1. 11 Jun, 2009 1 commit
  2. 10 Jun, 2009 4 commits
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: autodetect SSD devices · c289811c
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      During mount, btrfs will check the queue nonrot flag
      for all the devices found in the FS.  If they are all
      non-rotating, SSD mode is enabled by default.
      
      If the FS was mounted with -o nossd, the non-rotating
      flag is ignored.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      c289811c
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: add mount -o ssd_spread to spread allocations out · 451d7585
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      Some SSDs perform best when reusing block numbers often, while
      others perform much better when clustering strictly allocates
      big chunks of unused space.
      
      The default mount -o ssd will find rough groupings of blocks
      where there are a bunch of free blocks that might have some
      allocated blocks mixed in.
      
      mount -o ssd_spread will make sure there are no allocated blocks
      mixed in.  It should perform better on lower end SSDs.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      451d7585
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: Add mount -o nossd · 3b30c22f
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      This allows you to turn off the ssd mode via remount.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      3b30c22f
    • Yan Zheng's avatar
      Btrfs: Mixed back reference (FORWARD ROLLING FORMAT CHANGE) · 5d4f98a2
      Yan Zheng authored
      
      
      This commit introduces a new kind of back reference for btrfs metadata.
      Once a filesystem has been mounted with this commit, IT WILL NO LONGER
      BE MOUNTABLE BY OLDER KERNELS.
      
      When a tree block in subvolume tree is cow'd, the reference counts of all
      extents it points to are increased by one.  At transaction commit time,
      the old root of the subvolume is recorded in a "dead root" data structure,
      and the btree it points to is later walked, dropping reference counts
      and freeing any blocks where the reference count goes to 0.
      
      The increments done during cow and decrements done after commit cancel out,
      and the walk is a very expensive way to go about freeing the blocks that
      are no longer referenced by the new btree root.  This commit reduces the
      transaction overhead by avoiding the need for dead root records.
      
      When a non-shared tree block is cow'd, we free the old block at once, and the
      new block inherits old block's references. When a tree block with reference
      count > 1 is cow'd, we increase the reference counts of all extents
      the new block points to by one, and decrease the old block's reference count by
      one.
      
      This dead tree avoidance code removes the need to modify the reference
      counts of lower level extents when a non-shared tree block is cow'd.
      But we still need to update back ref for all pointers in the block.
      This is because the location of the block is recorded in the back ref
      item.
      
      We can solve this by introducing a new type of back ref. The new
      back ref provides information about pointer's key, level and in which
      tree the pointer lives. This information allow us to find the pointer
      by searching the tree. The shortcoming of the new back ref is that it
      only works for pointers in tree blocks referenced by their owner trees.
      
      This is mostly a problem for snapshots, where resolving one of these
      fuzzy back references would be O(number_of_snapshots) and quite slow.
      The solution used here is to use the fuzzy back references in the common
      case where a given tree block is only referenced by one root,
      and use the full back references when multiple roots have a reference
      on a given block.
      
      This commit adds per subvolume red-black tree to keep trace of cached
      inodes. The red-black tree helps the balancing code to find cached
      inodes whose inode numbers within a given range.
      
      This commit improves the balancing code by introducing several data
      structures to keep the state of balancing. The most important one
      is the back ref cache. It caches how the upper level tree blocks are
      referenced. This greatly reduce the overhead of checking back ref.
      
      The improved balancing code scales significantly better with a large
      number of snapshots.
      
      This is a very large commit and was written in a number of
      pieces.  But, they depend heavily on the disk format change and were
      squashed together to make sure git bisect didn't end up in a
      bad state wrt space balancing or the format change.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarYan Zheng <zheng.yan@oracle.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      5d4f98a2
  3. 14 May, 2009 1 commit
  4. 09 May, 2009 1 commit
  5. 27 Apr, 2009 1 commit
  6. 24 Apr, 2009 1 commit
    • Josef Bacik's avatar
      Btrfs: try to keep a healthy ratio of metadata vs data block groups · 97e728d4
      Josef Bacik authored
      
      
      This patch makes the chunk allocator keep a good ratio of metadata vs data
      block groups.  By default for every 8 data block groups, we'll allocate 1
      metadata chunk, or about 12% of the disk will be allocated for metadata.  This
      can be changed by specifying the metadata_ratio mount option.
      
      This is simply the number of data block groups that have to be allocated to
      force a metadata chunk allocation.  By making sure we allocate metadata chunks
      more often, we are less likely to get into situations where the whole disk
      has been allocated as data block groups.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJosef Bacik <jbacik@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      97e728d4
  7. 20 Apr, 2009 1 commit
  8. 02 Apr, 2009 3 commits
    • Sage Weil's avatar
      Btrfs: add flushoncommit mount option · dccae999
      Sage Weil authored
      
      
      The 'flushoncommit' mount option forces any data dirtied by a write in a
      prior transaction to commit as part of the current commit.  This makes
      the committed state a fully consistent view of the file system from the
      application's perspective (i.e., it includes all completed file system
      operations).  This was previously the behavior only when a snapshot is
      created.
      
      This is used by Ceph to ensure that completed writes make it to the
      platter along with the metadata operations they are bound to (by
      BTRFS_IOC_TRANS_{START,END}).
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSage Weil <sage@newdream.net>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      dccae999
    • Sage Weil's avatar
      Btrfs: notreelog mount option · 3a5e1404
      Sage Weil authored
      
      
      Add a 'notreelog' mount option to disable the tree log (used by fsync,
      O_SYNC writes).  This is much slower, but the tree logging produces
      inconsistent views into the FS for ceph.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSage Weil <sage@newdream.net>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      3a5e1404
    • Eric Paris's avatar
      Btrfs: introduce btrfs_show_options · a9572a15
      Eric Paris authored
      
      
      btrfs options can change at times other than mount, yet /proc/mounts shows the
      options string used when the fs was mounted (an example would be when btrfs
      determines that barriers aren't useful and turns them off.)  This patch
      instead outputs the actual options in use by btrfs.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarEric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      a9572a15
  9. 12 Feb, 2009 2 commits
  10. 21 Jan, 2009 2 commits
  11. 16 Jan, 2009 1 commit
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: fix ioctl arg size (userland incompatible change!) · c071fcfd
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      The structure used to send device in btrfs ioctl calls was not
      properly aligned, and so 32 bit ioctls would not work properly on
      64 bit kernels.
      
      We could fix this with compat ioctls, but we're just one byte away
      and it doesn't make sense at this stage to carry about the compat ioctls
      forever at this stage in the project.
      
      This patch brings the ioctl arg up to an evenly aligned 4k.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      c071fcfd
  12. 15 Jan, 2009 1 commit
  13. 10 Jan, 2009 1 commit
  14. 05 Jan, 2009 3 commits
  15. 12 Dec, 2008 1 commit
  16. 02 Dec, 2008 2 commits
  17. 20 Nov, 2008 1 commit
  18. 17 Nov, 2008 2 commits
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: Allow subvolumes and snapshots anywhere in the directory tree · 3de4586c
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      Before, all snapshots and subvolumes lived in a single flat directory.  This
      was awkward and confusing because the single flat directory was only writable
      with the ioctls.
      
      This commit changes the ioctls to create subvols and snapshots at any
      point in the directory tree.  This requires making separate ioctls for
      snapshot and subvol creation instead of a combining them into one.
      
      The subvol ioctl does:
      
      btrfsctl -S subvol_name parent_dir
      
      After the ioctl is done subvol_name lives inside parent_dir.
      
      The snapshot ioctl does:
      
      btrfsctl -s path_for_snapshot root_to_snapshot
      
      path_for_snapshot can be an absolute or relative path.  btrfsctl breaks it up
      into directory and basename components.
      
      root_to_snapshot can be any file or directory in the FS.  The snapshot
      is taken of the entire root where that file lives.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      3de4586c
    • Yan Zheng's avatar
      Btrfs: Seed device support · 2b82032c
      Yan Zheng authored
      
      
      Seed device is a special btrfs with SEEDING super flag
      set and can only be mounted in read-only mode. Seed
      devices allow people to create new btrfs on top of it.
      
      The new FS contains the same contents as the seed device,
      but it can be mounted in read-write mode.
      
      This patch does the following:
      
      1) split code in btrfs_alloc_chunk into two parts. The first part does makes
      the newly allocated chunk usable, but does not do any operation that modifies
      the chunk tree. The second part does the the chunk tree modifications. This
      division is for the bootstrap step of adding storage to the seed device.
      
      2) Update device management code to handle seed device.
      The basic idea is: For an FS grown from seed devices, its
      seed devices are put into a list. Seed devices are
      opened on demand at mounting time. If any seed device is
      missing or has been changed, btrfs kernel module will
      refuse to mount the FS.
      
      3) make btrfs_find_block_group not return NULL when all
      block groups are read-only.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarYan Zheng <zheng.yan@oracle.com>
      2b82032c
  19. 12 Nov, 2008 1 commit
    • Yan Zheng's avatar
      Btrfs: mount ro and remount support · c146afad
      Yan Zheng authored
      
      
      This patch adds mount ro and remount support. The main
      changes in patch are: adding btrfs_remount and related
      helper function; splitting the transaction related code
      out of close_ctree into btrfs_commit_super; updating
      allocator to properly handle read only block group.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarYan Zheng <zheng.yan@oracle.com>
      c146afad
  20. 06 Nov, 2008 1 commit
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: Optimize compressed writeback and reads · 771ed689
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      When reading compressed extents, try to put pages into the page cache
      for any pages covered by the compressed extent that readpages didn't already
      preload.
      
      Add an async work queue to handle transformations at delayed allocation processing
      time.  Right now this is just compression.  The workflow is:
      
      1) Find offsets in the file marked for delayed allocation
      2) Lock the pages
      3) Lock the state bits
      4) Call the async delalloc code
      
      The async delalloc code clears the state lock bits and delalloc bits.  It is
      important this happens before the range goes into the work queue because
      otherwise it might deadlock with other work queue items that try to lock
      those extent bits.
      
      The file pages are compressed, and if the compression doesn't work the
      pages are written back directly.
      
      An ordered work queue is used to make sure the inodes are written in the same
      order that pdflush or writepages sent them down.
      
      This changes extent_write_cache_pages to let the writepage function
      update the wbc nr_written count.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      771ed689
  21. 29 Oct, 2008 1 commit
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: Add zlib compression support · c8b97818
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      This is a large change for adding compression on reading and writing,
      both for inline and regular extents.  It does some fairly large
      surgery to the writeback paths.
      
      Compression is off by default and enabled by mount -o compress.  Even
      when the -o compress mount option is not used, it is possible to read
      compressed extents off the disk.
      
      If compression for a given set of pages fails to make them smaller, the
      file is flagged to avoid future compression attempts later.
      
      * While finding delalloc extents, the pages are locked before being sent down
      to the delalloc handler.  This allows the delalloc handler to do complex things
      such as cleaning the pages, marking them writeback and starting IO on their
      behalf.
      
      * Inline extents are inserted at delalloc time now.  This allows us to compress
      the data before inserting the inline extent, and it allows us to insert
      an inline extent that spans multiple pages.
      
      * All of the in-memory extent representations (extent_map.c, ordered-data.c etc)
      are changed to record both an in-memory size and an on disk size, as well
      as a flag for compression.
      
      From a disk format point of view, the extent pointers in the file are changed
      to record the on disk size of a given extent and some encoding flags.
      Space in the disk format is allocated for compression encoding, as well
      as encryption and a generic 'other' field.  Neither the encryption or the
      'other' field are currently used.
      
      In order to limit the amount of data read for a single random read in the
      file, the size of a compressed extent is limited to 128k.  This is a
      software only limit, the disk format supports u64 sized compressed extents.
      
      In order to limit the ram consumed while processing extents, the uncompressed
      size of a compressed extent is limited to 256k.  This is a software only limit
      and will be subject to tuning later.
      
      Checksumming is still done on compressed extents, and it is done on the
      uncompressed version of the data.  This way additional encodings can be
      layered on without having to figure out which encoding to checksum.
      
      Compression happens at delalloc time, which is basically singled threaded because
      it is usually done by a single pdflush thread.  This makes it tricky to
      spread the compression load across all the cpus on the box.  We'll have to
      look at parallel pdflush walks of dirty inodes at a later time.
      
      Decompression is hooked into readpages and it does spread across CPUs nicely.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      c8b97818
  22. 29 Sep, 2008 1 commit
    • Chris Mason's avatar
      Btrfs: add and improve comments · d352ac68
      Chris Mason authored
      
      
      This improves the comments at the top of many functions.  It didn't
      dive into the guts of functions because I was trying to
      avoid merging problems with the new allocator and back reference work.
      
      extent-tree.c and volumes.c were both skipped, and there is definitely
      more work todo in cleaning and commenting the code.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com>
      d352ac68
  23. 25 Sep, 2008 7 commits