Commit a7885eb8 authored by KOSAKI Motohiro's avatar KOSAKI Motohiro Committed by Linus Torvalds
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memcg: swappiness



Currently, /proc/sys/vm/swappiness can change swappiness ratio for global
reclaim.  However, memcg reclaim doesn't have tuning parameter for itself.

In general, the optimal swappiness depend on workload.  (e.g.  hpc
workload need to low swappiness than the others.)

Then, per cgroup swappiness improve administrator tunability.
Signed-off-by: default avatarKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarKOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com>
Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 2733c06a
......@@ -314,6 +314,15 @@ will be charged as a new owner of it.
showing for better debug please see the code for meanings.
5.3 swappiness
Similar to /proc/sys/vm/swappiness, but affecting a hierarchy of groups only.
Following cgroup's swapiness can't be changed.
- root cgroup (uses /proc/sys/vm/swappiness).
- a cgroup which uses hierarchy and it has child cgroup.
- a cgroup which uses hierarchy and not the root of hierarchy.
6. Hierarchy support
The memory controller supports a deep hierarchy and hierarchical accounting.
......
......@@ -214,7 +214,8 @@ static inline void lru_cache_add_active_file(struct page *page)
extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
gfp_t gfp_mask);
extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap);
gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap,
unsigned int swappiness);
extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, int mode, int file);
extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages);
extern int vm_swappiness;
......
......@@ -164,6 +164,9 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
int obsolete;
atomic_t refcnt;
unsigned int swappiness;
unsigned int inactive_ratio;
/*
......@@ -636,6 +639,22 @@ static bool mem_cgroup_check_under_limit(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
return false;
}
static unsigned int get_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
{
struct cgroup *cgrp = memcg->css.cgroup;
unsigned int swappiness;
/* root ? */
if (cgrp->parent == NULL)
return vm_swappiness;
spin_lock(&memcg->reclaim_param_lock);
swappiness = memcg->swappiness;
spin_unlock(&memcg->reclaim_param_lock);
return swappiness;
}
/*
* Dance down the hierarchy if needed to reclaim memory. We remember the
* last child we reclaimed from, so that we don't end up penalizing
......@@ -656,7 +675,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *root_mem,
* but there might be left over accounting, even after children
* have left.
*/
ret = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(root_mem, gfp_mask, noswap);
ret = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(root_mem, gfp_mask, noswap,
get_swappiness(root_mem));
if (mem_cgroup_check_under_limit(root_mem))
return 0;
if (!root_mem->use_hierarchy)
......@@ -672,7 +692,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_hierarchical_reclaim(struct mem_cgroup *root_mem,
cgroup_unlock();
continue;
}
ret = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(next_mem, gfp_mask, noswap);
ret = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(next_mem, gfp_mask, noswap,
get_swappiness(next_mem));
if (mem_cgroup_check_under_limit(root_mem))
return 0;
cgroup_lock();
......@@ -1400,7 +1421,8 @@ int mem_cgroup_shrink_usage(struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
rcu_read_unlock();
do {
progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem, gfp_mask, true);
progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem, gfp_mask, true,
get_swappiness(mem));
progress += mem_cgroup_check_under_limit(mem);
} while (!progress && --retry);
......@@ -1468,7 +1490,9 @@ static int mem_cgroup_resize_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
break;
progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(memcg,
GFP_KERNEL, false);
GFP_KERNEL,
false,
get_swappiness(memcg));
if (!progress) retry_count--;
}
......@@ -1512,7 +1536,8 @@ int mem_cgroup_resize_memsw_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
break;
oldusage = res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->memsw, RES_USAGE);
try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(memcg, GFP_KERNEL, true);
try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(memcg, GFP_KERNEL, true,
get_swappiness(memcg));
curusage = res_counter_read_u64(&memcg->memsw, RES_USAGE);
if (curusage >= oldusage)
retry_count--;
......@@ -1643,8 +1668,8 @@ try_to_free:
ret = -EINTR;
goto out;
}
progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem,
GFP_KERNEL, false);
progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem, GFP_KERNEL,
false, get_swappiness(mem));
if (!progress) {
nr_retries--;
/* maybe some writeback is necessary */
......@@ -1864,6 +1889,37 @@ static int mem_control_stat_show(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft,
return 0;
}
static u64 mem_cgroup_swappiness_read(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
{
struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cgrp);
return get_swappiness(memcg);
}
static int mem_cgroup_swappiness_write(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft,
u64 val)
{
struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cgrp);
struct mem_cgroup *parent;
if (val > 100)
return -EINVAL;
if (cgrp->parent == NULL)
return -EINVAL;
parent = mem_cgroup_from_cont(cgrp->parent);
/* If under hierarchy, only empty-root can set this value */
if ((parent->use_hierarchy) ||
(memcg->use_hierarchy && !list_empty(&cgrp->children)))
return -EINVAL;
spin_lock(&memcg->reclaim_param_lock);
memcg->swappiness = val;
spin_unlock(&memcg->reclaim_param_lock);
return 0;
}
static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[] = {
{
......@@ -1902,6 +1958,11 @@ static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[] = {
.write_u64 = mem_cgroup_hierarchy_write,
.read_u64 = mem_cgroup_hierarchy_read,
},
{
.name = "swappiness",
.read_u64 = mem_cgroup_swappiness_read,
.write_u64 = mem_cgroup_swappiness_write,
},
};
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR_SWAP
......@@ -2093,6 +2154,9 @@ mem_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cont)
mem->last_scanned_child = NULL;
spin_lock_init(&mem->reclaim_param_lock);
if (parent)
mem->swappiness = get_swappiness(parent);
return &mem->css;
free_out:
for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE)
......
......@@ -1707,14 +1707,15 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *mem_cont,
gfp_t gfp_mask,
bool noswap)
gfp_t gfp_mask,
bool noswap,
unsigned int swappiness)
{
struct scan_control sc = {
.may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
.may_swap = 1,
.swap_cluster_max = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
.swappiness = vm_swappiness,
.swappiness = swappiness,
.order = 0,
.mem_cgroup = mem_cont,
.isolate_pages = mem_cgroup_isolate_pages,
......
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