1. 16 Oct, 2008 1 commit
  2. 14 Oct, 2008 1 commit
  3. 16 Oct, 2008 1 commit
  4. 26 Jul, 2008 1 commit
  5. 11 Jul, 2008 1 commit
    • Aneesh Kumar K.V's avatar
      mm: Add range_cont mode for writeback · 06d6cf69
      Aneesh Kumar K.V authored
      Filesystems like ext4 needs to start a new transaction in
      the writepages for block allocation. This happens with delayed
      allocation and there is limit to how many credits we can request
      from the journal layer. So we call write_cache_pages multiple
      times with wbc->nr_to_write set to the maximum possible value
      limitted by the max journal credits available.
      Add a new mode to writeback that enables us to handle this
      behaviour. In the new mode we update the wbc->range_start
      to point to the new offset to be written. Next call to
      call to write_cache_pages will start writeout from specified
      range_start offset. In the new mode we also limit writing
      to the specified wbc->range_end.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarMingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Signed-off-by: default avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
  6. 23 May, 2008 1 commit
    • Steven Rostedt's avatar
      ftrace: limit trace entries · 3eefae99
      Steven Rostedt authored
      Currently there is no protection from the root user to use up all of
      memory for trace buffers. If the root user allocates too many entries,
      the OOM killer might start kill off all tasks.
      This patch adds an algorith to check the following condition:
       pages_requested > (freeable_memory + current_trace_buffer_pages) / 4
      If the above is met then the allocation fails. The above prevents more
      than 1/4th of freeable memory from being used by trace buffers.
      To determine the freeable_memory, I made determine_dirtyable_memory in
      mm/page-writeback.c global.
      Special thanks goes to Peter Zijlstra for suggesting the above calculation.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
  7. 30 Apr, 2008 6 commits
  8. 05 Feb, 2008 4 commits
    • Fengguang Wu's avatar
      writeback: speed up writeback of big dirty files · 8bc3be27
      Fengguang Wu authored
      After making dirty a 100M file, the normal behavior is to start the
      writeback for all data after 30s delays.  But sometimes the following
      happens instead:
      	- after 30s:    ~4M
      	- after 5s:     ~4M
      	- after 5s:     all remaining 92M
      Some analyze shows that the internal io dispatch queues goes like this:
      		s_io            s_more_io
      	1)	100M,1K         0
      	2)	1K              96M
      	3)	0               96M
      1) initial state with a 100M file and a 1K file
      2) 4M written, nr_to_write <= 0, so write more
      3) 1K written, nr_to_write > 0, no more writes(BUG)
      nr_to_write > 0 in (3) fools the upper layer to think that data have all
      been written out.  The big dirty file is actually still sitting in
      s_more_io.  We cannot simply splice s_more_io back to s_io as soon as s_io
      becomes empty, and let the loop in generic_sync_sb_inodes() continue: this
      may starve newly expired inodes in s_dirty.  It is also not an option to
      draw inodes from both s_more_io and s_dirty, an let the loop go on: this
      might lead to live locks, and might also starve other superblocks in sync
      time(well kupdate may still starve some superblocks, that's another bug).
      We have to return when a full scan of s_io completes.  So nr_to_write > 0
      does not necessarily mean that "all data are written".  This patch
      introduces a flag writeback_control.more_io to indicate that more io should
      be done.  With it the big dirty file no longer has to wait for the next
      kupdate invokation 5s later.
      In sync_sb_inodes() we only set more_io on super_blocks we actually
      visited.  This avoids the interaction between two pdflush deamons.
      Also in __sync_single_inode() we don't blindly keep requeuing the io if the
      filesystem cannot progress.  Failing to do so may lead to 100% iowait.
      Tested-by: default avatarMike Snitzer <snitzer@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarFengguang Wu <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn>
      Cc: Michael Rubin <mrubin@google.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
    • Harvey Harrison's avatar
      mm: remove fastcall from mm/ · 920c7a5d
      Harvey Harrison authored
      fastcall is always defined to be empty, remove it
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarHarvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
    • Bron Gondwana's avatar
      mm/page-writeback: highmem_is_dirtyable option · 195cf453
      Bron Gondwana authored
      Add vm.highmem_is_dirtyable toggle
      A 32 bit machine with HIGHMEM64 enabled running DCC has an MMAPed file of
      approximately 2Gb size which contains a hash format that is written
      randomly by the dbclean process.  On 2.6.16 this process took a few
      minutes.  With lowmem only accounting of dirty ratios, this takes about 12
      hours of 100% disk IO, all random writes.
      Include a toggle in /proc/sys/vm/highmem_is_dirtyable which can be set to 1 to
      add the highmem back to the total available memory count.
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: Fix the CONFIG_DETECT_SOFTLOCKUP=y build]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarBron Gondwana <brong@fastmail.fm>
      Cc: Ethan Solomita <solo@google.com>
      Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
      Cc: WU Fengguang <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
    • Adrian Bunk's avatar
      mm/page-writeback.c: make a function static · f61eaf9f
      Adrian Bunk authored
      task_dirty_limit() can become static.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAdrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  9. 14 Jan, 2008 1 commit
  10. 15 Nov, 2007 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      dirty page balancing: Get rid of broken unmapped_ratio logic · 8c086340
      Linus Torvalds authored
      This code harks back to the days when we didn't count dirty mapped
      pages, which led us to try to balance the number of dirty unmapped pages
      by how much unmapped memory there was in the system.
      That makes no sense any more, since now the dirty counts include the
      mapped pages.  Not to mention that the math doesn't work with HIGHMEM
      machines anyway, and causes the unmapped_ratio to potentially turn
      negative (which we do catch thanks to clamping it at a minimum value,
      but I mention that as an indication of how broken the code is).
      The code also was written at a time when the default dirty ratio was
      much larger, and the unmapped_ratio logic effectively capped that large
      dirty ratio a bit.  Again, we've since lowered the dirty ratio rather
      aggressively, further lessening the point of that code.
      Acked-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  11. 14 Nov, 2007 1 commit
  12. 19 Oct, 2007 1 commit
  13. 17 Oct, 2007 8 commits
  14. 16 Oct, 2007 2 commits
    • Lee Schermerhorn's avatar
      memoryless nodes: fixup uses of node_online_map in generic code · 37b07e41
      Lee Schermerhorn authored
      Here's a cut at fixing up uses of the online node map in generic code.
      	Ensure nodelist is subset of nodes with memory.
      	Use node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY] as default for missing
      	nodelist for interleave policy.
      	initialize policy_nodes to node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY]
      	sum over nodes with memory
      	allowednodes - use nodes with memory.
      	average over nodes with memory.
      	skip nodes w/o memory.
      	N_HIGH_MEMORY state mask may not be initialized at this time,
      	unless we want to depend on early_calculate_totalpages() [see
      	below].  Will ZONE_MOVABLE ever be configurable?
      	spread kernelcore over nodes with memory.
      	This required calling early_calculate_totalpages()
      	unconditionally, and populating N_HIGH_MEMORY node
      	state therein from nodes in the early_node_map[].
      	If we can depend on this, we can eliminate the
      	population of N_HIGH_MEMORY mask from __build_all_zonelists()
      	and use the N_HIGH_MEMORY mask in find_next_best_node().
      	Ensure nodes specified for policy are subset of
      	nodes with memory.
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warnings]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
      Cc: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
    • Nick Piggin's avatar
      mm: use lockless radix-tree probe · 00128188
      Nick Piggin authored
      Probing pages and radix_tree_tagged are lockless operations with the lockless
      radix-tree.  Convert these users to RCU locking rather than using tree_lock.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  15. 08 Oct, 2007 1 commit
  16. 19 Jul, 2007 3 commits
    • Andrew Morton's avatar
      move page writeback acounting out of macros · d688abf5
      Andrew Morton authored
      page-writeback accounting is presently performed in the page-flags macros.
      This is inconsistent and a bit ugly and makes it awkward to implement
      per-backing_dev under-writeback page accounting.
      So move this accounting down to the callsite(s).
      Acked-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
    • Fengguang Wu's avatar
      mm: share PG_readahead and PG_reclaim · fe3cba17
      Fengguang Wu authored
      Share the same page flag bit for PG_readahead and PG_reclaim.
      One is used only on file reads, another is only for emergency writes.  One
      is used mostly for fresh/young pages, another is for old pages.
      Combinations of possible interactions are:
      a) clear PG_reclaim => implicit clear of PG_readahead
      	it will delay an asynchronous readahead into a synchronous one
      	it actually does _good_ for readahead:
      		the pages will be reclaimed soon, it's readahead thrashing!
      		in this case, synchronous readahead makes more sense.
      b) clear PG_readahead => implicit clear of PG_reclaim
      	one(and only one) page will not be reclaimed in time
      	it can be avoided by checking PageWriteback(page) in readahead first
      c) set PG_reclaim => implicit set of PG_readahead
      	will confuse readahead and make it restart the size rampup process
      	it's a trivial problem, and can mostly be avoided by checking
      	PageWriteback(page) first in readahead
      d) set PG_readahead => implicit set of PG_reclaim
      	PG_readahead will never be set on already cached pages.
      	PG_reclaim will always be cleared on dirtying a page.
      	so not a problem.
      In summary,
      	a)   we get better behavior
      	b,d) possible interactions can be avoided
      	c)   racy condition exists that might affect readahead, but the chance
      	     is _really_ low, and the hurt on readahead is trivial.
      Compound pages also use PG_reclaim, but for now they do not interact with
      reclaim/readahead code.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarFengguang Wu <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn>
      Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
    • Nick Piggin's avatar
      mm: fix clear_page_dirty_for_io vs fault race · 79352894
      Nick Piggin authored
      Fix msync data loss and (less importantly) dirty page accounting
      inaccuracies due to the race remaining in clear_page_dirty_for_io().
      The deleted comment explains what the race was, and the added comments
      explain how it is fixed.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
      Acked-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  17. 17 Jul, 2007 1 commit
    • Nick Piggin's avatar
      fs: introduce some page/buffer invariants · 787d2214
      Nick Piggin authored
      It is a bug to set a page dirty if it is not uptodate unless it has
      buffers.  If the page has buffers, then the page may be dirty (some buffers
      dirty) but not uptodate (some buffers not uptodate).  The exception to this
      rule is if the set_page_dirty caller is racing with truncate or invalidate.
      A buffer can not be set dirty if it is not uptodate.
      If either of these situations occurs, it indicates there could be some data
      loss problem.  Some of these warnings could be a harmless one where the
      page or buffer is set uptodate immediately after it is dirtied, however we
      should fix those up, and enforce this ordering.
      Bring the order of operations for truncate into line with those of
      invalidate.  This will prevent a page from being able to go !uptodate while
      we're holding the tree_lock, which is probably a good thing anyway.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  18. 16 Jul, 2007 1 commit
  19. 11 May, 2007 1 commit
  20. 08 May, 2007 1 commit
  21. 07 May, 2007 1 commit
    • Christoph Lameter's avatar
      Use ZVC counters to establish exact size of dirtyable pages · 1b424464
      Christoph Lameter authored
      We can use the global ZVC counters to establish the exact size of the LRU
      and the free pages.  This allows a more accurate determination of the dirty
      This patch will fix the broken ratio calculations if large amounts of
      memory are allocated to huge pags or other consumers that do not put the
      pages on to the LRU.
      - I did not add NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE to the calculation of the
        dirtyable pages. Those may be reclaimable but they are at this
        point not dirtyable. If NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE would be considered
        then a huge number of reclaimable pages would stop writeback
        from occurring.
      - This patch used to be in mm as the last one in a series of patches.
        It was removed when Linus updated the treatment of highmem because
        there was a conflict. I updated the patch to follow Linus' approach.
        This patch is neede to fulfill the claims made in the beginning of the
        patchset that is now in Linus' tree.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  22. 27 Apr, 2007 1 commit