Commit ae9aae9e authored by Wen Congyang's avatar Wen Congyang Committed by Linus Torvalds

memory-hotplug: common APIs to support page tables hot-remove

When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be
removed.  This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap
pagetable and x86_64 architecture direct mapping pagetable removing.

All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freed if some
pages used as PGD/PUD include not only removed memory but also other
memory.  So this patch uses the following way to check whether a page
can be freed or not.

1) When removing memory, the page structs of the removed memory are
   filled with 0FD.

2) All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be
   cleared.  In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.

For direct mapping pages, update direct_pages_count[level] when we freed
their pagetables.  And do not free the pages again because they were
freed when offlining.

For vmemmap pages, free the pages and their pagetables.

For larger pages, do not split them into smaller ones because there is
no way to know if the larger page has been split.  As a result, there is
no way to decide when to split.  We deal the larger pages in the
following way:

1) For direct mapped pages, all the pages were freed when they were
   offlined.  And since menmory offline is done section by section, all
   the memory ranges being removed are aligned to PAGE_SIZE.  So only need
   to deal with unaligned pages when freeing vmemmap pages.

2) For vmemmap pages being used to store page_struct, if part of the
   larger page is still in use, just fill the unused part with 0xFD.  And
   when the whole page is fulfilled with 0xFD, then free the larger page.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo in comment]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not calculate direct mapping pages when freeing vmemmap pagetables]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not free direct mapping pages twice]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not free page split from hugepage one by one]
[tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com: do not split pages when freeing pagetable pages]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: use pmd_page_vaddr()]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix used-uninitialised bug]
Signed-off-by: default avatarYasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarWen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarTang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent cd099682
......@@ -351,6 +351,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
* as a pte too.
*/
extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
extern phys_addr_t slow_virt_to_phys(void *__address);
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
......
......@@ -707,6 +707,310 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
{
struct zone *zone;
bool bootmem = false;
unsigned long magic;
unsigned int nr_pages = 1 << order;
/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
if (PageReserved(page)) {
__ClearPageReserved(page);
bootmem = true;
magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
while (nr_pages--)
put_page_bootmem(page++);
} else
__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
} else
free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
/*
* SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
* are all allocated by bootmem.
*/
if (bootmem) {
zone = page_zone(page);
zone_span_writelock(zone);
zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
totalram_pages += nr_pages;
}
}
static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
{
pte_t *pte;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
pte = pte_start + i;
if (pte_val(*pte))
return;
}
/* free a pte talbe */
free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pmd_clear(pmd);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}
static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
pmd = pmd_start + i;
if (pmd_val(*pmd))
return;
}
/* free a pmd talbe */
free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pud_clear(pud);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}
/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
{
pud_t *pud;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
pud = pud_start + i;
if (pud_val(*pud))
return false;
}
/* free a pud table */
free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pgd_clear(pgd);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
return true;
}
static void __meminit
remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
bool direct)
{
unsigned long next, pages = 0;
pte_t *pte;
void *page_addr;
phys_addr_t phys_addr;
pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
for (; addr < end; addr = next, pte++) {
next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
if (next > end)
next = end;
if (!pte_present(*pte))
continue;
/*
* We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
* initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
* pagetables cannot be removed.
*/
phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr & PAGE_MASK);
if (phys_addr < (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
return;
if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE) &&
IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
/*
* Do not free direct mapping pages since they were
* freed when offlining, or simplely not in use.
*/
if (!direct)
free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
/* For non-direct mapping, pages means nothing. */
pages++;
} else {
/*
* If we are here, we are freeing vmemmap pages since
* direct mapped memory ranges to be freed are aligned.
*
* If we are not removing the whole page, it means
* other page structs in this page are being used and
* we canot remove them. So fill the unused page_structs
* with 0xFD, and remove the page when it is wholly
* filled with 0xFD.
*/
memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}
}
}
/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
flush_tlb_all();
if (direct)
update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
}
static void __meminit
remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
bool direct)
{
unsigned long next, pages = 0;
pte_t *pte_base;
pmd_t *pmd;
void *page_addr;
pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
continue;
if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) &&
IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
if (!direct)
free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
get_order(PMD_SIZE));
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pmd_clear(pmd);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pages++;
} else {
/* If here, we are freeing vmemmap pages. */
memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
page_addr = page_address(pmd_page(*pmd));
if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE,
PMD_SIZE)) {
free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
get_order(PMD_SIZE));
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pmd_clear(pmd);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}
}
continue;
}
pte_base = (pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd);
remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
}
/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
if (direct)
update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
}
static void __meminit
remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
bool direct)
{
unsigned long next, pages = 0;
pmd_t *pmd_base;
pud_t *pud;
void *page_addr;
pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
for (; addr < end; addr = next, pud++) {
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
if (!pud_present(*pud))
continue;
if (pud_large(*pud)) {
if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE) &&
IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
if (!direct)
free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
get_order(PUD_SIZE));
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pud_clear(pud);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pages++;
} else {
/* If here, we are freeing vmemmap pages. */
memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
page_addr = page_address(pud_page(*pud));
if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE,
PUD_SIZE)) {
free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
get_order(PUD_SIZE));
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pud_clear(pud);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}
}
continue;
}
pmd_base = (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud);
remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
}
if (direct)
update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
}
/* start and end are both virtual address. */
static void __meminit
remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
{
unsigned long next;
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
bool pgd_changed = false;
for (; start < end; start = next) {
next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
continue;
pud = (pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd);
remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
pgd_changed = true;
}
if (pgd_changed)
sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
flush_tlb_all();
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
{
......
......@@ -529,21 +529,13 @@ out_unlock:
return do_split;
}
static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
{
unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
unsigned int i, level;
pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
pte_t *tmp;
pgprot_t ref_prot;
struct page *base;
if (!debug_pagealloc)
spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
if (!debug_pagealloc)
spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
if (!base)
return -ENOMEM;
struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
/*
......@@ -551,10 +543,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
* up for us already:
*/
tmp = lookup_address(address, &level);
if (tmp != kpte)
goto out_unlock;
if (tmp != kpte) {
spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
return 1;
}
pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
/*
......@@ -601,17 +594,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
* going on.
*/
__flush_tlb_all();
spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
base = NULL;
return 0;
}
out_unlock:
/*
* If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
* pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
*/
if (base)
static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
{
pte_t *pbase;
struct page *base;
if (!debug_pagealloc)
spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
if (!debug_pagealloc)
spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
if (!base)
return -ENOMEM;
pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
__free_page(base);
spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
return 0;
}
......
......@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
unsigned long size);
extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
/*
* Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,
......
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