irq-i8259.c 10.1 KB
Newer Older
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
/*
 * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
 * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
 * for more details.
 *
 * Code to handle x86 style IRQs plus some generic interrupt stuff.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1992 Linus Torvalds
 * Copyright (C) 1994 - 2000 Ralf Baechle
 */
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
15
#include <linux/irqchip.h>
16
#include <linux/irqdomain.h>
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
17
#include <linux/kernel.h>
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
18
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
19
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
20
#include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
21
#include <linux/irq.h>
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

#include <asm/i8259.h>
#include <asm/io.h>

/*
 * This is the 'legacy' 8259A Programmable Interrupt Controller,
 * present in the majority of PC/AT boxes.
 * plus some generic x86 specific things if generic specifics makes
 * any sense at all.
 * this file should become arch/i386/kernel/irq.c when the old irq.c
 * moves to arch independent land
 */

35
static int i8259A_auto_eoi = -1;
36
DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(i8259A_lock);
37 38 39
static void disable_8259A_irq(struct irq_data *d);
static void enable_8259A_irq(struct irq_data *d);
static void mask_and_ack_8259A(struct irq_data *d);
Yoichi Yuasa's avatar
Yoichi Yuasa committed
40
static void init_8259A(int auto_eoi);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
41

42
static struct irq_chip i8259A_chip = {
43 44 45 46 47
	.name			= "XT-PIC",
	.irq_mask		= disable_8259A_irq,
	.irq_disable		= disable_8259A_irq,
	.irq_unmask		= enable_8259A_irq,
	.irq_mask_ack		= mask_and_ack_8259A,
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58
};

/*
 * 8259A PIC functions to handle ISA devices:
 */

/*
 * This contains the irq mask for both 8259A irq controllers,
 */
static unsigned int cached_irq_mask = 0xffff;

59 60
#define cached_master_mask	(cached_irq_mask)
#define cached_slave_mask	(cached_irq_mask >> 8)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
61

62
static void disable_8259A_irq(struct irq_data *d)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
63
{
64
	unsigned int mask, irq = d->irq - I8259A_IRQ_BASE;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
65 66
	unsigned long flags;

67
	mask = 1 << irq;
68
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
69 70
	cached_irq_mask |= mask;
	if (irq & 8)
71
		outb(cached_slave_mask, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
72
	else
73
		outb(cached_master_mask, PIC_MASTER_IMR);
74
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
75 76
}

77
static void enable_8259A_irq(struct irq_data *d)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
78
{
79
	unsigned int mask, irq = d->irq - I8259A_IRQ_BASE;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
80 81
	unsigned long flags;

82
	mask = ~(1 << irq);
83
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
84 85
	cached_irq_mask &= mask;
	if (irq & 8)
86
		outb(cached_slave_mask, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
87
	else
88
		outb(cached_master_mask, PIC_MASTER_IMR);
89
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
90 91 92 93
}

int i8259A_irq_pending(unsigned int irq)
{
94
	unsigned int mask;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
95 96 97
	unsigned long flags;
	int ret;

98 99
	irq -= I8259A_IRQ_BASE;
	mask = 1 << irq;
100
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
101
	if (irq < 8)
102
		ret = inb(PIC_MASTER_CMD) & mask;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
103
	else
104
		ret = inb(PIC_SLAVE_CMD) & (mask >> 8);
105
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
106 107 108 109 110 111 112

	return ret;
}

void make_8259A_irq(unsigned int irq)
{
	disable_irq_nosync(irq);
113
	irq_set_chip_and_handler(irq, &i8259A_chip, handle_level_irq);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128
	enable_irq(irq);
}

/*
 * This function assumes to be called rarely. Switching between
 * 8259A registers is slow.
 * This has to be protected by the irq controller spinlock
 * before being called.
 */
static inline int i8259A_irq_real(unsigned int irq)
{
	int value;
	int irqmask = 1 << irq;

	if (irq < 8) {
129
		outb(0x0B, PIC_MASTER_CMD);	/* ISR register */
130
		value = inb(PIC_MASTER_CMD) & irqmask;
131
		outb(0x0A, PIC_MASTER_CMD);	/* back to the IRR register */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
132 133
		return value;
	}
134
	outb(0x0B, PIC_SLAVE_CMD);	/* ISR register */
135
	value = inb(PIC_SLAVE_CMD) & (irqmask >> 8);
136
	outb(0x0A, PIC_SLAVE_CMD);	/* back to the IRR register */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145
	return value;
}

/*
 * Careful! The 8259A is a fragile beast, it pretty
 * much _has_ to be done exactly like this (mask it
 * first, _then_ send the EOI, and the order of EOI
 * to the two 8259s is important!
 */
146
static void mask_and_ack_8259A(struct irq_data *d)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
147
{
148
	unsigned int irqmask, irq = d->irq - I8259A_IRQ_BASE;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
149 150
	unsigned long flags;

151
	irqmask = 1 << irq;
152
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
153
	/*
154 155 156 157
	 * Lightweight spurious IRQ detection. We do not want
	 * to overdo spurious IRQ handling - it's usually a sign
	 * of hardware problems, so we only do the checks we can
	 * do without slowing down good hardware unnecessarily.
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
158
	 *
159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166
	 * Note that IRQ7 and IRQ15 (the two spurious IRQs
	 * usually resulting from the 8259A-1|2 PICs) occur
	 * even if the IRQ is masked in the 8259A. Thus we
	 * can check spurious 8259A IRQs without doing the
	 * quite slow i8259A_irq_real() call for every IRQ.
	 * This does not cover 100% of spurious interrupts,
	 * but should be enough to warn the user that there
	 * is something bad going on ...
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
167 168 169 170 171 172 173
	 */
	if (cached_irq_mask & irqmask)
		goto spurious_8259A_irq;
	cached_irq_mask |= irqmask;

handle_real_irq:
	if (irq & 8) {
174 175
		inb(PIC_SLAVE_IMR);	/* DUMMY - (do we need this?) */
		outb(cached_slave_mask, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);
176 177
		outb(0x60+(irq&7), PIC_SLAVE_CMD);/* 'Specific EOI' to slave */
		outb(0x60+PIC_CASCADE_IR, PIC_MASTER_CMD); /* 'Specific EOI' to master-IRQ2 */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
178
	} else {
179 180
		inb(PIC_MASTER_IMR);	/* DUMMY - (do we need this?) */
		outb(cached_master_mask, PIC_MASTER_IMR);
Ralf Baechle's avatar
Ralf Baechle committed
181
		outb(0x60+irq, PIC_MASTER_CMD); /* 'Specific EOI to master */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
182
	}
183
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197
	return;

spurious_8259A_irq:
	/*
	 * this is the slow path - should happen rarely.
	 */
	if (i8259A_irq_real(irq))
		/*
		 * oops, the IRQ _is_ in service according to the
		 * 8259A - not spurious, go handle it.
		 */
		goto handle_real_irq;

	{
198
		static int spurious_irq_mask;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216
		/*
		 * At this point we can be sure the IRQ is spurious,
		 * lets ACK and report it. [once per IRQ]
		 */
		if (!(spurious_irq_mask & irqmask)) {
			printk(KERN_DEBUG "spurious 8259A interrupt: IRQ%d.\n", irq);
			spurious_irq_mask |= irqmask;
		}
		atomic_inc(&irq_err_count);
		/*
		 * Theoretically we do not have to handle this IRQ,
		 * but in Linux this does not cause problems and is
		 * simpler for us.
		 */
		goto handle_real_irq;
	}
}

217
static void i8259A_resume(void)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
218
{
219 220
	if (i8259A_auto_eoi >= 0)
		init_8259A(i8259A_auto_eoi);
221 222
}

223
static void i8259A_shutdown(void)
224 225 226 227 228
{
	/* Put the i8259A into a quiescent state that
	 * the kernel initialization code can get it
	 * out of.
	 */
229 230
	if (i8259A_auto_eoi >= 0) {
		outb(0xff, PIC_MASTER_IMR);	/* mask all of 8259A-1 */
231
		outb(0xff, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);	/* mask all of 8259A-2 */
232
	}
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
233 234
}

235
static struct syscore_ops i8259_syscore_ops = {
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
236
	.resume = i8259A_resume,
237
	.shutdown = i8259A_shutdown,
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
238 239 240 241
};

static int __init i8259A_init_sysfs(void)
{
242 243
	register_syscore_ops(&i8259_syscore_ops);
	return 0;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
244 245 246 247
}

device_initcall(i8259A_init_sysfs);

Yoichi Yuasa's avatar
Yoichi Yuasa committed
248
static void init_8259A(int auto_eoi)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
249 250 251
{
	unsigned long flags;

252 253
	i8259A_auto_eoi = auto_eoi;

254
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
255

256 257
	outb(0xff, PIC_MASTER_IMR);	/* mask all of 8259A-1 */
	outb(0xff, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);	/* mask all of 8259A-2 */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
258 259 260 261

	/*
	 * outb_p - this has to work on a wide range of PC hardware.
	 */
262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273
	outb_p(0x11, PIC_MASTER_CMD);	/* ICW1: select 8259A-1 init */
	outb_p(I8259A_IRQ_BASE + 0, PIC_MASTER_IMR);	/* ICW2: 8259A-1 IR0 mapped to I8259A_IRQ_BASE + 0x00 */
	outb_p(1U << PIC_CASCADE_IR, PIC_MASTER_IMR);	/* 8259A-1 (the master) has a slave on IR2 */
	if (auto_eoi)	/* master does Auto EOI */
		outb_p(MASTER_ICW4_DEFAULT | PIC_ICW4_AEOI, PIC_MASTER_IMR);
	else		/* master expects normal EOI */
		outb_p(MASTER_ICW4_DEFAULT, PIC_MASTER_IMR);

	outb_p(0x11, PIC_SLAVE_CMD);	/* ICW1: select 8259A-2 init */
	outb_p(I8259A_IRQ_BASE + 8, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);	/* ICW2: 8259A-2 IR0 mapped to I8259A_IRQ_BASE + 0x08 */
	outb_p(PIC_CASCADE_IR, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);	/* 8259A-2 is a slave on master's IR2 */
	outb_p(SLAVE_ICW4_DEFAULT, PIC_SLAVE_IMR); /* (slave's support for AEOI in flat mode is to be investigated) */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
274 275
	if (auto_eoi)
		/*
276
		 * In AEOI mode we just have to mask the interrupt
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
277 278
		 * when acking.
		 */
279
		i8259A_chip.irq_mask_ack = disable_8259A_irq;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
280
	else
281
		i8259A_chip.irq_mask_ack = mask_and_ack_8259A;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
282 283 284

	udelay(100);		/* wait for 8259A to initialize */

285 286
	outb(cached_master_mask, PIC_MASTER_IMR); /* restore master IRQ mask */
	outb(cached_slave_mask, PIC_SLAVE_IMR);	  /* restore slave IRQ mask */
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
287

288
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i8259A_lock, flags);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
289 290 291 292 293 294
}

/*
 * IRQ2 is cascade interrupt to second interrupt controller
 */
static struct irqaction irq2 = {
295 296
	.handler = no_action,
	.name = "cascade",
297
	.flags = IRQF_NO_THREAD,
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
298 299 300
};

static struct resource pic1_io_resource = {
301 302 303 304
	.name = "pic1",
	.start = PIC_MASTER_CMD,
	.end = PIC_MASTER_IMR,
	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
305 306 307
};

static struct resource pic2_io_resource = {
308 309 310 311
	.name = "pic2",
	.start = PIC_SLAVE_CMD,
	.end = PIC_SLAVE_IMR,
	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
312 313
};

314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326
static int i8259A_irq_domain_map(struct irq_domain *d, unsigned int virq,
				 irq_hw_number_t hw)
{
	irq_set_chip_and_handler(virq, &i8259A_chip, handle_level_irq);
	irq_set_probe(virq);
	return 0;
}

static struct irq_domain_ops i8259A_ops = {
	.map = i8259A_irq_domain_map,
	.xlate = irq_domain_xlate_onecell,
};

Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
327 328
/*
 * On systems with i8259-style interrupt controllers we assume for
Ralf Baechle's avatar
Ralf Baechle committed
329
 * driver compatibility reasons interrupts 0 - 15 to be the i8259
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
330 331
 * interrupts even if the hardware uses a different interrupt numbering.
 */
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
332
struct irq_domain * __init __init_i8259_irqs(struct device_node *node)
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
333
{
334
	struct irq_domain *domain;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
335

336 337
	insert_resource(&ioport_resource, &pic1_io_resource);
	insert_resource(&ioport_resource, &pic2_io_resource);
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
338 339 340

	init_8259A(0);

Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
341
	domain = irq_domain_add_legacy(node, 16, I8259A_IRQ_BASE, 0,
342 343 344
				       &i8259A_ops, NULL);
	if (!domain)
		panic("Failed to add i8259 IRQ domain");
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
345

346
	setup_irq(I8259A_IRQ_BASE + PIC_CASCADE_IR, &irq2);
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354
	return domain;
}

void __init init_i8259_irqs(void)
{
	__init_i8259_irqs(NULL);
}

355
static void i8259_irq_dispatch(struct irq_desc *desc)
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
356
{
357
	struct irq_domain *domain = irq_desc_get_handler_data(desc);
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
358
	int hwirq = i8259_irq();
359
	unsigned int irq;
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379

	if (hwirq < 0)
		return;

	irq = irq_linear_revmap(domain, hwirq);
	generic_handle_irq(irq);
}

int __init i8259_of_init(struct device_node *node, struct device_node *parent)
{
	struct irq_domain *domain;
	unsigned int parent_irq;

	parent_irq = irq_of_parse_and_map(node, 0);
	if (!parent_irq) {
		pr_err("Failed to map i8259 parent IRQ\n");
		return -ENODEV;
	}

	domain = __init_i8259_irqs(node);
380 381
	irq_set_chained_handler_and_data(parent_irq, i8259_irq_dispatch,
					 domain);
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
382
	return 0;
Linus Torvalds's avatar
Linus Torvalds committed
383
}
Paul Burton's avatar
Paul Burton committed
384
IRQCHIP_DECLARE(i8259, "intel,i8259", i8259_of_init);