Commit afe4fd06 authored by Eric Dumazet's avatar Eric Dumazet Committed by David S. Miller

pkt_sched: fq: Fair Queue packet scheduler

- Uses perfect flow match (not stochastic hash like SFQ/FQ_codel)
- Uses the new_flow/old_flow separation from FQ_codel
- New flows get an initial credit allowing IW10 without added delay.
- Special FIFO queue for high prio packets (no need for PRIO + FQ)
- Uses a hash table of RB trees to locate the flows at enqueue() time
- Smart on demand gc (at enqueue() time, RB tree lookup evicts old
  unused flows)
- Dynamic memory allocations.
- Designed to allow millions of concurrent flows per Qdisc.
- Small memory footprint : ~8K per Qdisc, and 104 bytes per flow.
- Single high resolution timer for throttled flows (if any).
- One RB tree to link throttled flows.
- Ability to have a max rate per flow. We might add a socket option
  to add per socket limitation.

Attempts have been made to add TCP pacing in TCP stack, but this
seems to add complex code to an already complex stack.

TCP pacing is welcomed for flows having idle times, as the cwnd
permits TCP stack to queue a possibly large number of packets.

This removes the 'slow start after idle' choice, hitting badly
large BDP flows, and applications delivering chunks of data
as video streams.

Nicely spaced packets :
Here interface is 10Gbit, but flow bottleneck is ~20Mbit

cwin is big, yet FQ avoids the typical bursts generated by TCP
(as in netperf TCP_RR -- -r 100000,100000)

15:01:23.545279 IP A > B: . 78193:81089(2896) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.545394 IP B > A: . ack 81089 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597985 1115>
15:01:23.546488 IP A > B: . 81089:83985(2896) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.546565 IP B > A: . ack 83985 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597986 1115>
15:01:23.547713 IP A > B: . 83985:86881(2896) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.547778 IP B > A: . ack 86881 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597987 1115>
15:01:23.548911 IP A > B: . 86881:89777(2896) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.548949 IP B > A: . ack 89777 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597988 1115>
15:01:23.550116 IP A > B: . 89777:92673(2896) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.550182 IP B > A: . ack 92673 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597989 1115>
15:01:23.551333 IP A > B: . 92673:95569(2896) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.551406 IP B > A: . ack 95569 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597991 1115>
15:01:23.552539 IP A > B: . 95569:98465(2896) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.552576 IP B > A: . ack 98465 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597992 1115>
15:01:23.553756 IP A > B: . 98465:99913(1448) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.554138 IP A > B: P 99913:100001(88) ack 65248 win 3125 <nop,nop,timestamp 1115 11597805>
15:01:23.554204 IP B > A: . ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597993 1115>
15:01:23.554234 IP B > A: . 65248:68144(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597993 1115>
15:01:23.555620 IP B > A: . 68144:71040(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597993 1115>
15:01:23.557005 IP B > A: . 71040:73936(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597993 1115>
15:01:23.558390 IP B > A: . 73936:76832(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597993 1115>
15:01:23.559773 IP B > A: . 76832:79728(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597993 1115>
15:01:23.561158 IP B > A: . 79728:82624(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.562543 IP B > A: . 82624:85520(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.563928 IP B > A: . 85520:88416(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.565313 IP B > A: . 88416:91312(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.566698 IP B > A: . 91312:94208(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.568083 IP B > A: . 94208:97104(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.569467 IP B > A: . 97104:100000(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.570852 IP B > A: . 100000:102896(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.572237 IP B > A: . 102896:105792(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.573639 IP B > A: . 105792:108688(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.575024 IP B > A: . 108688:111584(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.576408 IP B > A: . 111584:114480(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>
15:01:23.577793 IP B > A: . 114480:117376(2896) ack 100001 win 3668 <nop,nop,timestamp 11597994 1115>

TCP timestamps show that most packets from B were queued in the same ms
timeframe (TSval 1159799{3,4}), but FQ managed to send them right
in time to avoid a big burst.

In slow start or steady state, very few packets are throttled [1]

FQ gets a bunch of tunables as :

  limit : max number of packets on whole Qdisc (default 10000)

  flow_limit : max number of packets per flow (default 100)

  quantum : the credit per RR round (default is 2 MTU)

  initial_quantum : initial credit for new flows (default is 10 MTU)

  maxrate : max per flow rate (default : unlimited)

  buckets : number of RB trees (default : 1024) in hash table.
               (consumes 8 bytes per bucket)

  [no]pacing : disable/enable pacing (default is enable)

All of them can be changed on a live qdisc.

$ tc qd add dev eth0 root fq help
Usage: ... fq [ limit PACKETS ] [ flow_limit PACKETS ]
              [ quantum BYTES ] [ initial_quantum BYTES ]
              [ maxrate RATE  ] [ buckets NUMBER ]
              [ [no]pacing ]

$ tc -s -d qd
qdisc fq 8002: dev eth0 root refcnt 32 limit 10000p flow_limit 100p buckets 256 quantum 3028 initial_quantum 15140
 Sent 216532416 bytes 148395 pkt (dropped 0, overlimits 0 requeues 14)
 backlog 0b 0p requeues 14
  511 flows, 511 inactive, 0 throttled
  110 gc, 0 highprio, 0 retrans, 1143 throttled, 0 flows_plimit

[1] Except if initial srtt is overestimated, as if using
cached srtt in tcp metrics. We'll provide a fix for this issue.
Signed-off-by: default avatarEric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Cc: Yuchung Cheng <ycheng@google.com>
Cc: Neal Cardwell <ncardwell@google.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent 7ec06da8
......@@ -744,4 +744,45 @@ struct tc_fq_codel_xstats {
};
};
/* FQ */
enum {
TCA_FQ_UNSPEC,
TCA_FQ_PLIMIT, /* limit of total number of packets in queue */
TCA_FQ_FLOW_PLIMIT, /* limit of packets per flow */
TCA_FQ_QUANTUM, /* RR quantum */
TCA_FQ_INITIAL_QUANTUM, /* RR quantum for new flow */
TCA_FQ_RATE_ENABLE, /* enable/disable rate limiting */
TCA_FQ_FLOW_DEFAULT_RATE,/* for sockets with unspecified sk_rate,
* use the following rate
*/
TCA_FQ_FLOW_MAX_RATE, /* per flow max rate */
TCA_FQ_BUCKETS_LOG, /* log2(number of buckets) */
__TCA_FQ_MAX
};
#define TCA_FQ_MAX (__TCA_FQ_MAX - 1)
struct tc_fq_qd_stats {
__u64 gc_flows;
__u64 highprio_packets;
__u64 tcp_retrans;
__u64 throttled;
__u64 flows_plimit;
__u64 pkts_too_long;
__u64 allocation_errors;
__s64 time_next_delayed_flow;
__u32 flows;
__u32 inactive_flows;
__u32 throttled_flows;
__u32 pad;
};
#endif
......@@ -272,6 +272,20 @@ config NET_SCH_FQ_CODEL
If unsure, say N.
config NET_SCH_FQ
tristate "Fair Queue"
help
Say Y here if you want to use the FQ packet scheduling algorithm.
FQ does flow separation, and is able to respect pacing requirements
set by TCP stack into sk->sk_pacing_rate (for localy generated
traffic)
To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
will be called sch_fq.
If unsure, say N.
config NET_SCH_INGRESS
tristate "Ingress Qdisc"
depends on NET_CLS_ACT
......
......@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NET_SCH_CHOKE) += sch_choke.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_SCH_QFQ) += sch_qfq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_SCH_CODEL) += sch_codel.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_SCH_FQ_CODEL) += sch_fq_codel.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_SCH_FQ) += sch_fq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_CLS_U32) += cls_u32.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_CLS_ROUTE4) += cls_route.o
......
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