Commit d50240a5 authored by Will Deacon's avatar Will Deacon Committed by Catalin Marinas
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arm64: mm: permit use of tagged pointers at EL0

TCR.TBI0 can be used to cause hardware address translation to ignore the
top byte of userspace virtual addresses. Whilst not especially useful in
standard C programs, this can be used by JITs to `tag' pointers with
various pieces of metadata.

This patch enables this bit for AArch64 Linux, and adds a new file to
Documentation/arm64/ which describes some potential caveats when using
tagged virtual addresses.
Signed-off-by: default avatarWill Deacon <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarCatalin Marinas <>
parent 909e3ee4
Tagged virtual addresses in AArch64 Linux
Author: Will Deacon <>
Date : 12 June 2013
This document briefly describes the provision of tagged virtual
addresses in the AArch64 translation system and their potential uses
in AArch64 Linux.
The kernel configures the translation tables so that translations made
via TTBR0 (i.e. userspace mappings) have the top byte (bits 63:56) of
the virtual address ignored by the translation hardware. This frees up
this byte for application use, with the following caveats:
(1) The kernel requires that all user addresses passed to EL1
are tagged with tag 0x00. This means that any syscall
parameters containing user virtual addresses *must* have
their top byte cleared before trapping to the kernel.
(2) Tags are not guaranteed to be preserved when delivering
signals. This means that signal handlers in applications
making use of tags cannot rely on the tag information for
user virtual addresses being maintained for fields inside
siginfo_t. One exception to this rule is for signals raised
in response to debug exceptions, where the tag information
will be preserved.
(3) Special care should be taken when using tagged pointers,
since it is likely that C compilers will not hazard two
addresses differing only in the upper bits.
The architecture prevents the use of a tagged PC, so the upper byte will
be set to a sign-extension of bit 55 on exception return.
......@@ -122,5 +122,6 @@
#define TCR_TG1_64K (UL(1) << 30)
#define TCR_IPS_40BIT (UL(2) << 32)
#define TCR_ASID16 (UL(1) << 36)
#define TCR_TBI0 (UL(1) << 37)
......@@ -423,6 +423,7 @@ el0_da:
* Data abort handling
mrs x0, far_el1
bic x0, x0, #(0xff << 56)
disable_step x1
......@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@ ENTRY(__cpu_setup)
* both user and kernel.
ldr x10, =TCR_TxSZ(VA_BITS) | TCR_FLAGS | TCR_IPS_40BIT | \
TCR_ASID16 | (1 << 31)
TCR_ASID16 | TCR_TBI0 | (1 << 31)
orr x10, x10, TCR_TG0_64K
orr x10, x10, TCR_TG1_64K
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