1. 09 Apr, 2006 7 commits
  2. 31 Mar, 2006 2 commits
  3. 28 Mar, 2006 1 commit
  4. 27 Mar, 2006 2 commits
    • Alan Stern's avatar
      [PATCH] Notifier chain update: API changes · e041c683
      Alan Stern authored
      The kernel's implementation of notifier chains is unsafe.  There is no
      protection against entries being added to or removed from a chain while the
      chain is in use.  The issues were discussed in this thread:
      
          http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=113018709002036&w=2
      
      
      
      We noticed that notifier chains in the kernel fall into two basic usage
      classes:
      
      	"Blocking" chains are always called from a process context
      	and the callout routines are allowed to sleep;
      
      	"Atomic" chains can be called from an atomic context and
      	the callout routines are not allowed to sleep.
      
      We decided to codify this distinction and make it part of the API.  Therefore
      this set of patches introduces three new, parallel APIs: one for blocking
      notifiers, one for atomic notifiers, and one for "raw" notifiers (which is
      really just the old API under a new name).  New kinds of data structures are
      used for the heads of the chains, and new routines are defined for
      registration, unregistration, and calling a chain.  The three APIs are
      explained in include/linux/notifier.h and their implementation is in
      kernel/sys.c.
      
      With atomic and blocking chains, the implementation guarantees that the chain
      links will not be corrupted and that chain callers will not get messed up by
      entries being added or removed.  For raw chains the implementation provides no
      guarantees at all; users of this API must provide their own protections.  (The
      idea was that situations may come up where the assumptions of the atomic and
      blocking APIs are not appropriate, so it should be possible for users to
      handle these things in their own way.)
      
      There are some limitations, which should not be too hard to live with.  For
      atomic/blocking chains, registration and unregistration must always be done in
      a process context since the chain is protected by a mutex/rwsem.  Also, a
      callout routine for a non-raw chain must not try to register or unregister
      entries on its own chain.  (This did happen in a couple of places and the code
      had to be changed to avoid it.)
      
      Since atomic chains may be called from within an NMI handler, they cannot use
      spinlocks for synchronization.  Instead we use RCU.  The overhead falls almost
      entirely in the unregister routine, which is okay since unregistration is much
      less frequent that calling a chain.
      
      Here is the list of chains that we adjusted and their classifications.  None
      of them use the raw API, so for the moment it is only a placeholder.
      
        ATOMIC CHAINS
        -------------
      arch/i386/kernel/traps.c:		i386die_chain
      arch/ia64/kernel/traps.c:		ia64die_chain
      arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c:		powerpc_die_chain
      arch/sparc64/kernel/traps.c:		sparc64die_chain
      arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c:		die_chain
      drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_si_intf.c:	xaction_notifier_list
      kernel/panic.c:				panic_notifier_list
      kernel/profile.c:			task_free_notifier
      net/bluetooth/hci_core.c:		hci_notifier
      net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_core.c:	ip_conntrack_chain
      net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_core.c:	ip_conntrack_expect_chain
      net/ipv6/addrconf.c:			inet6addr_chain
      net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c:	nf_conntrack_chain
      net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c:	nf_conntrack_expect_chain
      net/netlink/af_netlink.c:		netlink_chain
      
        BLOCKING CHAINS
        ---------------
      arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/reconfig.c:	pSeries_reconfig_chain
      arch/s390/kernel/process.c:		idle_chain
      arch/x86_64/kernel/process.c		idle_notifier
      drivers/base/memory.c:			memory_chain
      drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c		cpufreq_policy_notifier_list
      drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c		cpufreq_transition_notifier_list
      drivers/macintosh/adb.c:		adb_client_list
      drivers/macintosh/via-pmu.c		sleep_notifier_list
      drivers/macintosh/via-pmu68k.c		sleep_notifier_list
      drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c	wf_client_list
      drivers/usb/core/notify.c		usb_notifier_list
      drivers/video/fbmem.c			fb_notifier_list
      kernel/cpu.c				cpu_chain
      kernel/module.c				module_notify_list
      kernel/profile.c			munmap_notifier
      kernel/profile.c			task_exit_notifier
      kernel/sys.c				reboot_notifier_list
      net/core/dev.c				netdev_chain
      net/decnet/dn_dev.c:			dnaddr_chain
      net/ipv4/devinet.c:			inetaddr_chain
      
      It's possible that some of these classifications are wrong.  If they are,
      please let us know or submit a patch to fix them.  Note that any chain that
      gets called very frequently should be atomic, because the rwsem read-locking
      used for blocking chains is very likely to incur cache misses on SMP systems.
      (However, if the chain's callout routines may sleep then the chain cannot be
      atomic.)
      
      The patch set was written by Alan Stern and Chandra Seetharaman, incorporating
      material written by Keith Owens and suggestions from Paul McKenney and Andrew
      Morton.
      
      [jes@sgi.com: restructure the notifier chain initialization macros]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAlan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      e041c683
    • Siddha, Suresh B's avatar
      [PATCH] sched: new sched domain for representing multi-core · 1e9f28fa
      Siddha, Suresh B authored
      
      
      Add a new sched domain for representing multi-core with shared caches
      between cores.  Consider a dual package system, each package containing two
      cores and with last level cache shared between cores with in a package.  If
      there are two runnable processes, with this appended patch those two
      processes will be scheduled on different packages.
      
      On such systems, with this patch we have observed 8% perf improvement with
      specJBB(2 warehouse) benchmark and 35% improvement with CFP2000 rate(with 2
      users).
      
      This new domain will come into play only on multi-core systems with shared
      caches.  On other systems, this sched domain will be removed by domain
      degeneration code.  This new domain can be also used for implementing power
      savings policy (see OLS 2005 CMP kernel scheduler paper for more details..
      I will post another patch for power savings policy soon)
      
      Most of the arch/* file changes are for cpu_coregroup_map() implementation.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSuresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      1e9f28fa
  5. 26 Mar, 2006 3 commits
  6. 25 Mar, 2006 25 commits