Commit c6ea41fb authored by Mikulas Patocka's avatar Mikulas Patocka Committed by Alasdair G Kergon
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dm kcopyd: preallocate sub jobs to avoid deadlock



There's a possible theoretical deadlock in dm-kcopyd because multiple
allocations from the same mempool are required to finish a request.
Avoid this by preallocating sub jobs.

There is a mempool of 512 entries. Each request requires up to 9
entries from the mempool. If we have at least 57 concurrent requests
running, the mempool may overflow and mempool allocations may start
blocking until another entry is freed to the mempool. Because the same
thread is used to free entries to the mempool and allocate entries from
the mempool, this may result in a deadlock.

This patch changes it so that one mempool entry contains all 9 "struct
kcopyd_job" required to fulfill the whole request. The allocation is
done only once in dm_kcopyd_copy and no further mempool allocations are
done during request processing.

If dm_kcopyd_copy is not run in the completion thread, this
implementation is deadlock-free.

MIN_JOBS needs reducing accordingly and we've chosen to reduce it
further to 8.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlasdair G Kergon <agk@redhat.com>
parent a705a34a
......@@ -27,6 +27,10 @@
#include "dm.h"
#define SUB_JOB_SIZE 128
#define SPLIT_COUNT 8
#define MIN_JOBS 8
/*-----------------------------------------------------------------
* Each kcopyd client has its own little pool of preallocated
* pages for kcopyd io.
......@@ -216,16 +220,17 @@ struct kcopyd_job {
struct mutex lock;
atomic_t sub_jobs;
sector_t progress;
};
/* FIXME: this should scale with the number of pages */
#define MIN_JOBS 512
struct kcopyd_job *master_job;
};
static struct kmem_cache *_job_cache;
int __init dm_kcopyd_init(void)
{
_job_cache = KMEM_CACHE(kcopyd_job, 0);
_job_cache = kmem_cache_create("kcopyd_job",
sizeof(struct kcopyd_job) * (SPLIT_COUNT + 1),
__alignof__(struct kcopyd_job), 0, NULL);
if (!_job_cache)
return -ENOMEM;
......@@ -299,7 +304,12 @@ static int run_complete_job(struct kcopyd_job *job)
if (job->pages)
kcopyd_put_pages(kc, job->pages);
mempool_free(job, kc->job_pool);
/*
* If this is the master job, the sub jobs have already
* completed so we can free everything.
*/
if (job->master_job == job)
mempool_free(job, kc->job_pool);
fn(read_err, write_err, context);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&kc->nr_jobs))
......@@ -460,14 +470,14 @@ static void dispatch_job(struct kcopyd_job *job)
wake(kc);
}
#define SUB_JOB_SIZE 128
static void segment_complete(int read_err, unsigned long write_err,
void *context)
{
/* FIXME: tidy this function */
sector_t progress = 0;
sector_t count = 0;
struct kcopyd_job *job = (struct kcopyd_job *) context;
struct kcopyd_job *sub_job = (struct kcopyd_job *) context;
struct kcopyd_job *job = sub_job->master_job;
struct dm_kcopyd_client *kc = job->kc;
mutex_lock(&job->lock);
......@@ -498,8 +508,6 @@ static void segment_complete(int read_err, unsigned long write_err,
if (count) {
int i;
struct kcopyd_job *sub_job = mempool_alloc(kc->job_pool,
GFP_NOIO);
*sub_job = *job;
sub_job->source.sector += progress;
......@@ -511,7 +519,7 @@ static void segment_complete(int read_err, unsigned long write_err,
}
sub_job->fn = segment_complete;
sub_job->context = job;
sub_job->context = sub_job;
dispatch_job(sub_job);
} else if (atomic_dec_and_test(&job->sub_jobs)) {
......@@ -531,19 +539,19 @@ static void segment_complete(int read_err, unsigned long write_err,
}
/*
* Create some little jobs that will do the move between
* them.
* Create some sub jobs to share the work between them.
*/
#define SPLIT_COUNT 8
static void split_job(struct kcopyd_job *job)
static void split_job(struct kcopyd_job *master_job)
{
int i;
atomic_inc(&job->kc->nr_jobs);
atomic_inc(&master_job->kc->nr_jobs);
atomic_set(&job->sub_jobs, SPLIT_COUNT);
for (i = 0; i < SPLIT_COUNT; i++)
segment_complete(0, 0u, job);
atomic_set(&master_job->sub_jobs, SPLIT_COUNT);
for (i = 0; i < SPLIT_COUNT; i++) {
master_job[i + 1].master_job = master_job;
segment_complete(0, 0u, &master_job[i + 1]);
}
}
int dm_kcopyd_copy(struct dm_kcopyd_client *kc, struct dm_io_region *from,
......@@ -553,7 +561,8 @@ int dm_kcopyd_copy(struct dm_kcopyd_client *kc, struct dm_io_region *from,
struct kcopyd_job *job;
/*
* Allocate a new job.
* Allocate an array of jobs consisting of one master job
* followed by SPLIT_COUNT sub jobs.
*/
job = mempool_alloc(kc->job_pool, GFP_NOIO);
......@@ -577,10 +586,10 @@ int dm_kcopyd_copy(struct dm_kcopyd_client *kc, struct dm_io_region *from,
job->fn = fn;
job->context = context;
job->master_job = job;
if (job->source.count <= SUB_JOB_SIZE)
dispatch_job(job);
else {
mutex_init(&job->lock);
job->progress = 0;
......
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