Commit f48d9663 authored by Alexander Nyberg's avatar Alexander Nyberg Committed by Linus Torvalds
Browse files

[PATCH] x86 stack initialisation fix



The recent change fix-crash-in-entrys-restore_all.patch

 	childregs->esp = esp;

 	p->thread.esp = (unsigned long) childregs;
-	p->thread.esp0 = (unsigned long) (childregs+1);
+	p->thread.esp0 = (unsigned long) (childregs+1) - 8;

 	p->thread.eip = (unsigned long) ret_from_fork;

introduces an inconsistency between esp and esp0 before the task is run the
first time.  esp0 is no longer the actual start of the stack, but 8 bytes
off.

This shows itself clearly in a scenario when a ptracer that is set to also
ptrace eventual children traces program1 which then clones thread1.  Now
the ptracer wants to modify the registers of thread1.  The x86 ptrace
implementation bases it's knowledge about saved user-space registers upon
p->thread.esp0.  But this will be a few bytes off causing certain writes to
the kernel stack to overwrite a saved kernel function address making the
kernel when actually running thread1 jump out into user-space.  Very
spectacular.

The testcase I've used is:
/* start with strace -f ./a.out */
#include <pthread.h>
#include <stdio.h>

void *do_thread(void *p)
{
	for (;;);
}

int main()
{
	pthread_t one;
	pthread_create(&one, NULL, &do_thread, NULL);
	for (;;);
	return 0;
}

So, my solution is to instead of just adjusting esp0 that creates an
inconsitent state I adjust where the user-space registers are saved with -8
bytes.  This gives us the wanted extra bytes on the start of the stack and
esp0 is now correct.  This solves the issues I saw from the original
testcase from Mateusz Berezecki and has survived testing here.  I think
this should go into -mm a round or two first however as there might be some
cruft around depending on pt_regs lying on the start of the stack.  That
however would have broken with the first change too!

It's actually a 2-line diff but I had to move the comment of why the -8 bytes
are there a few lines up. Thanks to Zwane for helping me with this.
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexander Nyberg <alexn@telia.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
parent 47c29752
......@@ -400,11 +400,6 @@ int copy_thread(int nr, unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long esp,
int err;
childregs = ((struct pt_regs *) (THREAD_SIZE + (unsigned long) p->thread_info)) - 1;
*childregs = *regs;
childregs->eax = 0;
childregs->esp = esp;
p->thread.esp = (unsigned long) childregs;
/*
* The below -8 is to reserve 8 bytes on top of the ring0 stack.
* This is necessary to guarantee that the entire "struct pt_regs"
......@@ -415,7 +410,13 @@ int copy_thread(int nr, unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long esp,
* "struct pt_regs" is possible, but they may contain the
* completely wrong values.
*/
p->thread.esp0 = (unsigned long) (childregs+1) - 8;
childregs = (struct pt_regs *) ((unsigned long) childregs - 8);
*childregs = *regs;
childregs->eax = 0;
childregs->esp = esp;
p->thread.esp = (unsigned long) childregs;
p->thread.esp0 = (unsigned long) (childregs+1);
p->thread.eip = (unsigned long) ret_from_fork;
......
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