Commit 81e38333 authored by Alan Stern's avatar Alan Stern Committed by Greg Kroah-Hartman
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USB: OHCI: add I/O watchdog for orphan TDs



Some OHCI controllers have a bug: They fail to add completed TDs to
the done queue.  Examining this queue is the only method ohci-hcd has
for telling when a transfer is complete; failure to add a TD can
result in an URB that never completes and cannot be unlinked.

This patch adds a watchdog routine to ohci-hcd.  The routine
periodically scans the active ED and TD lists, looking for TDs which
are finished but not on the done queue.  When one is found, and it is
certain that the controller hardware will never add the TD to the done
queue, the watchdog routine manually puts the TD on the done list so
that it can be handled normally.

The watchdog routine also checks for a condition indicating the
controller has died.  If the done queue is non-empty but the
HccaDoneHead pointer hasn't been updated for a few hundred
milliseconds, we assume the controller will never update it and
therefore is dead.
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
parent cdb4dd15
......@@ -72,12 +72,14 @@
static const char hcd_name [] = "ohci_hcd";
#define STATECHANGE_DELAY msecs_to_jiffies(300)
#define IO_WATCHDOG_DELAY msecs_to_jiffies(250)
#include "ohci.h"
#include "pci-quirks.h"
static void ohci_dump(struct ohci_hcd *ohci);
static void ohci_stop(struct usb_hcd *hcd);
static void io_watchdog_func(unsigned long _ohci);
#include "ohci-hub.c"
#include "ohci-dbg.c"
......@@ -225,6 +227,14 @@ static int ohci_urb_enqueue (
usb_hcd_unlink_urb_from_ep(hcd, urb);
goto fail;
}
/* Start up the I/O watchdog timer, if it's not running */
if (!timer_pending(&ohci->io_watchdog) &&
list_empty(&ohci->eds_in_use))
mod_timer(&ohci->io_watchdog,
jiffies + IO_WATCHDOG_DELAY);
list_add(&ed->in_use_list, &ohci->eds_in_use);
if (ed->type == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS) {
u16 frame = ohci_frame_no(ohci);
......@@ -416,6 +426,7 @@ ohci_shutdown (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
udelay(10);
ohci_writel(ohci, ohci->fminterval, &ohci->regs->fminterval);
ohci->rh_state = OHCI_RH_HALTED;
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*
......@@ -484,6 +495,10 @@ static int ohci_init (struct ohci_hcd *ohci)
if (ohci->hcca)
return 0;
setup_timer(&ohci->io_watchdog, io_watchdog_func,
(unsigned long) ohci);
set_timer_slack(&ohci->io_watchdog, msecs_to_jiffies(20));
ohci->hcca = dma_alloc_coherent (hcd->self.controller,
sizeof(*ohci->hcca), &ohci->hcca_dma, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ohci->hcca)
......@@ -694,6 +709,112 @@ static int ohci_start(struct usb_hcd *hcd)
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
* Some OHCI controllers are known to lose track of completed TDs. They
* don't add the TDs to the hardware done queue, which means we never see
* them as being completed.
*
* This watchdog routine checks for such problems. Without some way to
* tell when those TDs have completed, we would never take their EDs off
* the unlink list. As a result, URBs could never be dequeued and
* endpoints could never be released.
*/
static void io_watchdog_func(unsigned long _ohci)
{
struct ohci_hcd *ohci = (struct ohci_hcd *) _ohci;
bool takeback_all_pending = false;
u32 status;
u32 head;
struct ed *ed;
struct td *td, *td_start, *td_next;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&ohci->lock, flags);
/*
* One way to lose track of completed TDs is if the controller
* never writes back the done queue head. If it hasn't been
* written back since the last time this function ran and if it
* was non-empty at that time, something is badly wrong with the
* hardware.
*/
status = ohci_readl(ohci, &ohci->regs->intrstatus);
if (!(status & OHCI_INTR_WDH) && ohci->wdh_cnt == ohci->prev_wdh_cnt) {
if (ohci->prev_donehead) {
ohci_err(ohci, "HcDoneHead not written back; disabled\n");
usb_hc_died(ohci_to_hcd(ohci));
ohci_dump(ohci);
ohci_shutdown(ohci_to_hcd(ohci));
goto done;
} else {
/* No write back because the done queue was empty */
takeback_all_pending = true;
}
}
/* Check every ED which might have pending TDs */
list_for_each_entry(ed, &ohci->eds_in_use, in_use_list) {
if (ed->pending_td) {
if (takeback_all_pending ||
OKAY_TO_TAKEBACK(ohci, ed)) {
unsigned tmp = hc32_to_cpu(ohci, ed->hwINFO);
ohci_dbg(ohci, "takeback pending TD for dev %d ep 0x%x\n",
0x007f & tmp,
(0x000f & (tmp >> 7)) +
((tmp & ED_IN) >> 5));
add_to_done_list(ohci, ed->pending_td);
}
}
/* Starting from the latest pending TD, */
td = ed->pending_td;
/* or the last TD on the done list, */
if (!td) {
list_for_each_entry(td_next, &ed->td_list, td_list) {
if (!td_next->next_dl_td)
break;
td = td_next;
}
}
/* find the last TD processed by the controller. */
head = hc32_to_cpu(ohci, ACCESS_ONCE(ed->hwHeadP)) & TD_MASK;
td_start = td;
td_next = list_prepare_entry(td, &ed->td_list, td_list);
list_for_each_entry_continue(td_next, &ed->td_list, td_list) {
if (head == (u32) td_next->td_dma)
break;
td = td_next; /* head pointer has passed this TD */
}
if (td != td_start) {
/*
* In case a WDH cycle is in progress, we will wait
* for the next two cycles to complete before assuming
* this TD will never get on the done queue.
*/
ed->takeback_wdh_cnt = ohci->wdh_cnt + 2;
ed->pending_td = td;
}
}
ohci_work(ohci);
if (ohci->rh_state == OHCI_RH_RUNNING) {
if (!list_empty(&ohci->eds_in_use)) {
ohci->prev_wdh_cnt = ohci->wdh_cnt;
ohci->prev_donehead = ohci_readl(ohci,
&ohci->regs->donehead);
mod_timer(&ohci->io_watchdog,
jiffies + IO_WATCHDOG_DELAY);
}
}
done:
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ohci->lock, flags);
}
/* an interrupt happens */
static irqreturn_t ohci_irq (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
......@@ -796,6 +917,9 @@ static irqreturn_t ohci_irq (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
if (ohci->rh_state == OHCI_RH_RUNNING) {
ohci_writel (ohci, ints, &regs->intrstatus);
if (ints & OHCI_INTR_WDH)
++ohci->wdh_cnt;
ohci_writel (ohci, OHCI_INTR_MIE, &regs->intrenable);
// flush those writes
(void) ohci_readl (ohci, &ohci->regs->control);
......@@ -815,6 +939,7 @@ static void ohci_stop (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
if (quirk_nec(ohci))
flush_work(&ohci->nec_work);
del_timer_sync(&ohci->io_watchdog);
ohci_writel (ohci, OHCI_INTR_MIE, &ohci->regs->intrdisable);
ohci_usb_reset(ohci);
......
......@@ -309,6 +309,9 @@ static int ohci_bus_suspend (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
else
rc = ohci_rh_suspend (ohci, 0);
spin_unlock_irq (&ohci->lock);
if (rc == 0)
del_timer_sync(&ohci->io_watchdog);
return rc;
}
......
......@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ static void ohci_hcd_init (struct ohci_hcd *ohci)
ohci->next_statechange = jiffies;
spin_lock_init (&ohci->lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD (&ohci->pending);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ohci->eds_in_use);
}
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
......
......@@ -921,6 +921,11 @@ static void add_to_done_list(struct ohci_hcd *ohci, struct td *td)
* that td is on the done list.
*/
ohci->dl_end = td->next_dl_td = td;
/* Did we just add the latest pending TD? */
td2 = ed->pending_td;
if (td2 && td2->next_dl_td)
ed->pending_td = NULL;
}
/* Get the entries on the hardware done queue and put them on our list */
......@@ -1082,6 +1087,7 @@ rescan_this:
if (list_empty(&ed->td_list)) {
*last = ed->ed_next;
ed->ed_next = NULL;
list_del(&ed->in_use_list);
} else if (ohci->rh_state == OHCI_RH_RUNNING) {
*last = ed->ed_next;
ed->ed_next = NULL;
......
......@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@ struct ed {
struct ed *ed_next; /* on schedule or rm_list */
struct ed *ed_prev; /* for non-interrupt EDs */
struct list_head td_list; /* "shadow list" of our TDs */
struct list_head in_use_list;
/* create --> IDLE --> OPER --> ... --> IDLE --> destroy
* usually: OPER --> UNLINK --> (IDLE | OPER) --> ...
......@@ -66,6 +67,13 @@ struct ed {
/* HC may see EDs on rm_list until next frame (frame_no == tick) */
u16 tick;
/* Detect TDs not added to the done queue */
unsigned takeback_wdh_cnt;
struct td *pending_td;
#define OKAY_TO_TAKEBACK(ohci, ed) \
((int) (ohci->wdh_cnt - ed->takeback_wdh_cnt) >= 0)
} __attribute__ ((aligned(16)));
#define ED_MASK ((u32)~0x0f) /* strip hw status in low addr bits */
......@@ -382,6 +390,7 @@ struct ohci_hcd {
struct td *td_hash [TD_HASH_SIZE];
struct td *dl_start, *dl_end; /* the done list */
struct list_head pending;
struct list_head eds_in_use; /* all EDs with at least 1 TD */
/*
* driver state
......@@ -412,6 +421,10 @@ struct ohci_hcd {
// there are also chip quirks/bugs in init logic
unsigned wdh_cnt, prev_wdh_cnt;
u32 prev_donehead;
struct timer_list io_watchdog;
struct work_struct nec_work; /* Worker for NEC quirk */
struct dentry *debug_dir;
......
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