Commit 7d61bfe8 authored by Roman Pen's avatar Roman Pen Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm/vmalloc: get rid of dirty bitmap inside vmap_block structure

In original implementation of vm_map_ram made by Nick Piggin there were
two bitmaps: alloc_map and dirty_map.  None of them were used as supposed
to be: finding a suitable free hole for next allocation in block.
vm_map_ram allocates space sequentially in block and on free call marks
pages as dirty, so freed space can't be reused anymore.

Actually it would be very interesting to know the real meaning of those
bitmaps, maybe implementation was incomplete, etc.

But long time ago Zhang Yanfei removed alloc_map by these two commits:

  mm/vmalloc.c: remove dead code in vb_alloc
  mm/vmalloc.c: remove alloc_map from vmap_block

In this patch I replaced dirty_map with two range variables: dirty min and
max.  These variables store minimum and maximum position of dirty space in
a block, since we need only to know the dirty range, not exact position of
dirty pages.

Why it was made?  Several reasons: at first glance it seems that
vm_map_ram allocator concerns about fragmentation thus it uses bitmaps for
finding free hole, but it is not true.  To avoid complexity seems it is
better to use something simple, like min or max range values.  Secondly,
code also becomes simpler, without iteration over bitmap, just comparing
values in min and max macros.  Thirdly, bitmap occupies up to 1024 bits
(4MB is a max size of a block).  Here I replaced the whole bitmap with two

Finally vm_unmap_aliases should be slightly faster and the whole
vmap_block structure occupies less memory.
Signed-off-by: default avatarRoman Pen <>
Cc: Zhang Yanfei <>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <>
Acked-by: default avatarJoonsoo Kim <>
Cc: David Rientjes <>
Cc: WANG Chao <>
Cc: Fabian Frederick <>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <>
Cc: Gioh Kim <>
Cc: Rob Jones <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent cf725ce2
......@@ -765,7 +765,7 @@ struct vmap_block {
spinlock_t lock;
struct vmap_area *va;
unsigned long free, dirty;
unsigned long dirty_min, dirty_max; /*< dirty range */
struct list_head free_list;
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
struct list_head purge;
......@@ -851,7 +851,8 @@ static void *new_vmap_block(unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask)
BUG_ON(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS <= (1UL << order));
vb->free = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - (1UL << order);
vb->dirty = 0;
bitmap_zero(vb->dirty_map, VMAP_BBMAP_BITS);
vb->dirty_min = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS;
vb->dirty_max = 0;
vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx(va->va_start);
......@@ -902,7 +903,8 @@ static void purge_fragmented_blocks(int cpu)
if (vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) {
vb->free = 0; /* prevent further allocs after releasing lock */
vb->dirty = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; /* prevent purging it again */
bitmap_fill(vb->dirty_map, VMAP_BBMAP_BITS);
vb->dirty_min = 0;
vb->dirty_max = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS;
......@@ -995,6 +997,7 @@ static void vb_free(const void *addr, unsigned long size)
order = get_order(size);
offset = (unsigned long)addr & (VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE - 1);
offset >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx((unsigned long)addr);
......@@ -1005,7 +1008,10 @@ static void vb_free(const void *addr, unsigned long size)
vunmap_page_range((unsigned long)addr, (unsigned long)addr + size);
BUG_ON(bitmap_allocate_region(vb->dirty_map, offset >> PAGE_SHIFT, order));
/* Expand dirty range */
vb->dirty_min = min(vb->dirty_min, offset);
vb->dirty_max = max(vb->dirty_max, offset + (1UL << order));
vb->dirty += 1UL << order;
if (vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) {
......@@ -1044,25 +1050,18 @@ void vm_unmap_aliases(void)
list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) {
int i, j;
i = find_first_bit(vb->dirty_map, VMAP_BBMAP_BITS);
if (i < VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) {
if (vb->dirty) {
unsigned long va_start = vb->va->va_start;
unsigned long s, e;
j = find_last_bit(vb->dirty_map,
j = j + 1; /* need exclusive index */
s = va_start + (vb->dirty_min << PAGE_SHIFT);
e = va_start + (vb->dirty_max << PAGE_SHIFT);
s = vb->va->va_start + (i << PAGE_SHIFT);
e = vb->va->va_start + (j << PAGE_SHIFT);
flush = 1;
start = min(s, start);
end = max(e, end);
if (s < start)
start = s;
if (e > end)
end = e;
flush = 1;
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