Commit 68ce9682 authored by Stefan Behrens's avatar Stefan Behrens Committed by Chris Mason
Browse files

Btrfs: remove superblock writing after fatal error

With commit acce952b

, btrfs was changed to flag the filesystem with
BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR and switch to read-only mode after a fatal
error happened like a write I/O errors of all mirrors.
In such situations, on unmount, the superblock is written in
btrfs_error_commit_super(). This is done with the intention to be able
to evaluate the error flag on the next mount. A warning is printed
in this case during the next mount and the log tree is ignored.

The issue is that it is possible that the superblock points to a root
that was not written (due to write I/O errors).
The result is that the filesystem cannot be mounted. btrfsck also does
not start and all the other btrfs-progs tools fail to start as well.
However, mount -o recovery is working well and does the right things
to recover the filesystem (i.e., don't use the log root, clear the
free space cache and use the next mountable root that is stored in the
root backup array).

This patch removes the writing of the superblock when
BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR is set, and removes the handling of the error
flag in the mount function.

These lines can be used to reproduce the issue (using /dev/sdm):
echo 0 25165824 linear $SCRATCH_DEV 0 | dmsetup create foo
ls -alLF /dev/mapper/foo
mkfs.btrfs /dev/mapper/foo
mount /dev/mapper/foo $SCRATCH_MNT
echo bar > $SCRATCH_MNT/foo
echo 0 25165824 error | dmsetup reload foo
dmsetup resume foo
touch $SCRATCH_MNT/1
sleep 35
echo 0 25165824 linear $SCRATCH_DEV 0 | dmsetup reload foo
dmsetup resume foo
sleep 1
btrfsck /dev/mapper/foo
dmsetup remove foo

Signed-off-by: default avatarStefan Behrens <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJan Schmidt <>
parent ae1e206b
......@@ -2527,8 +2527,7 @@ retry_root_backup:
goto fail_trans_kthread;
/* do not make disk changes in broken FS */
if (btrfs_super_log_root(disk_super) != 0 &&
!(fs_info->fs_state & BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR)) {
if (btrfs_super_log_root(disk_super) != 0) {
u64 bytenr = btrfs_super_log_root(disk_super);
if (fs_devices->rw_devices == 0) {
......@@ -3188,30 +3187,14 @@ int close_ctree(struct btrfs_root *root)
/* clear out the rbtree of defraggable inodes */
* Here come 2 situations when btrfs is broken to flip readonly:
* 1. when btrfs flips readonly somewhere else before
* btrfs_commit_super, sb->s_flags has MS_RDONLY flag,
* and btrfs will skip to write sb directly to keep
* ERROR state on disk.
* 2. when btrfs flips readonly just in btrfs_commit_super,
* and in such case, btrfs cannot write sb via btrfs_commit_super,
* and since fs_state has been set BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR flag,
* btrfs will cleanup all FS resources first and write sb then.
if (!(fs_info->sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
ret = btrfs_commit_super(root);
if (ret)
printk(KERN_ERR "btrfs: commit super ret %d\n", ret);
if (fs_info->fs_state & BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR) {
ret = btrfs_error_commit_super(root);
if (ret)
printk(KERN_ERR "btrfs: commit super ret %d\n", ret);
if (fs_info->fs_state & BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR)
......@@ -3433,18 +3416,11 @@ static int btrfs_check_super_valid(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
if (read_only)
return 0;
if (fs_info->fs_state & BTRFS_SUPER_FLAG_ERROR) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "warning: mount fs with errors, "
"running btrfsck is recommended\n");
return 0;
int btrfs_error_commit_super(struct btrfs_root *root)
void btrfs_error_commit_super(struct btrfs_root *root)
int ret;
......@@ -3454,10 +3430,6 @@ int btrfs_error_commit_super(struct btrfs_root *root)
/* cleanup FS via transaction */
ret = write_ctree_super(NULL, root, 0);
return ret;
static void btrfs_destroy_ordered_operations(struct btrfs_root *root)
......@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ int write_ctree_super(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
struct btrfs_root *root, int max_mirrors);
struct buffer_head *btrfs_read_dev_super(struct block_device *bdev);
int btrfs_commit_super(struct btrfs_root *root);
int btrfs_error_commit_super(struct btrfs_root *root);
void btrfs_error_commit_super(struct btrfs_root *root);
struct extent_buffer *btrfs_find_tree_block(struct btrfs_root *root,
u64 bytenr, u32 blocksize);
struct btrfs_root *btrfs_read_fs_root_no_radix(struct btrfs_root *tree_root,
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