Commit d9a0540a authored by Filipe Manana's avatar Filipe Manana Committed by Chris Mason
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Btrfs: fix deadlock when finalizing block group creation



Josef ran into a deadlock while a transaction handle was finalizing the
creation of its block groups, which produced the following trace:

  [260445.593112] fio             D ffff88022a9df468     0  8924   4518 0x00000084
  [260445.593119]  ffff88022a9df468 ffffffff81c134c0 ffff880429693c00 ffff88022a9df488
  [260445.593126]  ffff88022a9e0000 ffff8803490d7b00 ffff8803490d7b18 ffff88022a9df4b0
  [260445.593132]  ffff8803490d7af8 ffff88022a9df488 ffffffff8175a437 ffff8803490d7b00
  [260445.593137] Call Trace:
  [260445.593145]  [<ffffffff8175a437>] schedule+0x37/0x80
  [260445.593189]  [<ffffffffa0850f37>] btrfs_tree_lock+0xa7/0x1f0 [btrfs]
  [260445.593197]  [<ffffffff810db7c0>] ? prepare_to_wait_event+0xf0/0xf0
  [260445.593225]  [<ffffffffa07eac44>] btrfs_lock_root_node+0x34/0x50 [btrfs]
  [260445.593253]  [<ffffffffa07eff6b>] btrfs_search_slot+0x88b/0xa00 [btrfs]
  [260445.593295]  [<ffffffffa08389df>] ? free_extent_buffer+0x4f/0x90 [btrfs]
  [260445.593324]  [<ffffffffa07f1a06>] btrfs_insert_empty_items+0x66/0xc0 [btrfs]
  [260445.593351]  [<ffffffffa07ea94a>] ? btrfs_alloc_path+0x1a/0x20 [btrfs]
  [260445.593394]  [<ffffffffa08403b9>] btrfs_finish_chunk_alloc+0x1c9/0x570 [btrfs]
  [260445.593427]  [<ffffffffa08002ab>] btrfs_create_pending_block_groups+0x11b/0x200 [btrfs]
  [260445.593459]  [<ffffffffa0800964>] do_chunk_alloc+0x2a4/0x2e0 [btrfs]
  [260445.593491]  [<ffffffffa0803815>] find_free_extent+0xa55/0xd90 [btrfs]
  [260445.593524]  [<ffffffffa0803c22>] btrfs_reserve_extent+0xd2/0x220 [btrfs]
  [260445.593532]  [<ffffffff8119fe5d>] ? account_page_dirtied+0xdd/0x170
  [260445.593564]  [<ffffffffa0803e78>] btrfs_alloc_tree_block+0x108/0x4a0 [btrfs]
  [260445.593597]  [<ffffffffa080c9de>] ? btree_set_page_dirty+0xe/0x10 [btrfs]
  [260445.593626]  [<ffffffffa07eb5cd>] __btrfs_cow_block+0x12d/0x5b0 [btrfs]
  [260445.593654]  [<ffffffffa07ebbff>] btrfs_cow_block+0x11f/0x1c0 [btrfs]
  [260445.593682]  [<ffffffffa07ef8c7>] btrfs_search_slot+0x1e7/0xa00 [btrfs]
  [260445.593724]  [<ffffffffa08389df>] ? free_extent_buffer+0x4f/0x90 [btrfs]
  [260445.593752]  [<ffffffffa07f1a06>] btrfs_insert_empty_items+0x66/0xc0 [btrfs]
  [260445.593830]  [<ffffffffa07ea94a>] ? btrfs_alloc_path+0x1a/0x20 [btrfs]
  [260445.593905]  [<ffffffffa08403b9>] btrfs_finish_chunk_alloc+0x1c9/0x570 [btrfs]
  [260445.593946]  [<ffffffffa08002ab>] btrfs_create_pending_block_groups+0x11b/0x200 [btrfs]
  [260445.593990]  [<ffffffffa0815798>] btrfs_commit_transaction+0xa8/0xb40 [btrfs]
  [260445.594042]  [<ffffffffa085abcd>] ? btrfs_log_dentry_safe+0x6d/0x80 [btrfs]
  [260445.594089]  [<ffffffffa082bc84>] btrfs_sync_file+0x294/0x350 [btrfs]
  [260445.594115]  [<ffffffff8123e29b>] vfs_fsync_range+0x3b/0xa0
  [260445.594133]  [<ffffffff81023891>] ? syscall_trace_enter_phase1+0x131/0x180
  [260445.594149]  [<ffffffff8123e35d>] do_fsync+0x3d/0x70
  [260445.594169]  [<ffffffff81023bb8>] ? syscall_trace_leave+0xb8/0x110
  [260445.594187]  [<ffffffff8123e600>] SyS_fsync+0x10/0x20
  [260445.594204]  [<ffffffff8175de6e>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x71

This happened because the same transaction handle created a large number
of block groups and while finalizing their creation (inserting new items
and updating existing items in the chunk and device trees) a new metadata
extent had to be allocated and no free space was found in the current
metadata block groups, which made find_free_extent() attempt to allocate
a new block group via do_chunk_alloc(). However at do_chunk_alloc() we
ended up allocating a new system chunk too and exceeded the threshold
of 2Mb of reserved chunk bytes, which makes do_chunk_alloc() enter the
final part of block group creation again (at
btrfs_create_pending_block_groups()) and attempt to lock again the root
of the chunk tree when it's already write locked by the same task.

Similarly we can deadlock on extent tree nodes/leafs if while we are
running delayed references we end up creating a new metadata block group
in order to allocate a new node/leaf for the extent tree (as part of
a CoW operation or growing the tree), as btrfs_create_pending_block_groups
inserts items into the extent tree as well. In this case we get the
following trace:

  [14242.773581] fio             D ffff880428ca3418     0  3615   3100 0x00000084
  [14242.773588]  ffff880428ca3418 ffff88042d66b000 ffff88042a03c800 ffff880428ca3438
  [14242.773594]  ffff880428ca4000 ffff8803e4b20190 ffff8803e4b201a8 ffff880428ca3460
  [14242.773600]  ffff8803e4b20188 ffff880428ca3438 ffffffff8175a437 ffff8803e4b20190
  [14242.773606] Call Trace:
  [14242.773613]  [<ffffffff8175a437>] schedule+0x37/0x80
  [14242.773656]  [<ffffffffa057ff07>] btrfs_tree_lock+0xa7/0x1f0 [btrfs]
  [14242.773664]  [<ffffffff810db7c0>] ? prepare_to_wait_event+0xf0/0xf0
  [14242.773692]  [<ffffffffa0519c44>] btrfs_lock_root_node+0x34/0x50 [btrfs]
  [14242.773720]  [<ffffffffa051ef6b>] btrfs_search_slot+0x88b/0xa00 [btrfs]
  [14242.773750]  [<ffffffffa0520a06>] btrfs_insert_empty_items+0x66/0xc0 [btrfs]
  [14242.773758]  [<ffffffff811ef4a2>] ? kmem_cache_alloc+0x1d2/0x200
  [14242.773786]  [<ffffffffa0520ad1>] btrfs_insert_item+0x71/0xf0 [btrfs]
  [14242.773818]  [<ffffffffa052f292>] btrfs_create_pending_block_groups+0x102/0x200 [btrfs]
  [14242.773850]  [<ffffffffa052f96e>] do_chunk_alloc+0x2ae/0x2f0 [btrfs]
  [14242.773934]  [<ffffffffa0532825>] find_free_extent+0xa55/0xd90 [btrfs]
  [14242.773998]  [<ffffffffa0532c22>] btrfs_reserve_extent+0xc2/0x1d0 [btrfs]
  [14242.774041]  [<ffffffffa0532e38>] btrfs_alloc_tree_block+0x108/0x4a0 [btrfs]
  [14242.774078]  [<ffffffffa051a5cd>] __btrfs_cow_block+0x12d/0x5b0 [btrfs]
  [14242.774118]  [<ffffffffa051abff>] btrfs_cow_block+0x11f/0x1c0 [btrfs]
  [14242.774155]  [<ffffffffa051e8c7>] btrfs_search_slot+0x1e7/0xa00 [btrfs]
  [14242.774194]  [<ffffffffa0528021>] ? __btrfs_free_extent.isra.70+0x2e1/0xcb0 [btrfs]
  [14242.774235]  [<ffffffffa0520a06>] btrfs_insert_empty_items+0x66/0xc0 [btrfs]
  [14242.774274]  [<ffffffffa051994a>] ? btrfs_alloc_path+0x1a/0x20 [btrfs]
  [14242.774318]  [<ffffffffa052c433>] __btrfs_run_delayed_refs+0xbb3/0x1020 [btrfs]
  [14242.774358]  [<ffffffffa052f404>] btrfs_run_delayed_refs.part.78+0x74/0x280 [btrfs]
  [14242.774391]  [<ffffffffa052f627>] btrfs_run_delayed_refs+0x17/0x20 [btrfs]
  [14242.774432]  [<ffffffffa05be236>] commit_cowonly_roots+0x8d/0x2bd [btrfs]
  [14242.774474]  [<ffffffffa059d07f>] ? __btrfs_run_delayed_items+0x1cf/0x210 [btrfs]
  [14242.774516]  [<ffffffffa05adac3>] ? btrfs_qgroup_account_extents+0x83/0x130 [btrfs]
  [14242.774558]  [<ffffffffa0544c40>] btrfs_commit_transaction+0x590/0xb40 [btrfs]
  [14242.774599]  [<ffffffffa0589b9d>] ? btrfs_log_dentry_safe+0x6d/0x80 [btrfs]
  [14242.774642]  [<ffffffffa055ac54>] btrfs_sync_file+0x294/0x350 [btrfs]
  [14242.774650]  [<ffffffff8123e29b>] vfs_fsync_range+0x3b/0xa0
  [14242.774657]  [<ffffffff81023891>] ? syscall_trace_enter_phase1+0x131/0x180
  [14242.774663]  [<ffffffff8123e35d>] do_fsync+0x3d/0x70
  [14242.774669]  [<ffffffff81023bb8>] ? syscall_trace_leave+0xb8/0x110
  [14242.774675]  [<ffffffff8123e600>] SyS_fsync+0x10/0x20
  [14242.774681]  [<ffffffff8175de6e>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x71

Fix this by never recursing into the finalization phase of block group
creation and making sure we never trigger the finalization of block group
creation while running delayed references.
Reported-by: default avatarJosef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com>
Fixes: 00d80e34

 ("Btrfs: fix quick exhaustion of the system array in the superblock")
Signed-off-by: default avatarFilipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
parent 808f80b4
......@@ -2828,6 +2828,7 @@ int btrfs_run_delayed_refs(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head *head;
int ret;
int run_all = count == (unsigned long)-1;
bool can_flush_pending_bgs = trans->can_flush_pending_bgs;
/* We'll clean this up in btrfs_cleanup_transaction */
if (trans->aborted)
......@@ -2844,6 +2845,7 @@ again:
#ifdef SCRAMBLE_DELAYED_REFS
delayed_refs->run_delayed_start = find_middle(&delayed_refs->root);
#endif
trans->can_flush_pending_bgs = false;
ret = __btrfs_run_delayed_refs(trans, root, count);
if (ret < 0) {
btrfs_abort_transaction(trans, root, ret);
......@@ -2893,6 +2895,7 @@ again:
}
out:
assert_qgroups_uptodate(trans);
trans->can_flush_pending_bgs = can_flush_pending_bgs;
return 0;
}
......@@ -4306,7 +4309,8 @@ out:
* the block groups that were made dirty during the lifetime of the
* transaction.
*/
if (trans->chunk_bytes_reserved >= (2 * 1024 * 1024ull)) {
if (trans->can_flush_pending_bgs &&
trans->chunk_bytes_reserved >= (2 * 1024 * 1024ull)) {
btrfs_create_pending_block_groups(trans, trans->root);
btrfs_trans_release_chunk_metadata(trans);
}
......@@ -9560,7 +9564,9 @@ void btrfs_create_pending_block_groups(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_block_group_item item;
struct btrfs_key key;
int ret = 0;
bool can_flush_pending_bgs = trans->can_flush_pending_bgs;
trans->can_flush_pending_bgs = false;
list_for_each_entry_safe(block_group, tmp, &trans->new_bgs, bg_list) {
if (ret)
goto next;
......@@ -9581,6 +9587,7 @@ void btrfs_create_pending_block_groups(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
next:
list_del_init(&block_group->bg_list);
}
trans->can_flush_pending_bgs = can_flush_pending_bgs;
}
int btrfs_make_block_group(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
......
......@@ -557,6 +557,7 @@ again:
h->delayed_ref_elem.seq = 0;
h->type = type;
h->allocating_chunk = false;
h->can_flush_pending_bgs = true;
h->reloc_reserved = false;
h->sync = false;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&h->qgroup_ref_list);
......
......@@ -118,6 +118,7 @@ struct btrfs_trans_handle {
short aborted;
short adding_csums;
bool allocating_chunk;
bool can_flush_pending_bgs;
bool reloc_reserved;
bool sync;
unsigned int type;
......
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