Commit f11e6659 authored by David S. Miller's avatar David S. Miller
Browse files

[IPV6]: Fix routing round-robin locking.



As per RFC2461, section 6.3.6, item #2, when no routers on the
matching list are known to be reachable or probably reachable we
do round robin on those available routes so that we make sure
to probe as many of them as possible to detect when one becomes
reachable faster.

Each routing table has a rwlock protecting the tree and the linked
list of routes at each leaf.  The round robin code executes during
lookup and thus with the rwlock taken as a reader.  A small local
spinlock tries to provide protection but this does not work at all
for two reasons:

1) The round-robin list manipulation, as coded, goes like this (with
   read lock held):

	walk routes finding head and tail

	spin_lock();
	rotate list using head and tail
	spin_unlock();

   While one thread is rotating the list, another thread can
   end up with stale values of head and tail and then proceed
   to corrupt the list when it gets the lock.  This ends up causing
   the OOPS in fib6_add() later onthat many people have been hitting.

2) All the other code paths that run with the rwlock held as
   a reader do not expect the list to change on them, they
   expect it to remain completely fixed while they hold the
   lock in that way.

So, simply stated, it is impossible to implement this correctly using
a manipulation of the list without violating the rwlock locking
semantics.

Reimplement using a per-fib6_node round-robin pointer.  This way we
don't need to manipulate the list at all, and since the round-robin
pointer can only ever point to real existing entries we don't need
to perform any locking on the changing of the round-robin pointer
itself.  We only need to reset the round-robin pointer to NULL when
the entry it is pointing to is removed.

The idea is from Thomas Graf and it is very similar to how this
was implemented before the advanced router selection code when in.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent a9791011
......@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@ struct fib6_node
__u16 fn_bit; /* bit key */
__u16 fn_flags;
__u32 fn_sernum;
struct rt6_info *rr_ptr;
};
#ifndef CONFIG_IPV6_SUBTREES
......
......@@ -658,6 +658,10 @@ static int fib6_add_rt2node(struct fib6_node *fn, struct rt6_info *rt,
ins = &iter->u.dst.rt6_next;
}
/* Reset round-robin state, if necessary */
if (ins == &fn->leaf)
fn->rr_ptr = NULL;
/*
* insert node
*/
......@@ -1109,6 +1113,10 @@ static void fib6_del_route(struct fib6_node *fn, struct rt6_info **rtp,
rt6_stats.fib_rt_entries--;
rt6_stats.fib_discarded_routes++;
/* Reset round-robin state, if necessary */
if (fn->rr_ptr == rt)
fn->rr_ptr = NULL;
/* Adjust walkers */
read_lock(&fib6_walker_lock);
FOR_WALKERS(w) {
......
......@@ -363,55 +363,76 @@ static int rt6_score_route(struct rt6_info *rt, int oif,
return m;
}
static struct rt6_info *rt6_select(struct rt6_info **head, int oif,
int strict)
static struct rt6_info *find_match(struct rt6_info *rt, int oif, int strict,
int *mpri, struct rt6_info *match)
{
struct rt6_info *match = NULL, *last = NULL;
struct rt6_info *rt, *rt0 = *head;
u32 metric;
int m;
if (rt6_check_expired(rt))
goto out;
m = rt6_score_route(rt, oif, strict);
if (m < 0)
goto out;
if (m > *mpri) {
if (strict & RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE)
rt6_probe(match);
*mpri = m;
match = rt;
} else if (strict & RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE) {
rt6_probe(rt);
}
out:
return match;
}
static struct rt6_info *find_rr_leaf(struct fib6_node *fn,
struct rt6_info *rr_head,
u32 metric, int oif, int strict)
{
struct rt6_info *rt, *match;
int mpri = -1;
RT6_TRACE("%s(head=%p(*head=%p), oif=%d)\n",
__FUNCTION__, head, head ? *head : NULL, oif);
match = NULL;
for (rt = rr_head; rt && rt->rt6i_metric == metric;
rt = rt->u.dst.rt6_next)
match = find_match(rt, oif, strict, &mpri, match);
for (rt = fn->leaf; rt && rt != rr_head && rt->rt6i_metric == metric;
rt = rt->u.dst.rt6_next)
match = find_match(rt, oif, strict, &mpri, match);
for (rt = rt0, metric = rt0->rt6i_metric;
rt && rt->rt6i_metric == metric && (!last || rt != rt0);
rt = rt->u.dst.rt6_next) {
int m;
return match;
}
if (rt6_check_expired(rt))
continue;
static struct rt6_info *rt6_select(struct fib6_node *fn, int oif, int strict)
{
struct rt6_info *match, *rt0;
last = rt;
RT6_TRACE("%s(fn->leaf=%p, oif=%d)\n",
__FUNCTION__, fn->leaf, oif);
m = rt6_score_route(rt, oif, strict);
if (m < 0)
continue;
rt0 = fn->rr_ptr;
if (!rt0)
fn->rr_ptr = rt0 = fn->leaf;
if (m > mpri) {
if (strict & RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE)
rt6_probe(match);
match = rt;
mpri = m;
} else if (strict & RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE) {
rt6_probe(rt);
}
}
match = find_rr_leaf(fn, rt0, rt0->rt6i_metric, oif, strict);
if (!match &&
(strict & RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE) &&
last && last != rt0) {
(strict & RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE)) {
struct rt6_info *next = rt0->u.dst.rt6_next;
/* no entries matched; do round-robin */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(lock);
spin_lock(&lock);
*head = rt0->u.dst.rt6_next;
rt0->u.dst.rt6_next = last->u.dst.rt6_next;
last->u.dst.rt6_next = rt0;
spin_unlock(&lock);
if (!next || next->rt6i_metric != rt0->rt6i_metric)
next = fn->leaf;
if (next != rt0)
fn->rr_ptr = next;
}
RT6_TRACE("%s() => %p, score=%d\n",
__FUNCTION__, match, mpri);
RT6_TRACE("%s() => %p\n",
__FUNCTION__, match);
return (match ? match : &ip6_null_entry);
}
......@@ -657,7 +678,7 @@ restart_2:
fn = fib6_lookup(&table->tb6_root, &fl->fl6_dst, &fl->fl6_src);
restart:
rt = rt6_select(&fn->leaf, fl->iif, strict | reachable);
rt = rt6_select(fn, fl->iif, strict | reachable);
BACKTRACK(&fl->fl6_src);
if (rt == &ip6_null_entry ||
rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_CACHE)
......@@ -752,7 +773,7 @@ restart_2:
fn = fib6_lookup(&table->tb6_root, &fl->fl6_dst, &fl->fl6_src);
restart:
rt = rt6_select(&fn->leaf, fl->oif, strict | reachable);
rt = rt6_select(fn, fl->oif, strict | reachable);
BACKTRACK(&fl->fl6_src);
if (rt == &ip6_null_entry ||
rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_CACHE)
......
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