Commit 88f306b6 authored by Kirill A. Shutemov's avatar Kirill A. Shutemov Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: fix locking order in mm_take_all_locks()

Dmitry Vyukov has reported[1] possible deadlock (triggered by his
syzkaller fuzzer):

 Possible unsafe locking scenario:

       CPU0                    CPU1
       ----                    ----
  lock(&hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key);
                               lock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem);
                               lock(&hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key);
  lock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem);

Both traces points to mm_take_all_locks() as a source of the problem.
It doesn't take care about ordering or hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key (aka
mapping->i_mmap_rwsem for hugetlb mapping) vs.  i_mmap_rwsem.

huge_pmd_share() does memory allocation under hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key
and allocator can take i_mmap_rwsem if it hit reclaim.  So we need to
take i_mmap_rwsem from all hugetlb VMAs before taking i_mmap_rwsem from
rest of VMAs.

The patch also documents locking order for hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key.

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CACT4Y+Zu95tBs-0EvdiAKzUOsb4tczRRfCRTpLr4bg_OP9HuVg@mail.gmail.comSigned-off-by: default avatarKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reported-by: default avatarDmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent d645fc0e
......@@ -708,7 +708,7 @@ static struct inode *hugetlbfs_get_root(struct super_block *sb,
/*
* Hugetlbfs is not reclaimable; therefore its i_mmap_rwsem will never
* be taken from reclaim -- unlike regular filesystems. This needs an
* annotation because huge_pmd_share() does an allocation under
* annotation because huge_pmd_share() does an allocation under hugetlb's
* i_mmap_rwsem.
*/
static struct lock_class_key hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key;
......
......@@ -3184,10 +3184,16 @@ static void vm_lock_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, struct address_space *mapping)
* mapping->flags avoid to take the same lock twice, if more than one
* vma in this mm is backed by the same anon_vma or address_space.
*
* We can take all the locks in random order because the VM code
* taking i_mmap_rwsem or anon_vma->rwsem outside the mmap_sem never
* takes more than one of them in a row. Secondly we're protected
* against a concurrent mm_take_all_locks() by the mm_all_locks_mutex.
* We take locks in following order, accordingly to comment at beginning
* of mm/rmap.c:
* - all hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key locks (aka mapping->i_mmap_rwsem for
* hugetlb mapping);
* - all i_mmap_rwsem locks;
* - all anon_vma->rwseml
*
* We can take all locks within these types randomly because the VM code
* doesn't nest them and we protected from parallel mm_take_all_locks() by
* mm_all_locks_mutex.
*
* mm_take_all_locks() and mm_drop_all_locks are expensive operations
* that may have to take thousand of locks.
......@@ -3206,7 +3212,16 @@ int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm)
for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
if (signal_pending(current))
goto out_unlock;
if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping)
if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping &&
is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
vm_lock_mapping(mm, vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
}
for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
if (signal_pending(current))
goto out_unlock;
if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping &&
!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
vm_lock_mapping(mm, vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
}
......
......@@ -23,21 +23,22 @@
* inode->i_mutex (while writing or truncating, not reading or faulting)
* mm->mmap_sem
* page->flags PG_locked (lock_page)
* mapping->i_mmap_rwsem
* anon_vma->rwsem
* mm->page_table_lock or pte_lock
* zone->lru_lock (in mark_page_accessed, isolate_lru_page)
* swap_lock (in swap_duplicate, swap_info_get)
* mmlist_lock (in mmput, drain_mmlist and others)
* mapping->private_lock (in __set_page_dirty_buffers)
* mem_cgroup_{begin,end}_page_stat (memcg->move_lock)
* mapping->tree_lock (widely used)
* inode->i_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty)
* bdi.wb->list_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty)
* sb_lock (within inode_lock in fs/fs-writeback.c)
* mapping->tree_lock (widely used, in set_page_dirty,
* in arch-dependent flush_dcache_mmap_lock,
* within bdi.wb->list_lock in __sync_single_inode)
* hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key (in huge_pmd_share)
* mapping->i_mmap_rwsem
* anon_vma->rwsem
* mm->page_table_lock or pte_lock
* zone->lru_lock (in mark_page_accessed, isolate_lru_page)
* swap_lock (in swap_duplicate, swap_info_get)
* mmlist_lock (in mmput, drain_mmlist and others)
* mapping->private_lock (in __set_page_dirty_buffers)
* mem_cgroup_{begin,end}_page_stat (memcg->move_lock)
* mapping->tree_lock (widely used)
* inode->i_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty)
* bdi.wb->list_lock (in set_page_dirty's __mark_inode_dirty)
* sb_lock (within inode_lock in fs/fs-writeback.c)
* mapping->tree_lock (widely used, in set_page_dirty,
* in arch-dependent flush_dcache_mmap_lock,
* within bdi.wb->list_lock in __sync_single_inode)
*
* anon_vma->rwsem,mapping->i_mutex (memory_failure, collect_procs_anon)
* ->tasklist_lock
......
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