arch_init.c 27.7 KB
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/*
 * QEMU System Emulator
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
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#include <stdlib.h>
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#ifndef _WIN32
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#include <sys/types.h>
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#include <sys/mman.h>
#endif
#include "config.h"
#include "monitor.h"
#include "sysemu.h"
#include "arch_init.h"
#include "audio/audio.h"
#include "hw/pc.h"
#include "hw/pci.h"
#include "hw/audiodev.h"
#include "kvm.h"
#include "migration.h"
#include "net.h"
#include "gdbstub.h"
#include "hw/smbios.h"
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#include "exec-memory.h"
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#include "hw/pcspk.h"
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#include "qemu/page_cache.h"
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#include "qmp-commands.h"
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#ifdef DEBUG_ARCH_INIT
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...) \
    do { fprintf(stdout, "arch_init: " fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); } while (0)
#else
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...) \
    do { } while (0)
#endif

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#ifdef TARGET_SPARC
int graphic_width = 1024;
int graphic_height = 768;
int graphic_depth = 8;
#else
int graphic_width = 800;
int graphic_height = 600;
int graphic_depth = 15;
#endif


#if defined(TARGET_ALPHA)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_ALPHA
#elif defined(TARGET_ARM)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_ARM
#elif defined(TARGET_CRIS)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_CRIS
#elif defined(TARGET_I386)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_I386
#elif defined(TARGET_M68K)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_M68K
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#elif defined(TARGET_LM32)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_LM32
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#elif defined(TARGET_MICROBLAZE)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_MICROBLAZE
#elif defined(TARGET_MIPS)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_MIPS
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#elif defined(TARGET_OPENRISC)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_OPENRISC
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#elif defined(TARGET_PPC)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_PPC
#elif defined(TARGET_S390X)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_S390X
#elif defined(TARGET_SH4)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_SH4
#elif defined(TARGET_SPARC)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_SPARC
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#elif defined(TARGET_XTENSA)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_XTENSA
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#elif defined(TARGET_UNICORE32)
#define QEMU_ARCH QEMU_ARCH_UNICORE32
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#endif

const uint32_t arch_type = QEMU_ARCH;

/***********************************************************/
/* ram save/restore */

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#define RAM_SAVE_FLAG_FULL     0x01 /* Obsolete, not used anymore */
#define RAM_SAVE_FLAG_COMPRESS 0x02
#define RAM_SAVE_FLAG_MEM_SIZE 0x04
#define RAM_SAVE_FLAG_PAGE     0x08
#define RAM_SAVE_FLAG_EOS      0x10
#define RAM_SAVE_FLAG_CONTINUE 0x20
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#define RAM_SAVE_FLAG_XBZRLE   0x40
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#ifdef __ALTIVEC__
#include <altivec.h>
#define VECTYPE        vector unsigned char
#define SPLAT(p)       vec_splat(vec_ld(0, p), 0)
#define ALL_EQ(v1, v2) vec_all_eq(v1, v2)
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/* altivec.h may redefine the bool macro as vector type.
 * Reset it to POSIX semantics. */
#undef bool
#define bool _Bool
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#elif defined __SSE2__
#include <emmintrin.h>
#define VECTYPE        __m128i
#define SPLAT(p)       _mm_set1_epi8(*(p))
#define ALL_EQ(v1, v2) (_mm_movemask_epi8(_mm_cmpeq_epi8(v1, v2)) == 0xFFFF)
#else
#define VECTYPE        unsigned long
#define SPLAT(p)       (*(p) * (~0UL / 255))
#define ALL_EQ(v1, v2) ((v1) == (v2))
#endif

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static struct defconfig_file {
    const char *filename;
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    /* Indicates it is an user config file (disabled by -no-user-config) */
    bool userconfig;
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} default_config_files[] = {
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    { CONFIG_QEMU_CONFDIR "/qemu.conf",                   true },
    { CONFIG_QEMU_CONFDIR "/target-" TARGET_ARCH ".conf", true },
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    { NULL }, /* end of list */
};


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int qemu_read_default_config_files(bool userconfig)
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{
    int ret;
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    struct defconfig_file *f;
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    for (f = default_config_files; f->filename; f++) {
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        if (!userconfig && f->userconfig) {
            continue;
        }
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        ret = qemu_read_config_file(f->filename);
        if (ret < 0 && ret != -ENOENT) {
            return ret;
        }
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    }
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    return 0;
}

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static int is_dup_page(uint8_t *page)
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{
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    VECTYPE *p = (VECTYPE *)page;
    VECTYPE val = SPLAT(page);
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    int i;

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    for (i = 0; i < TARGET_PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(VECTYPE); i++) {
        if (!ALL_EQ(val, p[i])) {
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            return 0;
        }
    }

    return 1;
}

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/* struct contains XBZRLE cache and a static page
   used by the compression */
static struct {
    /* buffer used for XBZRLE encoding */
    uint8_t *encoded_buf;
    /* buffer for storing page content */
    uint8_t *current_buf;
    /* buffer used for XBZRLE decoding */
    uint8_t *decoded_buf;
    /* Cache for XBZRLE */
    PageCache *cache;
} XBZRLE = {
    .encoded_buf = NULL,
    .current_buf = NULL,
    .decoded_buf = NULL,
    .cache = NULL,
};

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int64_t xbzrle_cache_resize(int64_t new_size)
{
    if (XBZRLE.cache != NULL) {
        return cache_resize(XBZRLE.cache, new_size / TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) *
            TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
    }
    return pow2floor(new_size);
}

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/* accounting for migration statistics */
typedef struct AccountingInfo {
    uint64_t dup_pages;
    uint64_t norm_pages;
    uint64_t iterations;
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    uint64_t xbzrle_bytes;
    uint64_t xbzrle_pages;
    uint64_t xbzrle_cache_miss;
    uint64_t xbzrle_overflows;
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} AccountingInfo;

static AccountingInfo acct_info;

static void acct_clear(void)
{
    memset(&acct_info, 0, sizeof(acct_info));
}

uint64_t dup_mig_bytes_transferred(void)
{
    return acct_info.dup_pages * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
}

uint64_t dup_mig_pages_transferred(void)
{
    return acct_info.dup_pages;
}

uint64_t norm_mig_bytes_transferred(void)
{
    return acct_info.norm_pages * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
}

uint64_t norm_mig_pages_transferred(void)
{
    return acct_info.norm_pages;
}

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uint64_t xbzrle_mig_bytes_transferred(void)
{
    return acct_info.xbzrle_bytes;
}

uint64_t xbzrle_mig_pages_transferred(void)
{
    return acct_info.xbzrle_pages;
}

uint64_t xbzrle_mig_pages_cache_miss(void)
{
    return acct_info.xbzrle_cache_miss;
}

uint64_t xbzrle_mig_pages_overflow(void)
{
    return acct_info.xbzrle_overflows;
}

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static void save_block_hdr(QEMUFile *f, RAMBlock *block, ram_addr_t offset,
        int cont, int flag)
{
        qemu_put_be64(f, offset | cont | flag);
        if (!cont) {
                qemu_put_byte(f, strlen(block->idstr));
                qemu_put_buffer(f, (uint8_t *)block->idstr,
                                strlen(block->idstr));
        }

}

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#define ENCODING_FLAG_XBZRLE 0x1

static int save_xbzrle_page(QEMUFile *f, uint8_t *current_data,
                            ram_addr_t current_addr, RAMBlock *block,
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                            ram_addr_t offset, int cont, bool last_stage)
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{
    int encoded_len = 0, bytes_sent = -1;
    uint8_t *prev_cached_page;

    if (!cache_is_cached(XBZRLE.cache, current_addr)) {
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        if (!last_stage) {
            cache_insert(XBZRLE.cache, current_addr,
                         g_memdup(current_data, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE));
        }
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        acct_info.xbzrle_cache_miss++;
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        return -1;
    }

    prev_cached_page = get_cached_data(XBZRLE.cache, current_addr);

    /* save current buffer into memory */
    memcpy(XBZRLE.current_buf, current_data, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);

    /* XBZRLE encoding (if there is no overflow) */
    encoded_len = xbzrle_encode_buffer(prev_cached_page, XBZRLE.current_buf,
                                       TARGET_PAGE_SIZE, XBZRLE.encoded_buf,
                                       TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
    if (encoded_len == 0) {
        DPRINTF("Skipping unmodified page\n");
        return 0;
    } else if (encoded_len == -1) {
        DPRINTF("Overflow\n");
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        acct_info.xbzrle_overflows++;
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        /* update data in the cache */
        memcpy(prev_cached_page, current_data, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
        return -1;
    }

    /* we need to update the data in the cache, in order to get the same data */
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    if (!last_stage) {
        memcpy(prev_cached_page, XBZRLE.current_buf, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
    }
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    /* Send XBZRLE based compressed page */
    save_block_hdr(f, block, offset, cont, RAM_SAVE_FLAG_XBZRLE);
    qemu_put_byte(f, ENCODING_FLAG_XBZRLE);
    qemu_put_be16(f, encoded_len);
    qemu_put_buffer(f, XBZRLE.encoded_buf, encoded_len);
    bytes_sent = encoded_len + 1 + 2;
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    acct_info.xbzrle_pages++;
    acct_info.xbzrle_bytes += bytes_sent;
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    return bytes_sent;
}

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static RAMBlock *last_block;
static ram_addr_t last_offset;

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static inline bool migration_bitmap_test_and_reset_dirty(MemoryRegion *mr,
                                                         ram_addr_t offset)
{
    bool ret = memory_region_get_dirty(mr, offset, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE,
                                       DIRTY_MEMORY_MIGRATION);

    if (ret) {
        memory_region_reset_dirty(mr, offset, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE,
                                  DIRTY_MEMORY_MIGRATION);
    }
    return ret;
}

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static inline void migration_bitmap_set_dirty(MemoryRegion *mr, int length)
{
    ram_addr_t addr;

    for (addr = 0; addr < length; addr += TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
        if (!memory_region_get_dirty(mr, addr, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE,
                                     DIRTY_MEMORY_MIGRATION)) {
            memory_region_set_dirty(mr, addr, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
        }
    }
}

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/*
 * ram_save_block: Writes a page of memory to the stream f
 *
 * Returns:  0: if the page hasn't changed
 *          -1: if there are no more dirty pages
 *           n: the amount of bytes written in other case
 */

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static int ram_save_block(QEMUFile *f, bool last_stage)
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{
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    RAMBlock *block = last_block;
    ram_addr_t offset = last_offset;
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    int bytes_sent = -1;
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    MemoryRegion *mr;
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    ram_addr_t current_addr;
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    if (!block)
        block = QLIST_FIRST(&ram_list.blocks);

    do {
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        mr = block->mr;
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        if (migration_bitmap_test_and_reset_dirty(mr, offset)) {
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            uint8_t *p;
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            int cont = (block == last_block) ? RAM_SAVE_FLAG_CONTINUE : 0;
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            p = memory_region_get_ram_ptr(mr) + offset;
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            if (is_dup_page(p)) {
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                acct_info.dup_pages++;
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                save_block_hdr(f, block, offset, cont, RAM_SAVE_FLAG_COMPRESS);
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                qemu_put_byte(f, *p);
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                bytes_sent = 1;
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            } else if (migrate_use_xbzrle()) {
                current_addr = block->offset + offset;
                bytes_sent = save_xbzrle_page(f, p, current_addr, block,
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                                              offset, cont, last_stage);
                if (!last_stage) {
                    p = get_cached_data(XBZRLE.cache, current_addr);
                }
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            }

            /* either we didn't send yet (we may have had XBZRLE overflow) */
            if (bytes_sent == -1) {
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                save_block_hdr(f, block, offset, cont, RAM_SAVE_FLAG_PAGE);
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                qemu_put_buffer(f, p, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
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                bytes_sent = TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
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                acct_info.norm_pages++;
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            }

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            /* if page is unmodified, continue to the next */
            if (bytes_sent != 0) {
                break;
            }
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        }
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        offset += TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
        if (offset >= block->length) {
            offset = 0;
            block = QLIST_NEXT(block, next);
            if (!block)
                block = QLIST_FIRST(&ram_list.blocks);
        }
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    } while (block != last_block || offset != last_offset);
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    last_block = block;
    last_offset = offset;
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    return bytes_sent;
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}

static uint64_t bytes_transferred;

static ram_addr_t ram_save_remaining(void)
{
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    return ram_list.dirty_pages;
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}

uint64_t ram_bytes_remaining(void)
{
    return ram_save_remaining() * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
}

uint64_t ram_bytes_transferred(void)
{
    return bytes_transferred;
}

uint64_t ram_bytes_total(void)
{
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    RAMBlock *block;
    uint64_t total = 0;

    QLIST_FOREACH(block, &ram_list.blocks, next)
        total += block->length;

    return total;
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}

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static int block_compar(const void *a, const void *b)
{
    RAMBlock * const *ablock = a;
    RAMBlock * const *bblock = b;
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    return strcmp((*ablock)->idstr, (*bblock)->idstr);
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}

static void sort_ram_list(void)
{
    RAMBlock *block, *nblock, **blocks;
    int n;
    n = 0;
    QLIST_FOREACH(block, &ram_list.blocks, next) {
        ++n;
    }
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    blocks = g_malloc(n * sizeof *blocks);
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    n = 0;
    QLIST_FOREACH_SAFE(block, &ram_list.blocks, next, nblock) {
        blocks[n++] = block;
        QLIST_REMOVE(block, next);
    }
    qsort(blocks, n, sizeof *blocks, block_compar);
    while (--n >= 0) {
        QLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&ram_list.blocks, blocks[n], next);
    }
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    g_free(blocks);
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}

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static void migration_end(void)
{
    memory_global_dirty_log_stop();
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    if (migrate_use_xbzrle()) {
        cache_fini(XBZRLE.cache);
        g_free(XBZRLE.cache);
        g_free(XBZRLE.encoded_buf);
        g_free(XBZRLE.current_buf);
        g_free(XBZRLE.decoded_buf);
        XBZRLE.cache = NULL;
    }
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}

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static void ram_migration_cancel(void *opaque)
{
    migration_end();
}

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static void reset_ram_globals(void)
{
    last_block = NULL;
    last_offset = 0;
    sort_ram_list();
}

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#define MAX_WAIT 50 /* ms, half buffered_file limit */

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static int ram_save_setup(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
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{
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    RAMBlock *block;
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    bytes_transferred = 0;
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    reset_ram_globals();
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    if (migrate_use_xbzrle()) {
        XBZRLE.cache = cache_init(migrate_xbzrle_cache_size() /
                                  TARGET_PAGE_SIZE,
                                  TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
        if (!XBZRLE.cache) {
            DPRINTF("Error creating cache\n");
            return -1;
        }
        XBZRLE.encoded_buf = g_malloc0(TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
        XBZRLE.current_buf = g_malloc(TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
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        acct_clear();
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    }

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    /* Make sure all dirty bits are set */
    QLIST_FOREACH(block, &ram_list.blocks, next) {
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        migration_bitmap_set_dirty(block->mr, block->length);
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    }
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    memory_global_dirty_log_start();
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    memory_global_sync_dirty_bitmap(get_system_memory());
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    qemu_put_be64(f, ram_bytes_total() | RAM_SAVE_FLAG_MEM_SIZE);
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    QLIST_FOREACH(block, &ram_list.blocks, next) {
        qemu_put_byte(f, strlen(block->idstr));
        qemu_put_buffer(f, (uint8_t *)block->idstr, strlen(block->idstr));
        qemu_put_be64(f, block->length);
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    }

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    qemu_put_be64(f, RAM_SAVE_FLAG_EOS);

    return 0;
}

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static int ram_save_iterate(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
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{
    uint64_t bytes_transferred_last;
    double bwidth = 0;
    int ret;
    int i;
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    uint64_t expected_downtime;
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    MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
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    bytes_transferred_last = bytes_transferred;
    bwidth = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);

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    i = 0;
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    while ((ret = qemu_file_rate_limit(f)) == 0) {
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        int bytes_sent;
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        bytes_sent = ram_save_block(f, false);
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        /* no more blocks to sent */
        if (bytes_sent < 0) {
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            break;
        }
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        bytes_transferred += bytes_sent;
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        acct_info.iterations++;
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        /* we want to check in the 1st loop, just in case it was the 1st time
           and we had to sync the dirty bitmap.
           qemu_get_clock_ns() is a bit expensive, so we only check each some
           iterations
        */
        if ((i & 63) == 0) {
            uint64_t t1 = (qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock) - bwidth) / 1000000;
            if (t1 > MAX_WAIT) {
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                DPRINTF("big wait: %" PRIu64 " milliseconds, %d iterations\n",
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                        t1, i);
                break;
            }
        }
        i++;
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    }

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    if (ret < 0) {
        return ret;
    }

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    bwidth = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock) - bwidth;
    bwidth = (bytes_transferred - bytes_transferred_last) / bwidth;

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    /* if we haven't transferred anything this round, force
     * expected_downtime to a very high value, but without
     * crashing */
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    if (bwidth == 0) {
        bwidth = 0.000001;
    }

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    qemu_put_be64(f, RAM_SAVE_FLAG_EOS);

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    expected_downtime = ram_save_remaining() * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE / bwidth;
    DPRINTF("ram_save_live: expected(%" PRIu64 ") <= max(" PRIu64 ")?\n",
            expected_downtime, migrate_max_downtime());
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    if (expected_downtime <= migrate_max_downtime()) {
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        memory_global_sync_dirty_bitmap(get_system_memory());
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        expected_downtime = ram_save_remaining() * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE / bwidth;
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        s->expected_downtime = expected_downtime / 1000000; /* ns -> ms */
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        return expected_downtime <= migrate_max_downtime();
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    }
    return 0;
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}

static int ram_save_complete(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
{
    memory_global_sync_dirty_bitmap(get_system_memory());

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    /* try transferring iterative blocks of memory */
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    /* flush all remaining blocks regardless of rate limiting */
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    while (true) {
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        int bytes_sent;

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        bytes_sent = ram_save_block(f, true);
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        /* no more blocks to sent */
        if (bytes_sent < 0) {
            break;
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        }
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        bytes_transferred += bytes_sent;
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    }
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    memory_global_dirty_log_stop();
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    qemu_put_be64(f, RAM_SAVE_FLAG_EOS);

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    return 0;
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}

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static int load_xbzrle(QEMUFile *f, ram_addr_t addr, void *host)
{
    int ret, rc = 0;
    unsigned int xh_len;
    int xh_flags;

    if (!XBZRLE.decoded_buf) {
        XBZRLE.decoded_buf = g_malloc(TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
    }

    /* extract RLE header */
    xh_flags = qemu_get_byte(f);
    xh_len = qemu_get_be16(f);

    if (xh_flags != ENCODING_FLAG_XBZRLE) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to load XBZRLE page - wrong compression!\n");
        return -1;
    }

    if (xh_len > TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to load XBZRLE page - len overflow!\n");
        return -1;
    }
    /* load data and decode */
    qemu_get_buffer(f, XBZRLE.decoded_buf, xh_len);

    /* decode RLE */
    ret = xbzrle_decode_buffer(XBZRLE.decoded_buf, xh_len, host,
                               TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
    if (ret == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to load XBZRLE page - decode error!\n");
        rc = -1;
    } else  if (ret > TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to load XBZRLE page - size %d exceeds %d!\n",
                ret, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
        abort();
    }

    return rc;
}

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static inline void *host_from_stream_offset(QEMUFile *f,
                                            ram_addr_t offset,
                                            int flags)
{
    static RAMBlock *block = NULL;
    char id[256];
    uint8_t len;

    if (flags & RAM_SAVE_FLAG_CONTINUE) {
        if (!block) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Ack, bad migration stream!\n");
            return NULL;
        }

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        return memory_region_get_ram_ptr(block->mr) + offset;
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    }

    len = qemu_get_byte(f);
    qemu_get_buffer(f, (uint8_t *)id, len);
    id[len] = 0;

    QLIST_FOREACH(block, &ram_list.blocks, next) {
        if (!strncmp(id, block->idstr, sizeof(id)))
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            return memory_region_get_ram_ptr(block->mr) + offset;
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    }

    fprintf(stderr, "Can't find block %s!\n", id);
    return NULL;
}

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static int ram_load(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque, int version_id)
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{
    ram_addr_t addr;
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    int flags, ret = 0;
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    int error;
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    static uint64_t seq_iter;

    seq_iter++;
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    if (version_id < 4 || version_id > 4) {
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        return -EINVAL;
    }

    do {
        addr = qemu_get_be64(f);

        flags = addr & ~TARGET_PAGE_MASK;
        addr &= TARGET_PAGE_MASK;

        if (flags & RAM_SAVE_FLAG_MEM_SIZE) {
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            if (version_id == 4) {
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                /* Synchronize RAM block list */
                char id[256];
                ram_addr_t length;
                ram_addr_t total_ram_bytes = addr;

                while (total_ram_bytes) {
                    RAMBlock *block;
                    uint8_t len;

                    len = qemu_get_byte(f);
                    qemu_get_buffer(f, (uint8_t *)id, len);
                    id[len] = 0;
                    length = qemu_get_be64(f);

                    QLIST_FOREACH(block, &ram_list.blocks, next) {
                        if (!strncmp(id, block->idstr, sizeof(id))) {
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                            if (block->length != length) {
                                ret =  -EINVAL;
                                goto done;
                            }
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                            break;
                        }
                    }

                    if (!block) {
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                        fprintf(stderr, "Unknown ramblock \"%s\", cannot "
                                "accept migration\n", id);
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                        ret = -EINVAL;
                        goto done;
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                    }

                    total_ram_bytes -= length;
                }
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            }
        }

        if (flags & RAM_SAVE_FLAG_COMPRESS) {
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            void *host;
            uint8_t ch;

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            host = host_from_stream_offset(f, addr, flags);
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            if (!host) {
                return -EINVAL;
            }
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            ch = qemu_get_byte(f);
            memset(host, ch, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
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#ifndef _WIN32
            if (ch == 0 &&
                (!kvm_enabled() || kvm_has_sync_mmu())) {
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                qemu_madvise(host, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE, QEMU_MADV_DONTNEED);
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            }
#endif
        } else if (flags & RAM_SAVE_FLAG_PAGE) {
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            void *host;

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            host = host_from_stream_offset(f, addr, flags);
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            if (!host) {
                return -EINVAL;
            }
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            qemu_get_buffer(f, host, TARGET_PAGE_SIZE);
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        } else if (flags & RAM_SAVE_FLAG_XBZRLE) {
            if (!migrate_use_xbzrle()) {
                return -EINVAL;
            }
            void *host = host_from_stream_offset(f, addr, flags);
            if (!host) {
                return -EINVAL;
            }

            if (load_xbzrle(f, addr, host) < 0) {
                ret = -EINVAL;
                goto done;
            }
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        }
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        error = qemu_file_get_error(f);
        if (error) {
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            ret = error;
            goto done;
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        }
    } while (!(flags & RAM_SAVE_FLAG_EOS));

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done:
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    DPRINTF("Completed load of VM with exit code %d seq iteration "
            "%" PRIu64 "\n", ret, seq_iter);
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    return ret;
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}

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SaveVMHandlers savevm_ram_handlers = {
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    .save_live_setup = ram_save_setup,
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    .save_live_iterate = ram_save_iterate,
    .save_live_complete = ram_save_complete,
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    .load_state = ram_load,
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    .cancel = ram_migration_cancel,
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};

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#ifdef HAS_AUDIO
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struct soundhw {
    const char *name;
    const char *descr;
    int enabled;
    int isa;
    union {
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        int (*init_isa) (ISABus *bus);
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        int (*init_pci) (PCIBus *bus);
    } init;
};

static struct soundhw soundhw[] = {
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#ifdef HAS_AUDIO_CHOICE
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#ifdef CONFIG_PCSPK
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    {
        "pcspk",
        "PC speaker",
        0,
        1,
        { .init_isa = pcspk_audio_init }
    },
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SB16
    {
        "sb16",
        "Creative Sound Blaster 16",
        0,
        1,
        { .init_isa = SB16_init }
    },
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_CS4231A
    {
        "cs4231a",
        "CS4231A",
        0,
        1,
        { .init_isa = cs4231a_init }
    },
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_ADLIB
    {
        "adlib",
#ifdef HAS_YMF262
        "Yamaha YMF262 (OPL3)",
#else
        "Yamaha YM3812 (OPL2)",
#endif
        0,
        1,
        { .init_isa = Adlib_init }
    },
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_GUS
    {
        "gus",
        "Gravis Ultrasound GF1",
        0,
        1,
        { .init_isa = GUS_init }
    },
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_AC97
    {
        "ac97",
        "Intel 82801AA AC97 Audio",
        0,
        0,
        { .init_pci = ac97_init }
    },
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_ES1370
    {
        "es1370",
        "ENSONIQ AudioPCI ES1370",
        0,
        0,
        { .init_pci = es1370_init }
    },
#endif

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#ifdef CONFIG_HDA
    {
        "hda",
        "Intel HD Audio",
        0,
        0,
        { .init_pci = intel_hda_and_codec_init }
    },
#endif

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#endif /* HAS_AUDIO_CHOICE */

    { NULL, NULL, 0, 0, { NULL } }
};

void select_soundhw(const char *optarg)
{
    struct soundhw *c;

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    if (is_help_option(optarg)) {
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    show_valid_cards:

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#ifdef HAS_AUDIO_CHOICE
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        printf("Valid sound card names (comma separated):\n");
        for (c = soundhw; c->name; ++c) {
            printf ("%-11s %s\n", c->name, c->descr);
        }
        printf("\n-soundhw all will enable all of the above\n");
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#else
        printf("Machine has no user-selectable audio hardware "
               "(it may or may not have always-present audio hardware).\n");
#endif
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        exit(!is_help_option(optarg));
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    }
    else {
        size_t l;
        const char *p;
        char *e;
        int bad_card = 0;

        if (!strcmp(optarg, "all")) {
            for (c = soundhw; c->name; ++c) {
                c->enabled = 1;
            }
            return;
        }

        p = optarg;
        while (*p) {
            e = strchr(p, ',');
            l = !e ? strlen(p) : (size_t) (e - p);

            for (c = soundhw; c->name; ++c) {
                if (!strncmp(c->name, p, l) && !c->name[l]) {
                    c->enabled = 1;
                    break;
                }
            }

            if (!c->name) {
                if (l > 80) {
                    fprintf(stderr,
                            "Unknown sound card name (too big to show)\n");
                }
                else {
                    fprintf(stderr, "Unknown sound card name `%.*s'\n",
                            (int) l, p);
                }
                bad_card = 1;
            }
            p += l + (e != NULL);
        }

        if (bad_card) {
            goto show_valid_cards;
        }
    }
}
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void audio_init(ISABus *isa_bus, PCIBus *pci_bus)
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{
    struct soundhw *c;

    for (c = soundhw; c->name; ++c) {
        if (c->enabled) {
            if (c->isa) {
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                if (isa_bus) {
                    c->init.init_isa(isa_bus);
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                }
            } else {
                if (pci_bus) {
                    c->init.init_pci(pci_bus);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
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#else
void select_soundhw(const char *optarg)
{
}
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void audio_init(ISABus *isa_bus, PCIBus *pci_bus)
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{
}
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#endif

int qemu_uuid_parse(const char *str, uint8_t *uuid)
{
    int ret;

    if (strlen(str) != 36) {
        return -1;
    }

    ret = sscanf(str, UUID_FMT, &uuid[0], &uuid[1], &uuid[2], &uuid[3],
                 &uuid[4], &uuid[5], &uuid[6], &uuid[7], &uuid[8], &uuid[9],
                 &uuid[10], &uuid[11], &uuid[12], &uuid[13], &uuid[14],
                 &uuid[15]);

    if (ret != 16) {
        return -1;
    }
#ifdef TARGET_I386
    smbios_add_field(1, offsetof(struct smbios_type_1, uuid), 16, uuid);
#endif
    return 0;
}

void do_acpitable_option(const char *optarg)
{
#ifdef TARGET_I386
    if (acpi_table_add(optarg) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Wrong acpi table provided\n");
        exit(1);
    }
#endif
}

void do_smbios_option(const char *optarg)
{
#ifdef TARGET_I386
    if (smbios_entry_add(optarg) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Wrong smbios provided\n");
        exit(1);
    }
#endif
}

void cpudef_init(void)
{
#if defined(cpudef_setup)
    cpudef_setup(); /* parse cpu definitions in target config file */
#endif
}

int audio_available(void)
{
#ifdef HAS_AUDIO
    return 1;
#else
    return 0;
#endif
}

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int tcg_available(void)
{
    return 1;
}

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int kvm_available(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_KVM
    return 1;
#else
    return 0;
#endif
}

int xen_available(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_XEN
    return 1;
#else
    return 0;
#endif
}
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TargetInfo *qmp_query_target(Error **errp)
{
    TargetInfo *info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info));

    info->arch = TARGET_TYPE;

    return info;
}