Commit 94e61088 authored by Ben Hutchings's avatar Ben Hutchings Committed by Greg Kroah-Hartman

PCI: Expose PCI VPD through sysfs

Vital Product Data (VPD) may be exposed by PCI devices in several
ways.  It is generally unsafe to read this information through the
existing interfaces to user-land because of stateful interfaces.

This adds:
- abstract operations for VPD access (struct pci_vpd_ops)
- VPD state information in struct pci_dev (struct pci_vpd)
- an implementation of the VPD access method specified in PCI 2.2
  (in access.c)
- a 'vpd' binary file in sysfs directories for PCI devices with VPD
  operations defined

It adds a probe for PCI 2.2 VPD in pci_scan_device() and release of
VPD state in pci_release_dev().
Signed-off-by: default avatarBen Hutchings <bhutchings@solarflare.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
parent 5e0d2a6f
What: /sys/bus/pci/devices/.../vpd
Date: February 2008
Contact: Ben Hutchings <bhutchings@solarflare.com>
Description:
A file named vpd in a device directory will be a
binary file containing the Vital Product Data for the
device. It should follow the VPD format defined in
PCI Specification 2.1 or 2.2, but users should consider
that some devices may have malformatted data. If the
underlying VPD has a writable section then the
corresponding section of this file will be writable.
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
......@@ -126,6 +127,171 @@ PCI_USER_WRITE_CONFIG(byte, u8)
PCI_USER_WRITE_CONFIG(word, u16)
PCI_USER_WRITE_CONFIG(dword, u32)
/* VPD access through PCI 2.2+ VPD capability */
#define PCI_VPD_PCI22_SIZE (PCI_VPD_ADDR_MASK + 1)
struct pci_vpd_pci22 {
struct pci_vpd base;
spinlock_t lock; /* controls access to hardware and the flags */
u8 cap;
bool busy;
bool flag; /* value of F bit to wait for */
};
/* Wait for last operation to complete */
static int pci_vpd_pci22_wait(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
struct pci_vpd_pci22 *vpd =
container_of(dev->vpd, struct pci_vpd_pci22, base);
u16 flag, status;
int wait;
int ret;
if (!vpd->busy)
return 0;
flag = vpd->flag ? PCI_VPD_ADDR_F : 0;
wait = vpd->flag ? 10 : 1000; /* read: 100 us; write: 10 ms */
for (;;) {
ret = pci_user_read_config_word(dev,
vpd->cap + PCI_VPD_ADDR,
&status);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
if ((status & PCI_VPD_ADDR_F) == flag) {
vpd->busy = false;
return 0;
}
if (wait-- == 0)
return -ETIMEDOUT;
udelay(10);
}
}
static int pci_vpd_pci22_read(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, int size,
char *buf)
{
struct pci_vpd_pci22 *vpd =
container_of(dev->vpd, struct pci_vpd_pci22, base);
u32 val;
int ret;
int begin, end, i;
if (pos < 0 || pos > PCI_VPD_PCI22_SIZE ||
size > PCI_VPD_PCI22_SIZE - pos)
return -EINVAL;
if (size == 0)
return 0;
spin_lock_irq(&vpd->lock);
ret = pci_vpd_pci22_wait(dev);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
ret = pci_user_write_config_word(dev, vpd->cap + PCI_VPD_ADDR,
pos & ~3);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
vpd->busy = true;
vpd->flag = 1;
ret = pci_vpd_pci22_wait(dev);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
ret = pci_user_read_config_dword(dev, vpd->cap + PCI_VPD_DATA,
&val);
out:
spin_unlock_irq(&vpd->lock);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
/* Convert to bytes */
begin = pos & 3;
end = min(4, begin + size);
for (i = 0; i < end; ++i) {
if (i >= begin)
*buf++ = val;
val >>= 8;
}
return end - begin;
}
static int pci_vpd_pci22_write(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, int size,
const char *buf)
{
struct pci_vpd_pci22 *vpd =
container_of(dev->vpd, struct pci_vpd_pci22, base);
u32 val;
int ret;
if (pos < 0 || pos > PCI_VPD_PCI22_SIZE || pos & 3 ||
size > PCI_VPD_PCI22_SIZE - pos || size < 4)
return -EINVAL;
val = (u8) *buf++;
val |= ((u8) *buf++) << 8;
val |= ((u8) *buf++) << 16;
val |= ((u32)(u8) *buf++) << 24;
spin_lock_irq(&vpd->lock);
ret = pci_vpd_pci22_wait(dev);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
ret = pci_user_write_config_dword(dev, vpd->cap + PCI_VPD_DATA,
val);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
ret = pci_user_write_config_word(dev, vpd->cap + PCI_VPD_ADDR,
pos | PCI_VPD_ADDR_F);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
vpd->busy = true;
vpd->flag = 0;
ret = pci_vpd_pci22_wait(dev);
out:
spin_unlock_irq(&vpd->lock);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
return 4;
}
static int pci_vpd_pci22_get_size(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
return PCI_VPD_PCI22_SIZE;
}
static void pci_vpd_pci22_release(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
kfree(container_of(dev->vpd, struct pci_vpd_pci22, base));
}
static struct pci_vpd_ops pci_vpd_pci22_ops = {
.read = pci_vpd_pci22_read,
.write = pci_vpd_pci22_write,
.get_size = pci_vpd_pci22_get_size,
.release = pci_vpd_pci22_release,
};
int pci_vpd_pci22_init(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
struct pci_vpd_pci22 *vpd;
u8 cap;
cap = pci_find_capability(dev, PCI_CAP_ID_VPD);
if (!cap)
return -ENODEV;
vpd = kzalloc(sizeof(*vpd), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (!vpd)
return -ENOMEM;
vpd->base.ops = &pci_vpd_pci22_ops;
spin_lock_init(&vpd->lock);
vpd->cap = cap;
vpd->busy = false;
dev->vpd = &vpd->base;
return 0;
}
/**
* pci_block_user_cfg_access - Block userspace PCI config reads/writes
* @dev: pci device struct
......
......@@ -343,6 +343,58 @@ pci_write_config(struct kobject *kobj, struct bin_attribute *bin_attr,
return count;
}
static ssize_t
pci_read_vpd(struct kobject *kobj, struct bin_attribute *bin_attr,
char *buf, loff_t off, size_t count)
{
struct pci_dev *dev =
to_pci_dev(container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj));
int end;
int ret;
if (off > bin_attr->size)
count = 0;
else if (count > bin_attr->size - off)
count = bin_attr->size - off;
end = off + count;
while (off < end) {
ret = dev->vpd->ops->read(dev, off, end - off, buf);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
buf += ret;
off += ret;
}
return count;
}
static ssize_t
pci_write_vpd(struct kobject *kobj, struct bin_attribute *bin_attr,
char *buf, loff_t off, size_t count)
{
struct pci_dev *dev =
to_pci_dev(container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj));
int end;
int ret;
if (off > bin_attr->size)
count = 0;
else if (count > bin_attr->size - off)
count = bin_attr->size - off;
end = off + count;
while (off < end) {
ret = dev->vpd->ops->write(dev, off, end - off, buf);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
buf += ret;
off += ret;
}
return count;
}
#ifdef HAVE_PCI_LEGACY
/**
* pci_read_legacy_io - read byte(s) from legacy I/O port space
......@@ -611,7 +663,7 @@ int __attribute__ ((weak)) pcibios_add_platform_entries(struct pci_dev *dev)
int __must_check pci_create_sysfs_dev_files (struct pci_dev *pdev)
{
struct bin_attribute *rom_attr = NULL;
struct bin_attribute *attr = NULL;
int retval;
if (!sysfs_initialized)
......@@ -624,22 +676,41 @@ int __must_check pci_create_sysfs_dev_files (struct pci_dev *pdev)
if (retval)
goto err;
/* If the device has VPD, try to expose it in sysfs. */
if (pdev->vpd) {
attr = kzalloc(sizeof(*attr), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (attr) {
pdev->vpd->attr = attr;
attr->size = pdev->vpd->ops->get_size(pdev);
attr->attr.name = "vpd";
attr->attr.mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR;
attr->read = pci_read_vpd;
attr->write = pci_write_vpd;
retval = sysfs_create_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, attr);
if (retval)
goto err_vpd;
} else {
retval = -ENOMEM;
goto err_config_file;
}
}
retval = pci_create_resource_files(pdev);
if (retval)
goto err_bin_file;
goto err_vpd_file;
/* If the device has a ROM, try to expose it in sysfs. */
if (pci_resource_len(pdev, PCI_ROM_RESOURCE) ||
(pdev->resource[PCI_ROM_RESOURCE].flags & IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW)) {
rom_attr = kzalloc(sizeof(*rom_attr), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (rom_attr) {
pdev->rom_attr = rom_attr;
rom_attr->size = pci_resource_len(pdev, PCI_ROM_RESOURCE);
rom_attr->attr.name = "rom";
rom_attr->attr.mode = S_IRUSR;
rom_attr->read = pci_read_rom;
rom_attr->write = pci_write_rom;
retval = sysfs_create_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, rom_attr);
attr = kzalloc(sizeof(*attr), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (attr) {
pdev->rom_attr = attr;
attr->size = pci_resource_len(pdev, PCI_ROM_RESOURCE);
attr->attr.name = "rom";
attr->attr.mode = S_IRUSR;
attr->read = pci_read_rom;
attr->write = pci_write_rom;
retval = sysfs_create_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, attr);
if (retval)
goto err_rom;
} else {
......@@ -657,12 +728,18 @@ int __must_check pci_create_sysfs_dev_files (struct pci_dev *pdev)
err_rom_file:
if (pci_resource_len(pdev, PCI_ROM_RESOURCE))
sysfs_remove_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, rom_attr);
sysfs_remove_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, pdev->rom_attr);
err_rom:
kfree(rom_attr);
kfree(pdev->rom_attr);
err_resource_files:
pci_remove_resource_files(pdev);
err_bin_file:
err_vpd_file:
if (pdev->vpd) {
sysfs_remove_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, pdev->vpd->attr);
err_vpd:
kfree(pdev->vpd->attr);
}
err_config_file:
if (pdev->cfg_size < 4096)
sysfs_remove_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, &pci_config_attr);
else
......@@ -684,6 +761,10 @@ void pci_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev)
pcie_aspm_remove_sysfs_dev_files(pdev);
if (pdev->vpd) {
sysfs_remove_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, pdev->vpd->attr);
kfree(pdev->vpd->attr);
}
if (pdev->cfg_size < 4096)
sysfs_remove_bin_file(&pdev->dev.kobj, &pci_config_attr);
else
......
......@@ -18,6 +18,25 @@ extern int pci_user_write_config_byte(struct pci_dev *dev, int where, u8 val);
extern int pci_user_write_config_word(struct pci_dev *dev, int where, u16 val);
extern int pci_user_write_config_dword(struct pci_dev *dev, int where, u32 val);
struct pci_vpd_ops {
int (*read)(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, int size, char *buf);
int (*write)(struct pci_dev *dev, int pos, int size, const char *buf);
int (*get_size)(struct pci_dev *dev);
void (*release)(struct pci_dev *dev);
};
struct pci_vpd {
struct pci_vpd_ops *ops;
struct bin_attribute *attr; /* descriptor for sysfs VPD entry */
};
extern int pci_vpd_pci22_init(struct pci_dev *dev);
static inline void pci_vpd_release(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
if (dev->vpd)
dev->vpd->ops->release(dev);
}
/* PCI /proc functions */
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
extern int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev);
......
......@@ -794,6 +794,7 @@ static void pci_release_dev(struct device *dev)
struct pci_dev *pci_dev;
pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
pci_vpd_release(pci_dev);
kfree(pci_dev);
}
......@@ -933,6 +934,8 @@ pci_scan_device(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn)
return NULL;
}
pci_vpd_pci22_init(dev);
return dev;
}
......
......@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
/* Include the pci register defines */
#include <linux/pci_regs.h>
struct pci_vpd;
/*
* The PCI interface treats multi-function devices as independent
* devices. The slot/function address of each device is encoded
......@@ -206,6 +208,7 @@ struct pci_dev {
#ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MSI
struct list_head msi_list;
#endif
struct pci_vpd *vpd;
};
extern struct pci_dev *alloc_pci_dev(void);
......
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