Commit 6f26b367 authored by Ard Biesheuvel's avatar Ard Biesheuvel Committed by Will Deacon

arm64: kaslr: increase randomization granularity

Currently, our KASLR implementation randomizes the placement of the core
kernel at 2 MB granularity. This is based on the arm64 kernel boot
protocol, which mandates that the kernel is loaded TEXT_OFFSET bytes above
a 2 MB aligned base address. This requirement is a result of the fact that
the block size used by the early mapping code may be 2 MB at the most (for
a 4 KB granule kernel)

But we can do better than that: since a KASLR kernel needs to be relocated
in any case, we can tolerate a physical misalignment as long as the virtual
misalignment relative to this 2 MB block size is equal in size, and code to
deal with this is already in place.

Since we align the kernel segments to 64 KB, let's randomize the physical
offset at 64 KB granularity as well (unless CONFIG_DEBUG_ALIGN_RODATA is
enabled). This way, the page table and TLB footprint is not affected.

The higher granularity allows for 5 bits of additional entropy to be used.
Reviewed-by: default avatarMatt Fleming <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarArd Biesheuvel <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarWill Deacon <>
parent 99a50777
......@@ -80,16 +80,25 @@ efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
kernel_memsize = kernel_size + (_end - _edata);
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE) && phys_seed != 0) {
* If CONFIG_DEBUG_ALIGN_RODATA is not set, produce a
* displacement in the interval [0, MIN_KIMG_ALIGN) that
* is a multiple of the minimal segment alignment (SZ_64K)
u32 mask = (MIN_KIMG_ALIGN - 1) & ~(SZ_64K - 1);
(phys_seed >> 32) & mask : TEXT_OFFSET;
* If KASLR is enabled, and we have some randomness available,
* locate the kernel at a randomized offset in physical memory.
*reserve_size = kernel_memsize + TEXT_OFFSET;
*reserve_size = kernel_memsize + offset;
status = efi_random_alloc(sys_table_arg, *reserve_size,
MIN_KIMG_ALIGN, reserve_addr,
*image_addr = *reserve_addr + TEXT_OFFSET;
*image_addr = *reserve_addr + offset;
} else {
* Else, try a straight allocation at the preferred offset.
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