Commit 490c79a6 authored by Tejun Heo's avatar Tejun Heo

percpu_ref: decouple switching to atomic mode and killing

percpu_ref has treated the dropping of the base reference and
switching to atomic mode as an integral operation; however, there's
nothing inherent tying the two together.

The use cases for percpu_ref have been expanding continuously.  While
the current init/kill/reinit/exit model can cover a lot, the coupling
of kill/reinit with atomic/percpu mode switching is turning out to be
too restrictive for use cases where many percpu_refs are created and
destroyed back-to-back with only some of them reaching extended
operation.  The coupling also makes implementing always-atomic debug
mode difficult.

This patch separates out atomic mode switching into
percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic() and reimplements
percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm() on top of it.

* The handling of __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC and __PERCPU_REF_DEAD is now
  differentiated.  Among get/put operations, percpu_ref_tryget_live()
  is the only one which cares about DEAD.

* percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic() can be called multiple times on the
  same ref.  This means that multiple @confirm_switch may get queued
  up which we can't do reliably without extra memory area.  This is
  handled by making the later invocation synchronously wait for the
  completion of the previous one.  This isn't particularly desirable
  but such synchronous waits shouldn't happen in most cases.
Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: default avatarKent Overstreet <kmo@daterainc.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
parent 27344a90
......@@ -78,9 +78,11 @@ struct percpu_ref {
int __must_check percpu_ref_init(struct percpu_ref *ref,
percpu_ref_func_t *release, gfp_t gfp);
void percpu_ref_exit(struct percpu_ref *ref);
void percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(struct percpu_ref *ref,
percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_switch);
void percpu_ref_reinit(struct percpu_ref *ref);
void percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(struct percpu_ref *ref,
percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_kill);
void percpu_ref_reinit(struct percpu_ref *ref);
/**
* percpu_ref_kill - drop the initial ref
......@@ -111,7 +113,7 @@ static inline bool __ref_is_percpu(struct percpu_ref *ref,
/* paired with smp_store_release() in percpu_ref_reinit() */
smp_read_barrier_depends();
if (unlikely(percpu_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD))
if (unlikely(percpu_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC))
return false;
*percpu_countp = (unsigned long __percpu *)percpu_ptr;
......@@ -193,6 +195,8 @@ static inline bool percpu_ref_tryget_live(struct percpu_ref *ref)
if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) {
this_cpu_inc(*percpu_count);
ret = true;
} else if (!(ACCESS_ONCE(ref->percpu_count_ptr) & __PERCPU_REF_DEAD)) {
ret = atomic_long_inc_not_zero(&ref->count);
}
rcu_read_unlock_sched();
......
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "%s: " fmt "\n", __func__
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/percpu-refcount.h>
/*
......@@ -31,6 +33,8 @@
#define PERCPU_COUNT_BIAS (1LU << (BITS_PER_LONG - 1))
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(percpu_ref_switch_waitq);
static unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count_ptr(struct percpu_ref *ref)
{
return (unsigned long __percpu *)
......@@ -88,7 +92,19 @@ void percpu_ref_exit(struct percpu_ref *ref)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_ref_exit);
static void percpu_ref_kill_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
static void percpu_ref_call_confirm_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
{
struct percpu_ref *ref = container_of(rcu, struct percpu_ref, rcu);
ref->confirm_switch(ref);
ref->confirm_switch = NULL;
wake_up_all(&percpu_ref_switch_waitq);
/* drop ref from percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic() */
percpu_ref_put(ref);
}
static void percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
{
struct percpu_ref *ref = container_of(rcu, struct percpu_ref, rcu);
unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count = percpu_count_ptr(ref);
......@@ -116,47 +132,79 @@ static void percpu_ref_kill_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
atomic_long_add((long)count - PERCPU_COUNT_BIAS, &ref->count);
WARN_ONCE(atomic_long_read(&ref->count) <= 0,
"percpu ref (%pf) <= 0 (%ld) after killed",
"percpu ref (%pf) <= 0 (%ld) after switching to atomic",
ref->release, atomic_long_read(&ref->count));
/* @ref is viewed as dead on all CPUs, send out kill confirmation */
if (ref->confirm_switch)
ref->confirm_switch(ref);
/* @ref is viewed as dead on all CPUs, send out switch confirmation */
percpu_ref_call_confirm_rcu(rcu);
}
/*
* Now we're in single atomic_long_t mode with a consistent
* refcount, so it's safe to drop our initial ref:
*/
percpu_ref_put(ref);
static void percpu_ref_noop_confirm_switch(struct percpu_ref *ref)
{
}
static void __percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(struct percpu_ref *ref,
percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_switch)
{
if (!(ref->percpu_count_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC)) {
/* switching from percpu to atomic */
ref->percpu_count_ptr |= __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC;
/*
* Non-NULL ->confirm_switch is used to indicate that
* switching is in progress. Use noop one if unspecified.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(ref->confirm_switch);
ref->confirm_switch =
confirm_switch ?: percpu_ref_noop_confirm_switch;
percpu_ref_get(ref); /* put after confirmation */
call_rcu_sched(&ref->rcu, percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_rcu);
} else if (confirm_switch) {
/*
* Somebody already set ATOMIC. Switching may still be in
* progress. @confirm_switch must be invoked after the
* switching is complete and a full sched RCU grace period
* has passed. Wait synchronously for the previous
* switching and schedule @confirm_switch invocation.
*/
wait_event(percpu_ref_switch_waitq, !ref->confirm_switch);
ref->confirm_switch = confirm_switch;
percpu_ref_get(ref); /* put after confirmation */
call_rcu_sched(&ref->rcu, percpu_ref_call_confirm_rcu);
}
}
/**
* percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm - drop the initial ref and schedule confirmation
* @ref: percpu_ref to kill
* @confirm_kill: optional confirmation callback
* percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic - switch a percpu_ref to atomic mode
* @ref: percpu_ref to switch to atomic mode
* @confirm_switch: optional confirmation callback
*
* Equivalent to percpu_ref_kill() but also schedules kill confirmation if
* @confirm_kill is not NULL. @confirm_kill, which may not block, will be
* called after @ref is seen as dead from all CPUs - all further
* invocations of percpu_ref_tryget_live() will fail. See
* percpu_ref_tryget_live() for more details.
* There's no reason to use this function for the usual reference counting.
* Use percpu_ref_kill[_and_confirm]().
*
* Schedule switching of @ref to atomic mode. All its percpu counts will
* be collected to the main atomic counter. On completion, when all CPUs
* are guaraneed to be in atomic mode, @confirm_switch, which may not
* block, is invoked. This function may be invoked concurrently with all
* the get/put operations and can safely be mixed with kill and reinit
* operations.
*
* Due to the way percpu_ref is implemented, @confirm_kill will be called
* after at least one full RCU grace period has passed but this is an
* implementation detail and callers must not depend on it.
* This function normally doesn't block and can be called from any context
* but it may block if @confirm_kill is specified and @ref is already in
* the process of switching to atomic mode. In such cases, @confirm_switch
* will be invoked after the switching is complete.
*
* Due to the way percpu_ref is implemented, @confirm_switch will be called
* after at least one full sched RCU grace period has passed but this is an
* implementation detail and must not be depended upon.
*/
void percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(struct percpu_ref *ref,
percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_kill)
void percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(struct percpu_ref *ref,
percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_switch)
{
WARN_ONCE(ref->percpu_count_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD,
"%s called more than once on %pf!", __func__, ref->release);
ref->percpu_count_ptr |= __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD;
ref->confirm_switch = confirm_kill;
call_rcu_sched(&ref->rcu, percpu_ref_kill_rcu);
__percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(ref, confirm_switch);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm);
/**
* percpu_ref_reinit - re-initialize a percpu refcount
......@@ -192,3 +240,34 @@ void percpu_ref_reinit(struct percpu_ref *ref)
ref->percpu_count_ptr & ~__PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_ref_reinit);
/**
* percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm - drop the initial ref and schedule confirmation
* @ref: percpu_ref to kill
* @confirm_kill: optional confirmation callback
*
* Equivalent to percpu_ref_kill() but also schedules kill confirmation if
* @confirm_kill is not NULL. @confirm_kill, which may not block, will be
* called after @ref is seen as dead from all CPUs at which point all
* further invocations of percpu_ref_tryget_live() will fail. See
* percpu_ref_tryget_live() for details.
*
* This function normally doesn't block and can be called from any context
* but it may block if @confirm_kill is specified and @ref is already in
* the process of switching to atomic mode by percpu_ref_switch_atomic().
*
* Due to the way percpu_ref is implemented, @confirm_switch will be called
* after at least one full sched RCU grace period has passed but this is an
* implementation detail and must not be depended upon.
*/
void percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(struct percpu_ref *ref,
percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_kill)
{
WARN_ONCE(ref->percpu_count_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_DEAD,
"%s called more than once on %pf!", __func__, ref->release);
ref->percpu_count_ptr |= __PERCPU_REF_DEAD;
__percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(ref, confirm_kill);
percpu_ref_put(ref);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm);
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