Commit d2c60b13 authored by David S. Miller's avatar David S. Miller
Browse files

Merge branch 'tuntap_queues'

Pankaj Gupta says:

====================
Increase the limit of tuntap queues

Networking under KVM works best if we allocate a per-vCPU rx and tx
queue in a virtual NIC. This requires a per-vCPU queue on the host side.
Modern physical NICs have multiqueue support for large number of queues.
To scale vNIC to run multiple queues parallel to maximum number of vCPU's
we need to increase number of queues support in tuntap.

Changes from v4:
PATCH2: Michael.S.Tsirkin - Updated change comment message.

Changes from v3:
PATCH1: Michael.S.Tsirkin - Some cleanups and updated commit message.
                            Perf numbers on 10 Gbs NIC
Changes from v2:
PATCH 3: David Miller     - flex array adds extra level of indirection
                            for preallocated array.(dropped, as flow array
			    is allocated using kzalloc with failover to zalloc).
Changes from v1:
PATCH 2: David Miller     - sysctl changes to limit number of queues
                            not required for unprivileged users(dropped).

Changes from RFC
PATCH 1: Sergei Shtylyov  - Add an empty line after declarations.
PATCH 2: Jiri Pirko -       Do not introduce new module paramaters.
	 Michael.S.Tsirkin- We can use sysctl for limiting max number
                            of queues.

This series is to increase the number of tuntap queues. Original work is being
done by 'jasowang@redhat.com'. I am taking this 'https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/6/19/29'
patch series as a reference. As per discussion in the patch series:

There were two reasons which prevented us from increasing number of tun queues:

- The netdev_queue array in netdevice were allocated through kmalloc, which may
  cause a high order memory allocation too when we have several queues.
  E.g. sizeof(netdev_queue) is 320, which means a high order allocation would
  happens when the device has more than 16 queues.

- We store the hash buckets in tun_struct which results a very large size of
  tun_struct, this high order memory allocation fail easily when the memory is
  fragmented.

The patch 60877a32

 increases the number of tx
queues. Memory allocation fallback to vzalloc() when kmalloc() fails.

This series tries to address following issues:

- Increase the number of netdev_queue queues for rx similarly its done for tx
  queues by falling back to vzalloc() when memory allocation with kmalloc() fails.

- Increase number of queues to 256, maximum number is equal to maximum number
  of vCPUS allowed in a guest.

I have also done testing with multiple parallel Netperf sessions for different
combination of queues and CPU's. It seems to be working fine without much increase
in cpu load with increase in number of queues. I also see good increase in throughput
with increase in number of queues. Though i had limitation of 8 physical CPU's.

For this test: Two Hosts(Host1 & Host2) are directly connected with cable
Host1 is running Guest1. Data is sent from Host2 to Guest1 via Host1.

Host kernel: 3.19.0-rc2+, AMD Opteron(tm) Processor 6320
NIC : Emulex Corporation OneConnect 10Gb NIC (be3)

Patch Applied  %usr   %nice    %sys %iowait    %irq   %soft  %steal  %guest  %gnice   %idle  throughput
Single Queue, 2 vCPU's
-------------
Before Patch :all    0.19    0.00    0.16    0.07    0.04    0.10    0.00    0.18    0.00   99.26  57864.18
After  Patch :all    0.99    0.00    0.64    0.69    0.07    0.26    0.00    1.58    0.00   95.77  57735.77

With 2 Queues, 2 vCPU's
---------------
Before Patch :all    0.19    0.00    0.19    0.10    0.04    0.11    0.00    0.28    0.00   99.08  63083.09
After  Patch :all    0.87    0.00    0.73    0.78    0.09    0.35    0.00    2.04    0.00   95.14  62917.03

With 4 Queues, 4 vCPU's
--------------
Before Patch :all    0.20    0.00    0.21    0.11    0.04    0.12    0.00    0.32    0.00   99.00  80865.06
After  Patch :all    0.71    0.00    0.93    0.85    0.11    0.51    0.00    2.62    0.00   94.27  86463.19

With 8 Queues, 8 vCPU's
--------------
Before Patch :all    0.19    0.00    0.18    0.09    0.04    0.11    0.00    0.23    0.00   99.17  86795.31
After  Patch :all    0.65    0.00    1.18    0.93    0.13    0.68    0.00    3.38    0.00   93.05  89459.93

With 16 Queues, 8 vCPU's
--------------
After  Patch :all    0.61    0.00    1.59    0.97    0.18    0.92    0.00    4.32    0.00   91.41  120951.60
====================
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parents e350a96e baf71c5c
......@@ -124,10 +124,9 @@ struct tap_filter {
unsigned char addr[FLT_EXACT_COUNT][ETH_ALEN];
};
/* DEFAULT_MAX_NUM_RSS_QUEUES were chosen to let the rx/tx queues allocated for
* the netdevice to be fit in one page. So we can make sure the success of
* memory allocation. TODO: increase the limit. */
#define MAX_TAP_QUEUES DEFAULT_MAX_NUM_RSS_QUEUES
/* MAX_TAP_QUEUES 256 is chosen to allow rx/tx queues to be equal
* to max number of VCPUs in guest. */
#define MAX_TAP_QUEUES 256
#define MAX_TAP_FLOWS 4096
#define TUN_FLOW_EXPIRE (3 * HZ)
......
......@@ -6172,13 +6172,16 @@ static int netif_alloc_rx_queues(struct net_device *dev)
{
unsigned int i, count = dev->num_rx_queues;
struct netdev_rx_queue *rx;
size_t sz = count * sizeof(*rx);
BUG_ON(count < 1);
rx = kcalloc(count, sizeof(struct netdev_rx_queue), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!rx)
return -ENOMEM;
rx = kzalloc(sz, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_REPEAT);
if (!rx) {
rx = vzalloc(sz);
if (!rx)
return -ENOMEM;
}
dev->_rx = rx;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
......@@ -6808,7 +6811,7 @@ void free_netdev(struct net_device *dev)
netif_free_tx_queues(dev);
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
kfree(dev->_rx);
kvfree(dev->_rx);
#endif
kfree(rcu_dereference_protected(dev->ingress_queue, 1));
......
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