Commit e2ec4581 authored by Scott Wood's avatar Scott Wood Committed by David S. Miller

Generic bitbanged MDIO library

Previously, bitbanged MDIO was only supported in individual
hardware-specific drivers.  This code factors out the higher level
protocol implementation, reducing the hardware-specific portion to
functions setting direction, data, and clock.
Signed-off-by: default avatarScott Wood <scottwood@freescale.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJeff Garzik <jeff@garzik.org>
parent 976de6a8
......@@ -90,4 +90,13 @@ config FIXED_MII_AMNT
This control will have specified number allocated for each fixed
PHY type enabled.
config MDIO_BITBANG
tristate "Support for bitbanged MDIO buses"
help
This module implements the MDIO bus protocol in software,
for use by low level drivers that export the ability to
drive the relevant pins.
If in doubt, say N.
endif # PHYLIB
......@@ -13,3 +13,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VITESSE_PHY) += vitesse.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BROADCOM_PHY) += broadcom.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ICPLUS_PHY) += icplus.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FIXED_PHY) += fixed.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MDIO_BITBANG) += mdio-bitbang.o
/*
* Bitbanged MDIO support.
*
* Author: Scott Wood <scottwood@freescale.com>
* Copyright (c) 2007 Freescale Semiconductor
*
* Based on CPM2 MDIO code which is:
*
* Copyright (c) 2003 Intracom S.A.
* by Pantelis Antoniou <panto@intracom.gr>
*
* 2005 (c) MontaVista Software, Inc.
* Vitaly Bordug <vbordug@ru.mvista.com>
*
* This file is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* version 2. This program is licensed "as is" without any warranty of any
* kind, whether express or implied.
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mdio-bitbang.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#define MDIO_READ 1
#define MDIO_WRITE 0
#define MDIO_SETUP_TIME 10
#define MDIO_HOLD_TIME 10
/* Minimum MDC period is 400 ns, plus some margin for error. MDIO_DELAY
* is done twice per period.
*/
#define MDIO_DELAY 250
/* The PHY may take up to 300 ns to produce data, plus some margin
* for error.
*/
#define MDIO_READ_DELAY 350
/* MDIO must already be configured as output. */
static void mdiobb_send_bit(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl, int val)
{
const struct mdiobb_ops *ops = ctrl->ops;
ops->set_mdio_data(ctrl, val);
ndelay(MDIO_DELAY);
ops->set_mdc(ctrl, 1);
ndelay(MDIO_DELAY);
ops->set_mdc(ctrl, 0);
}
/* MDIO must already be configured as input. */
static int mdiobb_get_bit(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl)
{
const struct mdiobb_ops *ops = ctrl->ops;
ndelay(MDIO_DELAY);
ops->set_mdc(ctrl, 1);
ndelay(MDIO_READ_DELAY);
ops->set_mdc(ctrl, 0);
return ops->get_mdio_data(ctrl);
}
/* MDIO must already be configured as output. */
static void mdiobb_send_num(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl, u16 val, int bits)
{
int i;
for (i = bits - 1; i >= 0; i--)
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, (val >> i) & 1);
}
/* MDIO must already be configured as input. */
static u16 mdiobb_get_num(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl, int bits)
{
int i;
u16 ret = 0;
for (i = bits - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
ret <<= 1;
ret |= mdiobb_get_bit(ctrl);
}
return ret;
}
/* Utility to send the preamble, address, and
* register (common to read and write).
*/
static void mdiobb_cmd(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl, int read, u8 phy, u8 reg)
{
const struct mdiobb_ops *ops = ctrl->ops;
int i;
ops->set_mdio_dir(ctrl, 1);
/*
* Send a 32 bit preamble ('1's) with an extra '1' bit for good
* measure. The IEEE spec says this is a PHY optional
* requirement. The AMD 79C874 requires one after power up and
* one after a MII communications error. This means that we are
* doing more preambles than we need, but it is safer and will be
* much more robust.
*/
for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, 1);
/* send the start bit (01) and the read opcode (10) or write (10) */
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, 0);
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, 1);
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, read);
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, !read);
mdiobb_send_num(ctrl, phy, 5);
mdiobb_send_num(ctrl, reg, 5);
}
static int mdiobb_read(struct mii_bus *bus, int phy, int reg)
{
struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl = bus->priv;
int ret, i;
mdiobb_cmd(ctrl, MDIO_READ, phy, reg);
ctrl->ops->set_mdio_dir(ctrl, 0);
/* check the turnaround bit: the PHY should be driving it to zero */
if (mdiobb_get_bit(ctrl) != 0) {
/* PHY didn't drive TA low -- flush any bits it
* may be trying to send.
*/
for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
mdiobb_get_bit(ctrl);
return 0xffff;
}
ret = mdiobb_get_num(ctrl, 16);
mdiobb_get_bit(ctrl);
return ret;
}
static int mdiobb_write(struct mii_bus *bus, int phy, int reg, u16 val)
{
struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl = bus->priv;
mdiobb_cmd(ctrl, MDIO_WRITE, phy, reg);
/* send the turnaround (10) */
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, 1);
mdiobb_send_bit(ctrl, 0);
mdiobb_send_num(ctrl, val, 16);
ctrl->ops->set_mdio_dir(ctrl, 0);
mdiobb_get_bit(ctrl);
return 0;
}
struct mii_bus *alloc_mdio_bitbang(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl)
{
struct mii_bus *bus;
bus = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mii_bus), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!bus)
return NULL;
__module_get(ctrl->ops->owner);
bus->read = mdiobb_read;
bus->write = mdiobb_write;
bus->priv = ctrl;
return bus;
}
void free_mdio_bitbang(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl = bus->priv;
module_put(ctrl->ops->owner);
kfree(bus);
}
#ifndef __LINUX_MDIO_BITBANG_H
#define __LINUX_MDIO_BITBANG_H
#include <linux/phy.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
struct mdiobb_ctrl;
struct mdiobb_ops {
struct module *owner;
/* Set the Management Data Clock high if level is one,
* low if level is zero.
*/
void (*set_mdc)(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl, int level);
/* Configure the Management Data I/O pin as an input if
* "output" is zero, or an output if "output" is one.
*/
void (*set_mdio_dir)(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl, int output);
/* Set the Management Data I/O pin high if value is one,
* low if "value" is zero. This may only be called
* when the MDIO pin is configured as an output.
*/
void (*set_mdio_data)(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl, int value);
/* Retrieve the state Management Data I/O pin. */
int (*get_mdio_data)(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl);
};
struct mdiobb_ctrl {
const struct mdiobb_ops *ops;
};
/* The returned bus is not yet registered with the phy layer. */
struct mii_bus *alloc_mdio_bitbang(struct mdiobb_ctrl *ctrl);
/* The bus must already have been unregistered. */
void free_mdio_bitbang(struct mii_bus *bus);
#endif
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