Commit 9b73e76f authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds

Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi-misc-2.6

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi-misc-2.6: (200 commits)
  [SCSI] usbstorage: use last_sector_bug flag universally
  [SCSI] libsas: abstract STP task status into a function
  [SCSI] ultrastor: clean up inline asm warnings
  [SCSI] aic7xxx: fix firmware build
  [SCSI] aacraid: fib context lock for management ioctls
  [SCSI] ch: remove forward declarations
  [SCSI] ch: fix device minor number management bug
  [SCSI] ch: handle class_device_create failure properly
  [SCSI] NCR5380: fix section mismatch
  [SCSI] sg: fix /proc/scsi/sg/devices when no SCSI devices
  [SCSI] IB/iSER: add logical unit reset support
  [SCSI] don't use __GFP_DMA for sense buffers if not required
  [SCSI] use dynamically allocated sense buffer
  [SCSI] scsi.h: add macro for enclosure bit of inquiry data
  [SCSI] sd: add fix for devices with last sector access problems
  [SCSI] fix pcmcia compile problem
  [SCSI] aacraid: add Voodoo Lite class of cards.
  [SCSI] aacraid: add new driver features flags
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Update version number to 8.02.00-k7.
  [SCSI] qla2xxx: Issue correct MBC_INITIALIZE_FIRMWARE command.
  ...
parents 50d9a126 23c3e290
......@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ DOCBOOKS := wanbook.xml z8530book.xml mcabook.xml videobook.xml \
procfs-guide.xml writing_usb_driver.xml \
kernel-api.xml filesystems.xml lsm.xml usb.xml \
gadget.xml libata.xml mtdnand.xml librs.xml rapidio.xml \
genericirq.xml s390-drivers.xml uio-howto.xml
genericirq.xml s390-drivers.xml uio-howto.xml scsi.xml
###
# The build process is as follows (targets):
......
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.1.2//EN"
"http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.1.2/docbookx.dtd" []>
<book id="scsimid">
<bookinfo>
<title>SCSI Interfaces Guide</title>
<authorgroup>
<author>
<firstname>James</firstname>
<surname>Bottomley</surname>
<affiliation>
<address>
<email>James.Bottomley@steeleye.com</email>
</address>
</affiliation>
</author>
<author>
<firstname>Rob</firstname>
<surname>Landley</surname>
<affiliation>
<address>
<email>rob@landley.net</email>
</address>
</affiliation>
</author>
</authorgroup>
<copyright>
<year>2007</year>
<holder>Linux Foundation</holder>
</copyright>
<legalnotice>
<para>
This documentation is free software; you can redistribute
it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
License version 2.
</para>
<para>
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be
useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
For more details see the file COPYING in the source
distribution of Linux.
</para>
</legalnotice>
</bookinfo>
<toc></toc>
<chapter id="intro">
<title>Introduction</title>
<sect1 id="protocol_vs_bus">
<title>Protocol vs bus</title>
<para>
Once upon a time, the Small Computer Systems Interface defined both
a parallel I/O bus and a data protocol to connect a wide variety of
peripherals (disk drives, tape drives, modems, printers, scanners,
optical drives, test equipment, and medical devices) to a host
computer.
</para>
<para>
Although the old parallel (fast/wide/ultra) SCSI bus has largely
fallen out of use, the SCSI command set is more widely used than ever
to communicate with devices over a number of different busses.
</para>
<para>
The <ulink url='http://www.t10.org/scsi-3.htm'>SCSI protocol</ulink>
is a big-endian peer-to-peer packet based protocol. SCSI commands
are 6, 10, 12, or 16 bytes long, often followed by an associated data
payload.
</para>
<para>
SCSI commands can be transported over just about any kind of bus, and
are the default protocol for storage devices attached to USB, SATA,
SAS, Fibre Channel, FireWire, and ATAPI devices. SCSI packets are
also commonly exchanged over Infiniband,
<ulink url='http://i2o.shadowconnect.com/faq.php'>I20</ulink>, TCP/IP
(<ulink url='http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISCSI'>iSCSI</ulink>), even
<ulink url='http://cyberelk.net/tim/parport/parscsi.html'>Parallel
ports</ulink>.
</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="subsystem_design">
<title>Design of the Linux SCSI subsystem</title>
<para>
The SCSI subsystem uses a three layer design, with upper, mid, and low
layers. Every operation involving the SCSI subsystem (such as reading
a sector from a disk) uses one driver at each of the 3 levels: one
upper layer driver, one lower layer driver, and the SCSI midlayer.
</para>
<para>
The SCSI upper layer provides the interface between userspace and the
kernel, in the form of block and char device nodes for I/O and
ioctl(). The SCSI lower layer contains drivers for specific hardware
devices.
</para>
<para>
In between is the SCSI mid-layer, analogous to a network routing
layer such as the IPv4 stack. The SCSI mid-layer routes a packet
based data protocol between the upper layer's /dev nodes and the
corresponding devices in the lower layer. It manages command queues,
provides error handling and power management functions, and responds
to ioctl() requests.
</para>
</sect1>
</chapter>
<chapter id="upper_layer">
<title>SCSI upper layer</title>
<para>
The upper layer supports the user-kernel interface by providing
device nodes.
</para>
<sect1 id="sd">
<title>sd (SCSI Disk)</title>
<para>sd (sd_mod.o)</para>
<!-- !Idrivers/scsi/sd.c -->
</sect1>
<sect1 id="sr">
<title>sr (SCSI CD-ROM)</title>
<para>sr (sr_mod.o)</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="st">
<title>st (SCSI Tape)</title>
<para>st (st.o)</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="sg">
<title>sg (SCSI Generic)</title>
<para>sg (sg.o)</para>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="ch">
<title>ch (SCSI Media Changer)</title>
<para>ch (ch.c)</para>
</sect1>
</chapter>
<chapter id="mid_layer">
<title>SCSI mid layer</title>
<sect1 id="midlayer_implementation">
<title>SCSI midlayer implementation</title>
<sect2 id="scsi_device.h">
<title>include/scsi/scsi_device.h</title>
<para>
</para>
!Iinclude/scsi/scsi_device.h
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi.c</title>
<para>Main file for the SCSI midlayer.</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsicam.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsicam.c</title>
<para>
<ulink url='http://www.t10.org/ftp/t10/drafts/cam/cam-r12b.pdf'>SCSI
Common Access Method</ulink> support functions, for use with
HDIO_GETGEO, etc.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsicam.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_error.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c</title>
<para>Common SCSI error/timeout handling routines.</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_devinfo.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_devinfo.c</title>
<para>
Manage scsi_dev_info_list, which tracks blacklisted and whitelisted
devices.
</para>
!Idrivers/scsi/scsi_devinfo.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_ioctl.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_ioctl.c</title>
<para>
Handle ioctl() calls for SCSI devices.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_ioctl.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_lib.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c</title>
<para>
SCSI queuing library.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_lib_dma.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_lib_dma.c</title>
<para>
SCSI library functions depending on DMA
(map and unmap scatter-gather lists).
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_lib_dma.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_module.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_module.c</title>
<para>
The file drivers/scsi/scsi_module.c contains legacy support for
old-style host templates. It should never be used by any new driver.
</para>
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_proc.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_proc.c</title>
<para>
The functions in this file provide an interface between
the PROC file system and the SCSI device drivers
It is mainly used for debugging, statistics and to pass
information directly to the lowlevel driver.
I.E. plumbing to manage /proc/scsi/*
</para>
!Idrivers/scsi/scsi_proc.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_netlink.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_netlink.c</title>
<para>
Infrastructure to provide async events from transports to userspace
via netlink, using a single NETLINK_SCSITRANSPORT protocol for all
transports.
See <ulink url='http://marc.info/?l=linux-scsi&amp;m=115507374832500&amp;w=2'>the
original patch submission</ulink> for more details.
</para>
!Idrivers/scsi/scsi_netlink.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_scan.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_scan.c</title>
<para>
Scan a host to determine which (if any) devices are attached.
The general scanning/probing algorithm is as follows, exceptions are
made to it depending on device specific flags, compilation options,
and global variable (boot or module load time) settings.
A specific LUN is scanned via an INQUIRY command; if the LUN has a
device attached, a scsi_device is allocated and setup for it.
For every id of every channel on the given host, start by scanning
LUN 0. Skip hosts that don't respond at all to a scan of LUN 0.
Otherwise, if LUN 0 has a device attached, allocate and setup a
scsi_device for it. If target is SCSI-3 or up, issue a REPORT LUN,
and scan all of the LUNs returned by the REPORT LUN; else,
sequentially scan LUNs up until some maximum is reached, or a LUN is
seen that cannot have a device attached to it.
</para>
!Idrivers/scsi/scsi_scan.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_sysctl.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_sysctl.c</title>
<para>
Set up the sysctl entry: "/dev/scsi/logging_level"
(DEV_SCSI_LOGGING_LEVEL) which sets/returns scsi_logging_level.
</para>
</sect2>
<sect2 id="scsi_sysfs.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/scsi_sysfs.c</title>
<para>
SCSI sysfs interface routines.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_sysfs.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="hosts.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/hosts.c</title>
<para>
mid to lowlevel SCSI driver interface
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/hosts.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="constants.c">
<title>drivers/scsi/constants.c</title>
<para>
mid to lowlevel SCSI driver interface
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/constants.c
</sect2>
</sect1>
<sect1 id="Transport_classes">
<title>Transport classes</title>
<para>
Transport classes are service libraries for drivers in the SCSI
lower layer, which expose transport attributes in sysfs.
</para>
<sect2 id="Fibre_Channel_transport">
<title>Fibre Channel transport</title>
<para>
The file drivers/scsi/scsi_transport_fc.c defines transport attributes
for Fibre Channel.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_transport_fc.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="iSCSI_transport">
<title>iSCSI transport class</title>
<para>
The file drivers/scsi/scsi_transport_iscsi.c defines transport
attributes for the iSCSI class, which sends SCSI packets over TCP/IP
connections.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_transport_iscsi.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="SAS_transport">
<title>Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) transport class</title>
<para>
The file drivers/scsi/scsi_transport_sas.c defines transport
attributes for Serial Attached SCSI, a variant of SATA aimed at
large high-end systems.
</para>
<para>
The SAS transport class contains common code to deal with SAS HBAs,
an aproximated representation of SAS topologies in the driver model,
and various sysfs attributes to expose these topologies and managment
interfaces to userspace.
</para>
<para>
In addition to the basic SCSI core objects this transport class
introduces two additional intermediate objects: The SAS PHY
as represented by struct sas_phy defines an "outgoing" PHY on
a SAS HBA or Expander, and the SAS remote PHY represented by
struct sas_rphy defines an "incoming" PHY on a SAS Expander or
end device. Note that this is purely a software concept, the
underlying hardware for a PHY and a remote PHY is the exactly
the same.
</para>
<para>
There is no concept of a SAS port in this code, users can see
what PHYs form a wide port based on the port_identifier attribute,
which is the same for all PHYs in a port.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_transport_sas.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="SATA_transport">
<title>SATA transport class</title>
<para>
The SATA transport is handled by libata, which has its own book of
documentation in this directory.
</para>
</sect2>
<sect2 id="SPI_transport">
<title>Parallel SCSI (SPI) transport class</title>
<para>
The file drivers/scsi/scsi_transport_spi.c defines transport
attributes for traditional (fast/wide/ultra) SCSI busses.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_transport_spi.c
</sect2>
<sect2 id="SRP_transport">
<title>SCSI RDMA (SRP) transport class</title>
<para>
The file drivers/scsi/scsi_transport_srp.c defines transport
attributes for SCSI over Remote Direct Memory Access.
</para>
!Edrivers/scsi/scsi_transport_srp.c
</sect2>
</sect1>
</chapter>
<chapter id="lower_layer">
<title>SCSI lower layer</title>
<sect1 id="hba_drivers">
<title>Host Bus Adapter transport types</title>
<para>
Many modern device controllers use the SCSI command set as a protocol to
communicate with their devices through many different types of physical
connections.
</para>
<para>
In SCSI language a bus capable of carrying SCSI commands is
called a "transport", and a controller connecting to such a bus is
called a "host bus adapter" (HBA).
</para>
<sect2 id="scsi_debug.c">
<title>Debug transport</title>
<para>
The file drivers/scsi/scsi_debug.c simulates a host adapter with a
variable number of disks (or disk like devices) attached, sharing a
common amount of RAM. Does a lot of checking to make sure that we are
not getting blocks mixed up, and panics the kernel if anything out of
the ordinary is seen.
</para>
<para>
To be more realistic, the simulated devices have the transport
attributes of SAS disks.
</para>
<para>
For documentation see
<ulink url='http://www.torque.net/sg/sdebug26.html'>http://www.torque.net/sg/sdebug26.html</ulink>
</para>
<!-- !Edrivers/scsi/scsi_debug.c -->
</sect2>
<sect2 id="todo">
<title>todo</title>
<para>Parallel (fast/wide/ultra) SCSI, USB, SATA,
SAS, Fibre Channel, FireWire, ATAPI devices, Infiniband,
I20, iSCSI, Parallel ports, netlink...
</para>
</sect2>
</sect1>
</chapter>
</book>
......@@ -46,8 +46,6 @@
.mailmap
.mm
53c700_d.h
53c7xx_d.h
53c7xx_u.h
53c8xx_d.h*
BitKeeper
COPYING
......
......@@ -1598,7 +1598,13 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters. It is defined in the file
Format: <vendor>:<model>:<flags>
(flags are integer value)
scsi_logging= [SCSI]
scsi_logging_level= [SCSI] a bit mask of logging levels
See drivers/scsi/scsi_logging.h for bits. Also
settable via sysctl at dev.scsi.logging_level
(/proc/sys/dev/scsi/logging_level).
There is also a nice 'scsi_logging_level' script in the
S390-tools package, available for download at
http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/linux390/s390-tools-1.5.4.html
scsi_mod.scan= [SCSI] sync (default) scans SCSI busses as they are
discovered. async scans them in kernel threads,
......
......@@ -867,66 +867,6 @@ controller and should be autodetected by the driver. An example is the
24 bit region which is specified by a mask of 0x00fffffe.
5.5) 53c7xx=
------------
Syntax: 53c7xx=<sub-options...>
These options affect the A4000T, A4091, WarpEngine, Blizzard 603e+,
and GForce 040/060 SCSI controllers on the Amiga, as well as the
builtin MVME 16x SCSI controller.
The <sub-options> is a comma-separated list of the sub-options listed
below.
5.5.1) nosync
-------------
Syntax: nosync:0
Disables sync negotiation for all devices. Any value after the
colon is acceptable (and has the same effect).
5.5.2) noasync
--------------
[OBSOLETE, REMOVED]
5.5.3) nodisconnect
-------------------
Syntax: nodisconnect:0
Disables SCSI disconnects. Any value after the colon is acceptable
(and has the same effect).
5.5.4) validids
---------------
Syntax: validids:0xNN
Specify which SCSI ids the driver should pay attention to. This is
a bitmask (i.e. to only pay attention to ID#4, you'd use 0x10).
Default is 0x7f (devices 0-6).
5.5.5) opthi
5.5.6) optlo
------------
Syntax: opthi:M,optlo:N
Specify options for "hostdata->options". The acceptable definitions
are listed in drivers/scsi/53c7xx.h; the 32 high bits should be in
opthi and the 32 low bits in optlo. They must be specified in the
order opthi=M,optlo=N.
5.5.7) next
-----------
No argument. Used to separate blocks of keywords when there's more
than one 53c7xx host adapter in the system.
/* Local Variables: */
/* mode: text */
/* End: */
......@@ -64,8 +64,6 @@ lpfc.txt
- LPFC driver release notes
megaraid.txt
- Common Management Module, shared code handling ioctls for LSI drivers
ncr53c7xx.txt
- info on driver for NCR53c7xx based adapters
ncr53c8xx.txt
- info on driver for NCR53c8xx based adapters
osst.txt
......
1 Release Date : Thur. Nov. 07 16:30:43 PST 2007 -
(emaild-id:megaraidlinux@lsi.com)
Sumant Patro
Bo Yang
2 Current Version : 00.00.03.16
3 Older Version : 00.00.03.15
1. Increased MFI_POLL_TIMEOUT_SECS to 60 seconds from 10. FW may take
a max of 60 seconds to respond to the INIT cmd.
1 Release Date : Fri. Sep. 07 16:30:43 PST 2007 -
(emaild-id:megaraidlinux@lsi.com)
Sumant Patro
Bo Yang
2 Current Version : 00.00.03.15
3 Older Version : 00.00.03.14
1. Added module parameter "poll_mode_io" to support for "polling"
(reduced interrupt operation). In this mode, IO completion
interrupts are delayed. At the end of initiating IOs, the
driver schedules for cmd completion if there are pending cmds
to be completed. A timer-based interrupt has also been added
to prevent IO completion processing from being delayed
indefinitely in the case that no new IOs are initiated.
1 Release Date : Fri. Sep. 07 16:30:43 PST 2007 -
(emaild-id:megaraidlinux@lsi.com)
Sumant Patro
Bo Yang
2 Current Version : 00.00.03.14
3 Older Version : 00.00.03.13
1. Setting the max_sectors_per_req based on max SGL supported by the
FW. Prior versions calculated this value from controller info
(max_sectors_1, max_sectors_2). For certain controllers/FW,
this was resulting in a value greater than max SGL supported
by the FW. Issue was first reported by users running LUKS+XFS
with megaraid_sas. Thanks to RB for providing the logs and
duplication steps that helped to get to the root cause of the
issue. 2. Increased MFI_POLL_TIMEOUT_SECS to 60 seconds from
10. FW may take a max of 60 seconds to respond to the INIT
cmd.
1 Release Date : Fri. June. 15 16:30:43 PST 2007 -
(emaild-id:megaraidlinux@lsi.com)
Sumant Patro
Bo Yang
2 Current Version : 00.00.03.13