Commit 5e802dfa authored by David Brownell's avatar David Brownell Committed by Russell King
Browse files

[ARM] 4539/1: clocksource and clockevents for at91rm9200



GENERIC_TIME and GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS support for the at91rm9200.

 - Oneshot mode (used for NO_HZ and high res timers) uses the
   alarm to emulate a real oneshot timer; the trickiest bit is
   how to avoid some lowlevel races.  Thanks to Remy Bohmer for
   various fixes to this code.

 - Tighten up periodic mode support using the PIT.

 - Streamline reads of the 32KHz counter.  Thanks to Marc Pignat
   for some testing results: the CRTR register has *very* odd
   behavior.  The reread appears to work around stranger glitches
   than just getting an old clock value (which would quickly
   self-correct).

 - Remove the rounding-up of tick_usec to 10.009 msec (32KiHz/100),
   since that no longer acts correct (time increases too fast).

Note that the at91sam9 and at91x40 chips need other solutions,
since they don't have the same system timer module.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net>
Acked-by: default avatarBill Gatliff <bgat@billgatliff.com>
Acked-by: default avatarRemy Bohmer <linux@bohmer.net>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRussell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
parent f2c10d6c
......@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@ choice
config ARCH_AT91RM9200
bool "AT91RM9200"
select GENERIC_TIME
select GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS
config ARCH_AT91SAM9260
bool "AT91SAM9260 or AT91SAM9XE"
......
......@@ -19,70 +19,64 @@
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/clockchips.h>
#include <asm/hardware.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/mach/time.h>
#include <asm/arch/at91_st.h>
static unsigned long last_crtr;
static u32 irqmask;
static struct clock_event_device clkevt;
/*
* The ST_CRTR is updated asynchronously to the master clock. It is therefore
* necessary to read it twice (with the same value) to ensure accuracy.
* The ST_CRTR is updated asynchronously to the master clock ... but
* the updates as seen by the CPU don't seem to be strictly monotonic.
* Waiting until we read the same value twice avoids glitching.
*/
static inline unsigned long read_CRTR(void) {
static inline unsigned long read_CRTR(void)
{
unsigned long x1, x2;
x1 = at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_CRTR);
do {
x1 = at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_CRTR);
x2 = at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_CRTR);
} while (x1 != x2);
if (x1 == x2)
break;
x1 = x2;
} while (1);
return x1;
}
/*
* Returns number of microseconds since last timer interrupt. Note that interrupts
* will have been disabled by do_gettimeofday()
* 'LATCH' is hwclock ticks (see CLOCK_TICK_RATE in timex.h) per jiffy.
* 'tick' is usecs per jiffy (linux/timex.h).
*/
static unsigned long at91rm9200_gettimeoffset(void)
{
unsigned long elapsed;
elapsed = (read_CRTR() - last_crtr) & AT91_ST_ALMV;
return (unsigned long)(elapsed * (tick_nsec / 1000)) / LATCH;
}
/*
* IRQ handler for the timer.
*/
static irqreturn_t at91rm9200_timer_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
if (at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_SR) & AT91_ST_PITS) { /* This is a shared interrupt */
write_seqlock(&xtime_lock);
u32 sr = at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_SR) & irqmask;
while (((read_CRTR() - last_crtr) & AT91_ST_ALMV) >= LATCH) {
timer_tick();
last_crtr = (last_crtr + LATCH) & AT91_ST_ALMV;
}
/* simulate "oneshot" timer with alarm */
if (sr & AT91_ST_ALMS) {
clkevt.event_handler(&clkevt);
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}
write_sequnlock(&xtime_lock);
/* periodic mode should handle delayed ticks */
if (sr & AT91_ST_PITS) {
u32 crtr = read_CRTR();
while (((crtr - last_crtr) & AT91_ST_CRTV) >= LATCH) {
last_crtr += LATCH;
clkevt.event_handler(&clkevt);
}
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}
else
return IRQ_NONE; /* not handled */
/* this irq is shared ... */
return IRQ_NONE;
}
static struct irqaction at91rm9200_timer_irq = {
......@@ -91,56 +85,127 @@ static struct irqaction at91rm9200_timer_irq = {
.handler = at91rm9200_timer_interrupt
};
void at91rm9200_timer_reset(void)
static cycle_t read_clk32k(void)
{
last_crtr = 0;
return read_CRTR();
}
/* Real time counter incremented every 30.51758 microseconds */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_RTMR, 1);
static struct clocksource clk32k = {
.name = "32k_counter",
.rating = 150,
.read = read_clk32k,
.mask = CLOCKSOURCE_MASK(20),
.shift = 10,
.flags = CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS,
};
static void
clkevt32k_mode(enum clock_event_mode mode, struct clock_event_device *dev)
{
/* Disable and flush pending timer interrupts */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_IDR, AT91_ST_PITS | AT91_ST_ALMS);
(void) at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_SR);
/* Set Period Interval timer */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_PIMR, LATCH);
last_crtr = read_CRTR();
switch (mode) {
case CLOCK_EVT_MODE_PERIODIC:
/* PIT for periodic irqs; fixed rate of 1/HZ */
irqmask = AT91_ST_PITS;
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_PIMR, LATCH);
break;
case CLOCK_EVT_MODE_ONESHOT:
/* ALM for oneshot irqs, set by next_event()
* before 32 seconds have passed
*/
irqmask = AT91_ST_ALMS;
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_RTAR, last_crtr);
break;
case CLOCK_EVT_MODE_SHUTDOWN:
case CLOCK_EVT_MODE_UNUSED:
case CLOCK_EVT_MODE_RESUME:
irqmask = 0;
break;
}
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_IER, irqmask);
}
/* Clear any pending interrupts */
static int
clkevt32k_next_event(unsigned long delta, struct clock_event_device *dev)
{
unsigned long flags;
u32 alm;
int status = 0;
BUG_ON(delta < 2);
/* Use "raw" primitives so we behave correctly on RT kernels. */
raw_local_irq_save(flags);
/* The alarm IRQ uses absolute time (now+delta), not the relative
* time (delta) in our calling convention. Like all clockevents
* using such "match" hardware, we have a race to defend against.
*
* Our defense here is to have set up the clockevent device so the
* delta is at least two. That way we never end up writing RTAR
* with the value then held in CRTR ... which would mean the match
* wouldn't trigger until 32 seconds later, after CRTR wraps.
*/
alm = read_CRTR();
/* Cancel any pending alarm; flush any pending IRQ */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_RTAR, alm);
(void) at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_SR);
/* Enable Period Interval Timer interrupt */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_IER, AT91_ST_PITS);
/* Schedule alarm by writing RTAR. */
alm += delta;
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_RTAR, alm);
raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
return status;
}
static struct clock_event_device clkevt = {
.name = "at91_tick",
.features = CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_PERIODIC | CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT,
.shift = 32,
.rating = 150,
.cpumask = CPU_MASK_CPU0,
.set_next_event = clkevt32k_next_event,
.set_mode = clkevt32k_mode,
};
/*
* Set up timer interrupt.
* ST (system timer) module supports both clockevents and clocksource.
*/
void __init at91rm9200_timer_init(void)
{
/* Disable all timer interrupts */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_IDR, AT91_ST_PITS | AT91_ST_WDOVF | AT91_ST_RTTINC | AT91_ST_ALMS);
(void) at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_SR); /* Clear any pending interrupts */
/* Disable all timer interrupts, and clear any pending ones */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_IDR,
AT91_ST_PITS | AT91_ST_WDOVF | AT91_ST_RTTINC | AT91_ST_ALMS);
(void) at91_sys_read(AT91_ST_SR);
/* Make IRQs happen for the system timer */
setup_irq(AT91_ID_SYS, &at91rm9200_timer_irq);
/* Change the kernel's 'tick' value to 10009 usec. (the default is 10000) */
tick_usec = (LATCH * 1000000) / CLOCK_TICK_RATE;
/* The 32KiHz "Slow Clock" (tick every 30517.58 nanoseconds) is used
* directly for the clocksource and all clockevents, after adjusting
* its prescaler from the 1 Hz default.
*/
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_RTMR, 1);
/* Initialize and enable the timer interrupt */
at91rm9200_timer_reset();
}
/* Setup timer clockevent, with minimum of two ticks (important!!) */
clkevt.mult = div_sc(AT91_SLOW_CLOCK, NSEC_PER_SEC, clkevt.shift);
clkevt.max_delta_ns = clockevent_delta2ns(AT91_ST_ALMV, &clkevt);
clkevt.min_delta_ns = clockevent_delta2ns(2, &clkevt) + 1;
clkevt.cpumask = cpumask_of_cpu(0);
clockevents_register_device(&clkevt);
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
static void at91rm9200_timer_suspend(void)
{
/* disable Period Interval Timer interrupt */
at91_sys_write(AT91_ST_IDR, AT91_ST_PITS);
/* register clocksource */
clk32k.mult = clocksource_hz2mult(AT91_SLOW_CLOCK, clk32k.shift);
clocksource_register(&clk32k);
}
#else
#define at91rm9200_timer_suspend NULL
#endif
struct sys_timer at91rm9200_timer = {
.init = at91rm9200_timer_init,
.offset = at91rm9200_gettimeoffset,
.suspend = at91rm9200_timer_suspend,
.resume = at91rm9200_timer_reset,
};
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