Commit 62607313 authored by H. Peter Anvin's avatar H. Peter Anvin Committed by Linus Torvalds
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Assembly header and main routine for new x86 setup code



The assembly header and initialization code, and the main() routine.
main.c also contains some miscellaneous very short routines.
Signed-off-by: default avatarH. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 7052fdd8
/*
* header.S
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*
* Based on bootsect.S and setup.S
* modified by more people than can be counted
*
* Rewritten as a common file by H. Peter Anvin (Apr 2007)
*
* BIG FAT NOTE: We're in real mode using 64k segments. Therefore segment
* addresses must be multiplied by 16 to obtain their respective linear
* addresses. To avoid confusion, linear addresses are written using leading
* hex while segment addresses are written as segment:offset.
*
*/
#include <asm/segment.h>
#include <linux/utsrelease.h>
#include <asm/boot.h>
#include <asm/e820.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include "boot.h"
SETUPSECTS = 4 /* default nr of setup-sectors */
BOOTSEG = 0x07C0 /* original address of boot-sector */
SYSSEG = DEF_SYSSEG /* system loaded at 0x10000 (65536) */
SYSSIZE = DEF_SYSSIZE /* system size: # of 16-byte clicks */
/* to be loaded */
ROOT_DEV = 0 /* ROOT_DEV is now written by "build" */
SWAP_DEV = 0 /* SWAP_DEV is now written by "build" */
#ifndef SVGA_MODE
#define SVGA_MODE ASK_VGA
#endif
#ifndef RAMDISK
#define RAMDISK 0
#endif
#ifndef ROOT_RDONLY
#define ROOT_RDONLY 1
#endif
.code16
.section ".bstext", "ax"
.global bootsect_start
bootsect_start:
# Normalize the start address
ljmp $BOOTSEG, $start2
start2:
movw %cs, %ax
movw %ax, %ds
movw %ax, %es
movw %ax, %ss
xorw %sp, %sp
sti
cld
movw $bugger_off_msg, %si
msg_loop:
lodsb
andb %al, %al
jz bs_die
movb $0xe, %ah
movw $7, %bx
int $0x10
jmp msg_loop
bs_die:
# Allow the user to press a key, then reboot
xorw %ax, %ax
int $0x16
int $0x19
# int 0x19 should never return. In case it does anyway,
# invoke the BIOS reset code...
ljmp $0xf000,$0xfff0
.section ".bsdata", "a"
bugger_off_msg:
.ascii "Direct booting from floppy is no longer supported.\r\n"
.ascii "Please use a boot loader program instead.\r\n"
.ascii "\n"
.ascii "Remove disk and press any key to reboot . . .\r\n"
.byte 0
# Kernel attributes; used by setup. This is part 1 of the
# header, from the old boot sector.
.section ".header", "a"
.globl hdr
hdr:
setup_sects: .byte SETUPSECTS
root_flags: .word ROOT_RDONLY
syssize: .long SYSSIZE
ram_size: .word RAMDISK
vid_mode: .word SVGA_MODE
root_dev: .word ROOT_DEV
boot_flag: .word 0xAA55
# offset 512, entry point
.globl _start
_start:
# Explicitly enter this as bytes, or the assembler
# tries to generate a 3-byte jump here, which causes
# everything else to push off to the wrong offset.
.byte 0xeb # short (2-byte) jump
.byte start_of_setup-1f
1:
# Part 2 of the header, from the old setup.S
.ascii "HdrS" # header signature
.word 0x0206 # header version number (>= 0x0105)
# or else old loadlin-1.5 will fail)
.globl realmode_swtch
realmode_swtch: .word 0, 0 # default_switch, SETUPSEG
start_sys_seg: .word SYSSEG
.word kernel_version-512 # pointing to kernel version string
# above section of header is compatible
# with loadlin-1.5 (header v1.5). Don't
# change it.
type_of_loader: .byte 0 # = 0, old one (LILO, Loadlin,
# Bootlin, SYSLX, bootsect...)
# See Documentation/i386/boot.txt for
# assigned ids
# flags, unused bits must be zero (RFU) bit within loadflags
loadflags:
LOADED_HIGH = 1 # If set, the kernel is loaded high
CAN_USE_HEAP = 0x80 # If set, the loader also has set
# heap_end_ptr to tell how much
# space behind setup.S can be used for
# heap purposes.
# Only the loader knows what is free
#ifndef __BIG_KERNEL__
.byte 0
#else
.byte LOADED_HIGH
#endif
setup_move_size: .word 0x8000 # size to move, when setup is not
# loaded at 0x90000. We will move setup
# to 0x90000 then just before jumping
# into the kernel. However, only the
# loader knows how much data behind
# us also needs to be loaded.
code32_start: # here loaders can put a different
# start address for 32-bit code.
#ifndef __BIG_KERNEL__
.long 0x1000 # 0x1000 = default for zImage
#else
.long 0x100000 # 0x100000 = default for big kernel
#endif
ramdisk_image: .long 0 # address of loaded ramdisk image
# Here the loader puts the 32-bit
# address where it loaded the image.
# This only will be read by the kernel.
ramdisk_size: .long 0 # its size in bytes
bootsect_kludge:
.long 0 # obsolete
heap_end_ptr: .word _end+1024 # (Header version 0x0201 or later)
# space from here (exclusive) down to
# end of setup code can be used by setup
# for local heap purposes.
pad1: .word 0
cmd_line_ptr: .long 0 # (Header version 0x0202 or later)
# If nonzero, a 32-bit pointer
# to the kernel command line.
# The command line should be
# located between the start of
# setup and the end of low
# memory (0xa0000), or it may
# get overwritten before it
# gets read. If this field is
# used, there is no longer
# anything magical about the
# 0x90000 segment; the setup
# can be located anywhere in
# low memory 0x10000 or higher.
ramdisk_max: .long (-__PAGE_OFFSET-(512 << 20)-1) & 0x7fffffff
# (Header version 0x0203 or later)
# The highest safe address for
# the contents of an initrd
kernel_alignment: .long CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN #physical addr alignment
#required for protected mode
#kernel
#ifdef CONFIG_RELOCATABLE
relocatable_kernel: .byte 1
#else
relocatable_kernel: .byte 0
#endif
pad2: .byte 0
pad3: .word 0
cmdline_size: .long COMMAND_LINE_SIZE-1 #length of the command line,
#added with boot protocol
#version 2.06
# End of setup header #####################################################
.section ".inittext", "ax"
start_of_setup:
#ifdef SAFE_RESET_DISK_CONTROLLER
# Reset the disk controller.
movw $0x0000, %ax # Reset disk controller
movb $0x80, %dl # All disks
int $0x13
#endif
# We will have entired with %cs = %ds+0x20, normalize %cs so
# it is on par with the other segments.
pushw %ds
pushw $setup2
lretw
setup2:
# Force %es = %ds
movw %ds, %ax
movw %ax, %es
cld
# Stack paranoia: align the stack and make sure it is good
# for both 16- and 32-bit references. In particular, if we
# were meant to have been using the full 16-bit segment, the
# caller might have set %sp to zero, which breaks %esp-based
# references.
andw $~3, %sp # dword align (might as well...)
jnz 1f
movw $0xfffc, %sp # Make sure we're not zero
1: movzwl %sp, %esp # Clear upper half of %esp
sti
# Check signature at end of setup
cmpl $0x5a5aaa55, setup_sig
jne setup_bad
# Zero the bss
movw $__bss_start, %di
movw $_end+3, %cx
xorl %eax, %eax
subw %di, %cx
shrw $2, %cx
rep; stosl
# Jump to C code (should not return)
calll main
# Setup corrupt somehow...
setup_bad:
movl $setup_corrupt, %eax
calll puts
# Fall through...
.globl die
.type die, @function
die:
hlt
jmp die
.size die, .-due
.section ".initdata", "a"
setup_corrupt:
.byte 7
.string "No setup signature found..."
/* -*- linux-c -*- ------------------------------------------------------- *
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
* Copyright 2007 rPath, Inc. - All Rights Reserved
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel, and is made available under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.
*
* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/*
* arch/i386/boot/main.c
*
* Main module for the real-mode kernel code
*/
#include "boot.h"
struct boot_params boot_params __attribute__((aligned(16)));
char *HEAP = _end;
char *heap_end = _end; /* Default end of heap = no heap */
/*
* Copy the header into the boot parameter block. Since this
* screws up the old-style command line protocol, adjust by
* filling in the new-style command line pointer instead.
*/
#define OLD_CL_MAGIC 0xA33F
#define OLD_CL_ADDRESS 0x20
static void copy_boot_params(void)
{
struct old_cmdline {
u16 cl_magic;
u16 cl_offset;
};
const struct old_cmdline * const oldcmd =
(const struct old_cmdline *)OLD_CL_ADDRESS;
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof boot_params != 4096);
memcpy(&boot_params.hdr, &hdr, sizeof hdr);
if (!boot_params.hdr.cmd_line_ptr &&
oldcmd->cl_magic == OLD_CL_MAGIC) {
/* Old-style command line protocol. */
u16 cmdline_seg;
/* Figure out if the command line falls in the region
of memory that an old kernel would have copied up
to 0x90000... */
if (oldcmd->cl_offset < boot_params.hdr.setup_move_size)
cmdline_seg = ds();
else
cmdline_seg = 0x9000;
boot_params.hdr.cmd_line_ptr =
(cmdline_seg << 4) + oldcmd->cl_offset;
}
}
/*
* Set the keyboard repeat rate to maximum. Unclear why this
* is done here; this might be possible to kill off as stale code.
*/
static void keyboard_set_repeat(void)
{
u16 ax = 0x0305;
u16 bx = 0;
asm volatile("int $0x16"
: "+a" (ax), "+b" (bx)
: : "ecx", "edx", "esi", "edi");
}
/*
* Get Intel SpeedStep IST information.
*/
static void query_speedstep_ist(void)
{
asm("int $0x15"
: "=a" (boot_params.speedstep_info[0]),
"=b" (boot_params.speedstep_info[1]),
"=c" (boot_params.speedstep_info[2]),
"=d" (boot_params.speedstep_info[3])
: "a" (0x0000e980), /* IST Support */
"d" (0x47534943)); /* Request value */
}
/*
* Tell the BIOS what CPU mode we intend to run in.
*/
static void set_bios_mode(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
u32 eax, ebx;
eax = 0xec00;
ebx = 2;
asm volatile("int $0x15"
: "+a" (eax), "+b" (ebx)
: : "ecx", "edx", "esi", "edi");
#endif
}
void main(void)
{
/* First, copy the boot header into the "zeropage" */
copy_boot_params();
/* End of heap check */
if (boot_params.hdr.loadflags & CAN_USE_HEAP) {
heap_end = (char *)(boot_params.hdr.heap_end_ptr
+0x200-STACK_SIZE);
} else {
/* Boot protocol 2.00 only, no heap available */
puts("WARNING: Ancient bootloader, some functionality "
"may be limited!\n");
}
/* Make sure we have all the proper CPU support */
if (validate_cpu()) {
puts("Unable to boot - please use a kernel appropriate "
"for your CPU.\n");
die();
}
/* Tell the BIOS what CPU mode we intend to run in. */
set_bios_mode();
/* Detect memory layout */
detect_memory();
/* Set keyboard repeat rate (why?) */
keyboard_set_repeat();
/* Set the video mode */
set_video();
/* Query MCA information */
query_mca();
/* Voyager */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_VOYAGER
query_voyager();
#endif
/* Query SpeedStep IST information */
query_speedstep_ist();
/* Query APM information */
#if defined(CONFIG_APM) || defined(CONFIG_APM_MODULE)
query_apm_bios();
#endif
/* Query EDD information */
#if defined(CONFIG_EDD) || defined(CONFIG_EDD_MODULE)
query_edd();
#endif
/* Do the last things and invoke protected mode */
go_to_protected_mode();
}
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