Commit 3c7f2550 authored by Mark Salter's avatar Mark Salter Committed by Matt Fleming
Browse files

arm64: efi: add EFI stub



This patch adds PE/COFF header fields to the start of the kernel
Image so that it appears as an EFI application to UEFI firmware.
An EFI stub is included to allow direct booting of the kernel
Image.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
[Add support in PE/COFF header for signed images]
Signed-off-by: default avatarArd Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLeif Lindholm <leif.lindholm@linaro.org>
Acked-by: default avatarCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarMatt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
parent e1977464
......@@ -290,8 +290,9 @@ config EFI
help
This option provides support for runtime services provided
by UEFI firmware (such as non-volatile variables, realtime
clock, and platform reset). This is only useful on systems
that have UEFI firmware.
clock, and platform reset). A UEFI stub is also provided to
allow the kernel to be booted as an EFI application. This
is only useful on systems that have UEFI firmware.
endmenu
......
......@@ -4,6 +4,8 @@
CPPFLAGS_vmlinux.lds := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
AFLAGS_head.o := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
CFLAGS_efi-stub.o := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET) \
-I$(src)/../../../scripts/dtc/libfdt
# Object file lists.
arm64-obj-y := cputable.o debug-monitors.o entry.o irq.o fpsimd.o \
......@@ -22,7 +24,7 @@ arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK) += early_printk.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_CPU_SUSPEND) += sleep.o suspend.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL) += jump_label.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_KGDB) += kgdb.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_EFI) += efi.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_EFI) += efi.o efi-stub.o efi-entry.o
obj-y += $(arm64-obj-y) vdso/
obj-m += $(arm64-obj-m)
......
/*
* EFI entry point.
*
* Copyright (C) 2013, 2014 Red Hat, Inc.
* Author: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <asm/assembler.h>
#define EFI_LOAD_ERROR 0x8000000000000001
__INIT
/*
* We arrive here from the EFI boot manager with:
*
* * CPU in little-endian mode
* * MMU on with identity-mapped RAM
* * Icache and Dcache on
*
* We will most likely be running from some place other than where
* we want to be. The kernel image wants to be placed at TEXT_OFFSET
* from start of RAM.
*/
ENTRY(efi_stub_entry)
/*
* Create a stack frame to save FP/LR with extra space
* for image_addr variable passed to efi_entry().
*/
stp x29, x30, [sp, #-32]!
/*
* Call efi_entry to do the real work.
* x0 and x1 are already set up by firmware. Current runtime
* address of image is calculated and passed via *image_addr.
*
* unsigned long efi_entry(void *handle,
* efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
* unsigned long *image_addr) ;
*/
adrp x8, _text
add x8, x8, #:lo12:_text
add x2, sp, 16
str x8, [x2]
bl efi_entry
cmn x0, #1
b.eq efi_load_fail
/*
* efi_entry() will have relocated the kernel image if necessary
* and we return here with device tree address in x0 and the kernel
* entry point stored at *image_addr. Save those values in registers
* which are callee preserved.
*/
mov x20, x0 // DTB address
ldr x0, [sp, #16] // relocated _text address
mov x21, x0
/*
* Flush dcache covering current runtime addresses
* of kernel text/data. Then flush all of icache.
*/
adrp x1, _text
add x1, x1, #:lo12:_text
adrp x2, _edata
add x2, x2, #:lo12:_edata
sub x1, x2, x1
bl __flush_dcache_area
ic ialluis
/* Turn off Dcache and MMU */
mrs x0, CurrentEL
cmp x0, #PSR_MODE_EL2t
ccmp x0, #PSR_MODE_EL2h, #0x4, ne
b.ne 1f
mrs x0, sctlr_el2
bic x0, x0, #1 << 0 // clear SCTLR.M
bic x0, x0, #1 << 2 // clear SCTLR.C
msr sctlr_el2, x0
isb
b 2f
1:
mrs x0, sctlr_el1
bic x0, x0, #1 << 0 // clear SCTLR.M
bic x0, x0, #1 << 2 // clear SCTLR.C
msr sctlr_el1, x0
isb
2:
/* Jump to kernel entry point */
mov x0, x20
mov x1, xzr
mov x2, xzr
mov x3, xzr
br x21
efi_load_fail:
mov x0, #EFI_LOAD_ERROR
ldp x29, x30, [sp], #32
ret
ENDPROC(efi_stub_entry)
/*
* Copyright (C) 2013, 2014 Linaro Ltd; <roy.franz@linaro.org>
*
* This file implements the EFI boot stub for the arm64 kernel.
* Adapted from ARM version by Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
*/
#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/libfdt.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <generated/compile.h>
#include <generated/utsrelease.h>
/*
* AArch64 requires the DTB to be 8-byte aligned in the first 512MiB from
* start of kernel and may not cross a 2MiB boundary. We set alignment to
* 2MiB so we know it won't cross a 2MiB boundary.
*/
#define EFI_FDT_ALIGN SZ_2M /* used by allocate_new_fdt_and_exit_boot() */
#define MAX_FDT_OFFSET SZ_512M
#define efi_call_early(f, ...) sys_table_arg->boottime->f(__VA_ARGS__)
static void efi_char16_printk(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
efi_char16_t *str);
static efi_status_t efi_open_volume(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
void *__image, void **__fh);
static efi_status_t efi_file_close(void *handle);
static efi_status_t
efi_file_read(void *handle, unsigned long *size, void *addr);
static efi_status_t
efi_file_size(efi_system_table_t *sys_table, void *__fh,
efi_char16_t *filename_16, void **handle, u64 *file_sz);
/* Include shared EFI stub code */
#include "../../../drivers/firmware/efi/efi-stub-helper.c"
#include "../../../drivers/firmware/efi/fdt.c"
#include "../../../drivers/firmware/efi/arm-stub.c"
static efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
unsigned long *image_addr,
unsigned long *image_size,
unsigned long *reserve_addr,
unsigned long *reserve_size,
unsigned long dram_base,
efi_loaded_image_t *image)
{
efi_status_t status;
unsigned long kernel_size, kernel_memsize = 0;
/* Relocate the image, if required. */
kernel_size = _edata - _text;
if (*image_addr != (dram_base + TEXT_OFFSET)) {
kernel_memsize = kernel_size + (_end - _edata);
status = efi_relocate_kernel(sys_table, image_addr,
kernel_size, kernel_memsize,
dram_base + TEXT_OFFSET,
PAGE_SIZE);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to relocate kernel\n");
return status;
}
if (*image_addr != (dram_base + TEXT_OFFSET)) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to alloc kernel memory\n");
efi_free(sys_table, kernel_memsize, *image_addr);
return EFI_ERROR;
}
*image_size = kernel_memsize;
}
return EFI_SUCCESS;
}
......@@ -108,8 +108,18 @@
/*
* DO NOT MODIFY. Image header expected by Linux boot-loaders.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
efi_head:
/*
* This add instruction has no meaningful effect except that
* its opcode forms the magic "MZ" signature required by UEFI.
*/
add x13, x18, #0x16
b stext
#else
b stext // branch to kernel start, magic
.long 0 // reserved
#endif
.quad TEXT_OFFSET // Image load offset from start of RAM
.quad 0 // reserved
.quad 0 // reserved
......@@ -120,7 +130,109 @@
.byte 0x52
.byte 0x4d
.byte 0x64
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
.long pe_header - efi_head // Offset to the PE header.
#else
.word 0 // reserved
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
.align 3
pe_header:
.ascii "PE"
.short 0
coff_header:
.short 0xaa64 // AArch64
.short 2 // nr_sections
.long 0 // TimeDateStamp
.long 0 // PointerToSymbolTable
.long 1 // NumberOfSymbols
.short section_table - optional_header // SizeOfOptionalHeader
.short 0x206 // Characteristics.
// IMAGE_FILE_DEBUG_STRIPPED |
// IMAGE_FILE_EXECUTABLE_IMAGE |
// IMAGE_FILE_LINE_NUMS_STRIPPED
optional_header:
.short 0x20b // PE32+ format
.byte 0x02 // MajorLinkerVersion
.byte 0x14 // MinorLinkerVersion
.long _edata - stext // SizeOfCode
.long 0 // SizeOfInitializedData
.long 0 // SizeOfUninitializedData
.long efi_stub_entry - efi_head // AddressOfEntryPoint
.long stext - efi_head // BaseOfCode
extra_header_fields:
.quad 0 // ImageBase
.long 0x20 // SectionAlignment
.long 0x8 // FileAlignment
.short 0 // MajorOperatingSystemVersion
.short 0 // MinorOperatingSystemVersion
.short 0 // MajorImageVersion
.short 0 // MinorImageVersion
.short 0 // MajorSubsystemVersion
.short 0 // MinorSubsystemVersion
.long 0 // Win32VersionValue
.long _edata - efi_head // SizeOfImage
// Everything before the kernel image is considered part of the header
.long stext - efi_head // SizeOfHeaders
.long 0 // CheckSum
.short 0xa // Subsystem (EFI application)
.short 0 // DllCharacteristics
.quad 0 // SizeOfStackReserve
.quad 0 // SizeOfStackCommit
.quad 0 // SizeOfHeapReserve
.quad 0 // SizeOfHeapCommit
.long 0 // LoaderFlags
.long 0x6 // NumberOfRvaAndSizes
.quad 0 // ExportTable
.quad 0 // ImportTable
.quad 0 // ResourceTable
.quad 0 // ExceptionTable
.quad 0 // CertificationTable
.quad 0 // BaseRelocationTable
// Section table
section_table:
/*
* The EFI application loader requires a relocation section
* because EFI applications must be relocatable. This is a
* dummy section as far as we are concerned.
*/
.ascii ".reloc"
.byte 0
.byte 0 // end of 0 padding of section name
.long 0
.long 0
.long 0 // SizeOfRawData
.long 0 // PointerToRawData
.long 0 // PointerToRelocations
.long 0 // PointerToLineNumbers
.short 0 // NumberOfRelocations
.short 0 // NumberOfLineNumbers
.long 0x42100040 // Characteristics (section flags)
.ascii ".text"
.byte 0
.byte 0
.byte 0 // end of 0 padding of section name
.long _edata - stext // VirtualSize
.long stext - efi_head // VirtualAddress
.long _edata - stext // SizeOfRawData
.long stext - efi_head // PointerToRawData
.long 0 // PointerToRelocations (0 for executables)
.long 0 // PointerToLineNumbers (0 for executables)
.short 0 // NumberOfRelocations (0 for executables)
.short 0 // NumberOfLineNumbers (0 for executables)
.long 0xe0500020 // Characteristics (section flags)
.align 5
#endif
ENTRY(stext)
mov x21, x0 // x21=FDT
......
/*
* EFI stub implementation that is shared by arm and arm64 architectures.
* This should be #included by the EFI stub implementation files.
*
* Copyright (C) 2013,2014 Linaro Limited
* Roy Franz <roy.franz@linaro.org
* Copyright (C) 2013 Red Hat, Inc.
* Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel, and is made available under the
* terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.
*
*/
static efi_status_t efi_open_volume(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
void *__image, void **__fh)
{
efi_file_io_interface_t *io;
efi_loaded_image_t *image = __image;
efi_file_handle_t *fh;
efi_guid_t fs_proto = EFI_FILE_SYSTEM_GUID;
efi_status_t status;
void *handle = (void *)(unsigned long)image->device_handle;
status = sys_table_arg->boottime->handle_protocol(handle,
&fs_proto, (void **)&io);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
efi_printk(sys_table_arg, "Failed to handle fs_proto\n");
return status;
}
status = io->open_volume(io, &fh);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS)
efi_printk(sys_table_arg, "Failed to open volume\n");
*__fh = fh;
return status;
}
static efi_status_t efi_file_close(void *handle)
{
efi_file_handle_t *fh = handle;
return fh->close(handle);
}
static efi_status_t
efi_file_read(void *handle, unsigned long *size, void *addr)
{
efi_file_handle_t *fh = handle;
return fh->read(handle, size, addr);
}
static efi_status_t
efi_file_size(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg, void *__fh,
efi_char16_t *filename_16, void **handle, u64 *file_sz)
{
efi_file_handle_t *h, *fh = __fh;
efi_file_info_t *info;
efi_status_t status;
efi_guid_t info_guid = EFI_FILE_INFO_ID;
unsigned long info_sz;
status = fh->open(fh, &h, filename_16, EFI_FILE_MODE_READ, (u64)0);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
efi_printk(sys_table_arg, "Failed to open file: ");
efi_char16_printk(sys_table_arg, filename_16);
efi_printk(sys_table_arg, "\n");
return status;
}
*handle = h;
info_sz = 0;
status = h->get_info(h, &info_guid, &info_sz, NULL);
if (status != EFI_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL) {
efi_printk(sys_table_arg, "Failed to get file info size\n");
return status;
}
grow:
status = sys_table_arg->boottime->allocate_pool(EFI_LOADER_DATA,
info_sz, (void **)&info);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
efi_printk(sys_table_arg, "Failed to alloc mem for file info\n");
return status;
}
status = h->get_info(h, &info_guid, &info_sz,
info);
if (status == EFI_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL) {
sys_table_arg->boottime->free_pool(info);
goto grow;
}
*file_sz = info->file_size;
sys_table_arg->boottime->free_pool(info);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS)
efi_printk(sys_table_arg, "Failed to get initrd info\n");
return status;
}
static void efi_char16_printk(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
efi_char16_t *str)
{
struct efi_simple_text_output_protocol *out;
out = (struct efi_simple_text_output_protocol *)sys_table_arg->con_out;
out->output_string(out, str);
}
/*
* This function handles the architcture specific differences between arm and
* arm64 regarding where the kernel image must be loaded and any memory that
* must be reserved. On failure it is required to free all
* all allocations it has made.
*/
static efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
unsigned long *image_addr,
unsigned long *image_size,
unsigned long *reserve_addr,
unsigned long *reserve_size,
unsigned long dram_base,
efi_loaded_image_t *image);
/*
* EFI entry point for the arm/arm64 EFI stubs. This is the entrypoint
* that is described in the PE/COFF header. Most of the code is the same
* for both archictectures, with the arch-specific code provided in the
* handle_kernel_image() function.
*/
unsigned long __init efi_entry(void *handle, efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
unsigned long *image_addr)
{
efi_loaded_image_t *image;
efi_status_t status;
unsigned long image_size = 0;
unsigned long dram_base;
/* addr/point and size pairs for memory management*/
unsigned long initrd_addr;
u64 initrd_size = 0;
unsigned long fdt_addr; /* Original DTB */
u64 fdt_size = 0; /* We don't get size from configuration table */
char *cmdline_ptr = NULL;
int cmdline_size = 0;
unsigned long new_fdt_addr;
efi_guid_t loaded_image_proto = LOADED_IMAGE_PROTOCOL_GUID;
unsigned long reserve_addr = 0;
unsigned long reserve_size = 0;
/* Check if we were booted by the EFI firmware */
if (sys_table->hdr.signature != EFI_SYSTEM_TABLE_SIGNATURE)
goto fail;
pr_efi(sys_table, "Booting Linux Kernel...\n");
/*
* Get a handle to the loaded image protocol. This is used to get
* information about the running image, such as size and the command
* line.
*/
status = sys_table->boottime->handle_protocol(handle,
&loaded_image_proto, (void *)&image);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to get loaded image protocol\n");
goto fail;
}
dram_base = get_dram_base(sys_table);
if (dram_base == EFI_ERROR) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to find DRAM base\n");
goto fail;
}
status = handle_kernel_image(sys_table, image_addr, &image_size,
&reserve_addr,
&reserve_size,
dram_base, image);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to relocate kernel\n");
goto fail;
}
/*
* Get the command line from EFI, using the LOADED_IMAGE
* protocol. We are going to copy the command line into the
* device tree, so this can be allocated anywhere.
*/
cmdline_ptr = efi_convert_cmdline(sys_table, image, &cmdline_size);
if (!cmdline_ptr) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "getting command line via LOADED_IMAGE_PROTOCOL\n");
goto fail_free_image;
}
/* Load a device tree from the configuration table, if present. */
fdt_addr = (uintptr_t)get_fdt(sys_table);
if (!fdt_addr) {
status = handle_cmdline_files(sys_table, image, cmdline_ptr,
"dtb=",
~0UL, (unsigned long *)&fdt_addr,
(unsigned long *)&fdt_size);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to load device tree!\n");
goto fail_free_cmdline;
}
}
status = handle_cmdline_files(sys_table, image, cmdline_ptr,
"initrd=", dram_base + SZ_512M,
(unsigned long *)&initrd_addr,
(unsigned long *)&initrd_size);
if (status != EFI_SUCCESS)
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed initrd from command line!\n");
new_fdt_addr = fdt_addr;
status = allocate_new_fdt_and_exit_boot(sys_table, handle,
&new_fdt_addr, dram_base + MAX_FDT_OFFSET,
initrd_addr, initrd_size, cmdline_ptr,
fdt_addr, fdt_size);
/*
* If all went well, we need to return the FDT address to the
* calling function so it can be passed to kernel as part of
* the kernel boot protocol.
*/
if (status == EFI_SUCCESS)
return new_fdt_addr;
pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to update FDT and exit boot services\n");
efi_free(sys_table, initrd_size, initrd_addr);
efi_free(sys_table, fdt_size, fdt_addr);
fail_free_cmdline:
efi_free(sys_table, cmdline_size, (unsigned long)cmdline_ptr);
fail_free_image:
efi_free(sys_table, image_size, *image_addr);
efi_free(sys_table, reserve_size, reserve_addr);
fail:
return EFI_ERROR;
}
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