Commit 3c1e7165 authored by Marc Zyngier's avatar Marc Zyngier Committed by Christoffer Dall
Browse files

arm/arm64: KVM: Use set/way op trapping to track the state of the caches



Trying to emulate the behaviour of set/way cache ops is fairly
pointless, as there are too many ways we can end-up missing stuff.
Also, there is some system caches out there that simply ignore
set/way operations.

So instead of trying to implement them, let's convert it to VA ops,
and use them as a way to re-enable the trapping of VM ops. That way,
we can detect the point when the MMU/caches are turned off, and do
a full VM flush (which is what the guest was trying to do anyway).

This allows a 32bit zImage to boot on the APM thingy, and will
probably help bootloaders in general.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMarc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
parent f3747379
......@@ -38,6 +38,16 @@ static inline void vcpu_reset_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
vcpu->arch.hcr = HCR_GUEST_MASK;
}
static inline unsigned long vcpu_get_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return vcpu->arch.hcr;
}
static inline void vcpu_set_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long hcr)
{
vcpu->arch.hcr = hcr;
}
static inline bool vcpu_mode_is_32bit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return 1;
......
......@@ -125,9 +125,6 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
* Anything that is not used directly from assembly code goes
* here.
*/
/* dcache set/way operation pending */
int last_pcpu;
cpumask_t require_dcache_flush;
/* Don't run the guest on this vcpu */
bool pause;
......
......@@ -190,7 +190,8 @@ static inline void coherent_cache_guest_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, hva_t hva,
#define kvm_virt_to_phys(x) virt_to_idmap((unsigned long)(x))
void stage2_flush_vm(struct kvm *kvm);
void kvm_set_way_flush(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_toggle_cache(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool was_enabled);
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
......
......@@ -281,15 +281,6 @@ void kvm_arch_vcpu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
vcpu->cpu = cpu;
vcpu->arch.host_cpu_context = this_cpu_ptr(kvm_host_cpu_state);
/*
* Check whether this vcpu requires the cache to be flushed on
* this physical CPU. This is a consequence of doing dcache
* operations by set/way on this vcpu. We do it here to be in
* a non-preemptible section.
*/
if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &vcpu->arch.require_dcache_flush))
flush_cache_all(); /* We'd really want v7_flush_dcache_all() */
kvm_arm_set_running_vcpu(vcpu);
}
......@@ -541,7 +532,6 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
ret = kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_vcpu_run, vcpu);
vcpu->mode = OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE;
vcpu->arch.last_pcpu = smp_processor_id();
kvm_guest_exit();
trace_kvm_exit(*vcpu_pc(vcpu));
/*
......
......@@ -189,82 +189,40 @@ static bool access_l2ectlr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
return true;
}
/* See note at ARM ARM B1.14.4 */
/*
* See note at ARMv7 ARM B1.14.4 (TL;DR: S/W ops are not easily virtualized).
*/
static bool access_dcsw(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct coproc_params *p,
const struct coproc_reg *r)
{
unsigned long val;
int cpu;
if (!p->is_write)
return read_from_write_only(vcpu, p);
cpu = get_cpu();
cpumask_setall(&vcpu->arch.require_dcache_flush);
cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &vcpu->arch.require_dcache_flush);
/* If we were already preempted, take the long way around */
if (cpu != vcpu->arch.last_pcpu) {
flush_cache_all();
goto done;
}
val = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt1);
switch (p->CRm) {
case 6: /* Upgrade DCISW to DCCISW, as per HCR.SWIO */
case 14: /* DCCISW */
asm volatile("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c14, 2" : : "r" (val));
break;
case 10: /* DCCSW */
asm volatile("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c10, 2" : : "r" (val));
break;
}
done:
put_cpu();
kvm_set_way_flush(vcpu);
return true;
}
/*
* Generic accessor for VM registers. Only called as long as HCR_TVM
* is set.
* is set. If the guest enables the MMU, we stop trapping the VM
* sys_regs and leave it in complete control of the caches.
*
* Used by the cpu-specific code.
*/
static bool access_vm_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct coproc_params *p,
const struct coproc_reg *r)
bool access_vm_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct coproc_params *p,
const struct coproc_reg *r)
{
bool was_enabled = vcpu_has_cache_enabled(vcpu);
BUG_ON(!p->is_write);
vcpu->arch.cp15[r->reg] = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt1);
if (p->is_64bit)
vcpu->arch.cp15[r->reg + 1] = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt2);
return true;
}
/*
* SCTLR accessor. Only called as long as HCR_TVM is set. If the
* guest enables the MMU, we stop trapping the VM sys_regs and leave
* it in complete control of the caches.
*
* Used by the cpu-specific code.
*/
bool access_sctlr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct coproc_params *p,
const struct coproc_reg *r)
{
access_vm_reg(vcpu, p, r);
if (vcpu_has_cache_enabled(vcpu)) { /* MMU+Caches enabled? */
vcpu->arch.hcr &= ~HCR_TVM;
stage2_flush_vm(vcpu->kvm);
}
kvm_toggle_cache(vcpu, was_enabled);
return true;
}
......
......@@ -153,8 +153,8 @@ static inline int cmp_reg(const struct coproc_reg *i1,
#define is64 .is_64 = true
#define is32 .is_64 = false
bool access_sctlr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct coproc_params *p,
const struct coproc_reg *r);
bool access_vm_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct coproc_params *p,
const struct coproc_reg *r);
#endif /* __ARM_KVM_COPROC_LOCAL_H__ */
......@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@
static const struct coproc_reg a15_regs[] = {
/* SCTLR: swapped by interrupt.S. */
{ CRn( 1), CRm( 0), Op1( 0), Op2( 0), is32,
access_sctlr, reset_val, c1_SCTLR, 0x00C50078 },
access_vm_reg, reset_val, c1_SCTLR, 0x00C50078 },
};
static struct kvm_coproc_target_table a15_target_table = {
......
......@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@
static const struct coproc_reg a7_regs[] = {
/* SCTLR: swapped by interrupt.S. */
{ CRn( 1), CRm( 0), Op1( 0), Op2( 0), is32,
access_sctlr, reset_val, c1_SCTLR, 0x00C50878 },
access_vm_reg, reset_val, c1_SCTLR, 0x00C50878 },
};
static struct kvm_coproc_target_table a7_target_table = {
......
......@@ -278,7 +278,7 @@ static void stage2_flush_memslot(struct kvm *kvm,
* Go through the stage 2 page tables and invalidate any cache lines
* backing memory already mapped to the VM.
*/
void stage2_flush_vm(struct kvm *kvm)
static void stage2_flush_vm(struct kvm *kvm)
{
struct kvm_memslots *slots;
struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot;
......@@ -1411,3 +1411,71 @@ void kvm_arch_flush_shadow_memslot(struct kvm *kvm,
unmap_stage2_range(kvm, gpa, size);
spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
}
/*
* See note at ARMv7 ARM B1.14.4 (TL;DR: S/W ops are not easily virtualized).
*
* Main problems:
* - S/W ops are local to a CPU (not broadcast)
* - We have line migration behind our back (speculation)
* - System caches don't support S/W at all (damn!)
*
* In the face of the above, the best we can do is to try and convert
* S/W ops to VA ops. Because the guest is not allowed to infer the
* S/W to PA mapping, it can only use S/W to nuke the whole cache,
* which is a rather good thing for us.
*
* Also, it is only used when turning caches on/off ("The expected
* usage of the cache maintenance instructions that operate by set/way
* is associated with the cache maintenance instructions associated
* with the powerdown and powerup of caches, if this is required by
* the implementation.").
*
* We use the following policy:
*
* - If we trap a S/W operation, we enable VM trapping to detect
* caches being turned on/off, and do a full clean.
*
* - We flush the caches on both caches being turned on and off.
*
* - Once the caches are enabled, we stop trapping VM ops.
*/
void kvm_set_way_flush(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
unsigned long hcr = vcpu_get_hcr(vcpu);
/*
* If this is the first time we do a S/W operation
* (i.e. HCR_TVM not set) flush the whole memory, and set the
* VM trapping.
*
* Otherwise, rely on the VM trapping to wait for the MMU +
* Caches to be turned off. At that point, we'll be able to
* clean the caches again.
*/
if (!(hcr & HCR_TVM)) {
trace_kvm_set_way_flush(*vcpu_pc(vcpu),
vcpu_has_cache_enabled(vcpu));
stage2_flush_vm(vcpu->kvm);
vcpu_set_hcr(vcpu, hcr | HCR_TVM);
}
}
void kvm_toggle_cache(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool was_enabled)
{
bool now_enabled = vcpu_has_cache_enabled(vcpu);
/*
* If switching the MMU+caches on, need to invalidate the caches.
* If switching it off, need to clean the caches.
* Clean + invalidate does the trick always.
*/
if (now_enabled != was_enabled)
stage2_flush_vm(vcpu->kvm);
/* Caches are now on, stop trapping VM ops (until a S/W op) */
if (now_enabled)
vcpu_set_hcr(vcpu, vcpu_get_hcr(vcpu) & ~HCR_TVM);
trace_kvm_toggle_cache(*vcpu_pc(vcpu), was_enabled, now_enabled);
}
......@@ -223,6 +223,45 @@ TRACE_EVENT(kvm_hvc,
__entry->vcpu_pc, __entry->r0, __entry->imm)
);
TRACE_EVENT(kvm_set_way_flush,
TP_PROTO(unsigned long vcpu_pc, bool cache),
TP_ARGS(vcpu_pc, cache),
TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field( unsigned long, vcpu_pc )
__field( bool, cache )
),
TP_fast_assign(
__entry->vcpu_pc = vcpu_pc;
__entry->cache = cache;
),
TP_printk("S/W flush at 0x%016lx (cache %s)",
__entry->vcpu_pc, __entry->cache ? "on" : "off")
);
TRACE_EVENT(kvm_toggle_cache,
TP_PROTO(unsigned long vcpu_pc, bool was, bool now),
TP_ARGS(vcpu_pc, was, now),
TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field( unsigned long, vcpu_pc )
__field( bool, was )
__field( bool, now )
),
TP_fast_assign(
__entry->vcpu_pc = vcpu_pc;
__entry->was = was;
__entry->now = now;
),
TP_printk("VM op at 0x%016lx (cache was %s, now %s)",
__entry->vcpu_pc, __entry->was ? "on" : "off",
__entry->now ? "on" : "off")
);
#endif /* _TRACE_KVM_H */
#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH
......
......@@ -45,6 +45,16 @@ static inline void vcpu_reset_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 &= ~HCR_RW;
}
static inline unsigned long vcpu_get_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return vcpu->arch.hcr_el2;
}
static inline void vcpu_set_hcr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long hcr)
{
vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 = hcr;
}
static inline unsigned long *vcpu_pc(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
return (unsigned long *)&vcpu_gp_regs(vcpu)->regs.pc;
......
......@@ -116,9 +116,6 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
* Anything that is not used directly from assembly code goes
* here.
*/
/* dcache set/way operation pending */
int last_pcpu;
cpumask_t require_dcache_flush;
/* Don't run the guest */
bool pause;
......
......@@ -260,7 +260,8 @@ static inline void coherent_cache_guest_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, hva_t hva,
#define kvm_virt_to_phys(x) __virt_to_phys((unsigned long)(x))
void stage2_flush_vm(struct kvm *kvm);
void kvm_set_way_flush(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_toggle_cache(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool was_enabled);
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* __ARM64_KVM_MMU_H__ */
......@@ -69,68 +69,31 @@ static u32 get_ccsidr(u32 csselr)
return ccsidr;
}
static void do_dc_cisw(u32 val)
{
asm volatile("dc cisw, %x0" : : "r" (val));
dsb(ish);
}
static void do_dc_csw(u32 val)
{
asm volatile("dc csw, %x0" : : "r" (val));
dsb(ish);
}
/* See note at ARM ARM B1.14.4 */
/*
* See note at ARMv7 ARM B1.14.4 (TL;DR: S/W ops are not easily virtualized).
*/
static bool access_dcsw(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct sys_reg_params *p,
const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
{
unsigned long val;
int cpu;
if (!p->is_write)
return read_from_write_only(vcpu, p);
cpu = get_cpu();
cpumask_setall(&vcpu->arch.require_dcache_flush);
cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &vcpu->arch.require_dcache_flush);
/* If we were already preempted, take the long way around */
if (cpu != vcpu->arch.last_pcpu) {
flush_cache_all();
goto done;
}
val = *vcpu_reg(vcpu, p->Rt);
switch (p->CRm) {
case 6: /* Upgrade DCISW to DCCISW, as per HCR.SWIO */
case 14: /* DCCISW */
do_dc_cisw(val);
break;
case 10: /* DCCSW */
do_dc_csw(val);
break;
}
done:
put_cpu();
kvm_set_way_flush(vcpu);
return true;
}
/*
* Generic accessor for VM registers. Only called as long as HCR_TVM
* is set.
* is set. If the guest enables the MMU, we stop trapping the VM
* sys_regs and leave it in complete control of the caches.
*/
static bool access_vm_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct sys_reg_params *p,
const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
{
unsigned long val;
bool was_enabled = vcpu_has_cache_enabled(vcpu);
BUG_ON(!p->is_write);
......@@ -143,25 +106,7 @@ static bool access_vm_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
vcpu_cp15_64_low(vcpu, r->reg) = val & 0xffffffffUL;
}
return true;
}
/*
* SCTLR_EL1 accessor. Only called as long as HCR_TVM is set. If the
* guest enables the MMU, we stop trapping the VM sys_regs and leave
* it in complete control of the caches.
*/
static bool access_sctlr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
const struct sys_reg_params *p,
const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
{
access_vm_reg(vcpu, p, r);
if (vcpu_has_cache_enabled(vcpu)) { /* MMU+Caches enabled? */
vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 &= ~HCR_TVM;
stage2_flush_vm(vcpu->kvm);
}
kvm_toggle_cache(vcpu, was_enabled);
return true;
}
......@@ -377,7 +322,7 @@ static const struct sys_reg_desc sys_reg_descs[] = {
NULL, reset_mpidr, MPIDR_EL1 },
/* SCTLR_EL1 */
{ Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0001), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b000),
access_sctlr, reset_val, SCTLR_EL1, 0x00C50078 },
access_vm_reg, reset_val, SCTLR_EL1, 0x00C50078 },
/* CPACR_EL1 */
{ Op0(0b11), Op1(0b000), CRn(0b0001), CRm(0b0000), Op2(0b010),
NULL, reset_val, CPACR_EL1, 0 },
......@@ -657,7 +602,7 @@ static const struct sys_reg_desc cp14_64_regs[] = {
* register).
*/
static const struct sys_reg_desc cp15_regs[] = {
{ Op1( 0), CRn( 1), CRm( 0), Op2( 0), access_sctlr, NULL, c1_SCTLR },
{ Op1( 0), CRn( 1), CRm( 0), Op2( 0), access_vm_reg, NULL, c1_SCTLR },
{ Op1( 0), CRn( 2), CRm( 0), Op2( 0), access_vm_reg, NULL, c2_TTBR0 },
{ Op1( 0), CRn( 2), CRm( 0), Op2( 1), access_vm_reg, NULL, c2_TTBR1 },
{ Op1( 0), CRn( 2), CRm( 0), Op2( 2), access_vm_reg, NULL, c2_TTBCR },
......
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment