Commit a9f8ad8f authored by David Gibson's avatar David Gibson Committed by Alexander Graf

Add SLOF-based partition firmware for pSeries machine, allowing more boot options

Currently, the emulated pSeries machine requires the use of the
-kernel parameter in order to explicitly load a guest kernel.  This
means booting from the virtual disk, cdrom or network is not possible.

This patch addresses this limitation by inserting a within-partition
firmware image (derived from the "SLOF" free Open Firmware project).
If -kernel is not specified, qemu will now load the SLOF image, which
has access to the qemu boot device list through the device tree, and
can boot from any of the usual virtual devices.

In order to support the new firmware, an extension to the emulated
machine/hypervisor is necessary.  Unlike Linux, which expects
multi-CPU entry to be handled kexec() style, the SLOF firmware expects
only one CPU to be active at entry, and to use a hypervisor RTAS
method to enable the other CPUs one by one.

This patch also implements this 'start-cpu' method, so that SLOF can
start the secondary CPUs and marshal them into the kexec() holding
pattern ready for entry into the guest OS.  Linux should, and in the
future might directly use the start-cpu method to enable initially
disabled CPUs, but for now it does require kexec() entry.
Signed-off-by: default avatarBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarPaul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Gibson <dwg@au1.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
parent ed120055
......@@ -4,3 +4,6 @@
[submodule "roms/seabios"]
path = roms/seabios
url = git://git.qemu.org/seabios.git/
[submodule "roms/SLOF"]
path = roms/SLOF
url = git://git.qemu.org/SLOF.git
......@@ -214,7 +214,7 @@ pxe-rtl8139.bin pxe-virtio.bin \
bamboo.dtb petalogix-s3adsp1800.dtb petalogix-ml605.dtb \
multiboot.bin linuxboot.bin \
s390-zipl.rom \
spapr-rtas.bin
spapr-rtas.bin slof.bin
else
BLOBS=
endif
......
......@@ -44,6 +44,10 @@
#define INITRD_LOAD_ADDR 0x02800000
#define FDT_MAX_SIZE 0x10000
#define RTAS_MAX_SIZE 0x10000
#define FW_MAX_SIZE 0x400000
#define FW_FILE_NAME "slof.bin"
#define MIN_RAM_SLOF 512UL
#define TIMEBASE_FREQ 512000000ULL
......@@ -57,6 +61,7 @@ static void *spapr_create_fdt(int *fdt_size, ram_addr_t ramsize,
sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
target_phys_addr_t initrd_base,
target_phys_addr_t initrd_size,
const char *boot_device,
const char *kernel_cmdline,
target_phys_addr_t rtas_addr,
target_phys_addr_t rtas_size,
......@@ -105,6 +110,7 @@ static void *spapr_create_fdt(int *fdt_size, ram_addr_t ramsize,
&start_prop, sizeof(start_prop))));
_FDT((fdt_property(fdt, "linux,initrd-end",
&end_prop, sizeof(end_prop))));
_FDT((fdt_property_string(fdt, "qemu,boot-device", boot_device)));
_FDT((fdt_end_node(fdt)));
......@@ -261,7 +267,7 @@ static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
ram_addr_t ram_offset;
target_phys_addr_t fdt_addr, rtas_addr;
uint32_t kernel_base, initrd_base;
long kernel_size, initrd_size, htab_size, rtas_size;
long kernel_size, initrd_size, htab_size, rtas_size, fw_size;
long pteg_shift = 17;
int fdt_size;
char *filename;
......@@ -392,13 +398,33 @@ static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
initrd_size = 0;
}
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "pSeries machine needs -kernel for now");
exit(1);
if (ram_size < (MIN_RAM_SLOF << 20)) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: pSeries SLOF firmware requires >= "
"%ldM guest RAM\n", MIN_RAM_SLOF);
exit(1);
}
filename = qemu_find_file(QEMU_FILE_TYPE_BIOS, "slof.bin");
fw_size = load_image_targphys(filename, 0, FW_MAX_SIZE);
if (fw_size < 0) {
hw_error("qemu: could not load LPAR rtas '%s'\n", filename);
exit(1);
}
qemu_free(filename);
kernel_base = 0x100;
initrd_base = 0;
initrd_size = 0;
/* SLOF will startup the secondary CPUs using RTAS,
rather than expecting a kexec() style entry */
for (i = 0; i < smp_cpus; i++) {
envs[i]->halted = 1;
}
}
/* Prepare the device tree */
fdt = spapr_create_fdt(&fdt_size, ram_size, cpu_model, envs, spapr,
initrd_base, initrd_size, kernel_cmdline,
initrd_base, initrd_size,
boot_device, kernel_cmdline,
rtas_addr, rtas_size, pteg_shift + 7);
assert(fdt != NULL);
......@@ -409,6 +435,7 @@ static void ppc_spapr_init(ram_addr_t ram_size,
envs[0]->gpr[3] = fdt_addr;
envs[0]->gpr[5] = 0;
envs[0]->hreset_vector = kernel_base;
envs[0]->halted = 0;
}
static QEMUMachine spapr_machine = {
......
......@@ -90,6 +90,81 @@ static void rtas_power_off(sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
rtas_st(rets, 0, 0);
}
static void rtas_query_cpu_stopped_state(sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
uint32_t token, uint32_t nargs,
target_ulong args,
uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets)
{
target_ulong id;
CPUState *env;
if (nargs != 1 || nret != 2) {
rtas_st(rets, 0, -3);
return;
}
id = rtas_ld(args, 0);
for (env = first_cpu; env; env = env->next_cpu) {
if (env->cpu_index != id) {
continue;
}
if (env->halted) {
rtas_st(rets, 1, 0);
} else {
rtas_st(rets, 1, 2);
}
rtas_st(rets, 0, 0);
return;
}
/* Didn't find a matching cpu */
rtas_st(rets, 0, -3);
}
static void rtas_start_cpu(sPAPREnvironment *spapr,
uint32_t token, uint32_t nargs,
target_ulong args,
uint32_t nret, target_ulong rets)
{
target_ulong id, start, r3;
CPUState *env;
if (nargs != 3 || nret != 1) {
rtas_st(rets, 0, -3);
return;
}
id = rtas_ld(args, 0);
start = rtas_ld(args, 1);
r3 = rtas_ld(args, 2);
for (env = first_cpu; env; env = env->next_cpu) {
if (env->cpu_index != id) {
continue;
}
if (!env->halted) {
rtas_st(rets, 0, -1);
return;
}
env->msr = (1ULL << MSR_SF) | (1ULL << MSR_ME);
env->nip = start;
env->gpr[3] = r3;
env->halted = 0;
qemu_cpu_kick(env);
rtas_st(rets, 0, 0);
return;
}
/* Didn't find a matching cpu */
rtas_st(rets, 0, -3);
}
static struct rtas_call {
const char *name;
spapr_rtas_fn fn;
......@@ -196,5 +271,8 @@ static void register_core_rtas(void)
spapr_rtas_register("display-character", rtas_display_character);
spapr_rtas_register("get-time-of-day", rtas_get_time_of_day);
spapr_rtas_register("power-off", rtas_power_off);
spapr_rtas_register("query-cpu-stopped-state",
rtas_query_cpu_stopped_state);
spapr_rtas_register("start-cpu", rtas_start_cpu);
}
device_init(register_core_rtas);
......@@ -13,6 +13,11 @@
The included image for PowerPC (for 32 and 64 bit PPC CPUs), Sparc32
and Sparc64 are built from OpenBIOS SVN revision 1018.
- SLOF (Slimline Open Firmware) is a free IEEE 1275 Open Firmware
implementation for certain IBM POWER hardware. The sources are at
https://github.com/dgibson/SLOF, and the image currently in qemu is
built from git tag qemu-slof-20110323.
- The PXE roms come from Rom-o-Matic gPXE 0.9.9 with BANNER_TIMEOUT=0
e1000 8086:100E
......
SLOF @ d1d6b53b
Subproject commit d1d6b53b713a2b7c2c25685268fa932d28a4b4c0
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