Commit c0b5a64d authored by Tony Luck's avatar Tony Luck
Browse files

[IA64] Change default PSR.ac from '1' to '0' (Fix erratum #237)

April 2014 Itanium processor specification update:

http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/processors/itanium/itanium-specification-update.html

describes this erratum:

=========================================================================
237. Under a complex set of conditions, store to load forwarding for a
sub 8-byte load may complete incorrectly

Problem: A load instruction may complete incorrectly when a code sequence
using 4-byte or smaller load and store operations to the same address
is executed in combination with specific timing of all the following
concurrent conditions: store to load forwarding, alignment checking
enabled, a mis-predicted branch, and complex cache utilization activity.

Implication: The affected sub 8-byte instruction may complete
incorrectly resulting in unpredictable system behavior. There is an
extremely low probability of exposure due to the significant number of
complex microarchitectural concurrent conditions required to encounter
the erratum.

Workaround: Set PSR.ac = 0 to completely avoid the erratum. Disabling
Hyper-Threading will significantly reduce exposure to the conditions
that contribute to encountering the erratum.

Status: See the Summary Table of Changes for the affected steppings.
=========================================================================

[Table of changes essentially lists all models from McKinley to Tukwila]

The PSR.ac bit controls whether the processor will always generate
an unaligned reference trap (0x5a00) for a misaligned data access
(when PSR.ac=1) or if it will let the access succeed when running
on a cpu that implements logic to handle some unaligned accesses.

Way back in 2008 in commit b704882e


  [IA64] Rationalize kernel mode alignment checking
we made the decision to always enable strict checking. We were
already doing so in trap/interrupt context because the common
preamble code set this bit - but the rest of supervisor code
(and by inheritance user code) ran with PSR.ac=0.

We now reverse that decision and set PSR.ac=0 everywhere in the
kernel (also inherited by user processes). This will avoid the
erratum using the method described in the Itanium specification
update.  Net effect for users is that the processor will handle
unaligned access when it can (typically with a tiny performance
bubble in the pipeline ... but much less invasive than taking a
trap and having the OS perform the access).
Signed-off-by: default avatarTony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
parent b098d672
......@@ -259,7 +259,7 @@ start_ap:
* Switch into virtual mode:
*/
movl r16=(IA64_PSR_IT|IA64_PSR_IC|IA64_PSR_DT|IA64_PSR_RT|IA64_PSR_DFH|IA64_PSR_BN \
|IA64_PSR_DI|IA64_PSR_AC)
|IA64_PSR_DI)
;;
mov cr.ipsr=r16
movl r17=1f
......
......@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/errno.h>
#if 1
#if 0
# define PSR_DEFAULT_BITS psr.ac
#else
# define PSR_DEFAULT_BITS 0
......
......@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@
#include "kvm_minstate.h"
#include "vti.h"
#if 1
#if 0
# define PSR_DEFAULT_BITS psr.ac
#else
# define PSR_DEFAULT_BITS 0
......
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