Commit b7ffffbb authored by Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)'s avatar Steven Rostedt (Red Hat) Committed by Steven Rostedt
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ftrace: Add infrastructure for delayed enabling of module functions



Qiu Peiyang pointed out that there's a race when enabling function tracing
and loading a module. In order to make the modifications of converting nops
in the prologue of functions into callbacks, the text needs to be converted
from read-only to read-write. When enabling function tracing, the text
permission is updated, the functions are modified, and then they are put
back.

When loading a module, the updates to convert function calls to mcount is
done before the module text is set to read-only. But after it is done, the
module text is visible by the function tracer. Thus we have the following
race:

	CPU 0			CPU 1
	-----			-----
   start function tracing
   set text to read-write
			     load_module
			     add functions to ftrace
			     set module text read-only

   update all functions to callbacks
   modify module functions too
   < Can't it's read-only >

When this happens, ftrace detects the issue and disables itself till the
next reboot.

To fix this, a new DISABLED flag is added for ftrace records, which all
module functions get when they are added. Then later, after the module code
is all set, the records will have the DISABLED flag cleared, and they will
be enabled if any callback wants all functions to be traced.

Note, this doesn't add the delay to later. It simply changes the
ftrace_module_init() to do both the setting of DISABLED records, and then
immediately calls the enable code. This helps with testing this new code as
it has the same behavior as previously. Another change will come after this
to have the ftrace_module_enable() called after the text is set to
read-only.

Cc: Qiu Peiyang <peiyangx.qiu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
parent c5d641f9
......@@ -357,6 +357,7 @@ bool is_ftrace_trampoline(unsigned long addr);
* REGS - the record wants the function to save regs
* REGS_EN - the function is set up to save regs.
* IPMODIFY - the record allows for the IP address to be changed.
* DISABLED - the record is not ready to be touched yet
*
* When a new ftrace_ops is registered and wants a function to save
* pt_regs, the rec->flag REGS is set. When the function has been
......@@ -371,10 +372,11 @@ enum {
FTRACE_FL_TRAMP = (1UL << 28),
FTRACE_FL_TRAMP_EN = (1UL << 27),
FTRACE_FL_IPMODIFY = (1UL << 26),
FTRACE_FL_DISABLED = (1UL << 25),
};
#define FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT 26
#define FTRACE_FL_BITS 6
#define FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT 25
#define FTRACE_FL_BITS 7
#define FTRACE_FL_MASKED_BITS ((1UL << FTRACE_FL_BITS) - 1)
#define FTRACE_FL_MASK (FTRACE_FL_MASKED_BITS << FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT)
#define FTRACE_REF_MAX ((1UL << FTRACE_REF_MAX_SHIFT) - 1)
......
......@@ -1658,6 +1658,9 @@ static void __ftrace_hash_rec_update(struct ftrace_ops *ops,
int in_hash = 0;
int match = 0;
if (rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_DISABLED)
continue;
if (all) {
/*
* Only the filter_hash affects all records.
......@@ -2023,6 +2026,9 @@ static int ftrace_check_record(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, int enable, int update)
ftrace_bug_type = FTRACE_BUG_UNKNOWN;
if (rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_DISABLED)
return FTRACE_UPDATE_IGNORE;
/*
* If we are updating calls:
*
......@@ -2833,9 +2839,9 @@ ops_references_rec(struct ftrace_ops *ops, struct dyn_ftrace *rec)
if (!(ops->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_ENABLED))
return 0;
/* If ops traces all mods, we already accounted for it */
/* If ops traces all then it includes this function */
if (ops_traces_mod(ops))
return 0;
return 1;
/* The function must be in the filter */
if (!ftrace_hash_empty(ops->func_hash->filter_hash) &&
......@@ -2849,64 +2855,41 @@ ops_references_rec(struct ftrace_ops *ops, struct dyn_ftrace *rec)
return 1;
}
static int referenced_filters(struct dyn_ftrace *rec)
{
struct ftrace_ops *ops;
int cnt = 0;
for (ops = ftrace_ops_list; ops != &ftrace_list_end; ops = ops->next) {
if (ops_references_rec(ops, rec))
cnt++;
}
return cnt;
}
static int ftrace_update_code(struct module *mod, struct ftrace_page *new_pgs)
{
struct ftrace_page *pg;
struct dyn_ftrace *p;
cycle_t start, stop;
unsigned long update_cnt = 0;
unsigned long ref = 0;
bool test = false;
unsigned long rec_flags = 0;
int i;
start = ftrace_now(raw_smp_processor_id());
/*
* When adding a module, we need to check if tracers are
* currently enabled and if they are set to trace all functions.
* If they are, we need to enable the module functions as well
* as update the reference counts for those function records.
* When a module is loaded, this function is called to convert
* the calls to mcount in its text to nops, and also to create
* an entry in the ftrace data. Now, if ftrace is activated
* after this call, but before the module sets its text to
* read-only, the modification of enabling ftrace can fail if
* the read-only is done while ftrace is converting the calls.
* To prevent this, the module's records are set as disabled
* and will be enabled after the call to set the module's text
* to read-only.
*/
if (mod) {
struct ftrace_ops *ops;
for (ops = ftrace_ops_list;
ops != &ftrace_list_end; ops = ops->next) {
if (ops->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_ENABLED) {
if (ops_traces_mod(ops))
ref++;
else
test = true;
}
}
}
start = ftrace_now(raw_smp_processor_id());
if (mod)
rec_flags |= FTRACE_FL_DISABLED;
for (pg = new_pgs; pg; pg = pg->next) {
for (i = 0; i < pg->index; i++) {
int cnt = ref;
/* If something went wrong, bail without enabling anything */
if (unlikely(ftrace_disabled))
return -1;
p = &pg->records[i];
if (test)
cnt += referenced_filters(p);
p->flags = cnt;
p->flags = rec_flags;
/*
* Do the initial record conversion from mcount jump
......@@ -2916,21 +2899,6 @@ static int ftrace_update_code(struct module *mod, struct ftrace_page *new_pgs)
break;
update_cnt++;
/*
* If the tracing is enabled, go ahead and enable the record.
*
* The reason not to enable the record immediatelly is the
* inherent check of ftrace_make_nop/ftrace_make_call for
* correct previous instructions. Making first the NOP
* conversion puts the module to the correct state, thus
* passing the ftrace_make_call check.
*/
if (ftrace_start_up && cnt) {
int failed = __ftrace_replace_code(p, 1);
if (failed)
ftrace_bug(failed, p);
}
}
}
......@@ -4938,6 +4906,19 @@ static int ftrace_process_locs(struct module *mod,
#define next_to_ftrace_page(p) container_of(p, struct ftrace_page, next)
static int referenced_filters(struct dyn_ftrace *rec)
{
struct ftrace_ops *ops;
int cnt = 0;
for (ops = ftrace_ops_list; ops != &ftrace_list_end; ops = ops->next) {
if (ops_references_rec(ops, rec))
cnt++;
}
return cnt;
}
void ftrace_release_mod(struct module *mod)
{
struct dyn_ftrace *rec;
......@@ -4980,6 +4961,75 @@ void ftrace_release_mod(struct module *mod)
mutex_unlock(&ftrace_lock);
}
static void ftrace_module_enable(struct module *mod)
{
struct dyn_ftrace *rec;
struct ftrace_page *pg;
mutex_lock(&ftrace_lock);
if (ftrace_disabled)
goto out_unlock;
/*
* If the tracing is enabled, go ahead and enable the record.
*
* The reason not to enable the record immediatelly is the
* inherent check of ftrace_make_nop/ftrace_make_call for
* correct previous instructions. Making first the NOP
* conversion puts the module to the correct state, thus
* passing the ftrace_make_call check.
*
* We also delay this to after the module code already set the
* text to read-only, as we now need to set it back to read-write
* so that we can modify the text.
*/
if (ftrace_start_up)
ftrace_arch_code_modify_prepare();
do_for_each_ftrace_rec(pg, rec) {
int cnt;
/*
* do_for_each_ftrace_rec() is a double loop.
* module text shares the pg. If a record is
* not part of this module, then skip this pg,
* which the "break" will do.
*/
if (!within_module_core(rec->ip, mod))
break;
cnt = 0;
/*
* When adding a module, we need to check if tracers are
* currently enabled and if they are, and can trace this record,
* we need to enable the module functions as well as update the
* reference counts for those function records.
*/
if (ftrace_start_up)
cnt += referenced_filters(rec);
/* This clears FTRACE_FL_DISABLED */
rec->flags = cnt;
if (ftrace_start_up && cnt) {
int failed = __ftrace_replace_code(rec, 1);
if (failed) {
ftrace_bug(failed, rec);
goto out_loop;
}
}
} while_for_each_ftrace_rec();
out_loop:
if (ftrace_start_up)
ftrace_arch_code_modify_post_process();
out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&ftrace_lock);
}
void ftrace_module_init(struct module *mod)
{
if (ftrace_disabled || !mod->num_ftrace_callsites)
......@@ -4987,6 +5037,7 @@ void ftrace_module_init(struct module *mod)
ftrace_process_locs(mod, mod->ftrace_callsites,
mod->ftrace_callsites + mod->num_ftrace_callsites);
ftrace_module_enable(mod);
}
static int ftrace_module_notify_exit(struct notifier_block *self,
......
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