Commit 5d424d5a authored by John Heffner's avatar John Heffner Committed by David S. Miller
Browse files

[TCP]: MTU probing

Implementation of packetization layer path mtu discovery for TCP, based on
the internet-draft currently found at
<http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-pmtud-method-05.txt

>.

Signed-off-by: default avatarJohn Heffner <jheffner@psc.edu>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent 1d60290f
......@@ -397,6 +397,8 @@ enum
NET_TCP_CONG_CONTROL=110,
NET_TCP_ABC=111,
NET_IPV4_IPFRAG_MAX_DIST=112,
NET_TCP_MTU_PROBING=113,
NET_TCP_BASE_MSS=114,
};
enum {
......
......@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@ struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops {
* @icsk_probes_out: unanswered 0 window probes
* @icsk_ext_hdr_len: Network protocol overhead (IP/IPv6 options)
* @icsk_ack: Delayed ACK control data
* @icsk_mtup; MTU probing control data
*/
struct inet_connection_sock {
/* inet_sock has to be the first member! */
......@@ -104,6 +105,18 @@ struct inet_connection_sock {
__u16 last_seg_size; /* Size of last incoming segment */
__u16 rcv_mss; /* MSS used for delayed ACK decisions */
} icsk_ack;
struct {
int enabled;
/* Range of MTUs to search */
int search_high;
int search_low;
/* Information on the current probe. */
int probe_size;
__u32 probe_seq_start;
__u32 probe_seq_end;
} icsk_mtup;
u32 icsk_ca_priv[16];
#define ICSK_CA_PRIV_SIZE (16 * sizeof(u32))
};
......
......@@ -60,6 +60,9 @@ extern void tcp_time_wait(struct sock *sk, int state, int timeo);
/* Minimal RCV_MSS. */
#define TCP_MIN_RCVMSS 536U
/* The least MTU to use for probing */
#define TCP_BASE_MSS 512
/* After receiving this amount of duplicate ACKs fast retransmit starts. */
#define TCP_FASTRETRANS_THRESH 3
......@@ -219,6 +222,8 @@ extern int sysctl_tcp_nometrics_save;
extern int sysctl_tcp_moderate_rcvbuf;
extern int sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor;
extern int sysctl_tcp_abc;
extern int sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing;
extern int sysctl_tcp_base_mss;
extern atomic_t tcp_memory_allocated;
extern atomic_t tcp_sockets_allocated;
......@@ -447,6 +452,10 @@ extern int tcp_read_sock(struct sock *sk, read_descriptor_t *desc,
extern void tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(struct sock *sk);
extern int tcp_mtu_to_mss(struct sock *sk, int pmtu);
extern int tcp_mss_to_mtu(struct sock *sk, int mss);
extern void tcp_mtup_init(struct sock *sk);
static inline void __tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 snd_wnd)
{
tp->pred_flags = htonl((tp->tcp_header_len << 26) |
......
......@@ -664,6 +664,22 @@ ctl_table ipv4_table[] = {
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
},
{
.ctl_name = NET_TCP_MTU_PROBING,
.procname = "tcp_mtu_probing",
.data = &sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing,
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
},
{
.ctl_name = NET_TCP_BASE_MSS,
.procname = "tcp_base_mss",
.data = &sysctl_tcp_base_mss,
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
},
{ .ctl_name = 0 }
};
......
......@@ -1891,6 +1891,34 @@ static void tcp_try_to_open(struct sock *sk, struct tcp_sock *tp, int flag)
}
}
static void tcp_mtup_probe_failed(struct sock *sk)
{
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high = icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size - 1;
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = 0;
}
static void tcp_mtup_probe_success(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
/* FIXME: breaks with very large cwnd */
tp->prior_ssthresh = tcp_current_ssthresh(sk);
tp->snd_cwnd = tp->snd_cwnd *
tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, tp->mss_cache) /
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size;
tp->snd_cwnd_cnt = 0;
tp->snd_cwnd_stamp = tcp_time_stamp;
tp->rcv_ssthresh = tcp_current_ssthresh(sk);
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low = icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size;
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = 0;
tcp_sync_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie);
}
/* Process an event, which can update packets-in-flight not trivially.
* Main goal of this function is to calculate new estimate for left_out,
* taking into account both packets sitting in receiver's buffer and
......@@ -2023,6 +2051,17 @@ tcp_fastretrans_alert(struct sock *sk, u32 prior_snd_una,
return;
}
/* MTU probe failure: don't reduce cwnd */
if (icsk->icsk_ca_state < TCP_CA_CWR &&
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size &&
tp->snd_una == icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_seq_start) {
tcp_mtup_probe_failed(sk);
/* Restores the reduction we did in tcp_mtup_probe() */
tp->snd_cwnd++;
tcp_simple_retransmit(sk);
return;
}
/* Otherwise enter Recovery state */
if (IsReno(tp))
......@@ -2243,6 +2282,13 @@ static int tcp_clean_rtx_queue(struct sock *sk, __s32 *seq_rtt_p)
tp->retrans_stamp = 0;
}
/* MTU probing checks */
if (icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size) {
if (!after(icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_seq_end, TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq)) {
tcp_mtup_probe_success(sk, skb);
}
}
if (sacked) {
if (sacked & TCPCB_RETRANS) {
if(sacked & TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS)
......@@ -4101,6 +4147,7 @@ static int tcp_rcv_synsent_state_process(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
if (tp->rx_opt.sack_ok && sysctl_tcp_fack)
tp->rx_opt.sack_ok |= 2;
tcp_mtup_init(sk);
tcp_sync_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie);
tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(sk);
......@@ -4211,6 +4258,7 @@ discard:
if (tp->ecn_flags&TCP_ECN_OK)
sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_NO_LARGESEND);
tcp_mtup_init(sk);
tcp_sync_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie);
tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(sk);
......@@ -4399,6 +4447,7 @@ int tcp_rcv_state_process(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
*/
tp->lsndtime = tcp_time_stamp;
tcp_mtup_init(sk);
tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(sk);
tcp_init_buffer_space(sk);
tcp_fast_path_on(tp);
......
......@@ -900,6 +900,7 @@ struct sock *tcp_v4_syn_recv_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
inet_csk(newsk)->icsk_ext_hdr_len = newinet->opt->optlen;
newinet->id = newtp->write_seq ^ jiffies;
tcp_mtup_init(newsk);
tcp_sync_mss(newsk, dst_mtu(dst));
newtp->advmss = dst_metric(dst, RTAX_ADVMSS);
tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(newsk);
......
......@@ -51,6 +51,12 @@ int sysctl_tcp_retrans_collapse = 1;
*/
int sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor = 3;
int sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing = 0;
int sysctl_tcp_base_mss = 512;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_tcp_base_mss);
static void update_send_head(struct sock *sk, struct tcp_sock *tp,
struct sk_buff *skb)
{
......@@ -681,6 +687,62 @@ int tcp_trim_head(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len)
return 0;
}
/* Not accounting for SACKs here. */
int tcp_mtu_to_mss(struct sock *sk, int pmtu)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int mss_now;
/* Calculate base mss without TCP options:
It is MMS_S - sizeof(tcphdr) of rfc1122
*/
mss_now = pmtu - icsk->icsk_af_ops->net_header_len - sizeof(struct tcphdr);
/* Clamp it (mss_clamp does not include tcp options) */
if (mss_now > tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp)
mss_now = tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp;
/* Now subtract optional transport overhead */
mss_now -= icsk->icsk_ext_hdr_len;
/* Then reserve room for full set of TCP options and 8 bytes of data */
if (mss_now < 48)
mss_now = 48;
/* Now subtract TCP options size, not including SACKs */
mss_now -= tp->tcp_header_len - sizeof(struct tcphdr);
return mss_now;
}
/* Inverse of above */
int tcp_mss_to_mtu(struct sock *sk, int mss)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
int mtu;
mtu = mss +
tp->tcp_header_len +
icsk->icsk_ext_hdr_len +
icsk->icsk_af_ops->net_header_len;
return mtu;
}
void tcp_mtup_init(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled = sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing > 1;
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high = tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp + sizeof(struct tcphdr) +
icsk->icsk_af_ops->net_header_len;
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low = tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, sysctl_tcp_base_mss);
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = 0;
}
/* This function synchronize snd mss to current pmtu/exthdr set.
tp->rx_opt.user_mss is mss set by user by TCP_MAXSEG. It does NOT counts
......@@ -708,25 +770,12 @@ unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
/* Calculate base mss without TCP options:
It is MMS_S - sizeof(tcphdr) of rfc1122
*/
int mss_now = (pmtu - icsk->icsk_af_ops->net_header_len -
sizeof(struct tcphdr));
int mss_now;
/* Clamp it (mss_clamp does not include tcp options) */
if (mss_now > tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp)
mss_now = tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp;
if (icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high > pmtu)
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high = pmtu;
/* Now subtract optional transport overhead */
mss_now -= icsk->icsk_ext_hdr_len;
/* Then reserve room for full set of TCP options and 8 bytes of data */
if (mss_now < 48)
mss_now = 48;
/* Now subtract TCP options size, not including SACKs */
mss_now -= tp->tcp_header_len - sizeof(struct tcphdr);
mss_now = tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, pmtu);
/* Bound mss with half of window */
if (tp->max_window && mss_now > (tp->max_window>>1))
......@@ -734,6 +783,8 @@ unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu)
/* And store cached results */
icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie = pmtu;
if (icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled)
mss_now = min(mss_now, tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low));
tp->mss_cache = mss_now;
return mss_now;
......@@ -1063,6 +1114,140 @@ static int tcp_tso_should_defer(struct sock *sk, struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_
return 1;
}
/* Create a new MTU probe if we are ready.
* Returns 0 if we should wait to probe (no cwnd available),
* 1 if a probe was sent,
* -1 otherwise */
static int tcp_mtu_probe(struct sock *sk)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct sk_buff *skb, *nskb, *next;
int len;
int probe_size;
unsigned int pif;
int copy;
int mss_now;
/* Not currently probing/verifying,
* not in recovery,
* have enough cwnd, and
* not SACKing (the variable headers throw things off) */
if (!icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled ||
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size ||
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state != TCP_CA_Open ||
tp->snd_cwnd < 11 ||
tp->rx_opt.eff_sacks)
return -1;
/* Very simple search strategy: just double the MSS. */
mss_now = tcp_current_mss(sk, 0);
probe_size = 2*tp->mss_cache;
if (probe_size > tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_mtup.search_high)) {
/* TODO: set timer for probe_converge_event */
return -1;
}
/* Have enough data in the send queue to probe? */
len = 0;
if ((skb = sk->sk_send_head) == NULL)
return -1;
while ((len += skb->len) < probe_size && !tcp_skb_is_last(sk, skb))
skb = skb->next;
if (len < probe_size)
return -1;
/* Receive window check. */
if (after(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + probe_size, tp->snd_una + tp->snd_wnd)) {
if (tp->snd_wnd < probe_size)
return -1;
else
return 0;
}
/* Do we need to wait to drain cwnd? */
pif = tcp_packets_in_flight(tp);
if (pif + 2 > tp->snd_cwnd) {
/* With no packets in flight, don't stall. */
if (pif == 0)
return -1;
else
return 0;
}
/* We're allowed to probe. Build it now. */
if ((nskb = sk_stream_alloc_skb(sk, probe_size, GFP_ATOMIC)) == NULL)
return -1;
sk_charge_skb(sk, nskb);
skb = sk->sk_send_head;
__skb_insert(nskb, skb->prev, skb, &sk->sk_write_queue);
sk->sk_send_head = nskb;
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq;
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->end_seq = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + probe_size;
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->flags = TCPCB_FLAG_ACK;
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->sacked = 0;
nskb->csum = 0;
if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_HW)
nskb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_HW;
len = 0;
while (len < probe_size) {
next = skb->next;
copy = min_t(int, skb->len, probe_size - len);
if (nskb->ip_summed)
skb_copy_bits(skb, 0, skb_put(nskb, copy), copy);
else
nskb->csum = skb_copy_and_csum_bits(skb, 0,
skb_put(nskb, copy), copy, nskb->csum);
if (skb->len <= copy) {
/* We've eaten all the data from this skb.
* Throw it away. */
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->flags |= TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags;
__skb_unlink(skb, &sk->sk_write_queue);
sk_stream_free_skb(sk, skb);
} else {
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->flags |= TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags &
~(TCPCB_FLAG_FIN|TCPCB_FLAG_PSH);
if (!skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags) {
skb_pull(skb, copy);
if (skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_HW)
skb->csum = csum_partial(skb->data, skb->len, 0);
} else {
__pskb_trim_head(skb, copy);
tcp_set_skb_tso_segs(sk, skb, mss_now);
}
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq += copy;
}
len += copy;
skb = next;
}
tcp_init_tso_segs(sk, nskb, nskb->len);
/* We're ready to send. If this fails, the probe will
* be resegmented into mss-sized pieces by tcp_write_xmit(). */
TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->when = tcp_time_stamp;
if (!tcp_transmit_skb(sk, nskb, 1, GFP_ATOMIC)) {
/* Decrement cwnd here because we are sending
* effectively two packets. */
tp->snd_cwnd--;
update_send_head(sk, tp, nskb);
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, nskb->len);
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_seq_start = TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->seq;
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_seq_end = TCP_SKB_CB(nskb)->end_seq;
return 1;
}
return -1;
}
/* This routine writes packets to the network. It advances the
* send_head. This happens as incoming acks open up the remote
* window for us.
......@@ -1076,6 +1261,7 @@ static int tcp_write_xmit(struct sock *sk, unsigned int mss_now, int nonagle)
struct sk_buff *skb;
unsigned int tso_segs, sent_pkts;
int cwnd_quota;
int result;
/* If we are closed, the bytes will have to remain here.
* In time closedown will finish, we empty the write queue and all
......@@ -1085,6 +1271,14 @@ static int tcp_write_xmit(struct sock *sk, unsigned int mss_now, int nonagle)
return 0;
sent_pkts = 0;
/* Do MTU probing. */
if ((result = tcp_mtu_probe(sk)) == 0) {
return 0;
} else if (result > 0) {
sent_pkts = 1;
}
while ((skb = sk->sk_send_head)) {
unsigned int limit;
......@@ -1455,9 +1649,15 @@ void tcp_simple_retransmit(struct sock *sk)
int tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
unsigned int cur_mss = tcp_current_mss(sk, 0);
int err;
/* Inconslusive MTU probe */
if (icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size) {
icsk->icsk_mtup.probe_size = 0;
}
/* Do not sent more than we queued. 1/4 is reserved for possible
* copying overhead: fragmentation, tunneling, mangling etc.
*/
......@@ -1883,6 +2083,7 @@ static void tcp_connect_init(struct sock *sk)
if (tp->rx_opt.user_mss)
tp->rx_opt.mss_clamp = tp->rx_opt.user_mss;
tp->max_window = 0;
tcp_mtup_init(sk);
tcp_sync_mss(sk, dst_mtu(dst));
if (!tp->window_clamp)
......@@ -2180,3 +2381,4 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_make_synack);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_simple_retransmit);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_sync_mss);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tcp_mtup_init);
......@@ -119,8 +119,10 @@ static int tcp_orphan_retries(struct sock *sk, int alive)
/* A write timeout has occurred. Process the after effects. */
static int tcp_write_timeout(struct sock *sk)
{
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
int retry_until;
int mss;
if ((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_SYN_SENT | TCPF_SYN_RECV)) {
if (icsk->icsk_retransmits)
......@@ -128,25 +130,19 @@ static int tcp_write_timeout(struct sock *sk)
retry_until = icsk->icsk_syn_retries ? : sysctl_tcp_syn_retries;
} else {
if (icsk->icsk_retransmits >= sysctl_tcp_retries1) {
/* NOTE. draft-ietf-tcpimpl-pmtud-01.txt requires pmtu black
hole detection. :-(
It is place to make it. It is not made. I do not want
to make it. It is disgusting. It does not work in any
case. Let me to cite the same draft, which requires for
us to implement this:
"The one security concern raised by this memo is that ICMP black holes
are often caused by over-zealous security administrators who block
all ICMP messages. It is vitally important that those who design and
deploy security systems understand the impact of strict filtering on
upper-layer protocols. The safest web site in the world is worthless
if most TCP implementations cannot transfer data from it. It would
be far nicer to have all of the black holes fixed rather than fixing
all of the TCP implementations."
Golden words :-).
*/
/* Black hole detection */
if (sysctl_tcp_mtu_probing) {
if (!icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled) {
icsk->icsk_mtup.enabled = 1;
tcp_sync_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie);
} else {
mss = min(sysctl_tcp_base_mss,
tcp_mtu_to_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low)/2);
mss = max(mss, 68 - tp->tcp_header_len);
icsk->icsk_mtup.search_low = tcp_mss_to_mtu(sk, mss);
tcp_sync_mss(sk, icsk->icsk_pmtu_cookie);
}
}
dst_negative_advice(&sk->sk_dst_cache);
}
......
......@@ -987,6 +987,7 @@ static struct sock * tcp_v6_syn_recv_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
inet_csk(newsk)->icsk_ext_hdr_len = (newnp->opt->opt_nflen +
newnp->opt->opt_flen);
tcp_mtup_init(newsk);
tcp_sync_mss(newsk, dst_mtu(dst));
newtp->advmss = dst_metric(dst, RTAX_ADVMSS);
tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(newsk);
......
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