Commit 77873803 authored by Dan Williams's avatar Dan Williams

net_dma: mark broken

net_dma can cause data to be copied to a stale mapping if a
copy-on-write fault occurs during dma.  The application sees missing
data.

The following trace is triggered by modifying the kernel to WARN if it
ever triggers copy-on-write on a page that is undergoing dma:

 WARNING: CPU: 24 PID: 2529 at lib/dma-debug.c:485 debug_dma_assert_idle+0xd2/0x120()
 ioatdma 0000:00:04.0: DMA-API: cpu touching an active dma mapped page [pfn=0x16bcd9]
 Modules linked in: iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support ioatdma lpc_ich pcspkr dca
 CPU: 24 PID: 2529 Comm: linbug Tainted: G        W    3.13.0-rc1+ #353
  00000000000001e5 ffff88016f45f688 ffffffff81751041 ffff88017ab0ef70
  ffff88016f45f6d8 ffff88016f45f6c8 ffffffff8104ed9c ffffffff810f3646
  ffff8801768f4840 0000000000000282 ffff88016f6cca10 00007fa2bb699349
 Call Trace:
  [<ffffffff81751041>] dump_stack+0x46/0x58
  [<ffffffff8104ed9c>] warn_slowpath_common+0x8c/0xc0
  [<ffffffff810f3646>] ? ftrace_pid_func+0x26/0x30
  [<ffffffff8104ee86>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x46/0x50
  [<ffffffff8139c062>] debug_dma_assert_idle+0xd2/0x120
  [<ffffffff81154a40>] do_wp_page+0xd0/0x790
  [<ffffffff811582ac>] handle_mm_fault+0x51c/0xde0
  [<ffffffff813830b9>] ? copy_user_enhanced_fast_string+0x9/0x20
  [<ffffffff8175fc2c>] __do_page_fault+0x19c/0x530
  [<ffffffff8175c196>] ? _raw_spin_lock_bh+0x16/0x40
  [<ffffffff810f3539>] ? trace_clock_local+0x9/0x10
  [<ffffffff810fa1f4>] ? rb_reserve_next_event+0x64/0x310
  [<ffffffffa0014c00>] ? ioat2_dma_prep_memcpy_lock+0x60/0x130 [ioatdma]
  [<ffffffff8175ffce>] do_page_fault+0xe/0x10
  [<ffffffff8175c862>] page_fault+0x22/0x30
  [<ffffffff81643991>] ? __kfree_skb+0x51/0xd0
  [<ffffffff813830b9>] ? copy_user_enhanced_fast_string+0x9/0x20
  [<ffffffff81388ea2>] ? memcpy_toiovec+0x52/0xa0
  [<ffffffff8164770f>] skb_copy_datagram_iovec+0x5f/0x2a0
  [<ffffffff8169d0f4>] tcp_rcv_established+0x674/0x7f0
  [<ffffffff816a68c5>] tcp_v4_do_rcv+0x2e5/0x4a0
  [..]
 ---[ end trace e30e3b01191b7617 ]---
 Mapped at:
  [<ffffffff8139c169>] debug_dma_map_page+0xb9/0x160
  [<ffffffff8142bf47>] dma_async_memcpy_pg_to_pg+0x127/0x210
  [<ffffffff8142cce9>] dma_memcpy_pg_to_iovec+0x119/0x1f0
  [<ffffffff81669d3c>] dma_skb_copy_datagram_iovec+0x11c/0x2b0
  [<ffffffff8169d1ca>] tcp_rcv_established+0x74a/0x7f0:

...the problem is that the receive path falls back to cpu-copy in
several locations and this trace is just one of the areas.  A few
options were considered to fix this:

1/ sync all dma whenever a cpu copy branch is taken

2/ modify the page fault handler to hold off while dma is in-flight

Option 1 adds yet more cpu overhead to an "offload" that struggles to compete
with cpu-copy.  Option 2 adds checks for behavior that is already documented as
broken when using get_user_pages().  At a minimum a debug mode is warranted to
catch and flag these violations of the dma-api vs get_user_pages().

Thanks to David for his reproducer.

Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: Vinod Koul <vinod.koul@intel.com>
Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@intel.com>
Reported-by: default avatarDavid Whipple <whipple@securedatainnovations.ch>
Acked-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
parent 0baf8f6a
......@@ -355,6 +355,7 @@ config NET_DMA
bool "Network: TCP receive copy offload"
depends on DMA_ENGINE && NET
default (INTEL_IOATDMA || FSL_DMA)
depends on BROKEN
help
This enables the use of DMA engines in the network stack to
offload receive copy-to-user operations, freeing CPU cycles.
......
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