Commit 5e051531 authored by Arun Chandran's avatar Arun Chandran Committed by Will Deacon
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arm64: convert part of soft_restart() to assembly

The current soft_restart() and setup_restart implementations incorrectly
assume that compiler will not spill/fill values to/from stack. However
this assumption seems to be wrong, revealed by the disassembly of the
currently existing code (v3.16) built with Linaro GCC 4.9-2014.05.

ffffffc000085224 <soft_restart>:
ffffffc000085224:  a9be7bfd  stp    x29, x30, [sp,#-32]!
ffffffc000085228:  910003fd  mov    x29, sp
ffffffc00008522c:  f9000fa0  str    x0, [x29,#24]
ffffffc000085230:  94003d21  bl     ffffffc0000946b4 <setup_mm_for_reboot>
ffffffc000085234:  94003b33  bl     ffffffc000093f00 <flush_cache_all>
ffffffc000085238:  94003dfa  bl     ffffffc000094a20 <cpu_cache_off>
ffffffc00008523c:  94003b31  bl     ffffffc000093f00 <flush_cache_all>
ffffffc000085240:  b0003321  adrp   x1, ffffffc0006ea000 <reset_devices>

ffffffc000085244:  f9400fa0  ldr    x0, [x29,#24] ----> spilled addr
ffffffc000085248:  f942fc22  ldr    x2, [x1,#1528] ----> global memstart_addr

ffffffc00008524c:  f0000061  adrp   x1, ffffffc000094000 <__inval_cache_range+0x40>
ffffffc000085250:  91290021  add    x1, x1, #0xa40
ffffffc000085254:  8b010041  add    x1, x2, x1
ffffffc000085258:  d2c00802  mov    x2, #0x4000000000           // #274877906944
ffffffc00008525c:  8b020021  add    x1, x1, x2
ffffffc000085260:  d63f0020  blr    x1

Here the compiler generates memory accesses after the cache is disabled,
loading stale values for the spilled value and global variable. As we cannot
control when the compiler will access memory we must rewrite the
functions in assembly to stash values we need in registers prior to
disabling the cache, avoiding the use of memory.
Reviewed-by: default avatarMark Rutland <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarArun Chandran <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarWill Deacon <>
parent 58015ec6
......@@ -32,6 +32,8 @@ extern void cpu_cache_off(void);
extern void cpu_do_idle(void);
extern void cpu_do_switch_mm(unsigned long pgd_phys, struct mm_struct *mm);
extern void cpu_reset(unsigned long addr) __attribute__((noreturn));
void cpu_soft_restart(phys_addr_t cpu_reset,
unsigned long addr) __attribute__((noreturn));
extern void cpu_do_suspend(struct cpu_suspend_ctx *ptr);
extern u64 cpu_do_resume(phys_addr_t ptr, u64 idmap_ttbr);
......@@ -57,36 +57,10 @@ unsigned long __stack_chk_guard __read_mostly;
static void setup_restart(void)
* Tell the mm system that we are going to reboot -
* we may need it to insert some 1:1 mappings so that
* soft boot works.
/* Clean and invalidate caches */
/* Turn D-cache off */
/* Push out any further dirty data, and ensure cache is empty */
void soft_restart(unsigned long addr)
typedef void (*phys_reset_t)(unsigned long);
phys_reset_t phys_reset;
/* Switch to the identity mapping */
phys_reset = (phys_reset_t)virt_to_phys(cpu_reset);
cpu_soft_restart(virt_to_phys(cpu_reset), addr);
/* Should never get here */
......@@ -76,6 +76,21 @@ ENTRY(cpu_reset)
ret x0
/* Save address of cpu_reset() and reset address */
mov x19, x0
mov x20, x1
/* Turn D-cache off */
bl cpu_cache_off
/* Push out all dirty data, and ensure cache is empty */
bl flush_cache_all
mov x0, x20
ret x19
* cpu_do_idle()
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