Commit 5f256bec authored by Eric W. Biederman's avatar Eric W. Biederman Committed by David S. Miller

[NET]: Basic network namespace infrastructure.

This is the basic infrastructure needed to support network
namespaces.  This infrastructure is:
- Registration functions to support initializing per network
  namespace data when a network namespaces is created or destroyed.

- struct net.  The network namespace data structure.
  This structure will grow as variables are made per network
  namespace but this is the minimal starting point.

- Functions to grab a reference to the network namespace.
  I provide both get/put functions that keep a network namespace
  from being freed.  And hold/release functions serve as weak references
  and will warn if their count is not zero when the data structure
  is freed.  Useful for dealing with more complicated data structures
  like the ipv4 route cache.

- A list of all of the network namespaces so we can iterate over them.

- A slab for the network namespace data structure allowing leaks
  to be spotted.
Signed-off-by: default avatarEric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent 32da477a
/*
* Operations on the network namespace
*/
#ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H
#define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
struct net {
atomic_t count; /* To decided when the network
* namespace should be freed.
*/
atomic_t use_count; /* To track references we
* destroy on demand
*/
struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */
struct work_struct work; /* work struct for freeing */
};
extern struct net init_net;
extern struct list_head net_namespace_list;
extern void __put_net(struct net *net);
static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net)
{
atomic_inc(&net->count);
return net;
}
static inline void put_net(struct net *net)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&net->count))
__put_net(net);
}
static inline struct net *hold_net(struct net *net)
{
atomic_inc(&net->use_count);
return net;
}
static inline void release_net(struct net *net)
{
atomic_dec(&net->use_count);
}
extern void net_lock(void);
extern void net_unlock(void);
#define for_each_net(VAR) \
list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list)
struct pernet_operations {
struct list_head list;
int (*init)(struct net *net);
void (*exit)(struct net *net);
};
extern int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *);
extern void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *);
extern int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *);
extern void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *);
#endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
......@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
#
obj-y := sock.o request_sock.o skbuff.o iovec.o datagram.o stream.o scm.o \
gen_stats.o gen_estimator.o
gen_stats.o gen_estimator.o net_namespace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += sysctl_net_core.o
......
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
/*
* Our network namespace constructor/destructor lists
*/
static LIST_HEAD(pernet_list);
static struct list_head *first_device = &pernet_list;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(net_mutex);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(net_list_mutex);
LIST_HEAD(net_namespace_list);
static struct kmem_cache *net_cachep;
struct net init_net;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_net);
void net_lock(void)
{
mutex_lock(&net_list_mutex);
}
void net_unlock(void)
{
mutex_unlock(&net_list_mutex);
}
static struct net *net_alloc(void)
{
return kmem_cache_alloc(net_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
}
static void net_free(struct net *net)
{
if (!net)
return;
if (unlikely(atomic_read(&net->use_count) != 0)) {
printk(KERN_EMERG "network namespace not free! Usage: %d\n",
atomic_read(&net->use_count));
return;
}
kmem_cache_free(net_cachep, net);
}
static void cleanup_net(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct pernet_operations *ops;
struct list_head *ptr;
struct net *net;
net = container_of(work, struct net, work);
mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
/* Don't let anyone else find us. */
net_lock();
list_del(&net->list);
net_unlock();
/* Run all of the network namespace exit methods */
list_for_each_prev(ptr, &pernet_list) {
ops = list_entry(ptr, struct pernet_operations, list);
if (ops->exit)
ops->exit(net);
}
mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
/* Ensure there are no outstanding rcu callbacks using this
* network namespace.
*/
rcu_barrier();
/* Finally it is safe to free my network namespace structure */
net_free(net);
}
void __put_net(struct net *net)
{
/* Cleanup the network namespace in process context */
INIT_WORK(&net->work, cleanup_net);
schedule_work(&net->work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__put_net);
/*
* setup_net runs the initializers for the network namespace object.
*/
static int setup_net(struct net *net)
{
/* Must be called with net_mutex held */
struct pernet_operations *ops;
struct list_head *ptr;
int error;
memset(net, 0, sizeof(struct net));
atomic_set(&net->count, 1);
atomic_set(&net->use_count, 0);
error = 0;
list_for_each(ptr, &pernet_list) {
ops = list_entry(ptr, struct pernet_operations, list);
if (ops->init) {
error = ops->init(net);
if (error < 0)
goto out_undo;
}
}
out:
return error;
out_undo:
/* Walk through the list backwards calling the exit functions
* for the pernet modules whose init functions did not fail.
*/
for (ptr = ptr->prev; ptr != &pernet_list; ptr = ptr->prev) {
ops = list_entry(ptr, struct pernet_operations, list);
if (ops->exit)
ops->exit(net);
}
goto out;
}
static int __init net_ns_init(void)
{
int err;
printk(KERN_INFO "net_namespace: %zd bytes\n", sizeof(struct net));
net_cachep = kmem_cache_create("net_namespace", sizeof(struct net),
SMP_CACHE_BYTES,
SLAB_PANIC, NULL);
mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
err = setup_net(&init_net);
net_lock();
list_add_tail(&init_net.list, &net_namespace_list);
net_unlock();
mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
if (err)
panic("Could not setup the initial network namespace");
return 0;
}
pure_initcall(net_ns_init);
static int register_pernet_operations(struct list_head *list,
struct pernet_operations *ops)
{
struct net *net, *undo_net;
int error;
error = 0;
list_add_tail(&ops->list, list);
for_each_net(net) {
if (ops->init) {
error = ops->init(net);
if (error)
goto out_undo;
}
}
out:
return error;
out_undo:
/* If I have an error cleanup all namespaces I initialized */
list_del(&ops->list);
for_each_net(undo_net) {
if (undo_net == net)
goto undone;
if (ops->exit)
ops->exit(undo_net);
}
undone:
goto out;
}
static void unregister_pernet_operations(struct pernet_operations *ops)
{
struct net *net;
list_del(&ops->list);
for_each_net(net)
if (ops->exit)
ops->exit(net);
}
/**
* register_pernet_subsys - register a network namespace subsystem
* @ops: pernet operations structure for the subsystem
*
* Register a subsystem which has init and exit functions
* that are called when network namespaces are created and
* destroyed respectively.
*
* When registered all network namespace init functions are
* called for every existing network namespace. Allowing kernel
* modules to have a race free view of the set of network namespaces.
*
* When a new network namespace is created all of the init
* methods are called in the order in which they were registered.
*
* When a network namespace is destroyed all of the exit methods
* are called in the reverse of the order with which they were
* registered.
*/
int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *ops)
{
int error;
mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
error = register_pernet_operations(first_device, ops);
mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_pernet_subsys);
/**
* unregister_pernet_subsys - unregister a network namespace subsystem
* @ops: pernet operations structure to manipulate
*
* Remove the pernet operations structure from the list to be
* used when network namespaces are created or destoryed. In
* addition run the exit method for all existing network
* namespaces.
*/
void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *module)
{
mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
unregister_pernet_operations(module);
mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_pernet_subsys);
/**
* register_pernet_device - register a network namespace device
* @ops: pernet operations structure for the subsystem
*
* Register a device which has init and exit functions
* that are called when network namespaces are created and
* destroyed respectively.
*
* When registered all network namespace init functions are
* called for every existing network namespace. Allowing kernel
* modules to have a race free view of the set of network namespaces.
*
* When a new network namespace is created all of the init
* methods are called in the order in which they were registered.
*
* When a network namespace is destroyed all of the exit methods
* are called in the reverse of the order with which they were
* registered.
*/
int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *ops)
{
int error;
mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
error = register_pernet_operations(&pernet_list, ops);
if (!error && (first_device == &pernet_list))
first_device = &ops->list;
mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_pernet_device);
/**
* unregister_pernet_device - unregister a network namespace netdevice
* @ops: pernet operations structure to manipulate
*
* Remove the pernet operations structure from the list to be
* used when network namespaces are created or destoryed. In
* addition run the exit method for all existing network
* namespaces.
*/
void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *ops)
{
mutex_lock(&net_mutex);
if (&ops->list == first_device)
first_device = first_device->next;
unregister_pernet_operations(ops);
mutex_unlock(&net_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_pernet_device);
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment