Commit ae27e98a authored by Sangtae Ha's avatar Sangtae Ha Committed by David S. Miller
Browse files

[TCP] CUBIC v2.3


Signed-off-by: default avatarSangtae Ha <sha2@ncsu.edu>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent e27dfcea
/*
* TCP CUBIC: Binary Increase Congestion control for TCP v2.2
* TCP CUBIC: Binary Increase Congestion control for TCP v2.3
* Home page:
* http://netsrv.csc.ncsu.edu/twiki/bin/view/Main/BIC
* This is from the implementation of CUBIC TCP in
* Injong Rhee, Lisong Xu.
* "CUBIC: A New TCP-Friendly High-Speed TCP Variant
* in PFLDnet 2005
* Sangtae Ha, Injong Rhee and Lisong Xu,
* "CUBIC: A New TCP-Friendly High-Speed TCP Variant"
* in ACM SIGOPS Operating System Review, July 2008.
* Available from:
* http://netsrv.csc.ncsu.edu/export/cubic-paper.pdf
* http://netsrv.csc.ncsu.edu/export/cubic_a_new_tcp_2008.pdf
*
* CUBIC integrates a new slow start algorithm, called HyStart.
* The details of HyStart are presented in
* Sangtae Ha and Injong Rhee,
* "Taming the Elephants: New TCP Slow Start", NCSU TechReport 2008.
* Available from:
* http://netsrv.csc.ncsu.edu/export/hystart_techreport_2008.pdf
*
* All testing results are available from:
* http://netsrv.csc.ncsu.edu/wiki/index.php/TCP_Testing
*
* Unless CUBIC is enabled and congestion window is large
* this behaves the same as the original Reno.
......@@ -23,12 +33,26 @@
*/
#define BICTCP_HZ 10 /* BIC HZ 2^10 = 1024 */
/* Two methods of hybrid slow start */
#define HYSTART_ACK_TRAIN 0x1
#define HYSTART_DELAY 0x2
/* Number of delay samples for detecting the increase of delay */
#define HYSTART_MIN_SAMPLES 8
#define HYSTART_DELAY_MIN (2U<<3)
#define HYSTART_DELAY_MAX (16U<<3)
#define HYSTART_DELAY_THRESH(x) clamp(x, HYSTART_DELAY_MIN, HYSTART_DELAY_MAX)
static int fast_convergence __read_mostly = 1;
static int beta __read_mostly = 717; /* = 717/1024 (BICTCP_BETA_SCALE) */
static int initial_ssthresh __read_mostly;
static int bic_scale __read_mostly = 41;
static int tcp_friendliness __read_mostly = 1;
static int hystart __read_mostly = 1;
static int hystart_detect __read_mostly = HYSTART_ACK_TRAIN | HYSTART_DELAY;
static int hystart_low_window __read_mostly = 16;
static u32 cube_rtt_scale __read_mostly;
static u32 beta_scale __read_mostly;
static u64 cube_factor __read_mostly;
......@@ -44,6 +68,13 @@ module_param(bic_scale, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(bic_scale, "scale (scaled by 1024) value for bic function (bic_scale/1024)");
module_param(tcp_friendliness, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(tcp_friendliness, "turn on/off tcp friendliness");
module_param(hystart, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(hystart, "turn on/off hybrid slow start algorithm");
module_param(hystart_detect, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(hystart_detect, "hyrbrid slow start detection mechanisms"
" 1: packet-train 2: delay 3: both packet-train and delay");
module_param(hystart_low_window, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(hystart_low_window, "lower bound cwnd for hybrid slow start");
/* BIC TCP Parameters */
struct bictcp {
......@@ -59,7 +90,13 @@ struct bictcp {
u32 ack_cnt; /* number of acks */
u32 tcp_cwnd; /* estimated tcp cwnd */
#define ACK_RATIO_SHIFT 4
u32 delayed_ack; /* estimate the ratio of Packets/ACKs << 4 */
u16 delayed_ack; /* estimate the ratio of Packets/ACKs << 4 */
u8 sample_cnt; /* number of samples to decide curr_rtt */
u8 found; /* the exit point is found? */
u32 round_start; /* beginning of each round */
u32 end_seq; /* end_seq of the round */
u32 last_jiffies; /* last time when the ACK spacing is close */
u32 curr_rtt; /* the minimum rtt of current round */
};
static inline void bictcp_reset(struct bictcp *ca)
......@@ -76,12 +113,28 @@ static inline void bictcp_reset(struct bictcp *ca)
ca->delayed_ack = 2 << ACK_RATIO_SHIFT;
ca->ack_cnt = 0;
ca->tcp_cwnd = 0;
ca->found = 0;
}
static inline void bictcp_hystart_reset(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct bictcp *ca = inet_csk_ca(sk);
ca->round_start = ca->last_jiffies = jiffies;
ca->end_seq = tp->snd_nxt;
ca->curr_rtt = 0;
ca->sample_cnt = 0;
}
static void bictcp_init(struct sock *sk)
{
bictcp_reset(inet_csk_ca(sk));
if (initial_ssthresh)
if (hystart)
bictcp_hystart_reset(sk);
if (!hystart && initial_ssthresh)
tcp_sk(sk)->snd_ssthresh = initial_ssthresh;
}
......@@ -235,9 +288,11 @@ static void bictcp_cong_avoid(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 in_flight)
if (!tcp_is_cwnd_limited(sk, in_flight))
return;
if (tp->snd_cwnd <= tp->snd_ssthresh)
if (tp->snd_cwnd <= tp->snd_ssthresh) {
if (hystart && after(ack, ca->end_seq))
bictcp_hystart_reset(sk);
tcp_slow_start(tp);
else {
} else {
bictcp_update(ca, tp->snd_cwnd);
/* In dangerous area, increase slowly.
......@@ -281,8 +336,45 @@ static u32 bictcp_undo_cwnd(struct sock *sk)
static void bictcp_state(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state)
{
if (new_state == TCP_CA_Loss)
if (new_state == TCP_CA_Loss) {
bictcp_reset(inet_csk_ca(sk));
bictcp_hystart_reset(sk);
}
}
static void hystart_update(struct sock *sk, u32 delay)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct bictcp *ca = inet_csk_ca(sk);
if (!(ca->found & hystart_detect)) {
u32 curr_jiffies = jiffies;
/* first detection parameter - ack-train detection */
if (curr_jiffies - ca->last_jiffies <= msecs_to_jiffies(2)) {
ca->last_jiffies = curr_jiffies;
if (curr_jiffies - ca->round_start >= ca->delay_min>>4)
ca->found |= HYSTART_ACK_TRAIN;
}
/* obtain the minimum delay of more than sampling packets */
if (ca->sample_cnt < HYSTART_MIN_SAMPLES) {
if (ca->curr_rtt == 0 || ca->curr_rtt > delay)
ca->curr_rtt = delay;
ca->sample_cnt++;
} else {
if (ca->curr_rtt > ca->delay_min +
HYSTART_DELAY_THRESH(ca->delay_min>>4))
ca->found |= HYSTART_DELAY;
}
/*
* Either one of two conditions are met,
* we exit from slow start immediately.
*/
if (ca->found & hystart_detect)
tp->snd_ssthresh = tp->snd_cwnd;
}
}
/* Track delayed acknowledgment ratio using sliding window
......@@ -291,6 +383,7 @@ static void bictcp_state(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state)
static void bictcp_acked(struct sock *sk, u32 cnt, s32 rtt_us)
{
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct bictcp *ca = inet_csk_ca(sk);
u32 delay;
......@@ -314,6 +407,11 @@ static void bictcp_acked(struct sock *sk, u32 cnt, s32 rtt_us)
/* first time call or link delay decreases */
if (ca->delay_min == 0 || ca->delay_min > delay)
ca->delay_min = delay;
/* hystart triggers when cwnd is larger than some threshold */
if (hystart && tp->snd_cwnd <= tp->snd_ssthresh &&
tp->snd_cwnd >= hystart_low_window)
hystart_update(sk, delay);
}
static struct tcp_congestion_ops cubictcp = {
......@@ -372,4 +470,4 @@ module_exit(cubictcp_unregister);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Sangtae Ha, Stephen Hemminger");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("CUBIC TCP");
MODULE_VERSION("2.2");
MODULE_VERSION("2.3");
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