(.data.exit)
*(.exitcall.exit)
}
/* This is the MIPS specific mdebug section. */
.mdebug : { *(.mdebug) }
/* These are needed for ELF backends which have not yet been
converted to the new style linker. */
.stab 0 : { *(.stab) }
.stabstr 0 : { *(.stabstr) }
/* DWARF debug sections.
Symbols in the .debug DWARF section are relative to the beginning of the
section so we begin .debug at 0. It's not clear yet what needs to happen
for the others. */
.debug 0 : { *(.debug) }
.debug_srcinfo 0 : { *(.debug_srcinfo) }
.debug_aranges 0 : { *(.debug_aranges) }
.debug_pubnames 0 : { *(.debug_pubnames) }
.debug_sfnames 0 : { *(.debug_sfnames) }
.line 0 : { *(.line) }
/* These must appear regardless of . */
.gptab.sdata : { *(.gptab.data) *(.gptab.sdata) }
.gptab.sbss : { *(.gptab.bss) *(.gptab.sbss) }
.comment : { *(.comment) }
.note : { *(.note) }
}
/*
* 16550 compatible uart based serial debug support for zboot
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/serial_reg.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <asm/addrspace.h>
#if defined(CONFIG_MACH_LOONGSON) || defined(CONFIG_MIPS_MALTA)
#define UART_BASE 0x1fd003f8
#define PORT(offset) (CKSEG1ADDR(UART_BASE) + (offset))
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_AR7
#include <ar7.h>
#define PORT(offset) (CKSEG1ADDR(AR7_REGS_UART0) + (4 * offset))
#endif
#ifndef PORT
#error please define the serial port address for your own machine
#endif