Commit ef2ac63a authored by Geoff Levand's avatar Geoff Levand Committed by Paul Mackerras
Browse files

[POWERPC] PS3: Add os-area database routines

Add support for a simple tagged database in the PS3 flash rom
os-area.  The database allows the flash rom os-area to be shared
between a bootloader and installed operating systems.   The
application ps3-flash-util or the library libps3-utils from the
ps3-utils package can be used for userspace database operations.

The latest ps3-utils package is available here:

  git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/geoff/ps3-utils.git

Signed-off-by: default avatarGeoff Levand <geoffrey.levand@am.sony.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarPaul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
parent 7db19421
......@@ -21,6 +21,8 @@
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <asm/lmb.h>
......@@ -39,7 +41,7 @@ enum os_area_ldr_format {
* struct os_area_header - os area header segment.
* @magic_num: Always 'cell_ext_os_area'.
* @hdr_version: Header format version number.
* @os_area_offset: Starting segment number of os image area.
* @db_area_offset: Starting segment number of other os database area.
* @ldr_area_offset: Starting segment number of bootloader image area.
* @ldr_format: HEADER_LDR_FORMAT flag.
* @ldr_size: Size of bootloader image in bytes.
......@@ -53,7 +55,7 @@ enum os_area_ldr_format {
struct os_area_header {
u8 magic_num[16];
u32 hdr_version;
u32 os_area_offset;
u32 db_area_offset;
u32 ldr_area_offset;
u32 _reserved_1;
u32 ldr_format;
......@@ -112,10 +114,95 @@ struct os_area_params {
u8 _reserved_5[8];
};
enum {
OS_AREA_DB_MAGIC_NUM = 0x2d64622dU,
};
/**
* struct os_area_db - Shared flash memory database.
* @magic_num: Always '-db-' = 0x2d64622d.
* @version: os_area_db format version number.
* @index_64: byte offset of the database id index for 64 bit variables.
* @count_64: number of usable 64 bit index entries
* @index_32: byte offset of the database id index for 32 bit variables.
* @count_32: number of usable 32 bit index entries
* @index_16: byte offset of the database id index for 16 bit variables.
* @count_16: number of usable 16 bit index entries
*
* Flash rom storage for exclusive use by guests running in the other os lpar.
* The current system configuration allocates 1K (two segments) for other os
* use.
*/
struct os_area_db {
u32 magic_num;
u16 version;
u16 _reserved_1;
u16 index_64;
u16 count_64;
u16 index_32;
u16 count_32;
u16 index_16;
u16 count_16;
u32 _reserved_2;
u8 _db_data[1000];
};
/**
* enum os_area_db_owner - Data owners.
*/
enum os_area_db_owner {
OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_ANY = -1,
OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_NONE = 0,
OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_PROTOTYPE = 1,
OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_LINUX = 2,
OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_PETITBOOT = 3,
OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_MAX = 32,
};
enum os_area_db_key {
OS_AREA_DB_KEY_ANY = -1,
OS_AREA_DB_KEY_NONE = 0,
OS_AREA_DB_KEY_RTC_DIFF = 1,
OS_AREA_DB_KEY_VIDEO_MODE = 2,
OS_AREA_DB_KEY_MAX = 8,
};
struct os_area_db_id {
int owner;
int key;
};
static const struct os_area_db_id os_area_db_id_empty = {
.owner = OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_NONE,
.key = OS_AREA_DB_KEY_NONE
};
static const struct os_area_db_id os_area_db_id_any = {
.owner = OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_ANY,
.key = OS_AREA_DB_KEY_ANY
};
static const struct os_area_db_id os_area_db_id_rtc_diff = {
.owner = OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_LINUX,
.key = OS_AREA_DB_KEY_RTC_DIFF
};
static const struct os_area_db_id os_area_db_id_video_mode = {
.owner = OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_LINUX,
.key = OS_AREA_DB_KEY_VIDEO_MODE
};
#define SECONDS_FROM_1970_TO_2000 946684800LL
/**
* struct saved_params - Static working copies of data from the PS3 'os area'.
*
* The order of preference we use for the rtc_diff source:
* 1) The database value.
* 2) The game os value.
* 3) The number of seconds from 1970 to 2000.
*/
struct saved_params {
......@@ -182,17 +269,17 @@ static void __init os_area_get_property(struct device_node *node,
static void _dump_header(const struct os_area_header *h, const char *func,
int line)
{
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.magic_num: '%s'\n", func, line,
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.magic_num: '%s'\n", func, line,
h->magic_num);
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.hdr_version: %u\n", func, line,
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.hdr_version: %u\n", func, line,
h->hdr_version);
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.os_area_offset: %u\n", func, line,
h->os_area_offset);
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.db_area_offset: %u\n", func, line,
h->db_area_offset);
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.ldr_area_offset: %u\n", func, line,
h->ldr_area_offset);
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.ldr_format: %u\n", func, line,
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.ldr_format: %u\n", func, line,
h->ldr_format);
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.ldr_size: %xh\n", func, line,
pr_debug("%s:%d: h.ldr_size: %xh\n", func, line,
h->ldr_size);
}
......@@ -222,7 +309,7 @@ static void _dump_params(const struct os_area_params *p, const char *func,
p->dns_secondary[2], p->dns_secondary[3]);
}
static int __init verify_header(const struct os_area_header *header)
static int verify_header(const struct os_area_header *header)
{
if (memcmp(header->magic_num, "cell_ext_os_area", 16)) {
pr_debug("%s:%d magic_num failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
......@@ -234,7 +321,7 @@ static int __init verify_header(const struct os_area_header *header)
return -1;
}
if (header->os_area_offset > header->ldr_area_offset) {
if (header->db_area_offset > header->ldr_area_offset) {
pr_debug("%s:%d offsets failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
return -1;
}
......@@ -242,6 +329,319 @@ static int __init verify_header(const struct os_area_header *header)
return 0;
}
static int db_verify(const struct os_area_db *db)
{
if (db->magic_num != OS_AREA_DB_MAGIC_NUM) {
pr_debug("%s:%d magic_num failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
return -1;
}
if (db->version != 1) {
pr_debug("%s:%d version failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
struct db_index {
uint8_t owner:5;
uint8_t key:3;
};
struct db_iterator {
const struct os_area_db *db;
struct os_area_db_id match_id;
struct db_index *idx;
struct db_index *last_idx;
union {
uint64_t *value_64;
uint32_t *value_32;
uint16_t *value_16;
};
};
static unsigned int db_align_up(unsigned int val, unsigned int size)
{
return (val + (size - 1)) & (~(size - 1));
}
/**
* db_for_each_64 - Iterator for 64 bit entries.
*
* A NULL value for id can be used to match all entries.
* OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_ANY and OS_AREA_DB_KEY_ANY can be used to match all.
*/
static int db_for_each_64(const struct os_area_db *db,
const struct os_area_db_id *match_id, struct db_iterator *i)
{
next:
if (!i->db) {
i->db = db;
i->match_id = match_id ? *match_id : os_area_db_id_any;
i->idx = (void *)db + db->index_64;
i->last_idx = i->idx + db->count_64;
i->value_64 = (void *)db + db->index_64
+ db_align_up(db->count_64, 8);
} else {
i->idx++;
i->value_64++;
}
if (i->idx >= i->last_idx) {
pr_debug("%s:%d: reached end\n", __func__, __LINE__);
return 0;
}
if (i->match_id.owner != OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_ANY
&& i->match_id.owner != (int)i->idx->owner)
goto next;
if (i->match_id.key != OS_AREA_DB_KEY_ANY
&& i->match_id.key != (int)i->idx->key)
goto next;
return 1;
}
static int db_delete_64(struct os_area_db *db, const struct os_area_db_id *id)
{
struct db_iterator i;
for (i.db = NULL; db_for_each_64(db, id, &i); ) {
pr_debug("%s:%d: got (%d:%d) %llxh\n", __func__, __LINE__,
i.idx->owner, i.idx->key,
(unsigned long long)*i.value_64);
i.idx->owner = 0;
i.idx->key = 0;
*i.value_64 = 0;
}
return 0;
}
static int db_set_64(struct os_area_db *db, const struct os_area_db_id *id,
uint64_t value)
{
struct db_iterator i;
pr_debug("%s:%d: (%d:%d) <= %llxh\n", __func__, __LINE__,
id->owner, id->key, (unsigned long long)value);
if (!id->owner || id->owner == OS_AREA_DB_OWNER_ANY
|| id->key == OS_AREA_DB_KEY_ANY) {
pr_debug("%s:%d: bad id: (%d:%d)\n", __func__,
__LINE__, id->owner, id->key);
return -1;
}
db_delete_64(db, id);
i.db = NULL;
if (db_for_each_64(db, &os_area_db_id_empty, &i)) {
pr_debug("%s:%d: got (%d:%d) %llxh\n", __func__, __LINE__,
i.idx->owner, i.idx->key,
(unsigned long long)*i.value_64);
i.idx->owner = id->owner;
i.idx->key = id->key;
*i.value_64 = value;
pr_debug("%s:%d: set (%d:%d) <= %llxh\n", __func__, __LINE__,
i.idx->owner, i.idx->key,
(unsigned long long)*i.value_64);
return 0;
}
pr_debug("%s:%d: database full.\n",
__func__, __LINE__);
return -1;
}
static int db_get_64(const struct os_area_db *db,
const struct os_area_db_id *id, uint64_t *value)
{
struct db_iterator i;
i.db = NULL;
if (db_for_each_64(db, id, &i)) {
*value = *i.value_64;
pr_debug("%s:%d: found %lld\n", __func__, __LINE__,
(long long int)*i.value_64);
return 0;
}
pr_debug("%s:%d: not found\n", __func__, __LINE__);
return -1;
}
static int db_get_rtc_diff(const struct os_area_db *db, int64_t *rtc_diff)
{
return db_get_64(db, &os_area_db_id_rtc_diff, (uint64_t*)rtc_diff);
}
#define dump_db(a) _dump_db(a, __func__, __LINE__)
static void _dump_db(const struct os_area_db *db, const char *func,
int line)
{
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.magic_num: '%s'\n", func, line,
(const char*)&db->magic_num);
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.version: %u\n", func, line,
db->version);
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.index_64: %u\n", func, line,
db->index_64);
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.count_64: %u\n", func, line,
db->count_64);
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.index_32: %u\n", func, line,
db->index_32);
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.count_32: %u\n", func, line,
db->count_32);
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.index_16: %u\n", func, line,
db->index_16);
pr_debug("%s:%d: db.count_16: %u\n", func, line,
db->count_16);
}
static void os_area_db_init(struct os_area_db *db)
{
enum {
HEADER_SIZE = offsetof(struct os_area_db, _db_data),
INDEX_64_COUNT = 64,
VALUES_64_COUNT = 57,
INDEX_32_COUNT = 64,
VALUES_32_COUNT = 57,
INDEX_16_COUNT = 64,
VALUES_16_COUNT = 57,
};
memset(db, 0, sizeof(struct os_area_db));
db->magic_num = OS_AREA_DB_MAGIC_NUM;
db->version = 1;
db->index_64 = HEADER_SIZE;
db->count_64 = VALUES_64_COUNT;
db->index_32 = HEADER_SIZE
+ INDEX_64_COUNT * sizeof(struct db_index)
+ VALUES_64_COUNT * sizeof(u64);
db->count_32 = VALUES_32_COUNT;
db->index_16 = HEADER_SIZE
+ INDEX_64_COUNT * sizeof(struct db_index)
+ VALUES_64_COUNT * sizeof(u64)
+ INDEX_32_COUNT * sizeof(struct db_index)
+ VALUES_32_COUNT * sizeof(u32);
db->count_16 = VALUES_16_COUNT;
/* Rules to check db layout. */
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct db_index) != 1);
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct os_area_db) != 2 * OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE);
BUILD_BUG_ON(INDEX_64_COUNT & 0x7);
BUILD_BUG_ON(VALUES_64_COUNT > INDEX_64_COUNT);
BUILD_BUG_ON(INDEX_32_COUNT & 0x7);
BUILD_BUG_ON(VALUES_32_COUNT > INDEX_32_COUNT);
BUILD_BUG_ON(INDEX_16_COUNT & 0x7);
BUILD_BUG_ON(VALUES_16_COUNT > INDEX_16_COUNT);
BUILD_BUG_ON(HEADER_SIZE
+ INDEX_64_COUNT * sizeof(struct db_index)
+ VALUES_64_COUNT * sizeof(u64)
+ INDEX_32_COUNT * sizeof(struct db_index)
+ VALUES_32_COUNT * sizeof(u32)
+ INDEX_16_COUNT * sizeof(struct db_index)
+ VALUES_16_COUNT * sizeof(u16)
> sizeof(struct os_area_db));
}
/**
* update_flash_db - Helper for os_area_queue_work_handler.
*
*/
static void update_flash_db(void)
{
int result;
int file;
off_t offset;
ssize_t count;
static const unsigned int buf_len = 8 * OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE;
const struct os_area_header *header;
struct os_area_db* db;
/* Read in header and db from flash. */
file = sys_open("/dev/ps3flash", O_RDWR, 0);
if (file < 0) {
pr_debug("%s:%d sys_open failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
goto fail_open;
}
header = kmalloc(buf_len, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!header) {
pr_debug("%s:%d kmalloc failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
goto fail_malloc;
}
offset = sys_lseek(file, 0, SEEK_SET);
if (offset != 0) {
pr_debug("%s:%d sys_lseek failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
goto fail_header_seek;
}
count = sys_read(file, (char __user *)header, buf_len);
result = count < OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE || verify_header(header)
|| count < header->db_area_offset * OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE;
if (result) {
pr_debug("%s:%d verify_header failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
dump_header(header);
goto fail_header;
}
/* Now got a good db offset and some maybe good db data. */
db = (void*)header + header->db_area_offset * OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE;
result = db_verify(db);
if (result) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s:%d: Verify of flash database failed, "
"formatting.\n", __func__, __LINE__);
dump_db(db);
os_area_db_init(db);
}
/* Now got good db data. */
db_set_64(db, &os_area_db_id_rtc_diff, saved_params.rtc_diff);
offset = sys_lseek(file, header->db_area_offset * OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE,
SEEK_SET);
if (offset != header->db_area_offset * OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE) {
pr_debug("%s:%d sys_lseek failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
goto fail_db_seek;
}
count = sys_write(file, (const char __user *)db,
sizeof(struct os_area_db));
if (count < sizeof(struct os_area_db)) {
pr_debug("%s:%d sys_write failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
}
fail_db_seek:
fail_header:
fail_header_seek:
kfree(header);
fail_malloc:
sys_close(file);
fail_open:
return;
}
/**
* os_area_queue_work_handler - Asynchronous write handler.
*
......@@ -264,6 +664,12 @@ static void os_area_queue_work_handler(struct work_struct *work)
pr_debug("%s:%d of_find_node_by_path failed\n",
__func__, __LINE__);
#if defined(CONFIG_PS3_FLASH) || defined(CONFIG_PS3_FLASH_MODULE)
update_flash_db();
#else
printk(KERN_WARNING "%s:%d: No flash rom driver configured.\n",
__func__, __LINE__);
#endif
pr_debug(" <- %s:%d\n", __func__, __LINE__);
}
......@@ -278,11 +684,15 @@ static void os_area_queue_work(void)
/**
* ps3_os_area_save_params - Copy data from os area mirror to @saved_params.
*
* For the convenience of the guest, the HV makes a copy of the os area in
* For the convenience of the guest the HV makes a copy of the os area in
* flash to a high address in the boot memory region and then puts that RAM
* address and the byte count into the repository for retreval by the guest.
* address and the byte count into the repository for retrieval by the guest.
* We copy the data we want into a static variable and allow the memory setup
* by the HV to be claimed by the lmb manager.
*
* The os area mirror will not be available to a second stage kernel, and
* the header verify will fail. In this case, the saved_params values will
* be set from flash memory or the passed in device tree in ps3_os_area_init().
*/
void __init ps3_os_area_save_params(void)
......@@ -292,6 +702,7 @@ void __init ps3_os_area_save_params(void)
unsigned int size;
struct os_area_header *header;
struct os_area_params *params;
struct os_area_db *db;
pr_debug(" -> %s:%d\n", __func__, __LINE__);
......@@ -311,16 +722,22 @@ void __init ps3_os_area_save_params(void)
if (result) {
/* Second stage kernels exit here. */
pr_debug("%s:%d verify_header failed\n", __func__, __LINE__);
dump_header(header);
return;
}
db = (struct os_area_db *)__va(lpar_addr
+ header->db_area_offset * OS_AREA_SEGMENT_SIZE);
dump_header(header);
dump_params(params);
dump_db(db);
saved_params.rtc_diff = params->rtc_diff;
result = db_verify(db) || db_get_rtc_diff(db, &saved_params.rtc_diff);
if (result)
saved_params.rtc_diff = params->rtc_diff ? params->rtc_diff
: SECONDS_FROM_1970_TO_2000;
saved_params.av_multi_out = params->av_multi_out;
saved_params.valid = 1;
......
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