Commit 88e89a57 authored by Xin Tong's avatar Xin Tong Committed by Peter Maydell

implementing victim TLB for QEMU system emulated TLB

QEMU system mode page table walks are expensive. Taken by running QEMU
qemu-system-x86_64 system mode on Intel PIN , a TLB miss and walking a
4-level page tables in guest Linux OS takes ~450 X86 instructions on
average.

QEMU system mode TLB is implemented using a directly-mapped hashtable.
This structure suffers from conflict misses. Increasing the
associativity of the TLB may not be the solution to conflict misses as
all the ways may have to be walked in serial.

A victim TLB is a TLB used to hold translations evicted from the
primary TLB upon replacement. The victim TLB lies between the main TLB
and its refill path. Victim TLB is of greater associativity (fully
associative in this patch). It takes longer to lookup the victim TLB,
but its likely better than a full page table walk. The memory
translation path is changed as follows :

Before Victim TLB:
1. Inline TLB lookup
2. Exit code cache on TLB miss.
3. Check for unaligned, IO accesses
4. TLB refill.
5. Do the memory access.
6. Return to code cache.

After Victim TLB:
1. Inline TLB lookup
2. Exit code cache on TLB miss.
3. Check for unaligned, IO accesses
4. Victim TLB lookup.
5. If victim TLB misses, TLB refill
6. Do the memory access.
7. Return to code cache

The advantage is that victim TLB can offer more associativity to a
directly mapped TLB and thus potentially fewer page table walks while
still keeping the time taken to flush within reasonable limits.
However, placing a victim TLB before the refill path increase TLB
refill path as the victim TLB is consulted before the TLB refill. The
performance results demonstrate that the pros outweigh the cons.

some performance results taken on SPECINT2006 train
datasets and kernel boot and qemu configure script on an
Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU  E5620  @ 2.40GHz Linux machine are shown in the
Google Doc link below.

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1eiItzekZwNQOal_h-5iJmC4tMDi051m9qidi5_nwvH4/edit?usp=sharing

In summary, victim TLB improves the performance of qemu-system-x86_64 by
11% on average on SPECINT2006, kernelboot and qemu configscript and with
highest improvement of in 26% in 456.hmmer. And victim TLB does not result
in any performance degradation in any of the measured benchmarks. Furthermore,
the implemented victim TLB is architecture independent and is expected to
benefit other architectures in QEMU as well.

Although there are measurement fluctuations, the performance
improvement is very significant and by no means in the range of
noises.
Signed-off-by: default avatarXin Tong <trent.tong@gmail.com>
Message-id: 1407202523-23553-1-git-send-email-trent.tong@gmail.com
Reviewed-by: default avatarPeter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarPeter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
parent 44ea3430
......@@ -60,8 +60,10 @@ void tlb_flush(CPUState *cpu, int flush_global)
cpu->current_tb = NULL;
memset(env->tlb_table, -1, sizeof(env->tlb_table));
memset(env->tlb_v_table, -1, sizeof(env->tlb_v_table));
memset(cpu->tb_jmp_cache, 0, sizeof(cpu->tb_jmp_cache));
env->vtlb_index = 0;
env->tlb_flush_addr = -1;
env->tlb_flush_mask = 0;
tlb_flush_count++;
......@@ -108,6 +110,14 @@ void tlb_flush_page(CPUState *cpu, target_ulong addr)
tlb_flush_entry(&env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][i], addr);
}
/* check whether there are entries that need to be flushed in the vtlb */
for (mmu_idx = 0; mmu_idx < NB_MMU_MODES; mmu_idx++) {
int k;
for (k = 0; k < CPU_VTLB_SIZE; k++) {
tlb_flush_entry(&env->tlb_v_table[mmu_idx][k], addr);
}
}
tb_flush_jmp_cache(cpu, addr);
}
......@@ -172,6 +182,11 @@ void cpu_tlb_reset_dirty_all(ram_addr_t start1, ram_addr_t length)
tlb_reset_dirty_range(&env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][i],
start1, length);
}
for (i = 0; i < CPU_VTLB_SIZE; i++) {
tlb_reset_dirty_range(&env->tlb_v_table[mmu_idx][i],
start1, length);
}
}
}
}
......@@ -195,6 +210,13 @@ void tlb_set_dirty(CPUArchState *env, target_ulong vaddr)
for (mmu_idx = 0; mmu_idx < NB_MMU_MODES; mmu_idx++) {
tlb_set_dirty1(&env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][i], vaddr);
}
for (mmu_idx = 0; mmu_idx < NB_MMU_MODES; mmu_idx++) {
int k;
for (k = 0; k < CPU_VTLB_SIZE; k++) {
tlb_set_dirty1(&env->tlb_v_table[mmu_idx][k], vaddr);
}
}
}
/* Our TLB does not support large pages, so remember the area covered by
......@@ -235,6 +257,7 @@ void tlb_set_page(CPUState *cpu, target_ulong vaddr,
uintptr_t addend;
CPUTLBEntry *te;
hwaddr iotlb, xlat, sz;
unsigned vidx = env->vtlb_index++ % CPU_VTLB_SIZE;
assert(size >= TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
if (size != TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
......@@ -267,8 +290,14 @@ void tlb_set_page(CPUState *cpu, target_ulong vaddr,
prot, &address);
index = (vaddr >> TARGET_PAGE_BITS) & (CPU_TLB_SIZE - 1);
env->iotlb[mmu_idx][index] = iotlb - vaddr;
te = &env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][index];
/* do not discard the translation in te, evict it into a victim tlb */
env->tlb_v_table[mmu_idx][vidx] = *te;
env->iotlb_v[mmu_idx][vidx] = env->iotlb[mmu_idx][index];
/* refill the tlb */
env->iotlb[mmu_idx][index] = iotlb - vaddr;
te->addend = addend - vaddr;
if (prot & PAGE_READ) {
te->addr_read = address;
......
......@@ -71,6 +71,8 @@ typedef uint64_t target_ulong;
#if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
#define CPU_TLB_BITS 8
#define CPU_TLB_SIZE (1 << CPU_TLB_BITS)
/* use a fully associative victim tlb of 8 entries */
#define CPU_VTLB_SIZE 8
#if HOST_LONG_BITS == 32 && TARGET_LONG_BITS == 32
#define CPU_TLB_ENTRY_BITS 4
......@@ -103,9 +105,12 @@ QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(CPUTLBEntry) != (1 << CPU_TLB_ENTRY_BITS));
#define CPU_COMMON_TLB \
/* The meaning of the MMU modes is defined in the target code. */ \
CPUTLBEntry tlb_table[NB_MMU_MODES][CPU_TLB_SIZE]; \
hwaddr iotlb[NB_MMU_MODES][CPU_TLB_SIZE]; \
CPUTLBEntry tlb_v_table[NB_MMU_MODES][CPU_VTLB_SIZE]; \
hwaddr iotlb[NB_MMU_MODES][CPU_TLB_SIZE]; \
hwaddr iotlb_v[NB_MMU_MODES][CPU_VTLB_SIZE]; \
target_ulong tlb_flush_addr; \
target_ulong tlb_flush_mask;
target_ulong tlb_flush_mask; \
target_ulong vtlb_index; \
#else
......
......@@ -116,6 +116,31 @@
# define helper_te_st_name helper_le_st_name
#endif
/* macro to check the victim tlb */
#define VICTIM_TLB_HIT(ty) \
({ \
/* we are about to do a page table walk. our last hope is the \
* victim tlb. try to refill from the victim tlb before walking the \
* page table. */ \
int vidx; \
hwaddr tmpiotlb; \
CPUTLBEntry tmptlb; \
for (vidx = CPU_VTLB_SIZE-1; vidx >= 0; --vidx) { \
if (env->tlb_v_table[mmu_idx][vidx].ty == (addr & TARGET_PAGE_MASK)) {\
/* found entry in victim tlb, swap tlb and iotlb */ \
tmptlb = env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][index]; \
env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][index] = env->tlb_v_table[mmu_idx][vidx]; \
env->tlb_v_table[mmu_idx][vidx] = tmptlb; \
tmpiotlb = env->iotlb[mmu_idx][index]; \
env->iotlb[mmu_idx][index] = env->iotlb_v[mmu_idx][vidx]; \
env->iotlb_v[mmu_idx][vidx] = tmpiotlb; \
break; \
} \
} \
/* return true when there is a vtlb hit, i.e. vidx >=0 */ \
vidx >= 0; \
})
#ifndef SOFTMMU_CODE_ACCESS
static inline DATA_TYPE glue(io_read, SUFFIX)(CPUArchState *env,
hwaddr physaddr,
......@@ -161,7 +186,10 @@ WORD_TYPE helper_le_ld_name(CPUArchState *env, target_ulong addr, int mmu_idx,
mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
#endif
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, READ_ACCESS_TYPE, mmu_idx, retaddr);
if (!VICTIM_TLB_HIT(ADDR_READ)) {
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, READ_ACCESS_TYPE,
mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
tlb_addr = env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][index].ADDR_READ;
}
......@@ -246,7 +274,10 @@ WORD_TYPE helper_be_ld_name(CPUArchState *env, target_ulong addr, int mmu_idx,
mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
#endif
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, READ_ACCESS_TYPE, mmu_idx, retaddr);
if (!VICTIM_TLB_HIT(ADDR_READ)) {
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, READ_ACCESS_TYPE,
mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
tlb_addr = env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][index].ADDR_READ;
}
......@@ -368,7 +399,9 @@ void helper_le_st_name(CPUArchState *env, target_ulong addr, DATA_TYPE val,
cpu_unaligned_access(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, 1, mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
#endif
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, 1, mmu_idx, retaddr);
if (!VICTIM_TLB_HIT(addr_write)) {
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, 1, mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
tlb_addr = env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][index].addr_write;
}
......@@ -444,7 +477,9 @@ void helper_be_st_name(CPUArchState *env, target_ulong addr, DATA_TYPE val,
cpu_unaligned_access(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, 1, mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
#endif
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, 1, mmu_idx, retaddr);
if (!VICTIM_TLB_HIT(addr_write)) {
tlb_fill(ENV_GET_CPU(env), addr, 1, mmu_idx, retaddr);
}
tlb_addr = env->tlb_table[mmu_idx][index].addr_write;
}
......
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