Commit 94bf5cea authored by Eric B Munson's avatar Eric B Munson Committed by Linus Torvalds

hugetlb: add MAP_HUGETLB example

Add an example of how to use the MAP_HUGETLB flag to the vm documentation
directory and a reference to the example in hugetlbpage.txt.
Signed-off-by: default avatarEric B Munson <ebmunson@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: default avatarDavid Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com>
Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 4e52780d
......@@ -22,3 +22,5 @@ slabinfo.c
- source code for a tool to get reports about slabs.
slub.txt
- a short users guide for SLUB.
map_hugetlb.c
- an example program that uses the MAP_HUGETLB mmap flag.
......@@ -187,12 +187,14 @@ Regular chown, chgrp, and chmod commands (with right permissions) could be
used to change the file attributes on hugetlbfs.
Also, it is important to note that no such mount command is required if the
applications are going to use only shmat/shmget system calls. Users who
wish to use hugetlb page via shared memory segment should be a member of
a supplementary group and system admin needs to configure that gid into
/proc/sys/vm/hugetlb_shm_group. It is possible for same or different
applications to use any combination of mmaps and shm* calls, though the
mount of filesystem will be required for using mmap calls.
applications are going to use only shmat/shmget system calls or mmap with
MAP_HUGETLB. Users who wish to use hugetlb page via shared memory segment
should be a member of a supplementary group and system admin needs to
configure that gid into /proc/sys/vm/hugetlb_shm_group. It is possible for
same or different applications to use any combination of mmaps and shm*
calls, though the mount of filesystem will be required for using mmap calls
without MAP_HUGETLB. For an example of how to use mmap with MAP_HUGETLB see
map_hugetlb.c.
*******************************************************************
......
/*
* Example of using hugepage memory in a user application using the mmap
* system call with MAP_HUGETLB flag. Before running this program make
* sure the administrator has allocated enough default sized huge pages
* to cover the 256 MB allocation.
*
* For ia64 architecture, Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for hugepages.
* That means the addresses starting with 0x800000... will need to be
* specified. Specifying a fixed address is not required on ppc64, i386
* or x86_64.
*/
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#define LENGTH (256UL*1024*1024)
#define PROTECTION (PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE)
#ifndef MAP_HUGETLB
#define MAP_HUGETLB 0x40
#endif
/* Only ia64 requires this */
#ifdef __ia64__
#define ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_FIXED)
#else
#define ADDR (void *)(0x0UL)
#define FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB)
#endif
void check_bytes(char *addr)
{
printf("First hex is %x\n", *((unsigned int *)addr));
}
void write_bytes(char *addr)
{
unsigned long i;
for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
*(addr + i) = (char)i;
}
void read_bytes(char *addr)
{
unsigned long i;
check_bytes(addr);
for (i = 0; i < LENGTH; i++)
if (*(addr + i) != (char)i) {
printf("Mismatch at %lu\n", i);
break;
}
}
int main(void)
{
void *addr;
addr = mmap(ADDR, LENGTH, PROTECTION, FLAGS, 0, 0);
if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
perror("mmap");
exit(1);
}
printf("Returned address is %p\n", addr);
check_bytes(addr);
write_bytes(addr);
read_bytes(addr);
munmap(addr, LENGTH);
return 0;
}
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