Commit a64ec07d authored by David Brownell's avatar David Brownell Committed by Jean Delvare
Browse files

i2c: Document struct i2c_msg

Clarify use of the I2C_M_* flags by highlighting the fact that
most of them depend on I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING.

Also provide kerneldoc for i2c_smbus_read_block_data() and also
for "struct i2c_msg".

Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Brownell <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJean Delvare <>
parent 553515e5
......@@ -1307,7 +1307,22 @@ s32 i2c_smbus_write_word_data(struct i2c_client *client, u8 command, u16 value)
/* Returns the number of read bytes */
* i2c_smbus_read_block_data - SMBus block read request
* @client: Handle to slave device
* @command: Command byte issued to let the slave know what data should
* be returned
* @values: Byte array into which data will be read; big enough to hold
* the data returned by the slave. SMBus allows at most 32 bytes.
* Returns the number of bytes read in the slave's response, else a
* negative number to indicate some kind of error.
* Note that using this function requires that the client's adapter support
* the I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BLOCK_DATA functionality. Not all adapter drivers
* support this; its emulation through I2C messaging relies on a specific
* mechanism (I2C_M_RECV_LEN) which may not be implemented.
s32 i2c_smbus_read_block_data(struct i2c_client *client, u8 command,
u8 *values)
......@@ -443,19 +443,52 @@ static inline int i2c_adapter_id(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
* I2C Message - used for pure i2c transaction, also from /dev interface
* struct i2c_msg - an I2C transaction segment beginning with START
* @addr: Slave address, either seven or ten bits. When this is a ten
* bit address, I2C_M_TEN must be set in @flags and the adapter
* must support I2C_FUNC_10BIT_ADDR.
* @flags: I2C_M_RD is handled by all adapters. No other flags may be
* provided unless the adapter exported the relevant I2C_FUNC_*
* flags through i2c_check_functionality().
* @len: Number of data bytes in @buf being read from or written to the
* I2C slave address. For read transactions where I2C_M_RECV_LEN
* is set, the caller guarantees that this buffer can hold up to
* 32 bytes in addition to the initial length byte sent by the
* slave (plus, if used, the SMBus PEC); and this value will be
* incremented by the number of block data bytes received.
* @buf: The buffer into which data is read, or from which it's written.
* An i2c_msg is the low level representation of one segment of an I2C
* transaction. It is visible to drivers in the @i2c_transfer() procedure,
* to userspace from i2c-dev, and to I2C adapter drivers through the
* @i2c_adapter.@master_xfer() method.
* Except when I2C "protocol mangling" is used, all I2C adapters implement
* the standard rules for I2C transactions. Each transaction begins with a
* START. That is followed by the slave address, and a bit encoding read
* versus write. Then follow all the data bytes, possibly including a byte
* with SMBus PEC. The transfer terminates with a NAK, or when all those
* bytes have been transferred and ACKed. If this is the last message in a
* group, it is followed by a STOP. Otherwise it is followed by the next
* @i2c_msg transaction segment, beginning with a (repeated) START.
* Alternatively, when the adapter supports I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING then
* passing certain @flags may have changed those standard protocol behaviors.
* Those flags are only for use with broken/nonconforming slaves, and with
* adapters which are known to support the specific mangling options they
* need (one or more of IGNORE_NAK, NO_RD_ACK, NOSTART, and REV_DIR_ADDR).
struct i2c_msg {
__u16 addr; /* slave address */
__u16 flags;
#define I2C_M_TEN 0x10 /* we have a ten bit chip address */
#define I2C_M_RD 0x01
#define I2C_M_NOSTART 0x4000
#define I2C_M_REV_DIR_ADDR 0x2000
#define I2C_M_IGNORE_NAK 0x1000
#define I2C_M_NO_RD_ACK 0x0800
#define I2C_M_RECV_LEN 0x0400 /* length will be first received byte */
#define I2C_M_TEN 0x0010 /* this is a ten bit chip address */
#define I2C_M_RD 0x0001 /* read data, from slave to master */
#define I2C_M_NOSTART 0x4000 /* if I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING */
#define I2C_M_NO_RD_ACK 0x0800 /* if I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING */
#define I2C_M_RECV_LEN 0x0400 /* length will be first received byte */
__u16 len; /* msg length */
__u8 *buf; /* pointer to msg data */
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