init.h 11.7 KB
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#ifndef _LINUX_INIT_H
#define _LINUX_INIT_H

#include <linux/compiler.h>

/* These macros are used to mark some functions or 
 * initialized data (doesn't apply to uninitialized data)
 * as `initialization' functions. The kernel can take this
 * as hint that the function is used only during the initialization
 * phase and free up used memory resources after
 *
 * Usage:
 * For functions:
 * 
 * You should add __init immediately before the function name, like:
 *
 * static void __init initme(int x, int y)
 * {
 *    extern int z; z = x * y;
 * }
 *
 * If the function has a prototype somewhere, you can also add
 * __init between closing brace of the prototype and semicolon:
 *
 * extern int initialize_foobar_device(int, int, int) __init;
 *
 * For initialized data:
 * You should insert __initdata between the variable name and equal
 * sign followed by value, e.g.:
 *
 * static int init_variable __initdata = 0;
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 * static const char linux_logo[] __initconst = { 0x32, 0x36, ... };
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 *
 * Don't forget to initialize data not at file scope, i.e. within a function,
 * as gcc otherwise puts the data into the bss section and not into the init
 * section.
 * 
 * Also note, that this data cannot be "const".
 */

/* These are for everybody (although not all archs will actually
   discard it in modules) */
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#define __init		__section(.init.text) __cold notrace
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#define __initdata	__section(.init.data)
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#define __initconst	__section(.init.rodata)
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#define __exitdata	__section(.exit.data)
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#define __exit_call	__used __section(.exitcall.exit)
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/*
 * modpost check for section mismatches during the kernel build.
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 * A section mismatch happens when there are references from a
 * code or data section to an init section (both code or data).
 * The init sections are (for most archs) discarded by the kernel
 * when early init has completed so all such references are potential bugs.
 * For exit sections the same issue exists.
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 *
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 * The following markers are used for the cases where the reference to
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 * the *init / *exit section (code or data) is valid and will teach
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 * modpost not to issue a warning.  Intended semantics is that a code or
 * data tagged __ref* can reference code or data from init section without
 * producing a warning (of course, no warning does not mean code is
 * correct, so optimally document why the __ref is needed and why it's OK).
 *
 * The markers follow same syntax rules as __init / __initdata.
 */
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#define __ref            __section(.ref.text) noinline
#define __refdata        __section(.ref.data)
#define __refconst       __section(.ref.rodata)

/* compatibility defines */
#define __init_refok     __ref
#define __initdata_refok __refdata
#define __exit_refok     __ref

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#ifdef MODULE
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#define __exitused
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#else
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#define __exitused  __used
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#endif

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#define __exit          __section(.exit.text) __exitused __cold notrace
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/* Used for HOTPLUG */
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#define __devinit        __section(.devinit.text) __cold notrace
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#define __devinitdata    __section(.devinit.data)
#define __devinitconst   __section(.devinit.rodata)
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#define __devexit        __section(.devexit.text) __exitused __cold notrace
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#define __devexitdata    __section(.devexit.data)
#define __devexitconst   __section(.devexit.rodata)

/* Used for HOTPLUG_CPU */
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#define __cpuinit        __section(.cpuinit.text) __cold notrace
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#define __cpuinitdata    __section(.cpuinit.data)
#define __cpuinitconst   __section(.cpuinit.rodata)
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#define __cpuexit        __section(.cpuexit.text) __exitused __cold notrace
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#define __cpuexitdata    __section(.cpuexit.data)
#define __cpuexitconst   __section(.cpuexit.rodata)

/* Used for MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
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#define __meminit        __section(.meminit.text) __cold notrace
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#define __meminitdata    __section(.meminit.data)
#define __meminitconst   __section(.meminit.rodata)
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#define __memexit        __section(.memexit.text) __exitused __cold notrace
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#define __memexitdata    __section(.memexit.data)
#define __memexitconst   __section(.memexit.rodata)

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/* For assembly routines */
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#define __HEAD		.section	".head.text","ax"
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#define __INIT		.section	".init.text","ax"
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#define __FINIT		.previous
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#define __INITDATA	.section	".init.data","aw",%progbits
#define __INITRODATA	.section	".init.rodata","a",%progbits
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#define __FINITDATA	.previous
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#define __DEVINIT        .section	".devinit.text", "ax"
#define __DEVINITDATA    .section	".devinit.data", "aw"
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#define __DEVINITRODATA  .section	".devinit.rodata", "a"
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#define __CPUINIT        .section	".cpuinit.text", "ax"
#define __CPUINITDATA    .section	".cpuinit.data", "aw"
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#define __CPUINITRODATA  .section	".cpuinit.rodata", "a"
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#define __MEMINIT        .section	".meminit.text", "ax"
#define __MEMINITDATA    .section	".meminit.data", "aw"
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#define __MEMINITRODATA  .section	".meminit.rodata", "a"
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/* silence warnings when references are OK */
#define __REF            .section       ".ref.text", "ax"
#define __REFDATA        .section       ".ref.data", "aw"
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#define __REFCONST       .section       ".ref.rodata", "a"
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#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
/*
 * Used for initialization calls..
 */
typedef int (*initcall_t)(void);
typedef void (*exitcall_t)(void);

extern initcall_t __con_initcall_start[], __con_initcall_end[];
extern initcall_t __security_initcall_start[], __security_initcall_end[];

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/* Used for contructor calls. */
typedef void (*ctor_fn_t)(void);

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/* Defined in init/main.c */
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extern int do_one_initcall(initcall_t fn);
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extern char __initdata boot_command_line[];
extern char *saved_command_line;
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extern unsigned int reset_devices;
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/* used by init/main.c */
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void setup_arch(char **);
void prepare_namespace(void);
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extern void (*late_time_init)(void);

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extern int initcall_debug;

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#endif
  
#ifndef MODULE

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

/* initcalls are now grouped by functionality into separate 
 * subsections. Ordering inside the subsections is determined
 * by link order. 
 * For backwards compatibility, initcall() puts the call in 
 * the device init subsection.
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 *
 * The `id' arg to __define_initcall() is needed so that multiple initcalls
 * can point at the same handler without causing duplicate-symbol build errors.
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 */

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#define __define_initcall(level,fn,id) \
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	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn##id __used \
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	__attribute__((__section__(".initcall" level ".init"))) = fn

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/*
 * Early initcalls run before initializing SMP.
 *
 * Only for built-in code, not modules.
 */
#define early_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("early",fn,early)

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/*
 * A "pure" initcall has no dependencies on anything else, and purely
 * initializes variables that couldn't be statically initialized.
 *
 * This only exists for built-in code, not for modules.
 */
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#define pure_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("0",fn,0)
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#define core_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("1",fn,1)
#define core_initcall_sync(fn)		__define_initcall("1s",fn,1s)
#define postcore_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("2",fn,2)
#define postcore_initcall_sync(fn)	__define_initcall("2s",fn,2s)
#define arch_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("3",fn,3)
#define arch_initcall_sync(fn)		__define_initcall("3s",fn,3s)
#define subsys_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("4",fn,4)
#define subsys_initcall_sync(fn)	__define_initcall("4s",fn,4s)
#define fs_initcall(fn)			__define_initcall("5",fn,5)
#define fs_initcall_sync(fn)		__define_initcall("5s",fn,5s)
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#define rootfs_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("rootfs",fn,rootfs)
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#define device_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("6",fn,6)
#define device_initcall_sync(fn)	__define_initcall("6s",fn,6s)
#define late_initcall(fn)		__define_initcall("7",fn,7)
#define late_initcall_sync(fn)		__define_initcall("7s",fn,7s)
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#define __initcall(fn) device_initcall(fn)

#define __exitcall(fn) \
	static exitcall_t __exitcall_##fn __exit_call = fn

#define console_initcall(fn) \
	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn \
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	__used __section(.con_initcall.init) = fn
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#define security_initcall(fn) \
	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn \
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	__used __section(.security_initcall.init) = fn
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struct obs_kernel_param {
	const char *str;
	int (*setup_func)(char *);
	int early;
};

/*
 * Only for really core code.  See moduleparam.h for the normal way.
 *
 * Force the alignment so the compiler doesn't space elements of the
 * obs_kernel_param "array" too far apart in .init.setup.
 */
#define __setup_param(str, unique_id, fn, early)			\
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	static const char __setup_str_##unique_id[] __initconst	\
		__aligned(1) = str; \
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	static struct obs_kernel_param __setup_##unique_id	\
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		__used __section(.init.setup)			\
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		__attribute__((aligned((sizeof(long)))))	\
		= { __setup_str_##unique_id, fn, early }

#define __setup(str, fn)					\
	__setup_param(str, fn, fn, 0)

/* NOTE: fn is as per module_param, not __setup!  Emits warning if fn
 * returns non-zero. */
#define early_param(str, fn)					\
	__setup_param(str, fn, fn, 1)

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/* Relies on boot_command_line being set */
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void __init parse_early_param(void);
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void __init parse_early_options(char *cmdline);
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#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

/**
 * module_init() - driver initialization entry point
 * @x: function to be run at kernel boot time or module insertion
 * 
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 * module_init() will either be called during do_initcalls() (if
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 * builtin) or at module insertion time (if a module).  There can only
 * be one per module.
 */
#define module_init(x)	__initcall(x);

/**
 * module_exit() - driver exit entry point
 * @x: function to be run when driver is removed
 * 
 * module_exit() will wrap the driver clean-up code
 * with cleanup_module() when used with rmmod when
 * the driver is a module.  If the driver is statically
 * compiled into the kernel, module_exit() has no effect.
 * There can only be one per module.
 */
#define module_exit(x)	__exitcall(x);

#else /* MODULE */

/* Don't use these in modules, but some people do... */
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#define early_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)
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#define core_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)
#define postcore_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)
#define arch_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)
#define subsys_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)
#define fs_initcall(fn)			module_init(fn)
#define device_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)
#define late_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)

#define security_initcall(fn)		module_init(fn)

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/* Each module must use one module_init(). */
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#define module_init(initfn)					\
	static inline initcall_t __inittest(void)		\
	{ return initfn; }					\
	int init_module(void) __attribute__((alias(#initfn)));

/* This is only required if you want to be unloadable. */
#define module_exit(exitfn)					\
	static inline exitcall_t __exittest(void)		\
	{ return exitfn; }					\
	void cleanup_module(void) __attribute__((alias(#exitfn)));

#define __setup_param(str, unique_id, fn)	/* nothing */
#define __setup(str, func) 			/* nothing */
#endif

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/* Data marked not to be saved by software suspend */
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#define __nosavedata __section(.data..nosave)
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/* This means "can be init if no module support, otherwise module load
   may call it." */
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
#define __init_or_module
#define __initdata_or_module
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#define __initconst_or_module
#define __INIT_OR_MODULE	.text
#define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE	.data
#define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE	.section ".rodata","a",%progbits
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#else
#define __init_or_module __init
#define __initdata_or_module __initdata
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#define __initconst_or_module __initconst
#define __INIT_OR_MODULE __INIT
#define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE __INITDATA
#define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE __INITRODATA
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#endif /*CONFIG_MODULES*/

/* Functions marked as __devexit may be discarded at kernel link time, depending
   on config options.  Newer versions of binutils detect references from
   retained sections to discarded sections and flag an error.  Pointers to
   __devexit functions must use __devexit_p(function_name), the wrapper will
   insert either the function_name or NULL, depending on the config options.
 */
#if defined(MODULE) || defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG)
#define __devexit_p(x) x
#else
#define __devexit_p(x) NULL
#endif

#ifdef MODULE
#define __exit_p(x) x
#else
#define __exit_p(x) NULL
#endif

#endif /* _LINUX_INIT_H */