Commit d5c7409f authored by Tejun Heo's avatar Tejun Heo Committed by Linus Torvalds

idr: implement idr_preload[_end]() and idr_alloc()

The current idr interface is very cumbersome.

* For all allocations, two function calls - idr_pre_get() and
  idr_get_new*() - should be made.

* idr_pre_get() doesn't guarantee that the following idr_get_new*()
  will not fail from memory shortage.  If idr_get_new*() returns
  -EAGAIN, the caller is expected to retry pre_get and allocation.

* idr_get_new*() can't enforce upper limit.  Upper limit can only be
  enforced by allocating and then freeing if above limit.

* idr_layer buffer is unnecessarily per-idr.  Each idr ends up keeping
  around MAX_IDR_FREE idr_layers.  The memory consumed per idr is
  under two pages but it makes it difficult to make idr_layer larger.

This patch implements the following new set of allocation functions.

* idr_preload[_end]() - Similar to radix preload but doesn't fail.
  The first idr_alloc() inside preload section can be treated as if it
  were called with @gfp_mask used for idr_preload().

* idr_alloc() - Allocate an ID w/ lower and upper limits.  Takes
  @gfp_flags and can be used w/o preloading.  When used inside
  preloaded section, the allocation mask of preloading can be assumed.

If idr_alloc() can be called from a context which allows sufficiently
relaxed @gfp_mask, it can be used by itself.  If, for example,
idr_alloc() is called inside spinlock protected region, preloading can
be used like the following.

	idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
	spin_lock(lock);

	id = idr_alloc(idr, ptr, start, end, GFP_NOWAIT);

	spin_unlock(lock);
	idr_preload_end();
	if (id < 0)
		error;

which is much simpler and less error-prone than idr_pre_get and
idr_get_new*() loop.

The new interface uses per-pcu idr_layer buffer and thus the number of
idr's in the system doesn't affect the amount of memory used for
preloading.

idr_layer_alloc() is introduced to handle idr_layer allocations for
both old and new ID allocation paths.  This is a bit hairy now but the
new interface is expected to replace the old and the internal
implementation eventually will become simpler.
Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 3594eb28
......@@ -94,14 +94,28 @@ struct idr {
void *idr_find(struct idr *idp, int id);
int idr_pre_get(struct idr *idp, gfp_t gfp_mask);
int idr_get_new_above(struct idr *idp, void *ptr, int starting_id, int *id);
void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask);
int idr_alloc(struct idr *idp, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp_mask);
int idr_for_each(struct idr *idp,
int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data);
void *idr_get_next(struct idr *idp, int *nextid);
void *idr_replace(struct idr *idp, void *ptr, int id);
void idr_remove(struct idr *idp, int id);
void idr_free(struct idr *idp, int id);
void idr_destroy(struct idr *idp);
void idr_init(struct idr *idp);
/**
* idr_preload_end - end preload section started with idr_preload()
*
* Each idr_preload() should be matched with an invocation of this
* function. See idr_preload() for details.
*/
static inline void idr_preload_end(void)
{
preempt_enable();
}
/**
* idr_get_new - allocate new idr entry
* @idp: idr handle
......
......@@ -35,8 +35,12 @@
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
static struct kmem_cache *idr_layer_cache;
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct idr_layer *, idr_preload_head);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, idr_preload_cnt);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(simple_ida_lock);
static struct idr_layer *get_from_free_list(struct idr *idp)
......@@ -54,6 +58,50 @@ static struct idr_layer *get_from_free_list(struct idr *idp)
return(p);
}
/**
* idr_layer_alloc - allocate a new idr_layer
* @gfp_mask: allocation mask
* @layer_idr: optional idr to allocate from
*
* If @layer_idr is %NULL, directly allocate one using @gfp_mask or fetch
* one from the per-cpu preload buffer. If @layer_idr is not %NULL, fetch
* an idr_layer from @idr->id_free.
*
* @layer_idr is to maintain backward compatibility with the old alloc
* interface - idr_pre_get() and idr_get_new*() - and will be removed
* together with per-pool preload buffer.
*/
static struct idr_layer *idr_layer_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, struct idr *layer_idr)
{
struct idr_layer *new;
/* this is the old path, bypass to get_from_free_list() */
if (layer_idr)
return get_from_free_list(layer_idr);
/* try to allocate directly from kmem_cache */
new = kmem_cache_zalloc(idr_layer_cache, gfp_mask);
if (new)
return new;
/*
* Try to fetch one from the per-cpu preload buffer if in process
* context. See idr_preload() for details.
*/
if (in_interrupt())
return NULL;
preempt_disable();
new = __this_cpu_read(idr_preload_head);
if (new) {
__this_cpu_write(idr_preload_head, new->ary[0]);
__this_cpu_dec(idr_preload_cnt);
new->ary[0] = NULL;
}
preempt_enable();
return new;
}
static void idr_layer_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct idr_layer *layer;
......@@ -139,6 +187,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_pre_get);
* @starting_id: id to start search at
* @id: pointer to the allocated handle
* @pa: idr_layer[MAX_IDR_LEVEL] used as backtrack buffer
* @gfp_mask: allocation mask for idr_layer_alloc()
* @layer_idr: optional idr passed to idr_layer_alloc()
*
* Allocate an id in range [@starting_id, INT_MAX] from @idp without
* growing its depth. Returns
......@@ -148,7 +198,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_pre_get);
* -ENOSPC if the id space is exhausted,
* -ENOMEM if more idr_layers need to be allocated.
*/
static int sub_alloc(struct idr *idp, int *starting_id, struct idr_layer **pa)
static int sub_alloc(struct idr *idp, int *starting_id, struct idr_layer **pa,
gfp_t gfp_mask, struct idr *layer_idr)
{
int n, m, sh;
struct idr_layer *p, *new;
......@@ -202,7 +253,7 @@ static int sub_alloc(struct idr *idp, int *starting_id, struct idr_layer **pa)
* Create the layer below if it is missing.
*/
if (!p->ary[m]) {
new = get_from_free_list(idp);
new = idr_layer_alloc(gfp_mask, layer_idr);
if (!new)
return -ENOMEM;
new->layer = l-1;
......@@ -218,7 +269,8 @@ static int sub_alloc(struct idr *idp, int *starting_id, struct idr_layer **pa)
}
static int idr_get_empty_slot(struct idr *idp, int starting_id,
struct idr_layer **pa)
struct idr_layer **pa, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct idr *layer_idr)
{
struct idr_layer *p, *new;
int layers, v, id;
......@@ -229,7 +281,7 @@ build_up:
p = idp->top;
layers = idp->layers;
if (unlikely(!p)) {
if (!(p = get_from_free_list(idp)))
if (!(p = idr_layer_alloc(gfp_mask, layer_idr)))
return -ENOMEM;
p->layer = 0;
layers = 1;
......@@ -248,7 +300,7 @@ build_up:
p->layer++;
continue;
}
if (!(new = get_from_free_list(idp))) {
if (!(new = idr_layer_alloc(gfp_mask, layer_idr))) {
/*
* The allocation failed. If we built part of
* the structure tear it down.
......@@ -272,7 +324,7 @@ build_up:
}
rcu_assign_pointer(idp->top, p);
idp->layers = layers;
v = sub_alloc(idp, &id, pa);
v = sub_alloc(idp, &id, pa, gfp_mask, layer_idr);
if (v == -EAGAIN)
goto build_up;
return(v);
......@@ -312,7 +364,7 @@ int idr_get_new_above(struct idr *idp, void *ptr, int starting_id, int *id)
struct idr_layer *pa[MAX_IDR_LEVEL];
int rv;
rv = idr_get_empty_slot(idp, starting_id, pa);
rv = idr_get_empty_slot(idp, starting_id, pa, 0, idp);
if (rv < 0)
return rv == -ENOMEM ? -EAGAIN : rv;
......@@ -322,6 +374,112 @@ int idr_get_new_above(struct idr *idp, void *ptr, int starting_id, int *id)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_get_new_above);
/**
* idr_preload - preload for idr_alloc()
* @gfp_mask: allocation mask to use for preloading
*
* Preload per-cpu layer buffer for idr_alloc(). Can only be used from
* process context and each idr_preload() invocation should be matched with
* idr_preload_end(). Note that preemption is disabled while preloaded.
*
* The first idr_alloc() in the preloaded section can be treated as if it
* were invoked with @gfp_mask used for preloading. This allows using more
* permissive allocation masks for idrs protected by spinlocks.
*
* For example, if idr_alloc() below fails, the failure can be treated as
* if idr_alloc() were called with GFP_KERNEL rather than GFP_NOWAIT.
*
* idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
* spin_lock(lock);
*
* id = idr_alloc(idr, ptr, start, end, GFP_NOWAIT);
*
* spin_unlock(lock);
* idr_preload_end();
* if (id < 0)
* error;
*/
void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
/*
* Consuming preload buffer from non-process context breaks preload
* allocation guarantee. Disallow usage from those contexts.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(in_interrupt());
might_sleep_if(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT);
preempt_disable();
/*
* idr_alloc() is likely to succeed w/o full idr_layer buffer and
* return value from idr_alloc() needs to be checked for failure
* anyway. Silently give up if allocation fails. The caller can
* treat failures from idr_alloc() as if idr_alloc() were called
* with @gfp_mask which should be enough.
*/
while (__this_cpu_read(idr_preload_cnt) < MAX_IDR_FREE) {
struct idr_layer *new;
preempt_enable();
new = kmem_cache_zalloc(idr_layer_cache, gfp_mask);
preempt_disable();
if (!new)
break;
/* link the new one to per-cpu preload list */
new->ary[0] = __this_cpu_read(idr_preload_head);
__this_cpu_write(idr_preload_head, new);
__this_cpu_inc(idr_preload_cnt);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_preload);
/**
* idr_alloc - allocate new idr entry
* @idr: the (initialized) idr
* @ptr: pointer to be associated with the new id
* @start: the minimum id (inclusive)
* @end: the maximum id (exclusive, <= 0 for max)
* @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags
*
* Allocate an id in [start, end) and associate it with @ptr. If no ID is
* available in the specified range, returns -ENOSPC. On memory allocation
* failure, returns -ENOMEM.
*
* Note that @end is treated as max when <= 0. This is to always allow
* using @start + N as @end as long as N is inside integer range.
*
* The user is responsible for exclusively synchronizing all operations
* which may modify @idr. However, read-only accesses such as idr_find()
* or iteration can be performed under RCU read lock provided the user
* destroys @ptr in RCU-safe way after removal from idr.
*/
int idr_alloc(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
int max = end > 0 ? end - 1 : INT_MAX; /* inclusive upper limit */
struct idr_layer *pa[MAX_IDR_LEVEL];
int id;
might_sleep_if(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT);
/* sanity checks */
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(start < 0))
return -EINVAL;
if (unlikely(max < start))
return -ENOSPC;
/* allocate id */
id = idr_get_empty_slot(idr, start, pa, gfp_mask, NULL);
if (unlikely(id < 0))
return id;
if (unlikely(id > max))
return -ENOSPC;
idr_fill_slot(ptr, id, pa);
return id;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_alloc);
static void idr_remove_warning(int id)
{
printk(KERN_WARNING
......@@ -769,7 +927,7 @@ int ida_get_new_above(struct ida *ida, int starting_id, int *p_id)
restart:
/* get vacant slot */
t = idr_get_empty_slot(&ida->idr, idr_id, pa);
t = idr_get_empty_slot(&ida->idr, idr_id, pa, 0, &ida->idr);
if (t < 0)
return t == -ENOMEM ? -EAGAIN : t;
......
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